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Current Situation of Solid Waste Management in ... Solid Waste Management Landscape and Management Public Parks and Greenery Area 喫緊の都市環境課題 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25

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  • Current Situation of

    Solid Waste Management

    in Yangon City

    Presented by

    Mr. Saw Win Maung

    Deputy Head of Department

    Environmental Management Authority

    Yangon City Development Committee

    ヤンゴン市における廃棄物の現状

    ヤンゴン市 環境管理局

    副局長 Mr. Saw Win Maung

  • Area - 292.426 Square Miles.

    Population - 5.6 million (2014)

    Township - 33 Townships

    Generation Rate - 0.41 Kg / Capita / Day

    Household Waste Generated - 2500 tons per day

    Industrial Waste Generated - 250 tons per day

    Health Care Waste Generated - 87.9 tons per day

    Profile of Yangon City

    2

    ヤンゴン市のプロフィール

    面積

    町区

    人口

    ゴミの排出量

    家庭ごみの排出量

    事業ごみの排出量

    医療系ごみの排出量

  • Organizational Chart of YCDC

    Mayor

    Secretary

    2 persons of

    Committee Members

    7 Authorities + 3 Departments

    ( Including Environmental Management Authority)

    Joint-Secretary

    3

    3

    ヤンゴン市の組織図

    市長

    副市長

  • 4

    Waste Flow in Yangon (2018)

    Generation

    East District

    South District

    North District

    West District

    Collection and Transportation

    Direct Haul Disposal

    -Bell-Ringing Collection

    -(3)Weels Cycle

    -Hopper Truck

    -Door to Door

    -Compactor Truck

    Transfer Point

    25 m3 Containers FDS

    Htawei Chaung

    Collection Point

    Dust Bins,

    Brick Tanks

    FDS

    Htain Pin

    Healthcare Waste

    Hazardous Waste Direct Haul and Special Treatment, On Call

    Cemetery

    Designated Box Type Container

    Vehicle

    4

    ヤンゴン市の 廃棄物フロー

    南地区

    処分 収集・運搬

    ゴミ

    中継地

    西地区

    北地区

    東地区

    危険物

    医療系ゴミ

  • Waste

    Industry

    Construction

    Hazardous

    Healthcare

    Commercial

    Garden

    Offensive

    Normal

    Household waste

    Organic Waste

    Waste Define in Yangon

    5

    Inorganic Waste

    死骸等

    ゴミ

    ゴミの分類

    医療系

    建設

    危険物

    産業

    普通

    樹木

    商業

    無機性

    有機ゴミ

    家庭ごみ

  • Critical Urban Environment Issues

    7

    Urban Infrastructure Development

    and Management

    Social Service

    Water Supply/

    Sewerage and Drainage

    Solid Waste Management

    Landscape and

    Management

    Public Parks and Greenery Area

    喫緊の都市環境課題

  • 0

    0.05

    0.1

    0.15

    0.2

    0.25

    0.3

    0.35

    0.4

    0.45

    0.5

    0.395

    0.312 0.287

    0.267

    0.396 0.41 0.45

    0.5

    Year

    Kg/capita/day

    Waste Generation Amount of Yangon City

    7-Jan-19 8

    ヤンゴン市からでるゴミの量

  • 6.08 7.4

    9 10.95

    12.45

    16.09

    0.62 0.72 0.82 0.92 1.02 1.22

    2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2050

    Population Rate(%) Waste Generated Amount/Person (kg/capita/day)

    3769 5325

    7379

    10072

    12696

    19630

    2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2050

    Waste Generation Amount (Ton)

    Estimation of Waste Generation Amount from 2020 to 2050 2020年から2050年のゴミ

    排出量予想

  • Location Map of Final Disposal Sites 処分場の場所

  • 11

    Current Situation of Final Disposal Sites

    No Name of

    FDS

    Constructed

    Year

    Site ( Plant)

    Area

    Remaining

    Area

    Dispose Ton

    Per Day

    ( Current

    EST)

    Remark

    1 Htain Bin 2002 290- Acre

    Used- 220 Ac 70 - Acre 1111.12

    Open

    Dumping

    2 Htwei

    Chaung 2001

    141- Acre

    Used- 110 Ac 31 945.61

    Open

    Dumping

    3 Dala 2003 1.3- Acre

    Used- 1.0 Ac 0.3 - Acre 33.36

    Low Landfill

    Temporary

    Site

    4 Seikkyi

    Khaungto 2003

    0.25- Acre

    Used- 0.1Ac 0.15- Acre 7.11

    Low Landfill

    Temporary

    Site

    Daily Waste Generated Amount = 2500 Ton/Day(Approx.) 最終処分場の状況

  • Operation and Management of Final Disposal Sites 最終処分場の管理運営の状況

  • Yangon Waste to Energy Plant Project

    CHASSON INTERNATIONAL CO.,LTD 13

    Cooperated

    Organizations YCDC-PCCD,

    JFE Engineering Corporation

    Location Taw KyaungKalay cemetery,

    ShwePyiThar township

    Construction Period 2015-2017

    Investments 16 Millions as of the JCM

    Scheme (8 Millions from YCDC

    and 8 Millions from Japan

    Government)

    Incineration

    Capacity

    60 ton/day

    Power Generation

    Capacity

    700 KW

    self-sustain about 400KW and

    300KW for sale)

    Operation Started 7th April 2017

    ✓Implemented by the Leap Frog Program JCM Scheme supported by Japan

    Government.

    ヤンゴン市焼却処分プラントプロジェクト

    日本政府支援 ヤンゴン市PCCDとJFEの協働事業

    ヤンゴン市シェピター地区

    投資内容

    建設期間

    JCM総額$16mil (ヤンゴン市より $800万ドル、日本より800万ドル)

    60トン/日焼却能力

    自己運転に400、売 電300

    運営開始

    発電能力

  • Crematorium

    A Pilot landfill site 2.4Acre(1ha)

    Proposed Sanitary landfill Site

    Model landfill site(27m×27m)

    Proposed Sanitary Landfill Project collaborating between YCDC-PCCD and

    Fukuoka City, Japan

    Cooperated

    Organizations YCDC-PCCD,

    Fukuoka City, Japan

    Location

    Htein Bin FDS,

    Hlaing Tharyar

    township

    Project Period 2018-2020

    Project Cost

    Expenditure

    Procured by YCDC

    (Fukuoka City will

    only provide technical

    cooperation)

    Technology Sanitary Landfill using

    Fukuoka Method

    Total Land

    Used Area 2.4 Acres (1 Ha)

    福岡市との協力による処分場パイロットプロジェクト

    面積

    ヤンゴン市が資材費用負担、 福岡非が技術協力供与

    プロジェクト費用

    実施期間:

    場所:ヒエンビン

    ヤンゴン市PCCDと福岡市

    福岡方式衛生埋め立て 技術

  • Implementation Fukuoka Landfill Pre Pilot Project (January 2018) 福岡方式パイロットプロジェクト

  • Fire Incident in Htein Bin Final Disposal Site, one of the biggest FDSs in

    Yangon City located in Northern Part of the City (April, 2018)

    Started Used Date 2003

    Total Land Area 150 Acres ( 60 Ha)

    Daily Waste

    Disposed Amount

    1200 – 1500

    tons/day

    Fire occurred Date 21st April 2018

    Burnt Area 120 Acres (48 Ha)

    Completed Fire

    Extinguishing 3rd May 2018

    Causes to Fire

    Incident

    -Chemical reaction

    from biological

    decomposition

    -heat resulting in

    high temperatures

    - it may cause a fire

    to occur and spread

    from beneath

    2018年4月に処分場で発生した火災

    消火完了日

    面積

    処分場使用開始年

    火災発生日

    ゴミ量 トン/日

    60ヘクタール

    48ヘクタール消失面積

    火災の原因

    微生物分解による化学反応の温度上昇によっ て内部から発火し拡大した可能性がある

  • Extending sound waste collection service to all citizens and eliminate uncontrolled disposal and open burning

    Extending sustainable and environmentally sound management of industrial and other hazardous wastes

    Substantively prevent waste through 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycling) and there by establish a resource circular society

    Ensure sustainable financing mechanisms

    Awareness Raising, Advocacy and Capacity Building

    Compliance, Monitoring, Enforcement and Recognition

    Goal A

    Goal B

    Goal C

    Goal D

    Goal E

    Goal F

    Setting Goals of National Waste Management Strategy and

    Master Plan

    コンプライアンス、モニタリング等の徹底

    3Rの普及によるゴミの削減と資源循環社会の確立

    産業廃棄物や危険廃棄物の持続可能で環境に配慮した管理

    適切な廃棄物回収の全域への普及とダンプサイトの閉鎖

    国家廃棄物戦略とマスタープラン

    注意喚起、普及啓発と人材育成

    持続可能な財政の確立

  • Goals Implementation Activities Short Term (ST)

    2017-2020

    Mid Term (MT)

    2021-2025

    Long Term(LT)

    2026-2030

    A Active

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