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Gospel of Luke Part 1. Week 5. The Baptism of John. John preached “baptism of repentance ” “for the remission of sins” Jesus shed His blood for the remission of sins ( Eph. 1:7 ). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Gospel of Luke Part 1

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The Baptism of John

John preached “baptism of repentance”

“for the remission of sins”

Jesus shed His blood for the remission of sins (Eph. 1:7)

Eph 1:7 “In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace”

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Question: How could John’s baptism provide remission of

sins before Christ died?

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Lev. 4:20 – “and it shall be forgiven them”

Heb. 10:3,4 – “there is a reminder of sins every year. For it is impossible for blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.”

Rom. 3:21-25 – “in His forbearance had passed over the sins that were previously committed.”

Heb. 9:12-15 – Christ’s death redeems those who sinned under the first covenant.

Acts 19:1-5 – Those who had been baptized by John’s baptism were required to be baptized in the name (authority) of the Lord Jesus. Why?

Answer?

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Read 3:7-14

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John’s Ministry

Many were baptized by John, confessing their sins (Matt.3:5,6; Mk. 1:1-5)

John’s mission - Prepare the way for the Lord Isa. 40:3-5.

Whom did John call “O brood of vipers” in v.7 and why?Pharisees and Sadducees (Matt. 3:7)

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John’s Message

V.8 “bring forth fruits worthy of repentance”True repentance demonstrates itself Faith can’t be inheritedJews’ false sense of pride and security.

(John 8:38-42)

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John’s Message

V.8 “bring forth fruits worthy of repentance”True repentance demonstrates itselfFaith can’t be inheritedJews’ false sense of pride and security.

(John 8:38-47)

V.9 “Ax at the root” represents judgment. What does “fire” signify?

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Fruits of True Repentance (3:10-14)

Question: “What shall we do?Three groups/Three classes

1) Average Citizens (typical Pharisee and Sadducee)

2) Tax Collectors (publicans), who were despised)

3) Soldiers, who abused authority

John’s Response:

1) Practice your religion by sharing what you have. (Prov. 19:17; 1 Jn. 3:17)

2) Deal fairly with the people. (Rom. 12:17,21).

3) Don’t intimidate by using your position of authority. (Matt. 7:12; 1 Tim. 6:6-8)

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John’s Message, Continued3:15-18

Jews reasoned as to John being the Messiah Read Jn. 1:19-28

John’s answer: “the One who is coming is mightier than I” John would be as an unworthy servant to the Christ

as master.

John baptized with water Those who refused rejected the counsel of God

(7:29,30).

Jesus would baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire. (Also Matt. 3:11,12; Mk 1:7,8)

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John’s Message, Continued3:15-18

Baptism with the Holy Spirit The apostles (Acts 2:1-4) and Cornelius and

family (Acts 11:13-17) Is baptism of the Holy Spirit promised to

everyone? What is the “one baptism” of Eph.4:5? – See

Acts 8:36,37

Baptism with firePunishment (v.17 and Jn. 12:48)Luke 3:9,16,17 (2 Thes.1:7-9; Rev.14;10,11;

20:14-15; 21:8)

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John’s Message, Continued3:15-18

Jesus would have all authority for salvationMt 28:18

And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.”

Or eternal destruction 2 Thes. 1:7-8

and to give you who are troubled rest with us when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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John Baptizes Jesus (3:21,22)

V. 21 “when all the people were baptized” - Jesus also came to John to be baptized.

Read Matt. 3:13-17 and Mk. 1:9-11Matt. 3 - At first John objected saying that he

needed to be baptized by Jesus.

As Jesus prayed, the Holy Spirit descended on Him in the form of a dove. Confirmation to Jesus and also to John

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John is Imprisoned

V. 18 John taught many other things in his exhortation to the Jews.

Vv.19-20 Why did Herod have John arrested? - Two reasons.

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Genealogy of Jesus

Luke’s account of the genealogy - ascends from son to father, but not Joseph - Mary’s father Eli (or Heli), and goes back to Adam. Matthew. 1 gives the genealogy of Joseph

Pre-existence of Jesus (God, the Son) John 1:1-18

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The Temptation of Jesus Luke 4:1-

Also Matt. 4:1-13 and Mk. 1:12 (no details)

After baptism, Jesus was “full of the Holy Spirit”

The Spirit led Him into the wilderness.

Fasted there for 40 days

Tested during (in Luke’s account), and after (Matt. 4:2-3) fastingAfter 40 days - Weak and famished (Heb.

2:14,15).

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Three Devices of Temptation

Gen. 3:61) Good for food

2) Delight to the eye

3) Desired to make one wise

1 John 2:15,161) Desire (or lust) of the flesh

2) Desire of the eyes

3) Pride of life (in possessions)

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Three Devices of Temptation

Tempted in all ways such as we are (Heb. 4:15; Heb. 2:18)

1) Command these stones be made bread - Jesus’ response: “It is written..” quotes Deut. 8:3

2) Worship me and the Kingdoms of the world shall be yours. Jesus’ response: quotes Deut. 6:13

3) Cast yourself from the temple and see if angels will stop your fall. Devil quoted Psm. 91:11,12 Jesus’ answer – “It is written…” quotes Deut. 6:16

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Temptation of Jesus

Did this end the temptation of Jesus? V.13 The devil departed from Jesus for a

season – or “until an opportune time.” (NKJV) Other occasions: Lk. 10:25; Matt. 16:1; 19:3;

22-35; Jn. 8:6. At the last supper: “continue with me in my

temptations (trials), Lk. 22:28.

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Jesus’ MinistryIn the “power of the Holy Spirit.”Fame went throughout all the regionFirst miracle recorded in Jn. 2:1-12. Turned water into wine at the wedding feast in Cana.Travelled from village to village in Galilee, teaching in the synagogues and healing the sick. At first they honored Him but later rejected Him (Matt. 13:54-58).Desired fleshly things rather than spiritual.

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Jesus’ Ministry

First time during His ministry, during which He: Cleansed the temple of money changers and those

who sold oxen, sheep and doves. Taught Nicodemus that he must be born again (Jn.

3:1-21). He and His apostles were baptizing (Jn. 3:22). After John is cast into prison by Herod (Lk. 3:19-20), Jesus returns to Galilee (Matt. 4:12; Mk. 1:14-15). Samaritan woman at the well (Jn. 4:1-42) Heals the nobleman’s son (Jn. 4:43-54).

John 2:13-25 - After wedding feast in Cana,

Jesus went up to Jerusalem for the Passover.

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In NazarethNews of Jesus spread throughout the region of Galilee.He taught in their synagogues and was praised by all.Attends synagogue in His home town of Nazareth.Jewish custom of attending the synagogue on

the Sabbath

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In NazarethJesus read Isa. 61:1,2, a Messianic prophesy“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me” (Jn. 3:34).“anointed me to preach the gospel to the

poor” (Isa. 66:2; Matt. 5:3).“sent me to heal the brokenhearted” (Matt.

5:4; 2 Cor. 7:10)“to preach deliverance to the captives” (Heb.

2:14-15).“recovering the sight to the blind” (Jn. 9:39-

41).“to set at liberty them that are bruised” (Lev.

25:8-13; Jn. 8:32, 36).”to preach the acceptable year of the Lord”

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Further Ministry in GalileeNext section - 4:31 through 5:26

After being rejected in Nazareth, He settles in Capernaum A city on the north shore of Sea of Galilee

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Further Ministry in GalileeNext section - 4:31 through 5:26

After being rejected in Nazareth, He settles in Capernaum A city on the north shore of Sea of Galilee Fulfilled prophesy of Isaiah (Isa. 9:1,2)

• Teaches with authority (4:31,32)• People were amazed (Mark 1:22); “…and not as the

scribes”

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Jesus in Galilee

Heals a man with an unclean spirit (4:33-37)Evil spirit used the man to speak out against

JesusKnew that He was the Holy One of God. Devils

believe and tremble (Jas. 2:19)Jesus rebuked the spirit and commanded it to

come out. Mark (in Mk. 1:27) says, unclean spirits “obey Him.”

His fame spread throughout the region.

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Bible’s teaching about demons: - Some translations use devils or unclean spirits

Very limited informationAllowed during the personal ministry of Jesus and His apostlesAbout 85 references to demons in NT; none in OT.Subordinate agents of Satan who shared his wicked nature.Superhuman powerPossessed some human traits, e.g. speaking, recognizing Jesus and trembling

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Bible’s teaching about demons: - Some translations use devils or unclean spirits

Seized control of faculties and caused pain and suffering (Lk 8:26-38).No indication that being possessed caused one to sin.Purpose – CONFIRMATION, to illustrate the absolute supreme power of Christ over Satan and his forces (Matt. 12:28,29; Lk. 4:36)Ended in first century. Four examples recorded in Acts (5:16; 8:7; 16:16; 19:13-16).

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Jesus in GalileeHeals Peter’s mother-in-law (4:38-41) Sick with a high fever Jesus rebuked the illness and it left her immediately She arose and began to serve her guests.

Preaching and healing in Galilee (4:40-44)Devils that were cast out knew that He was the Christ (4:40,41)Why did Jesus rebuke the demons and not allow them to speak?Healed many (4:42-44)He healed every one who came to him or was brought to him – HE NEVER FAILED TO HEAL!!

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Jesus in Galilee

Calls first apostles in Galilee (5:1-11)The miraculous mess of fish (5:1-9)Calls them to be fishers of men (5:10-11)

Heals a man of leprosy (5:12-16)The most dreaded disease with a stigma

attached (unclean) (5:12-14)

Jesus’ fame spreads (5:15,16)Heals a paralyzed man – forgiving sinsLowered through roof (5:17-24)Healed immediately (5:25-26)