IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency LICENSING OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES, part 2 Luc Baekelandt (lucbaekelandt@ ) Safety of

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LICENSING OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES, part 2Luc Baekelandt (lucbaekelandt@telenet.be)Safety of radioactive waste management facilitiesAmman (Jordan), 14-18 December 2014IAEAInternational Atomic Energy AgencyIAEA1ContentLicense application (general)Safety assessment (general)Safety assessment (storage of disused sealed radioactive sources, Rakovia)Licence application (Belgium)Safety assessment report (near-surface disposal facility, Belgium)

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/01International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency2Reference DocumentsTECDOC-1619, Licence applications for LILW predisposal facilities: a guide for operators (2009)

Belgian general regulations for the protection of people and the environment against the hazards of ionising radiationProposed table of contents for the safety report for the near surface disposal of short-lived low- and intermediate-level wasteLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/02International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency3License application, including a safety assessment report (general)

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/03International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency4Licence application Basic information

Information regarding the management system of the operator

Information on the safety activities of the operator LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/04International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency5Licence application Basic Information description of the siteamounts, activity and characteristics of radioactive waste (waste acceptance criteria, waste package specifications)description of the facility, its systems and componentsmodes of operationapplicable regulatory documentsdemonstration of safety, incl. classification of equipment, systems and components, application of the defence in depth principle, use of multiple barriers to prevent releases of radioactive material (by means of a safety assessment report)demonstration of environmental protection (EIA Report) LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/05International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency6Licence application Management System policy statements of the organisationdescription of the management systemorganisational structuredefinition of the functional responsibilities, accountabilities, levels of authority and interfaces for those managing, performing and assessing workprocesses and process implementationmanagement of resourcescontrol of documents and record keeping systemnon-conformance, preventive and corrective actionsauditsmanagement system review

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/06International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency7Licence application Safety Activities radiation protectioncontrol of discharges, environmental monitoringemergency preparednessphysical protection and securityfire protectionfuture decommissioningpublic involvement

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/07International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency8Contents of Safety Assessment Reportassessment context:purposephilosophywaste acceptance criteriaprocess descriptionsite characterisationgeosphere/biosphere interfacescenario generation and justificationdevelopment and selection of scenariosmodel developmentpresentation and assessment of results

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/08International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency9Contents of EIA Reportdescription of the facilityanticipated wastedescription of the environmentalternativesanticipated environmental impactsreview of characteristics of each environmental impactmitigating adverse effectsreversible and irreversible effectseconomic assessmentenvironmental management planconclusions

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/09International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency10Safety assessment (storage of disused sealed radioactive sources, Rakovia)LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/10International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency11Preliminary SAR for storage of DSRS (1)IntroductionRegulatory arrangementsSafety assessment methodologyAreas of the storage facilitySafety assessment (main hazards identified in each of the areas)Source collection and transport to the storage facilitySource receipt at the storage facilitySource unpackingTemporary storage of a sourceInterim storage of conditioned sourcesLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/11International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency12Preliminary SAR for storage of DSRS (2)6. External eventsMan-made external eventsAircraft crashMissile impactsTransport accidentsNaturally occurring external eventsSeismic eventsExtreme environmental effectsMeteorite impactLoss of servicesLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/12International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency13Preliminary SAR for storage of DSRS (2)7. Risk to operator exposure to direct radiation(following dropping of a source)input: estimated likelihood of incident, dose rate, time of exposure

8. Risks to members of the public (aircraft crash + fire)input: nuclide inventory, release fraction, distance to source, weather category, dose calculations for various exposure pathways

9. Conclusions

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/13International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency14Licence application (Belgium)

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/14International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency15Licence application in Belgium (1)The licence application for a waste management facility shall include:1. identity of the applicant, the operator and the facility manager2. the nature and purpose of the facility, the type and properties of the radiation and the radioactive substances, the destination of the equipment or substances, the location, the protection and safety measures (health physics control, medical surveillance of workers, optimisation of protection)3. qualification and competence of staff 4. the number of staff members to be employed in the various sectors5. the commitment to take out an insurance policy covering civil liabilities 6. the commitment to register with ONDRAF/NIRAS and to conclude an agreement with this agency for the management of all radioactive waste7. a land registry plan and a topographical survey of the region located within a radius of 500 m around the facility and information on the population density within this perimeter and an ordnance survey map on a scale of 1/10,000 covering the 5 km radius around the facility

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/15International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency16Licence application in Belgium (2)8. a preliminary safety report covering the following elements:geographical and topographical data about the site (geology, seismology, hydrology, meteorology, climatology, economic activities, including agriculture, traffic routes, and demographics)brief description of the installationssafety principles to be applied for the construction and subsequent operation of the installations, including design basis accidents of internal or external origin and combinations of the latterselection of construction rules for equipment and civil engineering worksbrief description of the main circuits (fluid circuits, electrical circuits) and the instrumentation and control systemanticipated qualifications for mechanical and electrical equipmentLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/16International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency17Licence application in Belgium (3)8. (contd) probabilistic safety analyses already available (for nuclear power plants and reprocessing facilities)anticipated radioactive discharges under normal operation and accident conditions and the anticipated operational limitsquality assurance principlesexpected quantities of radioactive waste produced, including waste from decommissioning, treatment and temporary storage of this waste prior to disposal or handover to ONDRAF/NIRAS

9. a report on the study of the environmental impact of the proposed facility, i.e. a scientific study describing all direct and indirect effects in the short, medium and long term of the project on the environmentLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/17International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency18Safety assessment report (near-surface disposal facility, Belgium)

LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/18International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency19LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/18

International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency20

International Atomic Energy Agency

SAR for NSD facility - StructureLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/19International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency22 1.Context and General Information 2.Safety policy, safety strategy, safety concept 3.Management system 4.Site characteristics 5.Engineered Barriers 6.The waste 7.Design and construction of the packages for disposal (monoliths) 8.Design and construction of the disposal facility 9.Operation

SAR for NSD facility Contents (1)LB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/20International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency2310.Closure of the disposal facility11.Post-closure measures (control period)12.Radiation protection13.Safety assessment operational safety14.Safety assessment long-term safety15.Conformity criteria for the disposal packages16.Monitoring17.Technical specificationsSAR for NSD facility - ContentsLB/Licensing b/Amman 2014-12-17/21International Atomic Energy AgencyInternational Atomic Energy Agency24

Thank you! 25IAEA