POWERFUL MARITIME TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS : FLOWS AND FACILITIES. Ores and energy resources. Services, information. - 70 % of the world transportation made by ships. Different means of transportation for a global economy :. Maritime areas : Container ships (= porte conteneurs ). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
POWERFUL MARITIME TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS : FLOWS AND FACILITIES.
Ores and energy resourcesServices, information
Different means of transportation for a global economy :- 70 % of the world transportation made by shipsMaritime areas : Container ships (= porte conteneurs).Tankers (= vraquiers).Factory-ships (= navires usines) ; e.g. for transforming fish.Riverways : Barges (= pniches).
An oil tanker :
A container ship :
A factory ship facing Greepeace :Japanese whalers turn water cannon on Greenpeace protesters, Arctic Ocean, December 16, 2001. From : http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/jan2002/2002-01-16-05.asp
A barge transporting seeds :
A barge near a refinery (from : http://www.uscg.mil/d8/mso/corpus/cb_events_gallery.htm)
PORT INTERMODAL FACILITIES
Whats the logic of INTERMODAL FACILITIES in a trading port ?Case study : Long Beach port, in California.
TO BE A REAL TRADING CROSSROADS, A PORT MUST POSSESS :CRANES, to load (embarquer) / unload (dbarquer) goodsContainersDeep channelled watersLarge wharves and lot of space, to stock containersAnd it must be connected to other means of transportation ; here, trucks ready to drive on highways.
WHATS THE LOGIC OF INTERMODAL FACILITIES ? Ports, airports, stations, highwaysTo achieve the reduction of costs and the fast supply of the demand, to make global trade possible, those different means have to be connected, in the same places.
A LITTORAL FACADE: THE MEETING PLACE OF GLOBAL TRADEFLOWSAXESLITTORALPORTURBAN CENTERINTERMODAL FACILITYCOMMANDING / BUSINESS CENTER PRODUCTION CENTER
GLOBAL FLOWSREGIONAL FLOWSHERE IS THE INTERMODAL PLATFORM