Vikas Kumar Mishra

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    1.1) INTRODUCTIONI am preparing the software program to automate the railway reservation

    system. This Railway Reservation System makes the reservation system

    efficient and less time consuming. In this automated reservation system the

    chances of error occurrence is minimized

    This project includes the following features:

    Reservation

    Cancellation of reservation

    Current states of particular train

    .

    In reservation process firstly asks for information relevant to the

    process like date, number of seats etc and then system checks current

    status of the train according to the requirement. If the requirement is

    fulfill, system makes the reservation. Cancellation system simply cancelsthe reservations before doing it, it asks for PNR number and whether

    cancellation is to be done for all seats/berths.

    Reservation cancellation process can be performed at least two hours

    before the departure of the train.

    System also provide the information of the train like how many seats are

    available in a particular date and in which class and many more such

    details.

    Reservation system is an attempt to enhance the speed and efficiency of

    the system.

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    1.2)ORGANISATION DESCRIPTION

    Consider the scope of the operation. Indian Railways is the worlds second-

    largest railway, with 6,853 stations, 63,028 kilometers of track, 37,840

    passenger coaches and 222,147 freight cars. Annually it carries some 4.83

    billion passengers and 492 million tons of freight.

    Of the 11 million passengers who climb aboard one of 8,520 trains each day,

    about 550,000 have reserved accommodations. Their journeys can start in

    any part of India and end in any other part, with travel times as long as 48

    hours and distances up to several thousand kilometers. The challenge is to

    provide a reservation system that can support such a huge scale of operations

    regardless of whether its measured by kilometers, passenger numbers,

    routing complexity, or simply the sheer scale of India.

    PRS started in 1985 as a pilot project in New Delhi. The avowed objective

    was to provide reserved accommodation on any train from any counter

    preparation of train charts and accountable of the money collected. When

    initial pilot project was implemented at Delhi, the software (referred to as

    version I) had a number of limitations. These were mainly removed in next

    version i.e. version II implemented in 1987.With the addition of new

    locations and many redefinitions needed the new version III evolved in

    1990.Even the version III of the earlier software called Impress fell far short

    of the growing expectations of he traveling public and the need was felt to

    have a software which has the capabilities of providing the Networking of

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    the five independent PRS nodes namely Secundrabad, Delhi, Calcutta,

    Mumbai and Chennai

    On 18th April 1999, with the networking of Chennai PRS, all the five PRS

    namely Secunderabad, New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai were

    finally networked together.

    Now anywhere to anywhere reserved ticketing became a possibility on any

    PRS booking terminal. In order to facilitate the availability, PNR status and

    other journey planning information to the common public various interfaces

    like the Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) on the telephone, Touch

    Screens at selective locations, RAPID, DISPLAY, Passenger Operated

    Enquiry Terminals (POET) and Daily Press Availability Reports through

    newspapers have been provided.

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    1.3 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

    1.3 a) ABOUT EXISTING SYSTEM

    1.3 b) ABOUT PROPOSED SYSTEM

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    1.3a) ABOUT EXISTING SYSTEM:

    Existing system here is manual i.e all transaction or the information is

    recorded in the registers and as simple text files on the computers. The

    person in need of particular information has to go to through the registers

    and the text files and then prepare the information needed by him manually.

    Besides this, there are many other drawbacks with the existing system which

    are listed as under,

    Flexibility in generation of information

    The generation of information in the proposed system takes llong time

    and they are manually prepared.

    Long time take to draw conclusions

    As individual files are maintained for each information, it is very difficult

    to compile information, measure performance over a period and draw

    conclusions from the information stored in two different files. User Friendliness

    The system is not easy to learn and understand .A native user cannot use

    the system effectively.

    User satisfaction

    The system is such that it does not stand up to the user satisfaction like

    easy and faster retrieval of information

    Response Time

    Being manually driven, the responses the operations are very slow.

    Error Handling

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    In case there arise some error in recovering or computation of the

    information it is very cumbersome to trace it

    Safety and Robustness

    The informative media is accessible by everyone .As information being

    the most crucial for the organization, there are no safety measures for the

    security of information. Furthermore, information is lying in the

    organization in an unorganized

    Manner and does not resemble the real world model.

    Lack of accuracy

    Information being prepared manually cannot be said as accurate, which isthe first and the foremost condition for taking a crucial decision by the

    management.

    More time consuming

    Work carried out by the staff at various stages is highly time consuming.

    Error prone resources

    Resources being used by the information media were provided by the

    organization long ago. Due to wear and tear with the resources, they are

    highly error prone.

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    1.3b) ABOUT PROPOSED SYSTEM:

    After a detailed study of the existing system, it is evident that it does not

    fulfill the objectives of the organization to make that objective possible

    for the organization it is required to have a computerized information

    system with the help of which all the tasks can be processed more

    accurately and quickly .To achieve that, it is necessary to design and

    develop a new system which will have the following benefits over the

    existing system.

    Flexibility in generation of information

    The generation of reports in the proposed system will take minimal time

    and they are electronically prepared. As a result, it is highly accurate.

    Less time is taken to draw conclusion

    It will be easy for the user (s) of the system to compile information at a

    very high pace, measure the performance over a period and draw

    conclusion from the information retrieved by using the proposed system.

    Ease in maintaining information

    As new information is being added to and released from their respective

    courses every year, it will be highly user friendly to track.

    User satisfaction

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    The system is much that is stands up to the user expectations like easy

    and faster retrieval of information.

    Safety and Robustness

    The system will be accessible by only the authorized users. As

    information being the most crucial for organization there are safety

    measures for the security of information. Furthermore data is stored by

    the system in an organized manner and resembles the real world model.

    Highly accurate

    Information being prepared electronically can be said as accurate, which

    is the first and the foremost condition for taking a crucial decision by the

    management.

    Less time consuming

    Work carried out by the staff at various stages will be less time

    consuming.

    Error free resources

    Resources being used by the system will be compatible with the latest

    technologies available in the market .As proposed system uses highly

    technically compatible resources, there will be very less wear and tear .so

    the resources are error free.

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    1.4) ADVANTAGE OF THE PROJECT

    1. This project is user-friendly based on Graphical user interface.

    2. This system can be easily handled no special training is required.

    Anyone who have the basic idea about computer, can simple use it.

    3. According to time we have to add more new training .In this

    system we can add new training from front end.

    4. If there is any change in the status of a train like as source,

    destination, number of the seats in a particular coach .We can

    simply update the required record from the front end.

    5. We can get any information related to train by doing a simple

    query.

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    2 PROJECT CATEGORY TOOLS AND

    ENVIORNMENT

    2.1PROJECT CATEGORY

    2.2FRONT END

    2.3BACK END

    2.4H/W AND S/W REQUIREMENTS

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    2.1) PROJECT CATEGORY

    There exist three main categories of the project:

    1. HIGH LEVEL

    2. MIDDLE LEVEL

    3. LOW LEVEL

    1. HIGH LEVEL

    A high level project is that project have been developed with the help

    of the front end as well as backend. But we will take mostly in the

    backend .It is useful and specified for large projects

    2. MIDDLE LEVEL

    A middle level project is that project which has developed with the help

    of the front end as well as backend. But as we will take mostly give

    importance to the backend .It is useful and specified for large projects.

    3. LOW LEVEL

    A low level project is that project which has developed with the help of the

    front end only. It is useful and specified for small projects.

    This project is the software, which come under the category of middle level.

    Taking VB in the front end and MS ACCESS in the backend develops this

    project.

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    2.2) FRONT END COVERAGE

    Visual Basic is a highly interactive programming language .I t has several

    features that allow programmers to develop the applications for Microsoft

    windows in an easy and efficient manner .The Visual Basic environment

    increases the productivity of the programmer by providing the tools

    necessary to develop extremely sophisticated application s, Visual basic

    realize very heavily on the windows graphical user interface. Therefore the

    only prerequisite to work in Visual basic environment is to have firmunderstanding of mouse, window, and pull down menu and dialog boxes.

    OBJECTIVES OF VISUAL BASIC

    Visual basic has following objectives

    1. Provide facility to spend more time on mastering the application and

    less time worrying about which key strokes to what within menu and

    Dialog boxes.

    2. To provide programmer to have long and mixed feeling about graphic

    user interface (GUI).

    3. The objectives is to remove the headache of the programmer that what

    the mouse was doing, where the user was inside a menu and whether

    he or she clicking or double clicking at a given place.

    4. It helps us to create effective and robust application packed with

    impressive outlook in minimum time

    The main objective of the Visual basic is to provide an integrated

    development environment (IDE).

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    VERSION OF VISUAL BASIC

    In our project we have used 6.0. Usually there are different versions

    available in the market as Visual basic 6.0 available as follows:

    1. Learning

    2. Pro

    3. Enterprise

    They differ in their features and price considerably. Version 6.0 of

    VISUAL BASIC is window 95, window 98 and window NT

    specific .It cannot run or build in window 3.1 approaches.

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    2.3) BACKEND COVERAGE

    MS Access 2000 is a super powerful program with dozens of features

    to help you with your information management. Because MS

    constantly expands the capabilities of access for both new database

    users and programmer, it includes an amazing array of tools. Access

    2000 explains how to accomplish basics like planning a database,

    creating tables, designing forms and reports to prevent your

    information and automating tasks such as navigating through a

    database.

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    2.4) HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE

    REQUIREMENTS

    HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

    1. 1.2 GB Hard disk

    2. 32 MB RAM

    3. Floppy drive 1.44 MB

    4. Monitor

    5. Keyboard

    6. Processor P1 or high

    SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

    1. Visual basic 6.0

    2. Windows 95/98

    3. Ms Access

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    3)PROJECT DEVELOPMENT STAGES

    3.1) SYSTEM INVESTIGATION

    3.2) FEASIBILITY STUDY

    3.3) ANALYSIS

    3.4) DESIGN

    3.5) DEVELOPMENT

    3.6) IMPLEMENTATION AND

    TESTING

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    3.1) SYSTEM INVESTIGATION

    Being the first phase of SDLC, high level management identifies and

    assesses all development projects that as organization unit could under take.Organizations vary in their approach to identifying and selecting projects .In

    some organizations, project identification and selection is a very formal

    process are outcomes of a larger overall planning process. Alternatively a

    small organization may use informal project selection processes, that allow

    the highest ranking IS manager to independently select projects or allow

    individual business units to decide on the projects after agreeing to provide

    project funding.

    Organizations vary as to how they identify projects. This process can be

    performed by

    A key member of top management

    A steering committee composed of a cross section of managers.

    User departments, in which either the head of the requesting department

    decides which projects to, submit.

    The development group or a senior IS manager.

    INFORMATION GATHERING TOOLS

    1. Onsite observation

    2. Interviews and Questionnaires

    Onsite observation:

    It is the process of recognizing and noting people, object and

    occurrences to obtain information.

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    Interviews and Questionnaires:

    Interview is a face-to-face interpersonal role situation in which a

    person called the interviewer asks a person being interviewed

    questions designed to gather information about a problem area.

    Questionnaire is usually associated with self-administered tools with

    items of the closed or fixed alternative type.

    Questionnaire used for this project was set up in consideration with

    the travelers questions structured for the questionnaire is:

    1. How frequent are you to the reservation center?

    Hardly

    Often

    Frequently

    2. How long does it take to get a reservation done most of the

    time

    Few minutes

    Few hours

    It is not done the same day

    Questionnaire for end users

    1. How long does it take to make a reservation for a traveler?

    Few minutes

    Takes much longer time

    Not sure

    2. Are you satisfied with the working speed of the current system?

    Yes

    No

    Not sure

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    3.2) FEASIBILITY STUDY

    Many feasibility studies are disillusioning for both users and analysts. First,

    the study often presupposes that when the feasibility document is being

    prepared, the analyst is in a position to evaluate solutions.

    Key considerations are involved in the feasibility analysis:

    Economic

    Technical

    Behavioral

    Legal

    Economic feasibility

    Economic analysis is the most frequently used method for evaluating the

    effectiveness of a candidate system. More commonly known as COST

    BENEFIT ANALYSIS, the procedure is to determine the benefits and the

    savings that are expected from a candidate system and compare them with

    costs .If the benefits outweigh costs, and then the decision is made to design

    and implement the system.

    Technical feasibility

    Technical feasibility centers on the existing computer system (hardware,

    software etc) and to what extent it can support the proposed addition.

    Behavioral feasibility

    People are inherently resistant to change and computers have been known to

    facilitate change .An estimate should be made up of how strong a reaction

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    the user staff is likely to have towards the development of a computerized

    system .It is common knowledge that the computer installation s have

    something to do with turn over, transfers, training

    And changes in employee job status. Therefore it is understable that the

    introduction candidate system requires special effort to educate, sell and

    train the staff on new ways of conducting business.

    Legal feasibility

    Project proposed should be legally accepted.

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    3.3) ANALYSIS

    Analysis is a detailed study of the various operations performed by a system

    and their relationships within and outside of the system. One aspect of

    analysis is defining the boundaries of the system and determining whether or

    not a candidate system should consider other related systems.

    During analysis data are collected on available files, decision points and

    transaction handled by the present system.

    Depending on the results of the initial investigation, the survey is expanded

    to a more detailed feasibility study. A feasibility study is a test of the system

    proposal according to it workability, impact on the organization, ability to

    meet user needs, and effective use of the resources.

    It focuses on three major questions

    1. What are the users demonstrable needs and how does a

    candidate system meet them?

    2. What resources are available for a given candidate system? Isthe problem worth solving?

    3. What are the likely impacts of the candidate system on the

    organization? How well does it fit with in the organizations

    master plan?

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    3.4) DESIGN

    The purpose of design phase is to plan a solution of the problem specified by

    the requirement document. This phase is the first step in moving from

    problem to solution domain .It is also most creative & challenging phase in

    the SDLC. The key question here is how should the problem is solved.

    The design activity is often divided into two separate phases:

    SYSTEM DESIGN

    DETAIL DESIGN

    SYSTEM DESIGN

    System design which is sometimes also called top level design, aims identify

    the modules that should be in the system then specifications of these

    modules, and how they interact with each other to produce the desired

    results .At the end of the system design all the major data structures, file

    formats, output formats and the major modules in the system and their

    specifications are decided.

    DETAIL DESIGN

    During detail design, the internal logic of each of the modules specified.

    During this phase further details of the data structures and algorithm design

    of each of the module is specified. During detail design, the focus is on the

    designing logic for each of the models.

    There are two possible approaches involved in development phase:a) Top down

    b) Bottom up

    TOP DOWN DESIGN:

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    The top down approach starts from highest level component and proceeds

    through low level of hierarchy .A top design starts by identifying the major

    components of a system, decomposing them into their lower level

    components and iterating until the desired level of detail is achieved.

    BOTTOM UP DESIGN:

    A bottom up approach starts with the lowest level component of the

    hierarchy and proceeds through progressive higher level components to the

    top level components .A bottom up design approach starts with designing

    the most basic or primitive components and proceeds to higher level

    components that used these lower level components.

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    TOOLS FOR DESIGN

    FLOWCHART

    DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

    E-R DIAGRAM

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    FLOW CHART

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    FLOWCHART

    Flowchart is the graphic picture the logical steps and the sequence in

    procedure or a program.

    Normally an algorithm is first represented in the form of flowchart and the

    flowchart is then expressed in the form of flowchart and the flowchart is

    then expressed in some programming language to prepare computer program

    .The main advantages of these two steps in program writing is that while

    drawing a flowchart one is not concerned with the details of the elements of

    the programming language. Hence he can fully concentrate on the logic of

    the procedure. Moreover since the flowchart shows the flow of operation s in

    the pictorial form, any error in the logic of the procedure can be detected

    more easily than in case of program. Once flowchart is ready, the

    programmer can forget about the logic and concentrate only on the coding

    operation in each box of the flowchart in the terms of the statement of the

    programming language. This will normally ensure a error free program.

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    SYMBOLS OF FLOWCHART

    The flowchart uses boxes of different shapes to denote different types of

    instruction.. The American Standard Institute (ANSI) has standardized thesesymbols. The function of these symbols is

    Terminal processing

    I/O Box

    Process

    Flow lines

    Decision box

    Connectors

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    FLOWCHART FOR RESERVATION

    NO

    YES

    START

    SELECT ATRAIN

    FILLRESERVATIONFORM

    A

    RESERVATIONANDGENERATIONOF TICKET

    STOP

    IS SEATAVAILABLE

    A

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    FLOWCHART FOR CANCELLATION

    NO

    YES

    START

    SELECTTRAIN

    ENTERPNRNO.

    ISRECORDPRESENT

    CANCEL THERECORD

    A

    STOP

    A

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    FLOWCHART FOR QUERY

    NO

    YES

    START

    SELECTATRAIN

    ENTERPASSENGER

    ISRECORD

    EXIST

    A

    DISPLAYTHERECORD

    STOP

    RECORD NOTAVAIL

    ABLE

    A

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    DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

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    DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

    LARRY CONSTANTINE developed first DFD as a way of expressing

    system requirement in a graphical form, this lead to modular design.

    A DFD is also known as bubble chart.

    A DFD is represented by bubbles joined by lines. Bubbles represent

    transformation and lines show the flow of data.

    DFD SYMBOLS

    A SQUARE represents source and destination of system data.

    AN ARROW represents a pipeline through which data flows.

    AN OPEN RECTANGLE represents temporary repository of data.

    A BUBBLE represents process that transforms incoming data in

    form of outgoing data.

    CONSTRUCTING DFD

    Processes should be named and numbered for easy references.

    The direction of flow is from top to bottom or left to right. When process is explored into lower details they are numbered.

    The names of the data store, source and destination are in capital

    letters.

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    TRAINNO. FARE

    DFD 0 -Level

    PASSENGERTICKET

    PRINT

    Ticket

    Generation

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    TRAIN

    DETAIL

    Passenger request

    Fare

    PNR_DETAIL

    PNR_DETAIL

    FARE Money

    Reservation/Cancellation

    System

    PASSENGER

    Reserv-vation

    Cancella

    -

    tion

    Check

    Seat-

    Status

    Ticketconfirm

    TICKET

    GENERATE

    Waiting

    Ticket

    PASSENGER

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    PNR_DETAIL

    Details forCancellation

    Change inNo. Of seats SEAT

    Cancell

    ation

    Deduct

    Money

    PASSENGER

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    ENTITY RELATIONSHIP DIAGRAM

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    E-R DIAGRAM

    E-R DIAGRAM can express the overall logical structure of a database

    graphically .E-R diagram are simple and clear, qualities that may account in

    large part for the widespread use of the E-R model.

    Such a diagram consists of the following major components:

    Rectangle: represents Entity sets.

    Ellipse: represents Attributes.

    Diamonds: represents Relationship.

    Lines :represents Links attributes to entity to attributes and

    relationship as well.

    Double Ellipse: represents total participation of an entity in a

    relationship set.

    Double Rectangle: represents weak entity sets.

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    RESERVATION

    CANCELLATION

    Passenger Train

    Passenger

    Reservation

    Age Name

    Trainno. Source/Destination

    Coach

    DestinatioSex

    No.of

    Seats

    Source

    SeatNo.

    Pnrno

    TrainNo.

    Class

    Cancellation

    Train

    TrainnoNo.

    Pnrno

    SeatNo.

    Coach Source Destination

    Pnrno

    TrainName

    aa

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    QUERY

    TrainName

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    Passenger Inquiry

    Status

    Train

    Trainno

    Source/Destination

    Class

    Coach

    Source

    Destination

    Seat

    No.

    Pnrno

    Trainno

    Resdat

    e

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    3.5) DEVELOPMENT

    The development of the project involves the formulation of codes. Front end

    is Visual basic, which causes generation of forms providing interface with

    the user requirements.

    Further tables are generated to provide database.

    Various forms are developed as project involves reservation, updation,

    cancellation thus it necessitates necessary information.

    Development involves various modules. Modules are for reservation,

    cancellation and query. Thus forms appears on the screen asking for details

    like train number, class of berth, train number, class of berth, date. Then

    after processing results in generation of ticket.

    Similarly Cancellation requires PNR no and thus cancellation is done.

    For query detail like train number and type of berth is given for date and it

    gives necessary information.

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    3.6) IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING

    During the implementation phase, the system actually takes physical

    shape .As in the other two stages, the analyst, his or her associates and the

    user performs many tasks including: -

    Writing, testing, debugging and documenting systems.

    Converting data from the old to the new system.

    Training the systems users.

    Ordering and installing any new hardware required by the system.

    Developing operating procedures for the computer center staff.

    Establishing a maintenance procedure to repair and enhance the

    system.

    Completing system documentation.

    Evaluating the final system to make sure that it is fulfilling original

    need and that it began operation on time and within budget.

    The analyst involvement in each of these activities varies from

    organization to organization .For a small organizations, specialists may

    work on different phases and tasks, such as training, ordering

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    equipment, converting data from old methods to the new or certifying

    the correctness of the system.

    The implementation phase with an evaluation of the system after

    placing it into operation for a period of time .by then, most program

    errors will have shown up and most costs will have become clear .To

    make sure that the system audit is a last check or review of a system to

    ensure that it meets design criteria. Evaluation forms the feedback part of

    the cycle that keeps implementation going as long as the system

    continues operation.

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    TESTING

    Testing is the major quality content measure used during software

    development .The basic function is to detect errors in the software. After

    the implementation phase, computer programs are available that can be

    executed for testing purposes. The goal of the testing is to uncover

    requirement. Consequently, different levels of testing are used namely:

    UNIT TESTING

    INTEGRATION TESTING

    SYSTEM TESTING

    USER ACCEPTANCE TESTING

    UNIT TESTING

    The starting point of testing is unit-testing .In this module is tested

    separately and is often performed by the coder himself. Simultaneously

    along with the coding of the module .The purpose is to exercise the different

    parts of the module code to detect coding errors.

    INTEGRATION TESTING

    After unit testing, the modules are gradually integrated into subsystems,

    which are then integrated to eventually form the entire system. During

    integration of the modules, integration testing is performed to detect design

    errors by focusing on testing the interconnection between modules.

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    SYSTEM TESTING

    After the system is put together, system testing is performed. Here the

    system is tested against the system requirements to see if all the

    requirements are met and if the system performs as specified by the

    requirements.

    USER ACCEPTANCE TESTING

    User acceptance testing is performed to demonstrate to the client, on the real

    life data of the client, the operations of the system.

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    5) CODING

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    CODE FOR MAIN MENUDim J%, X%

    Dim STR1$, STR$Private Sub ABOUTFARE_Click()

    DataReport3.ShowEnd Sub

    Private Sub ABOUTPASSENGER_Click()DataReport2.Show

    End Sub

    Private Sub ABOUTTRAINS_Click()DataReport1.ShowEnd Sub

    Private Sub cancellation_Click()CANCEL.ShowUnload MeEnd Sub

    Private Sub CANCL_Click()CANCEL.ShowUnload Me

    End SubPrivate Sub CONTENT_Click()

    contents.ShowEnd Sub

    Private Sub exit_Click()Exitfrm.ShowEnd Sub

    Private Sub MAIN_Click()main.ShowUnload Me

    End Sub

    Private Sub EXT_Click()Exitfrm.ShowEnd Sub

    Private Sub QUEARY_Click()

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    J = 1 + JIf J = X Then J = 1STR = Mid$(STR1, J, X)main.Caption = STR

    End SubPrivate Sub TRAIN_DETAIL_Click()Addtrains.showEnd Sub

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    Private Sub FORM_LOAD()LoadingWindowstate=2

    Label1.FontSize = 20Label3.FontSize = 24Label1.Caption = "Loading........"End Sub

    Private Sub Timer1_Timer()Timer1.Interval = 1000Static P As IntegerStatic s As IntegerP = (P + 1) Mod 60

    s = s + 10'Label2.ForeColor = RGB(0, 0, 200)'Label2.FontSize = 12'Label2.Caption = str$(s) & " % Completed "ProgressBar1.Value = PIf s = 100 Thenmain.Show

    Unload LoadingEnd If

    End Sub

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    CODE FOR RESERVATIONDim J, c, K As IntegerDim SOURCE, RESERVED, TEMPCLASS As String'**************CHECKING FOR RESERVATION

    DATE*************'********************************************************Private Sub Combo1_GotFocus()If Text2.Text = "" ThenMsgBox "PLEASE ENTER THE RESERVATION DATE"Combo1.ClearText2.SetFocusExit SubEnd If

    resdate = Text2.TextIf (resdate - Date) > 60 ThenMsgBox "RESERVATION CAN BE GIVEN UPTO 60 DAYS AHEAD"Text2.Text = ""Combo1.ClearText2.SetFocusEnd If

    If (Date - resdate) > 0 ThenMsgBox "RESERVATION IS NOT POSSIBLE ,PLEASE ENTER VALID

    DATE"Text2.Text = ""Combo1.ClearText2.SetFocusEnd IfEnd Sub

    Private Sub COMBO2_GOTFOCUS()Combo2.Clear

    Data1.Recordset.MoveFirstData1.Recordset.FindFirst "trainno =" & Combo1.TextTRAINTYPE = Data1.Recordset.Fields("traintype").ValueCombo2.AddItem UCase$(Data1.Recordset.Fields("s1").Value)Combo2.AddItem UCase$(Data1.Recordset.Fields("s2").Value)Combo2.AddItem UCase$(Data1.Recordset.Fields("s3").Value)Combo2.AddItem UCase$(Data1.Recordset.Fields("s4").Value)

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    End SubPrivate Sub OK_Click()trainno = Combo1.Textsd = Combo2.Text

    class = Combo3.Texttrainname = Data1.Recordset.Fields("trainname").ValueData2.Recordset.Fields("PNRNO").Value = PNR + 1P = Val(Combo4.Text)K = InStr(1, sd, "-")SOURCE = Mid$(sd, 1, K - 1)'****************SEAT ALLOTMENT*************************'*******************************************************ALLOTMENT

    If J > c ThenData3.Recordset.AddNewData3.Recordset.Fields("TRAINNO").Value = trainnoData3.Recordset.Fields("RESDATE").Value = resdateData3.Recordset.Fields("SOURCE").Value = SOURCEData3.Recordset.Fields("FACSEAT").Value = "S1-01,S1-02,S1-03,S1-

    04,S1-05,S1-06,S1-07,S1-08,S1-09,S1-10,S1-11,S1-12,S1-13,S1-14,S1-15,S1-16,S1-17,S1-18,S1-19,S1-20,S2-01,S2-02,S2-03,S2-04,S2-05,S2-06,S2-07,S2-08,S2-09,S2-10,S2-11,S2-12,S2-13,S2-14,S2-15,S2-16,S2-17,S2-18,S2-19,S2-20"Data3.Recordset.Fields("ACCSEAT").Value = "S1-01,S1-02,S1-03,S1-

    04,S1-05,S1-06,S1-07,S1-08,S1-09,S1-10,S1-11,S1-12,S1-13,S1-14,S1-15,S1-16,S1-17,S1-18,S1-19,S1-20,S2-01,S2-02,S2-03,S2-04,S2-05,S2-

    06,S2-07, S2-08, S2-09, S2-10, S2-11, S2-12, S2-13, S2-14, S2-15, S2-16,S2- 17,S2-18, S2-19, S2-20"Data3.Recordset.Fields ("ACSSEAT"). Value = "S1-01, S1-02, S1-03, S1-

    04,S1-05,S1-06,S1-07,S1-08,S1-09,S1-10,S1-11,S1-12,S1-13,S1-14,S1-

    15,S1-16,S1-17,S1-18,S1-19,S1-20,S2-01,S2-02,S2-03,S2-04,S2-05,S2-06,S2-07,S2-08,S2-09,S2-10,S2-11,S2-12,S2-13,S2-14,S2-15,S2-16,S2-17,S2-18,S2-19,S2-20"Data3.Recordset.Fields ("FCLASSSEAT"). Value = "S1-01,S1-02,S1-

    03,S1-04,S1-05,S1-06,S1-07,S1-08,S1-09,S1-10,S1-11,S1-12,S1-13,S1-14,S1-15,S1-16,S1-17,S1-18,S1-19,S1-20,S2-01,S2-02,S2-03,S2-04,S2-

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    05,S2-06,S2-07,S2-08,S2-09,S2-10,S2-11,S2-12,S2-13,S2-14,S2-15,S2-16,S2-17,S2-18,S2-19,S2-20"Data3.Recordset.Fields ("SLEEPERSEAT"). Value = "S1-01,S1-02,S1-

    03,S1-04,S1-05,S1-06,S1-07,S1-08,S1-09,S1-10,S1-11,S1-12,S1-13,S1-14,S1-15,S1-16,S1-17,S1-18,S1-19,S1-20,S2-01,S2-02,S2-03,S2-04,S2-05,S2-06,S2-07,S2-08,S2-09,S2-10,S2-11,S2-12,S2-13,S2-14,S2-15,S2-16,S2-17,S2-18,S2-19,S2-20"Data3.Recordset.UpdateALLOTMENTEnd IfData2.Recordset.UpdateRESVI.Data1.Recordset.AddNewRESVI.ShowUnload Me

    End SubPrivate Sub main1_Click()

    main.ShowUnload MeEnd SubPrivate Sub ALLOTMENT()Data3.Recordset.MoveLastc = Data3.Recordset.RecordCountData3.Recordset.MoveFirstFor J = 1 To cIf Data3.Recordset.Fields("trainno").Value = trainno And

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("SOURCE").Value = SOURCE ThenData3.Recordset.Fields("SOURCE").Value = SOURCE'*********SELECTING THE

    SEATACCORDINGTOCLASS********************'******************************************************************Select Case class

    Case "F.A.C."If P

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    Data3.Recordset.Fields("FACSEAT").Value = Mid$(Data3.Recordset.Fields("FACSEAT").Value, P * 6 + 1)Data3.Recordset.UpdateFor K = 0 To P - 1coach(K) = Mid$(RESERVED, K * 6 + 1, 2)SEAT(K) = Mid$(RESERVED, K * 6 + 4, 2)NextTEMPCLASS = "FAC"resfee = 20 * PfareEnd IfCase "A.C.C."If P

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    TEMPCLASS = "ACS"resfee = 20 * Pfare

    End IfCase "F.CLASS"If P

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    ElseData3.Recordset.MoveNextEnd IfNextEnd Sub'*****************CALCULATINGFARE************************

    *'**********************************************************

    Private Sub fare()Data4.Recordset.MoveFirstData4.Recordset.FindFirst "TRAINTYPE='" & TRAINTYPE & "'"TFARE = Int(P * distance * Data4.Recordset.Fields(TEMPCLASS).Value)

    + resfee

    End Sub

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    CODE FOR CANCELLATIONDim K As Integer

    Dim STR As StringPrivate Sub main1_Click()main.ShowUnload MeEnd SubPrivate Sub FORM_LOAD()Move (Screen.Width - Width) / 2, (Screen.Height - Height) / 2End Sub'*****************FOR CANCELLATION OF THE

    SEATS***************'************************************************************

    *Private Sub OK_Click()datec = Data1.Recordset.Fields("RESDATE").Valuetrainnoc = Data1.Recordset.Fields("TRAINNO").Valueclassc = Data1.Recordset.Fields("CLASS").Valuesourcec = Mid$(Data1.Recordset.Fields("SD").Value, 1, K - 1)

    If Option1.Value = True ThenSTR = ""

    Data1.Recordset.DeleteData2.Recordset.FindFirst "PNRNO=" & pnrcWhile pnrc = Data2.Recordset.Fields("PNRNO").ValueData2.Recordset.Fields("SEATNO").Value

    Data2.Recordset.DeleteData2.Recordset.MoveFirstData2.Recordset.FindFirst "PNRNO=" & pnrcWendData3.Recordset.MoveLastc = Data3.Recordset.RecordCount

    Data3.Recordset.MoveFirstFor J = 1 To cIf Data3.Recordset.Fields("trainno").Value = trainnoc And

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("RESDATE").Value = datec AndData3.Recordset.Fields("SOURCE").Value = sourcec ThenData3.Recordset.EditSelect Case classc

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    Case "F.A.C."Data3.Recordset.Fields("facseat").Value =

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("facseat").Value + STRCase "A.C.C."

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("accseat").Value =Data3.Recordset.Fields("accseat").Value + STRCase "A.C.S."Data3.Recordset.Fields("acsseat").Value =

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("acsseat").Value + STRCase "F.CLASS"Data3.Recordset.Fields("fclassseat").Value =

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("fclassseat").Value + STRCase "SLEEPER"

    Data3.Recordset.Fields("sleeperseat").Value =Data3.Recordset.Fields("sleeperseat").Value + STREnd SelectData3.Recordset.UpdateExit ForElseData3.Recordset.MoveNextEnd IfNextElsecancelno.ShowUnload MeEnd If

    MsgBox "RESERVATION CANCELLED"main.ShowUnload MeEnd Sub

    Private Sub Option1_GotFocus()If Text1.Text = "" ThenMsgBox "PLEASE ENTER THE PNR NUMBER"Text1.SetFocusEnd IfData1.Recordset.MoveFirstData1.Recordset.FindFirst " PNRNO = " & Val(Text1.Text)

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    pnrc = Data1.Recordset.Fields("PNRNO").ValueIf pnrc Val(Text1.Text) Then

    MsgBox "PLEASE ENTER PROPER PNR NO"Text1.Text = ""Text1.SetFocusEnd IfEnd Sub

    CODE FOR QUERYDim c, J, K As Integer*************CHECKING FOR VALID DATE********************'********************************************************Private Sub Combo1_GotFocus()

    If Text1.Text = "" ThenMsgBox "PLEASE ENTER THE RESERVATION DATE"Combo1.ClearText1.SetFocusExit SubEnd Ifqdate = Text1.TextIf (qdate - Date) > 60 ThenMsgBox "RESERVATION IS NOT ALLOWED ON THIS DATE"Text1.Text = ""Combo1.ClearText1.SetFocusExit SubEnd Ifqdate = Text1.Text

    If (Date - qdate) > 0 ThenMsgBox "PLEASE ENTER DATE ONWARDS FROM CURRENT

    DATE"

    Text1.Text = ""Combo1.ClearText1.SetFocusExit SubEnd IfEnd SubPrivate Sub FORM_LOAD()

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    End IfElseq_result.Label6.Visible = Falseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfCase "A.C.C."q_result.Label5.Caption =

    (Len(Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACCSEAT").Value) + 1) / 6If q_result.Label5.Caption = "0" Thenq_result.Label5.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label6.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACCRAC").Value + 1If Val(q_result.Label6.Caption) - 1 = 6 Thenq_result.Label6.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label7.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACCWAIT").Value + 1

    Elseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfElseq_result.Label6.Visible = Falseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfCase "A.C.S."q_result.Label5.Caption =

    (Len(Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACSSEAT").Value) + 1) / 6If q_result.Label5.Caption = "0" Thenq_result.Label5.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label6.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACSRAC").Value + 1If Val(q_result.Label6.Caption) - 1 = 6 Thenq_result.Label6.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label7.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("ACSWAIT").Value + 1Elseq_result.Label7.Visible = False

    End IfElse

    q_result.Label6.Visible = Falseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfCase "F.CLASS"

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    q_result.Label5.Caption =(Len(Data2.Recordset.Fields("FCLASSSEAT").Value) + 1) / 6If q_result.Label5.Caption = "0" Thenq_result.Label5.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label6.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("FCLASSRAC").Value

    + 1If Val(q_result.Label6.Caption) - 1 = 6 Thenq_result.Label6.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label7.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("FCLASSWAIT").Value

    + 1Elseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfElse

    q_result.Label6.Visible = Falseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd If

    Case "SLEEPER"q_result.Label5.Caption =

    (Len(Data2.Recordset.Fields("SLEEPERSEAT").Value) + 1) / 6If q_result.Label5.Caption = "0" Thenq_result.Label5.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label6.Caption = Data2.Recordset.Fields("SLEEPERRAC").Value

    + 1If Val(q_result.Label6.Caption) - 1 = 6 Thenq_result.Label6.Caption = "NOT AVAILABLE"q_result.Label7.Caption =Data2.Recordset.Fields("SLEEPERWAIT").Value + 1Elseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfElse

    q_result.Label6.Visible = Falseq_result.Label7.Visible = FalseEnd IfEnd SelectExit ForElse

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    6) CONCLUSION

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    6) CONCLUSION

    Once the software will install, the users will be trained and the master data

    will be created .It will be the time to start full-fledged use of the software.

    However seldom does it happens that the moment the software is

    commissioned and goes line, the organization relies solely on it, discarding

    all the previously used processes and procedure what generally happens is

    that usage of the software is recommended? In addition the user are

    confident that the new system is foolproof and so the old can be dispensed

    with Therefore the basic idea underlying these activities that even after the

    software is installed, the old system of doing things, be it automated or

    manual is continued for some period of time. Since both the old and the new

    system continues in parallel this is called parallel run.

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    7) FUTURE SCOPE

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    7) FUTURE SCOPE

    Suppose in the future the activities or the method associated with the railway

    reservation system. System is changed or they want some more activities to

    be automated, then in such cases this project can be easily to handle and

    anyone can operate it .It will not only reduce the cost of maintenance of

    records but it will be also. Improve the efficiency of work. This project can

    also be used for Airlines reservation system, Hotel reservation system etc by

    just making some alteration in it.

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    8) BIBLIOGRAPHY

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    8) BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Mastering Visual Basic 6.0 BY Evangelos Petroutsos

    Visual Basic 6.0 programming BY Steven Holzner

    Microsoft Access BY Harkins, ETAL

    Software Engineering BY Pankaj Jalote

    Analysis and Design of Information BY E.M Awad

    www.indianrailways.gov.in

    http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/
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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Certificate

    DeclarationAcknowledgement

    1. INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT

    1.1) INTRODUCTION

    1.2) COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    1.3) PROJECT DESCRIPTION

    1.3a) ABOUT EXISTING SYSTEM

    1.3b) ABOUT PROPOSED SYSTEM

    1.4) ADVANTAGE OF PROJECT

    2. PROJECT CATEGORY TOOLS AND ENVIORNMENT

    2.1) PROJECT CATEGORY

    2.2) FRONT END COVERAGE

    2.3) BACKEND COVERAGE

    2.4) HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

    3. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT STAGES

    3.1) RECOGNITION OF NEED3.2) FEASIBILITY STUDY

    3.3) ANALYSIS

    3.4) DESIGN

    3.5) DEVELOPMENT

    3.6) IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING

    4. PROJECT FORMS

    5. CODING

    6.CONCLUSION

    7.FUTURE SCOPE

    8.BIBLIOGRAPHY

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    1. INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT

    1.1) INTRODUCTION

    1.2) ORGANISATION DESCRIPTION

    1.3) COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    1.4) ADVANTAGES OF THE PROJECT