История возникновения Интернета

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История возникновения Интернета

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  • 1. : http://ccinet.info , , , , . .

2. - ; () ; ; ; ;- (); 3. . . 4. - - , - (IP) ;4 1995 (FNC) , "". 5. - TCP / - (IP) / IP- .4 1995 (FNC) , "". 6. - , . 7. ? , 8. (Backbones) 9. --- (3)NAP- (2)MAE- 10. http://www.geog.ucl.ac.uk/casa/martin/atlas/atlas.html 11. 1957 - ARPA. http://www.darpa.mil/ 12. : , . , . 13. , - ; , , , (). 14. 1962 , : - ; . 15. 1962 APRA . . 16. : , , . "", . 17. IP a.b.c.d 32- IP-, 0 255, . - 1 223:1 - 223 0 - 255 IP-: IP- 212.192.21.1 .192.168.11.1 211.10.10.156 ( . Host - 200.0.0.109) 17 18. , ( ) .18 19. TCP/IP P, - - . IP, . 20. 60- 1969 - - - 21. 1969 , ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) 22. , , . 23. TCP/IPHTTP (HyperText TransferProtocol)FTP (File Transfer ProtocolSMTP (Simple Mail TransferProtocol 24. : 1 1969. - ARPANET - ( Honeywell 516 12 ); 1971 - , ; 1973 - , . 25. :1984 - (. Domain Name System, DNS).Domain Name Server DNS IP- :http://www.cnet.com http://204.162.80.183/ 26. :1984 - ARPANET - NSFNet (. . National Science Foundation Network), (NSF).1988 - Internet Relay Chat(IRC), (). 27. :1989 - , . -, HTTP, HTML URI. 28. : 1990 - ARPANET , NSFNet( ). . , 1995 NSF . 1991 - . 29. : 1990- . 1995 - , . 1996 . 30. : 1997 10 , 1. . . 1998 II 30 . 31. : . - , . 32. URL Universal Resource Locator - . http://www.microsoft.com/cio/industry.htm () 33. :World Wide Web - - -- - ( )Wiki-Wiki - http://ru.wikipedia.org/- http://fotos.ua/ , www.hotline.ua- http://www.ebay.com / (, )http://www.google.com 34. : e-mail, RSS - , ,http://www.ex.ua/ : .; :WebMoney, CyberPlat, e-Port, Assist, RBK Money, PayCash, MoneyMail, Z-Payment,., , ; :E-Gold, Liberty Reserve, PayPal, Perfect Money, Moneybookers, Fethard, EasyPay, Chron 35. : - http://internet-radio.org.ua/ - http://onlinetvi.com/uk/ IP- Skype, mail-agent, Google- ICQ, Google-, Google- FTP- (my.google.com, rambler.ru, mail.ru, Web-Picassa, Dropbox ) 36. . Internet : IP- ( . domain , ). 37. IP- , Internet.IP- , . 192.168.0.100 IP- IP- Internet (. network ID). (. host ID). 38. IP Class A 1.0.0.0 127.0.0.0 . 24- . 16 .Class B 128.0.0.0 191.255.0.0 . 16320 65024 .Class C 192.0.0.0 223.255.255.0 - . 2 254 .Class D, E, F 224.0.0.0 254.0.0.0 , . 39. DNS IP- DNS- www.yandex.ua IP- 40. , 6 om,edu,gov, mil,net,org. www.ccinet.info, http://lenta.ru . admin@ccinet.info 41. kievcity.gov.ua 42. i:com - , .. ;edu - , :http://www.duikt.edu.ua/gov - , http://www.whitehouse.gov/mil - http://www.darpa.mil/ ;net - , ;org - , , ;Info - , ;name- http://prosto.name/ http://www.1web.name 43. AERO Air-transport - industry http://www.sita.aeroCOOP Cooperatives . http://www.cooperatives-uk.coopMUSEUM Museums http://icom.museum/PROProfessionals http://www.pathology.med.pro/ 44. TRAVEL , , , , , , http://www.dallas.travel/ JOBS , http://base-job.ru/ CAT http://www.icag.cat/ TEL MOBI , http://www.mobi.ua/ 45. .:ua - ; de - i;ch - i; it Ii; ru . 46. . : ca jr cn pl de ru fi se fr uk il us it za 47. - , () , , , . 48. 4 (for ) , 4U (for you) .BB (bye-bye) !FAQ (frequently asked questions) ( ), ( )GGG ( )IMHO (in my humble opinion) () 49. , , , , , , , (avatar ), (user ,picture ) , . -, , IP-, (ban) -, -. ., ( )., , (button) . (pressbutton), // , . 50. . (backup), () . ( Google). , zip., Internet Explorer, . ( lamer ) ., Linux. (lol Laugh[ing] out loud) . , . , . , , , . 51. . . CD-R-. Mozilla Firefox., (subj., subject) , ; , . (flood ), , ; ( Adobe Photoshop) , . , , . shareware, - . 52. 53. ( domain ) - , , (DNS) ( Domain NameSystem (DNS) - ) , IP IP- ( IP addresses) - 32- , ( Internet Protocol (IP)) . 54. Microsoft Internet Explorer , (. browse -) - .Opera : Microsoft Internet Explorer Opera Mozilla FireFox Google Chrom Mozilla FireFoxGoogle Chrom 55. . site - , , web-, , , , , ; , ,