Insecta 5 - Thorax - Appededge of Thorax

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  1. 1.
  2. 2. :
  3. 3. - - 1- ( ) 2- ( ) 3- ()
  4. 4. - . - . - .
  5. 5. : . .
  6. 6. Walking legs Periplaneta americana .
  7. 7. Jumping legs Schistocerca gregaria .
  8. 8. Burrowing legs Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa .
  9. 9. Swimming legs Dysticussp. .
  10. 10. Seizing legs Mantis regiolosa .
  11. 11. Clinging legs Pediculas humanus capitis .
  12. 12. Collecting food legs hind legs in Apis mellifera . .
  13. 13. Cleaning legs .
  14. 14. Walking upside-down legs Musca domestica Empodium .
  15. 15. : : - (:) -(: ) 345610. .
  16. 16. :
  17. 17. Insect Aptrygota Ptrygota Order : Thysanura Endotrygota Exopterygota O:Lepidoptera O: Orthoptera O:Coleoptera O: Odonata
  18. 18. : - costal margin - Apical margin. - Anal margin : - : . - : . - : . .
  19. 19. .
  20. 20. Leathary-
  21. 21. Horny ( .)
  22. 22. Hemi-elytra . ( )
  23. 23. Scally ()
  24. 24. (:)the wing coupling apparatus 1 Hamulat ( ) .
  25. 25. 2 Frenulate . 3 : Jugate .
  26. 26. Wing coupling apparatus Frenulate Type
  27. 27. Wing coupling apparatus Jugate Type
  28. 28. 4- Clip Type
  29. 29. . ( .)
  30. 30. Costa subcosta Redius Media Cubitus Anal Humeral Radial Sectorial Radio-medial Medial Medio-cubital
  31. 31. . : .1 (C) Costa: . .2 (Sc) Subcosta: Sc2 Sc1.
  32. 32. 3-(R) radius: : (R1) (Rs) radial sector R2R3 R4R5. 4- (M) media: : (MA) Anterior Media (MP) Posterior Media (Rs) (MP) .
  33. 33. : .1 (Cu) Cubitus: (Cu1),(Cu2) (M) Cu IaCu I b. .2 anal veins: 3 (1A 2A & 3A)
  34. 34. Transverse veins .
  35. 35. ( ) : .1 (humeral)(h) CSc .2radialr R2R1. .3 Sectorials R2R3R4R5R3R4- .4 Medio-cubitalm-cu M4 Cu1.
  36. 36. Anterior notal wing process Posterior notal wing process Axillary sclerites (1)(2)(3)
  37. 37. 23 Cu(2) (1) Sc (3) (2) R
  38. 38. Mechanism of flight : 1- :Indirect muscles : -():( ) . -: . () .
  39. 39. 2- :Direct muscles () . . : a b c d