Intelligent building project report

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  • 1 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Abstract ....i

    Acknowledgement.. ii

    Table of Contents 1

    Table of Figures...3

    Abbreviations...4

    1. Introduction .....................................................................................................................6

    1.1 Definition..6

    1.2 History...7

    1.3 Overview...8

    2. Construction process of building.9

    2.1 Sub Structure.9

    2.1.1 Raft Foundation....9

    2.2 Super Structure10

    3. Eco-friendly building materials..11

    3.1 Why Eco-Friendly material.....11

    3.2 Conventional Eco-Friendly materials..11

    4. Building Automation..12

    5. Intelligent Building Systems..........................................................................................14

    5.1 Controllers...14

    5.2 Occupancy...14

    5.3 Lighting...14

    5.4 Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning.15

    5.5 Elevators and Escalators..15

  • 2 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    5.6 Distributed Building Control.....15

    5.7 Intelligent Controllers16

    6. Major Aspects of Intelligent Building .........................................................................17

    6.1 Security..17

    6.1.1 Access Control...17

    6.1.2 Finger Print Lock...19

    6.1.3 Voice and Video Intercom.19

    6.1.4 Code Based Access System...19

    6.1.5 Swipe Card Access System...19

    6.1.6 Biometric Access System..19

    6.2 Life Safety and Surveillance.20

    6.2.1 Surveillance...20

    6.2.2 Safety.20

    6.3 Telecommunication...21

    6.3.1 Cabling..22

    6.3.2 Consolidated Communication...22

    7. Management System ...................................................................................................24

    7.1 Energy Management.24

    7.1.1 Electrical Demand Control24

    7.1.2 Program Scheduling..25

    8. Water management system...26

    8.1 Rain Water Harvesting..26

    8.2Water Efficient plumbing...26

    8.3 Drainage System...26

    8.4 Water Recycling27

    9. Components of intelligent building..28

  • 3 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    9.1 Landscaping.28

    9.2 Orientation...28

    9.3 Use of low embodied energy materials...29

    10. Advantages and Disadvantages of Intelligent Building ..........................................30

    11. Environmental Benefits of Intelligent Building ......................................................31

    12. Economy Consideration ..........................................................................................31

    13. Difference between Ordinary Building and Intelligent Building.32

    14. Intelligent Building in India.33

    15. Future Direction of Intelligent Building..34

    16. Challenges Facing Intelligent Building35

    17. Lifespan of Intelligent Building...36

    18. Conclusion....37

    19. References38

  • 4 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1: project view....8

    Figure 2: Major aspects of intelligent building....17

    Figure 3: Components of intelligent building..19

    Figure 4: Swipe Card Access System..20

    Figure 5: Fire alarm..21

    Figure 6: NIIT Building in India..33

  • 5 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    ABBREVIATIONS

    1. IB - Intelligent Building

    2. LAN - Local Area Network

    3. BAS - Building Automaton System

    4. HVAC - Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning

    5. UPS - Unlimited Power Supply

    6. CAD - Computer Aided Design

    7. IBMS - Intelligent Building Management System

    8. PWAC - Present Worth of Annual Charge

    9. NPV - Net Present Value

  • 6 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    1. INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Definition

    An intelligent building is one that provides a productive and cost-effective environment through

    optimization of its four basic elements - structure, systems, services and management - and the

    interrelationships between them. Intelligent buildings help business owners, property managers

    and occupants to realize their goals in the areas of cost, comfort, convenience, safety, long-term

    flexibility and marketability. Intelligent Buildings are equipped with robust telecommunication

    infrastructure, allowing for more efficient use of resources and increasing the comfort and

    security of its occupants.

    1.2 History

    The Intelligent Building concept surfaced in the early 1980s and generally advocated extensive

    use of elaborate centralized electronic systems to facilitate control of building support and

    communication systems for voice and data. The initial concept promoted communication

    networks to allow centralized word processing services and limited interaction between

    individual occupants and the Building Automation System. Builders and owners were pressured

    to develop intelligent buildings, in spite of high premium costs, at that time, for prestige reasons

    and for enhanced rental potential. The Building Automation System and the Communication

    System industry as well as other specialized interest group soon developed specific products and

    applications to meet and facilitate the implementation of Intelligent Building Concept. The high

    technology concept of intelligent building systems was introduced in United States. The IB

    concept is now well developed and applied in Europe, Asia and North America.

    1.3 Overview

    The following attributes indicates the need for various technology and management systems. The

    successful integration of these systems will produce three dimensions of building intelligence.

  • 7 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    1. Building should know what is happening inside and immediately outside.

    2. Building should decide the most effective way of providing a convenient, comfortable and

    productive environment for its occupants.

    3. Building should respond as quickly as possible to the occupants requests.

    Most intelligent-building systems are characterized by:

    1. Standardized building wiring systems that permit full building control over a single

    Infra structure.

    2. Higher building value and leasing potential via increased individual environmental control.

    3. Consumption costs that are managed through zone control on a time-of-day schedule.

    4. Tenant control over building systems via computer or telephone interface.

    5. Comprehensive tracking of tenant after-hour use for chargeback purposes.

    6. A single human-resources interface that modifies telephone, security, parking, local-area.

    network, wireless devices, building directories, etc.

    Three Dimensions of Intelligent Building:

    1. Building Automation System

    Building Automation System enables the building to respond to external factors and conditions

    (like climatic variations, fire etc.), simultaneous sensing, control and monitoring of the internal

    environment and the storage of the data generated.

    2. Office Automation System and Local Area Network

    It provides management information and decision support aids with link to the central computer

    system.

    3. Advanced Telecommunication

    It enables rapid communication with outside world, via the central computer system using optical

    fiber installations, microwave and conventional satellite links. Increasingly, intelligent-building

    technologies are noted for their capacity to concurrently carry both a tenant's voice and data

    communications over the same wiring infrastructure that carries building control data. Many

    industry insiders say that an intelligent building should have high speed wiring, real-time

  • 8 AIETM/CE/2016-2017

    communications, real-time information, real-time services, and real-time integration. Generally,

    an intelligent building also should be flexible.