Muay thai -the art of fighting

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  • Muay ThaiThe Art of FightingYod Ruerngsa, Khun Kao Charuadand James Cartmell
  • Table of ContentsPreface6Chapter 1. History and Traditions of Muay ThaiMuay Thai Chronology7Thai Musical Instruments for Boxing15Beginner Initiation Ritual..18Pre-fight Ritual.20Wai Kru.23Muay Thai Terminology..37Chapter 1. Cherng Muay (Traditional Basics)Cherng Mad 15 Cherng (15 punches)..44Cherng Sok 24 Cherng (24 elbow strikes)58Cherng Khao 11 Cherng (11 knee strikes)...79Cherng Thao 15 Cherng (15 kicks)89Chapter 2. Kon Muay Thai (Traditional Techniques)Kae Mad 29 Kon...115Kae Thao 23 Kon .133Kae Khao 3 Kon ..145Kae Sok 4 Kon..147JuJom 23 Kon1493
  • Chapter 3. The Master Tricks and The Complimentary Tricks15 Mae Mai164Control of Breath...174Stance and Footwork in Detail.177Defensive Head Movements..180Kicking When It Is Too Close To Kick181Going "Dirty".183Muay Thai: Throws and Takedowns185Clinch (Prumb)...187Chapter 3. Movements of Using Muay Thai Art15 Look Mai201Basic Combinations212More Combinations215Chapter 4. Training Drills, Conditioning and etc.Training Drills216Improving Punching Power..218Favorite Drills221Medicine Ball Drills...222Neck Wrestling Drills224Thai Pad Drills...2254
  • Build Explosiveness...228Kicking Speed....238Training to Fight!..240How not to Flinch, Blink or Turn Away..243Beginner Muay Thai Training Schedule.246Conditioning the Shins..247Common Muay Thai Injuries..250Dealing with Psychological Problem of "Getting Hit"..252Basic Technique in Meditation Practice.255Chapter 5. Hand WrappingMuay Thai Hand Wrapping ....256Pro-Boxing Hand Wrapping.. ..260Hand Wrapping for Heavy Bag Training ...2725
  • PrefaceWords from Authors.First and Foremost. Techniques described in this book are meant todamage and even kill your opponent, though being properly executedare very damaging and some are potentially lethal. Practice and use themwith caution its your and own responsibility.Second. There are lots of gyms, schools and training camps whereMuay Thai is taught. Cause Muay Thai is living art there are myriads ofvariations of how to call this or that technique, how to execute this orthat strike or training drill. So if you find out that there are somedifferences between what you are taught and what you read in this book dont worry. Use your common sense, try both ways, chose what suitsyou more. This book isnt meant to show the only way, it is meant tohelp to choose YOUR OWN WAY.Third. There are three authors of this book, but in order to makereading easier, all advices are given as from one author.Fourth. Many of you can ask why so few pictures and where are allthese fancy diagrams and stepping patterns? This book lacks them onpurpose. We found out that lots off beginners try to imitate what theysee (in the gym or in the book) without understanding. And it becomeseven worse if someone decides that he can do it after only reading aboutit. We want you, our reader, to benefit from this book. As so try allyou read in it at your gym, with your partner, ask your trainer about it,discuss it with your friends. In other words try to fill, try to catch theessence of techniques and drills. Understanding technique is simple,correct execution is much more difficult but thats the goal. Andremember PRACTICE IS THE ONLY WAY.6
  • History and Traditions of Muay ThaiMuay Thai ChronologyMuayThai in the Sukhothai EraThailands capital was situated at Sukhothai from around the Buddhist years1781-1951 (1238-1408 CE). Inscriptions in stone columns at Sukhothai indicatethat Sukhothai fought with its neighbors quite often. Consequently, the city had toinstill in her soldiers knowledge and skills concerning the use of weapons such asswords and spears, and also how to use the body as a weapon in situations of closeperson-to-person combat. Skills such as kicking, kneeing, punching, and elbowingwere thus developed.During peacetime, young men in Sukhothai practiced MuayThai to buildcharacter and their self-defense skills. These skills would serve them well duringtheir time in the military and thus the practice of MuayThai became a goodcustom. MuayThai training centers arose around the city, for example, theSamakorn Training Center in Lopburi. Some were in temple areas where monksdoubled as instructors.During this period, MuayThai was considered a higher art and was a part ofthe royal curriculum. It was intended to develop good and brave warriors withgreat physical fitness into great and brave rulers. The first King of Sukhothai,Phokhun Sri In Tharatit, believed in the benefits of MuayThai so much that he senthis two sons to train MuayThai at the Samakorn Training Center to prepare themto take the throne. In B.E. 1818-1860 (1275-1317 CE) Phokhun Ram Khamhaeng7
  • wrote a war text that included the teachings of MuayThai as well as instruction inother fighting skills.MuayThai in the Krungsri Ayutthaya EraThe Ayutthaya Era lasted from B.E. 1988-2310 (1445-1767 CE). This periodwas characterized by frequent wars between Thailand, Burma, and Cambodia.Therefore, young men had to prepare themselves by developing self-defenseskills. These skills were taught by experienced masters. The training spread fromthe Royal Palace out to the public. The Phudaisawan Sword Training Center wasvery famous in that era, and it had many pupils. They were trained with wickerswords in the arts of sword and pole fighting. They were also trained to fightbarehanded and thus learned MuayThai skills. In addition to fighting, suchtraining centers also gave education in everyday matters.King Naresuan The Great Era (B.E. 2133-2147, 1590-1604 CE)King Naresuan would call for young men of his age to train with him. Theywere trained to be brave, self-confident warriors. They had to be skilful with allweapons and in boxing. King Naresuan set up the Scouting Corps to fight inguerrilla warfare. It was this Corps of soldiers that were able to free Thailand fromBurma during this time.King Narai The Great Era (B.E. 2147-2233, 1604-1690 CE)During this period Thailand was very much at peace and there were manydevelopments in the Kingdom. King Narai supported and promoted sports,especially MuayThai, which became a professional sport. At this time there weremany boxing training centers. The boxing ring was set up in regular playgroundswhere a rope would be laid out in a square shape to indicate the fighting area.Boxers wrapped their hands with threads that were dipped in thick starch or tar.This technique was called Kad-Chuck (wrapped with threads) or Muay Kad-Chuck(boxing with thread-wrapped hands). Boxers wore a head band, called themongkon, and an amulet, or pa-pra-jiat, wrapped around their upper arms whenthey fought. Boxers did not fight according to weight, height, or age. The ruleswere simple: Fights lasted until there was a clear winner. Gambling accompaniedthe bouts. Villages would often challenge each other to boxing matches andboxing became an activity central to folk plays and festivals.King Prachao Sua Era (B.E. 2240-2252, 1697-1709 CE)King Prachao Sua, also known as the Tiger King as well as Khun LuangSorasak, loved MuayThai very much. Once he went, dressed in plain clothes, to adistrict called Tambol Talad-guad with four royal guards. There he entered aboxing competition. The promoter did not recognize the King, but knew that theboxer came from Ayutthaya. He let the King fight against very good fighters from8
  • the town of Wisetchaichan. They were Nai Klan Madtai (killing fists), Nai YaiMadlek (iron fists), and Nai Lek Madnak (hard fists or punches). The Tiger Kingwon all three fights. King Prachao Sua also trained his two sons, Prince Petch andPrince Porn, in MuayThai, sword fighting, and wrestling.During the early part of the Ayutthaya period the Department of Royal Boxingwas founded. One of its responsibilities was to recruit young talented boxers tofight for the Kings entertainment. The top boxers were chosen for the RoyalQuarries, called Thani Lir (chosen guards). They were responsible for the securityof the royal palace and the King at all times. These boxers were to become theboxing masters who trained the soldiers and the Princes.In the later part of the Ayutthaya Period, after the second loss to Burma in B.E.2310 (1767 CE), there was one boxer of note.Nai KhanomtomNai Khanomtom was a prisoner of war captured by the Burmese whenAyutthaya was sacked for the second time in B.E. 2310 (1767 CE). In B.E. 2317(1774 CE), the Burmese King, King Angwa, wanted to hold a celebration for theGreat Pagoda in Rangoon. Boxing was included in the celebrations. Good Thaiboxers were called on to fight with Burmese boxers. On the 17thof March of thatyear, Nai Khanomtom fought and defeated 10 Burmese boxers in succession withno rest period between fights. It was the first time that MuayThai was used incompetition outside of Thailand. For his achievements, Nai Khanomtom washonored as the Father or MuayThai or the Inventor of MuayThai, and the 17thofMarch is now named MuayThai Day.MuayThai in the Thonburi PeriodThe Thonburi period extended from B.E. 2310-2324 (1767-1781 CE). It was aperiod of reconstruction after the restoration of peace in the Kingdom. MuayThaitraining was primarily for man-to-man conflict during wars and or militaryservice.The arrangement of competitive boxing bouts during that period involved thematching of different training camps, usually from remote areas of the country.There is no evidence of rules or regulations, and it is thought that boxers foughtwithout any official points system. So, they