კოქტეილი #2

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თსუ–ს სასწავლო ჟურნალის მეორე ნომერი

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koqteili1

#2 ianvari, 2013

maka ldokonenis naxati

sarCevisamarTali . . . . 5-6 sazogadoeba. . . . . 7-8 reportaJi . . . . . 9 xelovneba . . . .12-13 istoria mweralze . . . . 14-16 kultura . . . . 17-18 fotoproeqti . . . 19-202

religia . . . . 10-11

mosazreba . . . 21-22 interviu. . . . . 23-25 wigni wignSi. . . . . 26-27 monologi leqsebiTurT . . . 28-29 musika . . . . . . . 30 siZvele siaxleSi. . . . . 31-34 portreti. . . . . . 35-37 Teatri-recenzia . . . 38-39 fsiqologia . . . . 40-41 persona . . . . 42-44 dizaini . . . 45 sporti. . . . 46

redaqtoris sveti

`koqteilis~ receptikoqteili oTxi Tvea arsebobs. jer proeqti daiwera, mere Jurnali Seiqmna. TiTqmis oTxi Tvea, yoveli dRe misiT iwyeba da mTavrdeba. dameTanxmebiT, rom sakmaod cota droa xma maRali gancxadebebisTvis, mag ram pirveli nomris Semdeg Tamamad vambob _ avtoportretis Seqmna movaxerxeT. koqteili Tbili, xalisiani, amavdroulad daxvewili da sada qmnilebaa. saxelis SerCevaze bevri vifiq reT. koqteili informaciaTa narevia, mravalferovan infor maciaTa farTo speqtri. kon kretuli mimarTuleba arCeuli ar gvaqvs. koqteilis logos Wiqis forma aqvs,romelic Jurnalistebis mTavr princi ps pi ra midas gamoxatavs. Temebi maqsimalurad morgebulia mkiTxvels. aqtualuri da saintereso... sakiTxebi, romlebzec fiqrobs, msjelobs sazogadeoba da ain teresebs. JurnalSi ramdenime saavtoro rubrikaa, wigni-wignSi, monologi leqsebiTurT, istoria adamianebze. Jurnalis am nomris mTavari Temaa _ adamiani da misi cxovreba, Semoqmedeba. aq waikiTxavT por tretebs, interviuebs. adamianuri urTierTobebis _ sazogadoebis arsebobis mTavari Rirebulebis Sesaxeb. Cven gagacnobT axal adaminebs an ukve nacnobebs warmogidgenT. Tqven SeiyvarebT da kidev erTxel daafasebT maT. mjera Jurnali warmatebuli iqneba, radgan im saqmis keTebisas, romelic giyvars, warmatebas yovelTvis aRwev. es Jurnali ki mTel gunds uyvars, mTeli redaqcia mondomebiT muSaobs mis Seqmnaze.A Jurnals Tan mzes da siTbos vatan, romelic minda mudam TqvenTan iyos.megi sajaia

samarTali

dapatimrebebi samarTali Tu politikasaqarTveloSi arCevnebis gziT xelisuflebis Secvlis pirveli precedenti 2012 wlis saparlamento arCevnebi iyo. marTvis sadaveebi koalicia qarTuli ocnebis xelSi gadavida. axali mTavrobis erT-erTi mTavari dapireba usamarTlobasTan brZola iyo. swored am motiviT daiwyes maT yofil maRalCinosanTa dakaveba. sazogadoebis nawili am faqts politikuri niSniT dakavebad miiCnevs, nawili ki fiqrobs, rom samarTali aRsrulda. yofili maRalCinosnebidan erT-erTi pirveli baCo axalaia daakaves. cixis kadrebis gavrcelebis Semdeg igi Sinagan saqmeTa ministris Tanamdebobidan ga dad ga da saqarTvelo datova, magram 5 noembers dabrunda. 6 noembers ki dakiTxvaze misuli daakaves. imave Rames sa qar Tvelos Seia raRebuli Zalebis gae rTianebuli S t a bis ufrosi gior gi kalandaZe d a me-4 brigadis meTauri zu Tavisuflebis aRkveTiT vadiT xuTidan rva wlamde, Tanamdebobis dakavebis an saqmianobis uflebis CamorTmeviT vadiT sam wlamde. Tavdacvis saministros maRalCinosanTa dakavebas safuZ vlad amave uwyebis yofili Tanam Sromlebis mier iusticiis saministroSi Setanili saCivari daedo. saministrom sajaro gaxada 5 mowmis Cveneba, sadac isini Tavdacvis yofil ministrs, generaluri Stabis ufrossa da me-4 brigadis meTaurs fizikur da sityvier SeuracxyofaSi amxelen. giorgi kalandaZis dakavebas saparlamento umciresoba genStabSi axali xelisuflebis sasurveli kandidatis daniSvnis mcdelobasTan akavSirebs, xolo axalaias dakavebas politikur devnas uwodebs: am faqtma dagvanaxa, rom TviTon es xalxi (axali xelisufleba) aris Zalian mSiSara; guSin adamiani dabrunda saqarTveloSi, eseni dafrTxnen; guSin aRZres saqme da dRes ukve daakaves igi. es yvelaferi ukan daubrundebaT. sazogadoebam dainaxa, rom es aris politikuri devna, ganacxada umciresobis erT-erTma wevrma akaki minaSvilma. parlamentis Tavdacvisa da uSiSroebis komitetis Tavmjdomaris moadgilem daviT r a b darCiaSvilma ki parlamentis plenarul sxdomaze S a m a T a v a umravlesobas miuloca, maTi xelisuflebaSi d a a p at im mosvlis Semdeg pir veli politpatimris gaCena. res. samive am droisTvis baCo axalaia kvlav sa patimroSi m a Tg a n s rCeba, gio r gi ka landaZe 30 000 lariani, xo s i sx l i s lo zurab SamaTava ki 2 0 000 lariani giraos samarTlis kodeqsis sanacvlod gaaTavisufles. 333-e muxlis mesame maRalCinosanTa dakavebebi am iT ar das nawiliT edeba brali, rulebula. 15 noembers Sss-is cxra ma Ral rac samsaxurebrivi Cinosani daakaves. maT Soris konstituciuri u f l eb am o s i l e b i s usafrTxoebis departamentis ufrosi levan gadametebas gu qardava. advokatis gancxadebiT, misi klienti xmobs da is jeba Tavisuflebis SesaZlo uka nono aRkveTis da

5

lis

samarTaliis ar ikadrebda, rom Tavad policieli sxva policiels miayenebda Seuracxyofas, es aris absoluturi absurdi, ganacxada axalaias advokatma irakli zaqareiSvilma. yofil maRalCinosanTa dakavebas evropa da aSS gamoexmaura. aSS-is saxelmwifo mdivnis TanaSemwe fili p gordoni miiCnevs, rom Tu vinme damnaSavea, unda daakavon: magram es gamWvirvaled unda moxdes da amas politikuri angariSsworebis saxe ar unda hqondes. Torem es mTels qveyanas Zalian Zvirad daujdeba imitom, rom Tqven amerika, saerTaSoriso Tanamegobroba - Cven, gakvirdebiT, - aRniSna gordonma. saqarTvelos premier-ministr biZina ivaniSvi lisTvis gagzavnil werilSi xuTma amerikelma senatorma ganacxada, rom isini uaRresad SeSfoTebulebi arian yofili xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebis winaaRmdeg dawyebuli samarTlebrivi devniT. procesi SesaZloa politikurad motivirebuli iyos da miznad politikur angariSsworebas isaxavdes. senatorebi ivaniSvils mouwodeben, yvelaferi gaakeTos imisaTvis, rom Tavidan aicilos imis aRqmac ki, rom wina mTavrobis wevrebis winaaRmdeg SerCeviTi samarTali gamoiyeneba. Financial Times-ma ki gamoaqveyna statia saxelwodebiT qarTuli logika: gamarjvebuls yvelferi. statiaSi naTqvamia, rom TiToeuli braldeba unda iyos mtkicebulebebiT gamagrebuli, procesebi saTanado doneze unda warimarTos da yvela saqme savsebiT gamWvirvale iyos: mxolod maSin SeiZleba kanonis uzenaesobis ganmtkicebaze saubari, axla ki ganxilul saqmeTa garkveul nawils bevri uklia am standartebamde, - aRniSnulia statiaSi. iusticiis ministris, Tea wulukianis gancxadebiT, yofil maRalCinosanTa dakavebas politikasTan kavSiri ar aqvs. misi TqmiT, yvela damnaSave unda daisajos da mniSvneloba ar unda mieniWos mis warsul politikur saqmianobas.

sazogadoeba

cifruli mauwyebloba, miTi Tu realoba?!7teqnologiurma progresma msoflios axali SesaZleblobebi gauxsna da rigi qveynebi mniSvnelovani gamowvevebis winaSe daayena. analoguri mauwyeblobidan cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadasvla am procesebis mxolod nawilia. cvlilebebisTvis sxvadasxva qveynebi gansxvavebulad emzadebian. 2015 wlis 30 ivniss saqarTveloSi analoguri mauwyebloba gaiTiSeba da yvela televizia cifruli signaliT imauwyeblebs. es saqarTvelos mier evrokavSirisa da telekomunikaciebis saerTaSoriso kavSiris (ITU) winaSe aRebuli valdebulebaa. kerZod, 2006 wlis Jenevis SeTanxmebis mixedviT evropis qveynebma aiRes valdebuleba, rom 2015 wlidan yvela televizia cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadava. process Zalian bevri problema axlavs Tan, Seicvleba signalebis gadacemis, aseve misi gavrcelebis diapazoni. cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadasvlis procesSi, mTavar rols qveynis xelisufleba asrulebs, vinaidan es saxelmwifos mier aRebuli sae rTa Soriso valdebulebaa. samoqmedo geg mis SemuSaveba ekonomikisa da mdgradi ganviTarebis saministros daevala. ekonomikis saministros TxovniT, saqarTvelos cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadasvlis kuTxiT muSaobs, evropis rekonstruqciisa da ganviTarebis banki ( EBRD). cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadasvlis procesze saubari 20 wlis win daiwyo. analoguri sixSire, romliTac msoflio sargeblobda, amowurvadia. aSS-Si analoguri mauwyeblobidan cifrulze (DTV) gadasvlas 15 weli dasWirda. evropis qveynebisTvis es periodi saSualod 4-6 welia. rac Seexeba saqarTvelos, 2006 wlidan dRemde saxelmwifos mier am mimarTulebiT aranairi qmediTi nabijebi ar gadadgmula. Cndeba kiTxva, aris Tu ara saqarTvelo mzad cifrul mauwyeblobaze gadasasvlelad?

6

samsaxurebrivi ufle bamosilebis gadametebis Taobaze mimdinare gamoZiebasTan dakavSirebiT daa ka ves. saqme exeba premierministr bi Zina ivaniSvilis yofili dacvis wevris savaraudo gatacebas, romelic 1 oqtombris saparla mento arCev nebamde ramdenime dRiT adre gauCinarda. dakavebulebs Soris aris konstituciuri usafrTxoebis departamentis erTerTi ganyofilebis ufrosi giorgi yavlaSvili. misi advokatis TqmiT, yavlaSvili ganbaJebis dros qarTu jgufis qonebis dazianebis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT daapatimres. iusticiis ministris, Tea wulukianis informaciiT, Ssss ramdenime TanamSromlis dakaveba kiberdanaSauls ukavSirdeba: maT gamoiyenes axali teqnologiebi, kompiuteruli qselebi imisTvis, rom adamianTa piradi cxovreba, maT Soris komerciuli da finansuri informacia gaegoT. konstituciuri usafrTxoebis departamentis xelmZRvanel daTa axalaiasa da aseve Sss yofil maRalCinosans geronti alanias brali dauswreblad waredginaT. maT sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 333e muxlis mesame nawiliT (uflebamosilebis gadameteba) da 143e muxlis meore nawiliT (Tavisuflebis ukanono aRkveTa) edebaT brali.

qeTi RvedaSvili

sazogadoeba

reportaJi

8

arasamTavrobo organizacia saerTaSoriso gamWvirvaloba saqarTvelos media analitikosis mamuka andRulaZis TqmiT, saerTaSoriso praqtika metyvelebs, rom sam welze naklebi dro, romelic saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso valdebulebis Sesasruleblad darCa, arasakmarisia. es procesi unda warimarTos gamWvirvaled da rac mTavaria mosaxleobisTvis uvneblad - acxadebs mamuka andRulaZe. mamuka andRulaZis TqmiT, droulad unda moxdes sazogadoebis informireba. televiziiT gamosaxulebis misaRebad,ramdenime gza arsebobs: oTaxis, sakabelo da satelituri antena. sakabelo da satelituri antenis SemTxvevaSi, am problemas Tavad sakabelo televiziis provaiderebi moagvareben. Tumca, rCeba televizoris teqnikuri gamarTulobis sakiTxi, romlisTvisac umetes SemTxvevaSi saWiro iqneba specialuri dekoderi. ar arsebobs dekoderi,