ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ page 1
ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ page 2
ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ page 3
ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ page 4
ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ page 5

ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ. ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ СРЕДСТВ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ

Embed Size (px)

Text of ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ БОЛЬШИХ ДИАМЕТРОВ КОСВЕННЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ...

  • 2014, 14, 2 111

    - . - , .

    - , - 1 . -, - , - . , , - 0,1 , 0,5 .

    30 % - [1]. , , . . - 0,5 , 1,5 .

    , - , . - .

    .

    (. 1) .

    . 1. : - ( ); ( ); ; ; ; OXYZ -; d(Td) ; h(d) ; l - X; ; 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5

    531.7

    . ..

    . .

    : , , , - .

  • ..

    . , , 112

    . . .

    : - 1 4 (. 1, ). - d - h , - h d - .

    (. 1, ). - d - nh , .

    (. 2) . - .

    - , - .

    I II IS , (1) I I ( -); II II ( - ); IS .

    - h . - l.

    . 2. h(d)

    -

    ( ) (- ). - (820 1250 ) [25].

    (. 3): h = 30 ; 2 = 350 .

  • .

    2014, 14, 2 113

    - .

    . 3. : OXYZ -; d ; h ; pd pr ; 2l ; 2 1, 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5

    :

    2 2( )h f d r r a 2 20,5 0,25h d d a , (1) , , ;

    2( ) 2a f d rh h 2a dh h . (2)

    - :

    2 2 2 2( ) 0,5 0,25 4 0,25hS h d d d a d d a . -

    [68]: (0,02 0,053) /hS . -

    2,5 . [9]:

    2 2( ) 2aS a d dh h h dh h . : (0,08 0,1) /aS . , -

    . ,

    . , .

    , , .

  • ..

    . , , 114

    1. 8.05181. . ,

    500 . .: - , 1982. 12 . 2. 2464281. .

    . . .: - , 1992. 68 . 3. 2464381. .

    . . .: - , 1981. 14 . 4. 2534689. . -

    . , . .: - , 1989. 68 .

    5. 2534789. . -. . .: - , 1989. 53 .

    6. 32 058-97. 1520 .

    7. /3429. , , - .

    8. /329. , 1520 .

    9. .. : . / .. , .. . : - , 2008. 76 .

    , - -

    , ( ) (. ); SlinkinSA@niitkd.ru.

    18 2013 .

    Bulletin of the South Ural State University Series Computer Technologies, Automatic Control, Radio Electronics

    2014, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 111115

    MEASUREMENT OF LARGE DIAMETERS BY INDIRECT METHODS. MEASUREMENT TOOLS DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS S.A. Slinkin, Scientific and Research Institute of Technology, Control and Diagnosis of Railway Transport, Omsk, Russian Federation, SlinkinSA@niitkd.ru

    In the article one of indirect methods of large diameters measuring for the example of wheelset is considered. A method of increasing the sensitivity of the transducer is pro-vided and a comparative analysis of the both methods was done.

    Keywords: wheelset, diameter, indirect measurements, measurement tools.

    References

    1. GOST 8.05181. Gosudarstvennaya sistema obespecheniya edinstva izmereniy. Pogreshnosti, dopuskaemye pri izmerenii lineynykh razmerov do 500 mm [State System for Ensuring the Uniformity of Measurements. Error Allowed when Measuring Linear Sizes up to 500 mm]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1982. 12 p.

    2. GOST 2464281. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Dopuski, formy i raspolozheniya po-vrekhnostey. Osnovnue terminy i opredeleniya [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Tolerances of Form and Position. Basic Terms and Definitions]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1992. 68 p.

  • .

    2014, 14, 2 115

    3. GOST 2464381. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Dopuski, formy i raspolozheniya po-vrekhnostey.Chislovye znacheniya [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Approvals of Form and Position. Numeric Values]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1981. 14 p.

    4. GOST 2534689. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Edinaya sistema dopuskov i posadok. Polya dopuskov i rekomendyemye posadki [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Unified System of To-lerances and Fits. General Provisions, Series of Tolerances and Fundamental Deviations]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1989. 68 p.

    5. GOST 2534789. Osnovnye normy vzaimozamenyaemosti. Edinaya sistema dopuskov i posadok. Polya dopuskov i rekomendyemye posadki [Basic Norms of Interchangeability. Unified System of To-lerances and Fits. Tolerances and Recommended Fit]. Moscow, Publ. House of Standards, 1989. 53 p.

    6. RD 32 CV 058-97.Metodika vypolneniya izmerenii pri osvidetelstvovanii kolesnykh par vagonov [Methods of Measurement on the Inspection of Railcars Wheel Pairs Gauge of 1520 mm].

    7. CV/3429. Instruktsiya po osmotru, osvidetelstvovaniyu, remontu i formirovanii vagonnykh ko-lesnukh par [Instructions for inspection, repair and formation of wagon wheelsets]. 1977.

    8. CT/329. Instruktsiya po formirovaniyu, remontu i soderzhaniyu kolesnukh par tyagovogo pod-vizhnogo sostava zheleznykh dorog kolen 1520 mm [Instructions for the Formation and Repair of Rolling Stock Wheel Pairs Gauge of 1520 mm].

    9. Glukhov V.I., Slinkin S.A. Raschet pogresnostey tsifrovogo pribora dlya izmereniya bolshykh diametrov koles kosvennym metodom [Digital Device Errors Calculation for Wheels Large Diameter Measuring by Indirect Method: Tutorial]. Omsk, Omsk State Technical University Publ., 2008. 76 p.

    Received 18 December 2013