Geografie Politica

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Geografie politica, materie de clasa a 11a.

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  • ELEMENTE DE GEOGRAFIE POLITICAPart 1

  • GEOGRAFIA POLITICA Domeniu al Geografiei

    umane care studiaza relatiile intre geografie si politica;

    Se refera la:

    Categoria fundamentala in Geografia politica este STATUL

    ENTITATE POLITICO-GEORGRAFICA INDEPENDENTA SI Se refera la:

    studiul statelor, teritoriilor dependente si al altor entitati politico-geografice

    modul de reflectare a deciziilor politice in teritoriu

    relatiile internationale conflictele

    GEORGRAFICA INDEPENDENTA SI SUVERANA;

  • Harta politica-reprezentarea cartografica a statelor si a altor ctg. de teritorii, la nivel mondial,

    La nivel de tara/stat se numeste harta politico-administrativa

    nivel mondial, continental sau regional

  • Diviziunile geopolitice ale lumii contemporane

    state, teritorii dependente, teritorii disputate si alte entitati politico-teritoriale

    Populatia Terrei: 6,8 mild. Loc (2011)

    contemporane sunt:

    teritoriale

    STATE INDEPENDENTE: 194

  • Statul a aparut in antichitate odata cu surplusul de produse si clasele sociale

    Statul modern, cu teritoriu, frontiere, functii precise a aparut in Europa, in sec 13-14.

    Aparitia statului modern Aparitia statului modern este legata de formarea natiunilor (natiune= forma istorica de comunitate umana, caracterizata prin comunitatea de teritoriu, limba, viata economica, factura psihica)

  • Cate state independente sunt pe Glob?

    Este o intrebare dificila iar raspunsurile sunt diferite in functie de sursa: 189, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195 or 196.

    NOTE: 9. 07. 2011, Sudul Sudanului si-a declarat independenta in urma unui razboi civil de 6 ani (South Sudan.).

    2008 ONU: 192 membri oficiali, fara Vatican si Kosovo

    Cea mai mare parte a statisticilor internationale :193 state, fara Kosovo, Palestina, Groenlanda, Western Sahara si acum South Sudan

    Departamentul de stat al SUA: 194 state independente (inclusiv Kosovo, dar fara Taiwan, stat pe care China il considera doar o provincie a sa)

  • Diviziunile geopolitice ale lumii contemporane

    Stateindependente

    Statul papal (independent cu recunoastere internationala)

    State independente

    cu recunoastere

    partiala

    Teritorii dependente

    Teritorii recunoscute prin unele tratate

    internationale speciale

    Regiuni administrative

    cu statul peciale ale Chinei

    194 1 9 38 5 2

    Vatican -Taiwan, -Kosovo, -Sahara Occidentala, -Abhazia, -Ossetia de Sud, -R T a Ciprului de Nord, -Nagorno Karabakh, -Somaliland,

    Australia-3Danemarca -2Franta-7Olanda 2N. Zeelanda-3U K-16SUA-5

    ex Teritoriile palestiniene ocupate de Israel

    -Hong Kong -Macau

  • STATUL INDEPENDENT

    Conform art. 1 alCONVENTIEI INTERNATIONALE DE LA MONTEVIDEO

    (1933), criteriile pe care

    (a) sa abia o populatie permanenta;

    (b) sa aiba un teritoriubine definit;

    (c) sa fie guvernat; (d) celelalte state sa-i (1933), criteriile pe care

    trebuie sa le indeplineasca un teritoriu pentru a fi un stat inependent sunt:

    (d) celelalte state sa-i recunoasca si sa-i respecte independena si suveranitatea.

  • Caracteristicile fundamentale ale statelor

    INDEPENDENTA se refera la politica externa - dreptul statului de a avea deplina libertate in

    SUVERANITATEA se refera la politica interna - dreptul statului de a-si alege regimul politic, forma de guvernamant, deplina libertate in

    raport cu celelalte state.

    Statul independent nu depinde de niciun alt stat.

    guvernamant, organizarea administrativa, politica externa, de a stapani si gestiona propriile resurse

  • STATE INDEPENDENTE: 194

  • AFRICA (54) Algeria AngolaBeninBotswanaBurkinaBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadComorosCongoCongo, Democratic Republic ofDjiboutiEgyptEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGabonGambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauIvory CoastKenyaLesothoLiberia

    ASIA (44) AfghanistanBahrainBangladeshBhutanBruneiBurma (Myanmar)CambodiaChinaEast TimorIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIsraelJapanJordanKazakhstanKorea, NorthKorea, SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLebanonMalaysiaMaldivesMongoliaNepal

    EUROPE (47) AlbaniaAndorraArmeniaAustriaAzerbaijanBelarusBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandItalyLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgLiberia

    LibyaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeriaRwandaSao Tome and PrincipeSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth SudanSudanSwazilandTanzaniaTogoTunisiaUgandaZambiaZimbabwe

    NepalOmanPakistanPhilippinesQatarRussian FederationSaudi ArabiaSingaporeSri LankaSyriaTajikistanThailandTurkeyTurkmenistanUnited Arab EmiratesUzbekistanVietnamYemen

    LuxembourgMacedoniaMaltaMoldovaMonacoMontenegroNetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaSan MarinoSerbiaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandUkraineUnited Kingdom Vatican City

  • N. AMERICA (23) Antigua and BarbudaBahamasBarbadosBelizeCanadaCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEl SalvadorGrenadaGuatemalaHaitiHondurasJamaicaMexicoNicaragua

    OCEANIA (14) AustraliaFijiKiribatiMarshall IslandsMicronesiaNauruNew ZealandPalauPapua New GuineaSamoaSolomon IslandsTongaTuvaluVanuatu

    S. AMERICA (12) ArgentinaBoliviaBrazilChileColombiaEcuadorGuyanaParaguayPeruSurinameUruguayVenezuela

    NicaraguaPanamaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesTrinidad and TobagoUnited States

  • Short-form name

    Long-form nameFIPS Code

    Capital

    Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan AF Kabul

    Albania Republic of Albania AL Tirana

    Algeria People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

    AG Algiers

    Andorra Principality of Andorra ANAndorra la Vella

    Angola Republic of Angola AO LuandaAngola Republic of Angola AO Luanda

    Antigua andBarbuda

    (no long-form name) AC Saint John's

    Argentina Argentine Republic ARBuenos Aires

    Armenia Republic of Armenia AM Yerevan

    Australia Commonwealth of Australia AS Canberra

    Austria Republic of Austria AU Vienna

    Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan AJ Baku

  • Bahamas, The Commonwealthof The Bahamas

    BF Nassau

    Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain BA Manama

    Bangladesh People's Republicof Bangladesh

    BG Dhaka

    Barbados (no long-form name) BB Bridgetown

    Belarus Republic of Belarus BO Minsk

    Belgium Kingdom of Belgium BE Brussels

    Belize (no long-form name) BH Belmopan

    Benin Republic of Benin BN Porto-Novo

    Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan BT Thimphu

    Bolivia State of Bolivia BLLa Paz (administrative)Sucre (legislative/judiciary)

    Bosnia andHerzegovina

    (no long-form name) BK Sarajevo

    Botswana Republic of Botswana BC Gaborone

    Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil BR Braslia

    Brunei Brunei Darussalam BX Bandar Seri Begawan

    Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria BU Sofia

    Burkina Faso Burkina Faso UV Ouagadougou

    Burma Union of Burma BMRangoonNay Pyi Taw (administrative)

    Burundi Republic of Burundi BY Bujumbura

  • Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia CB Phnom Penh

    Cameroon Republic of Cameroon CM Yaound

    Canada (no long-form name) CA Ottawa

    Cape Verde Republic of Cape Verde CV Praia

    CentralAfrican Republic

    Central African Republic CT Bangui

    Chad Republic of Chad CD N'Djamena

    Chile Republic of Chile CI Santiago

    China People's Republic of China CH Beijing

    Colombia Republic of Colombia CO Bogot

    Comoros Union of the Comoros CN Moroni

    Congo (Brazzaville) Republic of the Congo CF Brazzaville

    Congo (Kinshasa) Democratic Republicof the Congo

    CG Kinshasa

    Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica CS San Jos

    Cte d'Ivoire Republic of Cte d'Ivoire IV Yamoussoukro

    Croatia Republic of Croatia HR Zagreb

    Cuba Republic of Cuba CU Havana

    Cyprus Republic of Cyprus CY Nicosia

    Czech Republic Czech Republic EZ Prague

  • Denmark Kingdom of Denmark DA Copenhagen

    Djibouti Republic of Djibouti DJ Djibouti

    Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica DO Roseau

    Dominican Republic Dominican Republic DR Santo Domingo

    Ecuador Republic of Ecuador EC Quito

    Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt EG Cairo

    El Salvador Republic of El Salvador ES San Salvador

    Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea EK MalaboEquatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea EK Malabo

    Eritrea State of Eritrea ER Asmara

    Estonia Republic of Estonia EN Tallinn

    Ethiopia Federal DemocraticRepublic of Ethiopia

    ET Addis Ababa

    Fiji Republic of theFiji Islands

    FJ Suva

    Finland Republic of Finland FI Helsinki

    France French Republic FR Paris

  • Gabon Gabonese Republic GB Libreville

    Gambia, The Republic of The Gambia GA Banjul

    Georgia Georgia GG Tbilisi

    Germany Federal Republic of Germany GM Berlin

    Ghana Republic of Ghana GH Accra

    Greece Hellenic Republic GR Athens

    Grenada (no long-form name) GJ Saint George's

    Guatemala Republic of Guatemala GT Guatemala

    Guinea Republic of Guinea GV ConakryGuinea Republic of Guinea GV Conakry

    Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau PU Bissau

    Guyana Co-operativeRepublic of Guyana

    GY Georgetown

    Haiti Republic of Haiti HA Port-au-Prince

    Holy See Holy See VT Vatican City

    Honduras Republic of Honduras HO Tegucigalpa

    Hungary Republic of Hungary HU Budapest

  • Iceland Republic of Iceland IC Reykjavk

    India Republic of India IN New Delhi

    Indonesia Republic of Indonesia ID Jakarta

    Iran Islamic Republi