Click here to load reader

Low-Cost Current-Fed PMSM Drive System With Sinusoidal Input Currents

  • View
    21

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Low-Cost Current-Fed PMSM Drive System With Sinusoidal Input Currents. 參考文獻 :IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 42, NO. 3, MAY/JUNE 2006 作 者 :Velimir Nedi´c, Member, IEEE, and Thomas A. Lipo, Fellow, IEEE. 指導教授 : 王明賢 報 告 人 : 吳烱華. Agenda. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Low-Cost Current-Fed PMSM Drive System With Sinusoidal Input Currents

  • :IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 42, NO. 3, MAY/JUNE 2006 :Velimir Nedic, Member, IEEE, and Thomas A. Lipo, Fellow, IEEE

    : :

  • AgendaI. INTRODUCTIONII. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEMIII. SYSTEM ANALYSISIV. SIMULATED AND EXPERIMENTAL RESULTSV. CONCLUSION

  • Abstract Standard low- and medium-power drives are based on the voltage-source converter topology. There has been less research work on dual topology drives, based on a current-fed inverter structure. Although energy storage is more efficient in capacitors than in inductors, due to some inherent advantages of current-source converter topology, and at the first place, the absence of a dc-link electrolytic capacitor, a current-source drive system made with a considerably reduced dc link inductor could be better low-cost solution with improved reliability, lifetime, and transient response than conventional drive.

  • INTRODUCTION OVER the last two decades, the traditional voltage-source inverter (VSI) topology with a diode rectifierdc link capacitorpulsewidth-modulator (PWM)-controlled inverter has become the preferred choice in ac drives for low-cost variable voltage and frequency power applications [1]. Although this drive system topology employs a simple diode front-endrectifier, it has been found to offer a very favorable performance/cost ratio.

  • The paper is organized as follows: Section II presents a general description of the new integrated current-fed PMSM drive system solution proposed in this paper. A description of the developed rectifier charge-mode controller [9][11] and inverter starting technique are included as well; a system analysis such as commutation study and power-factor optimization are described in Section III; Section IV presents the simulated resultsobtained by using circuit simulator SABER and experimental data measured on the laboratory prototype. The description and the corresponding comments of the starting and steady-state operations of the drive system are given in this section.

  • DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEMA. Power Circuit Configuration The main function of the PWM rectifier is to regulate the level of the dc-link current and to provide sinusoidal currents at the input of the drive system. A small LC input filter easily absorbs the high-frequency harmonics injected into the ac mains by the rectifier switching action. It should be noted that although dc-link current contains a harmonic component at six times the inverter frequency, the rectifier controller enables sinusoidal modulation of the input currents.

  • The adopted control system configuration is depicted in Fig. 1. It is similar to standard control scheme for Synchronous machine drives, but it employs only a speed control loop because current control is already included in the rectifiercharge controller. It should be noted that motor speed sensing is not necessary because the speed feedback signal can be derived from the inverter synchronization signals. The complete control system uses only one sensor for the dc link current. Inverter triggering signals are synchronized to the rotor position by simple terminal voltage sensing instead of using position detectors. Therefore, an additional lowering of cost is achieved by implementing a position sensorless drive system,and, in addition, the machine power factor can be precisely controlled.

  • B. Charge Control of the Three-Switch PWM Rectifier The three-phase step-down rectifier operation is based on the fact that the dc link inductor current is switched between the input phases such that the equivalent area per switching cycle reconstitutes a sine-wave current on that phase in the lower part of its harmonic spectrum. Therefore, to sinusoidally shape converter input currents, it is sufficient that they follow a given set of current references in an open-loop fashion. The best way to do this is to enable the average value of the input current vectors to track its corresponding sinusoidal reference. Inasmuch as charge-mode control behaves as an instantaneous large-signal average current control of switching converters, it is therefore very suitable for average value control of a buck rectifier.

  • The adopted modulation scheme is a six-step discontinuous algorithm, which resembles the natural operation of the threephase buck rectifier, offers minimum switching action, and is simple to realize. According to this technique, a line cycle is divided into six sectors, each of 60, as shown in Fig. 2.

  • C. Inverter Starting Scheme At startup and at low speeds, some type of forced commutation is required to commutate the inverter to start and accelerate the motor until the machine terminal voltages are sufficiently large to ensure reliable commutation. The forced current commutation between inverter thyristors without any additional power circuit components can be accomplished by periodically interrupting the dc-link current. That is, the dc link current is forced to become zero prior to each commutation by proper gating of the PWM rectifier, thus providing the turn-off of outgoing thyristors. When the dc link current drops to zero,commutation of the thyristor in the inverter bridge is enabled.Natural commutations begin when machine reaches speed at which induced back EMFs are large enough to ensure safe commutation.

  • D. Low-Cost Issues The inspiration to use load-commutated thyristor inverter for driving PMSM comes from the low-cost requirements of the target applications. Almost all of the applications, such as Highvoltage ac (HVAC) drives, home appliances, fans, pumps, etc, do not require precise positioning or speed control, and a loadcommutated PMSM drive could be a strong competitor [13]. The idea is to use a fully controlled converter at the front end to supply a self-controlled PMSM enabling minimization of the dc link inductor, a simple starting scheme, and sinusoidalinput currents. The relatively small dc inductance could be embedded into the machine offering a new low-cost integrated drive solution, which is virtually without any link components.

  • III. SYSTEM ANALYSISA. Commutation Analysis

  • Fig. 4. Plots of the voltage waveform VTh across thyristor upon its turn-off for firing angle = 50 and Lc = 1 mH for two different values of Ldc.(a) Ldc = 5 mH. (b) Ldc = 100 H.

  • B. Power-Factor Optimization

  • IV. SIMULATED AND EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS

  • V. CONCLUSION

  • REFERENCES[1] T. J. E. Miller, Brushless Permanent-Magnet and Reluctance MotorDrives. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1989.[2] D. W. Novotny and T. A. Lipo, Vector Control and Dynamics of ACDrives. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon, 1996.[3] B.Wu, S. B. Dewan, and G. R. Slemon, PWMCSI inverter for inductionmotor drives, in Conf. Rec. IEEE-IAS Annu. Meeting, 1989, pp. 508513.[4] L. Malesani and P. Tenti, Three-phase AC/DC PWM converter withsinusoidal AC currents and minimum filter requirements, IEEE Trans.Ind. Appl., vol. IA-3, no. 3, pp. 7177, Jan./Feb. 1987.[5] D. J. Tooth, S. J. Finney, and B. W. Williams, Effects of using DC-sideaverage current-mode control on a three-phase converter with an inputfilter and distorted supply, Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.Electr. Power Appl.,vol. 147, no. 6, pp. 459467, Nov. 2000.[6] N. R. Zargari and G. Joos, A current-controlled current-source type unitypower factor PWM rectifier, in Conf. Rec. IEEE-IAS Annu. Meeting,1993, pp. 793799.[7] P. D. Ziogas, Y. Kang, and V. R. Stefanovic, Rectifier-inverter frequencychangers with suppressed dc link components, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.,vol. IA-22, no. 6, pp. 10271036, Nov./Dec. 1986.[8] J. Holtz and U. Boelkens, Direct frequency converter with sinusoidalline currents for speed-variable ac motors, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.,vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 475479, Nov. 1989.

  • [9] K. M. Smedley and S. C uk, One-cycle controlled of switching converters,in Proc. IEEE PESC, 1991, pp. 887896.[10] K. Wang, D. Borojevic, and F. C. Lee, Charge control of three-phasebuck PWM rectifiers, in Proc. IEEE APEC, 2000, pp. 824831.[11] C. Qiao and K. M. Smedley, One-cycle controlled three-phase buckderivedrectifier, in Proc. IEEE Power Electron. Motion Control Conf.,2000, pp. 430435.[12] H. Le-Huy, A. Jakubowicz, and R. Perret, A self-controlled synchronousmotor drive using terminal voltage sensing, in Conf. Rec. IEEE-IASAnnu. Meeting, 1980, pp. 411418.[13] S. P. Waikar, H. A. Toliyat, A. S. Ba-Thunya, Z. Zhang, and J. C.Moreira, A novel thyristor-based brushless DC motor drive for low-costapplications, in Proc. IEEE APEC, 2001, pp. 434439.[14] T. M. Jahns, Torque production in permanent-magnet synchronousmotor drives with rectangular current excitation, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.,vol. IA-20, no. 4, pp. 139145, Jul./Aug. 1984.[15] J. C. Bendien and J. Geuenich, On the behavior of a current fedsynchronous machine drive without DC-link inductance, IEEE Trans.Power Electron., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 246251, Apr. 1990.