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ة ي ن ا ث ل ا رة ض حا م ل ا) ( ي ل الآ ب س حا ل ا ات ون ك م

مكونات الحاسسب الآلي

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RAM Random Access Memory Main Memory () -- ( ) -- : -- : -- : -- :

ROM Read Only Memory 1 0 1 0 (Bit) 1 8 . 1 . 9 00001001 10010000

1 byte1 8 1024 . 1024 ( ) 1.4 256 512 1024 1 2 1024 ( )

. / . ( ) 30 - 40 . 5 - 10 ( ) MP3

PS/2 Ethernet ( ) 100 RJ-45 LPT ( ) ( ) 25 . 150 . EPP ( ) 500 2000 ( 2 ) USB USB 2.0 Serial Port ( ) 9 60 DB9-15 Video 15 ( 5 Serial 1394 FireWire ( IEEE1394 ) USB 50-100 . Port

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Keyboard 26 Backspace Enter . Mouse . ( ) Scanner Microphone VoIP Trackball . Joy Stick Touchpad Optical Pen (PDA). Digital Camera Pixel

CRT . ( ) . Pixel () LCD (toner) . . .

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/ ( )Cache Memory RAM - ( )- ( ) ( )RAM . ( ) - 1-2 HDD . .- ( ( ))- .

/ USB Flash Memory ( ) ( )- . Floppy Disk 3.5 - - 1.44 CD CDCR R CD WR - - 600 700

/ DVD DVD ( ) ( ) ( ) (0-1) .- - 4 DVD 8 16 ( )Data Cartridges . .- USB ( - .

Formatting Cache Memory RAM Floppy Disk USB HHD CD DVD Data Cartridges Floppy Disk CD/DVD Data Cartridges RAM Cache Memory HHD USB