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    33202 6

    2558

    1 6 14

    2 2558

    34

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    1.) .6/14 1

    () () Save world, save energy

    .6/14 1 .. 2558 (Global Warming) 1 3

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    1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) 5.) 6.)

    3/1 50300 ..2558

    Green house effect

    (CFC)

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    (Greenhouse Gas)

    6

    (CFC Chlorofluorocarbon)

    ( ) - -

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    () 2 3 1 3 29% () 80% 50% 60% .. 2573 ""

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    "" (CCS) 20 CCS 20 40 6

    (H2O) 0- 4% 3 2

    http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php/%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%B3

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    (CO2) 1.56 /

    http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%94%E0%B9%8C&action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%8A%E0%B8%B1%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%A2%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A8&action=edit

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    ..2500

    5 6 ppm ((part per million )

    (CH4) 1.7 ppm 2 0.47 /

    (N2O) 0.14 /

    http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%B5%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%99&action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%8A%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%8B%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%99%E0%B8%95%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%81%E0%B9%84%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%94%E0%B9%8C&action=edit

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    (CFC) "" (Freon) CFC CFC (ClO) 1 1 1 1 (O3) 3 0.0008% 20 - 30 (O2) (O) (M) 2

    http://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%9B%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B0%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%9F%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B9%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%99&action=edithttp://www.panyathai.or.th/wiki/index.php?title=%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%AD%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%8B%E0%B8%99&action=edit

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    100 2643 4.5 63 27

    1 40 2- 4 10-20

    66-90 2532-2545 70,000

    Global Deserts Outlook 5 50

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    12 50

    500

    20 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 160,000 17

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    1. 2. 5 5 3. 1 30 5 4. 5. 25 1 5-10 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. - 11. 1 1 12,000 12. 13. 14. 12.00-13.00 . 15. 16. 17. 18.

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    19. 20. 21. 4 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 15 . 31. 32. 2 33. 34. 35. 36.

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    37. 38. 1 20 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. (Safety Value) 45. 5 5 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 35-40 60 52. Energy Star ( ) 53. 54.

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    55. 2 56. 25 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 5

    (%)

    (CO2)

    1) 2) , ( CO2)

    57

    (CH4) 1) , 2) , ,

    12

    (N2O)

    1) , , , , , , 2) -

    6

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    (CFCS)

    , , ; , ( )

    25

    (: Global warming) 20 100 .. 2548 0.74 0.18 (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: IPCC) 20 ( .. 2490) .. 2490 2490

    30 IPCC IPCC 1.1 6.4 21 (.. 25442643) .. 2643 (extreme weather) -

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    "" "" (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: UNFCCC) (Climate Change) "" (Climate Variability) (anthropogenic global warming)

    ( ) (scientific consensus) 50 (thermal inertia) (Climate commitment) .. 2543 0.5

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    .. 2367 .. 2439 33 30-60% () 926% (CH4) 49% 37% (N2O) CO2 CH4 31% 149 % .. 2290 () 650,000 CO2 20 (Fossil fuel) CO2 3 4 CO2 20 CO2 383 (ppm) CO2 (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) IPCC CO2 541 970 .. 2643 2643 (methane clathratesmethaneclathrates : = 1 : 5.75 )

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    CO2 CO2 CO2 (atmospheric lifetime) IPCC 4 (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (32) CO2 CH4 (permafrost) (frozen peat bogs) (clathrate gun hypothesis) (mesopelagic zone) 100 200

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    2 4550% .. 24432543 2535% .. 25232543 20 ( .. 2490)

    (solar output) (galactic cosmic rays) .. 2505.. 2515 .. 2490 .. 2549 0.07% 30 .. 2528 -

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    0.75 .. 2403 2443 (instrumental temperature record) .. 2522 2 (0.25 0.13 ) 0.12 0.22 .. 2522 1 2,000 .. 2422 (Medieval Warm Period) (Little Ice Age)

    " (Goddard Institute for Space Studies) .. 2400 .. 2548 .. 2541 (World Meteorological Organization) .. 2548 .. 2541 " 20 ( .. 2490) CO2 CO2 (Paleoclimatologist) 8,000 5,000

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    EPICA 800,000 8 ( 180 ) 5 400% CO2 150,000 (clathrate gun hypothesis) - (Permian-Triassic extinction event 251 )- (Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum 55 )

    (radiative transfer) (climate sensitivity) IPCC 21 (.. 2643) 1.1 6.4 .. 2523 2442 .. 2453 2488 .. 2518

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    (SRES: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) IPCC ( A2 SRES CO2 20 200 ppm)

    (glacial retreat) (Arctic shrinkage) (extreme weather) IPCC .. 2544 3 IPPC 2 (IPCC Third Assessment Report) , 4 (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report) IPCC

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    .. 2513 110 770 .. 2533 .. 2643, , , , , - 1,103 18% 35% .. 2593

    100 10 (tC) ( 3 ) 350 ( 95 ) 43 (12 ) 1% (global per capita consumption) 20% (United Nations Environment Programme)

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    .. 2550 (Center for Strategic and International Studies) (Center for a New American Security)

    CO2 (Emissions trading) (UNFCCC) .. 2540 160 65% .. 2555 .. 2550

    . 80%

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    20 .. 2548 3 IPCC .. 2550 IPCC (Carbon dioxide equivalent: CDE) 445 710 .. 2573 (GDP) 0.6% 3%

    "" (Competitive Enterprise Institute) (ExxonMobil)

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    (newly developed economies) .. 2549

    (ocean acidification) CO2 CO2 CO2 pH 8.25 8.14 .. 2547 pH 0.14 0.5 .. 2643 CO2 pH CO2 (Global dimming) (irradiance) 20 (.. 2490) .. 2503 2533 66-90% (Ozone depletion)

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    1.) 2.) 3.) .. 2558 4.) .. 2558 5.) 6.)

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    . . []. : http://www.talesrunner.in.th/TRSaveTheWorld/TRsaveTheWorld.aspx?id=21. ( 10 58 ). . . []. : http://www.oknation.net/blog/print.php?id=715785. ( 10 58 ). . . []. : http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/ . ( 11 58 ). Green The Earth. . []. : http://www.greentheearth.info/-.

    ( 11 58 ). ( ). . []. : http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate- and-energy/climate-change-science. ( 11 58 ).

    http://www.talesrunner.in.th/TRSaveTheWorld/TRsaveTheWorld.aspx?id=21http://www.oknation.net/blog/print.php?id=715785http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%0b%20http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%0b%20http://www.greentheearth.info/-http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate-%20%0b%20and-energy/climate-change-sciencehttp://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/th/campaigns/climate-%20%0b%20and-energy/climate-change-science