Shivam pal Ayush Anchalia Gaurav Khurana Andeep Singh Lavanaya Singh Kanha Dixit Abhinav Submitted To:Mr.Manish , Shyamlal(eve.) college
Contents Reasons for Decline of Biodiversity Importance of BiodiversityLocation and Access to the Yamuna Biodiversity Park Origin and Salient Features of the parkZones of the park Contour map Landscape plan Design features of the park
What is Biodiversity Biodiversity can be simply defined as the total diversity and variability of living things ,plants ,animals, microbes and Of the places where they live in.
Reasons for decline of biodiversity Urbanized areas:-Habitat loss Direct human impacts Indirect Human impacts Species introduction Harvesting, Hunting and poaching Sports hunting Commercial Hunting Pollution climate change
Why Biodiversity park?The loss of biological diversity is at grave threat .To counter global climate change.Sustainable physical and social environment for improving quality of life.Conservation and Development of the Natural features.To protect the ground water recharge zones and enhance its capacity.
Significance of Biodiversity parkBio reserve
As a water replenish zone
Regional park for the people
Aim of Yamuna Biodiversity park To protect and sustain the Biodiversity. to protect the natural drainage of river Yamuna in Delhi.To provide regional level open and green spaces.To protect the ground recharge zones like river Yamuna and Ridge
Origin and salient features of the siteThis park is located close to river Yamuna, Jharoda, Wazirabad.Actually 1km away from the main stream of Yamuna but still in its Basin.It was a part of the flood plain during some 30-40 years back. DDA acquired land in 2001-2002 and planned biodiversity park in 2003 The area is low lying used to get seasonally flooded and long spell of standing water has turned soil more saline For developing park two pronged strategies were adopted physical and biological interventions
Physical Intervention To deal with localized flooding terrain was modified by creating wasteland and marshes
Mounds were created for leaching soil of excess salt and make niches for Biodiversity
Biological Intervention Biological inputs for improving habitat quality. farms yard manure, vermi compost leaf mould etc were provided Leguminous species and some other characteristic grass were introduced
Importance of Yamuna Biodiversity park Emerging as the capitals most visited public place.Prominent centre for learning and understanding the environment .Home for biologically rich wetlands, grassland communities.A wide variety of fruit yielding species and an abundance of medicinal herbs.The park also comprises a native flora and fauna which used to exist a 100 years ago and then became extinct locally.
Important Features of the site Ten mounds which illustrate different forest ecosystems found in the Yamuna basin.Structure and composition is done in such a way to give it a natural view and environment.The soil for mounds were brought from a digging wasteland and reservoirs.Different species of grass and shrubs were planted for soil better holding and for increasing biomass.Different ecosystems such as deciduous forest, evergreen forest , sub-tropical evergreen, moist tropical deciduous forest etc.Broad divisions are bambuselum , nature Interpretation center, conservatory of fruit yielding species, wetland for migratory birds and the nature reserve area.
Zoning of park The front portion of the Yamuna Biodiversity park, a 220m southward and 140m northward stretch from the main entry gate with 20-30m width is demarcated as .Domesticated Biodiversity Zone. enclosed by a hedge of popular, it features plants like Ailanthus Butea and Bauhinia . The outer iron fencing is embraced by multi coloured climbers like Jasmine and Quisqualis .The conservatory of fruit yielding species .The migratory ducks wetland .The Nature Reserve area.Nature Interpretation center.
Nature Reserve zone
20 different biotic communities are being developed in 50 hectare.
Massive plantation has been started.
Some biotic communities have got developed and biodiversity can be seen.
Wetlands Three wetlands are have been created, one is narrow and 1.8km simulating river and the other one is wide open and deep spreading over 2 hectares.It was created to serve as a habitat of aquatic life and serve the purpose of ecologically water purification, groundwater recharge, storage of rainwater and help in controlling flood.
Other special areas are NurseriesAmphitheratre Poly houses Orchards Acacia grasslands 750m long drain from Jagatpur village Rose Garden