sự khác nhau giữa Incoterms 2000 và Incoterms 2010

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LCH S INCOTERMS

Trng Cao ng Ti Chnh-Hi QuanKhoa: Kinh doanh quc tMn: GIAO DCH THNG MI QUC T

B ti chnh

SUNSHINENHM

SUNSHINECc thnh vin:1. NGUYN C DUY2. NGUYN HU VINH3. PHM VN V4. ON I VI5. NGUYN TH NH BNH6. CAO KHNH NGC7. PHM TH THANH VN8. NGUYN V C

bi: s khc nhau gia incoterms 2010 v incoterms 2000

Theo bn nh ngha no ng v nht v IncotermsIncoterms l tp qun thng mi ph bin lin quan n giao nhn hng haIncoterms l bng Cu chng xc lp trch nhim ngha v gia 2 bn mua bn hng ha ngoi thng.Incoterms l lut thng mi quc t.

LCH S INCOTERMSIncoterms ra i vo nm 1936 n nay Incoterms qua 7 ln sa i vo cc nm 1953, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990 , 2000 v 2010

INCOTERMS C 5 VAI TRQUAN TRNG1. Incoterms l mt b cc quy tc nhm h thng ha cc tp qun thng mi quc t c p dng ph bin bi cc doanh nhn trn khp th gii. 2. Incoterms l mt ngn ng quc t trong giao nhn v vn ti hng ha ngoi thng.

INCOTERMS C 5 VAI TRQUAN TRNG3.Incoterms l phng tin quan trng y nhanh tc m phn, xy dng v t chc thc hin hp ng ngoi thng. 4.Incoterms l c s quan trng xc nh gi c mua bn hng ha.

INCOTERMS C 5 VAI TRQUAN TRNG5. Incoterms:

L cn c php l quan trng thc hin khiu ni v gii quyt tranh chp (nu c) gia ngi bn trong qu trnh thc hin hp ng ngoi thng.

L ngn ng ca thng mi hng ha hu hnh quc t L c s xc nhn trch nhim giao nhn v vn ti hng ha quc t L c s tnh gi c mua bn hng ha XNK L cn c php l quan trng thc hin khiu ni v gii quyt tranh chp trong hot ng ngoi thng

L DO RA I CA INCOTERMS 2010

Incoterms 2000 cn tn ti nhiu im yu: Sau 2,5 nm nghin cu trn 2000 cng ty xut khu ln trn th gii c lin h cht ch vi ICC (International Chamber of Commerce Phng thng mi quc t) v s dng Incoterms 2000, cc chuyn gia rt ra:+Nhiu iu kin thng mi Incoterms rt t p dng: DAF, DES, DEQ, DDU.

+Nhiu iu kin thng mi khng r, d nhm ln dn ti kh la chn; tranh chp trong tr cc loi ph lin quan n giao nhn

V d:Hi ng ch hng chu (ASC ) mun B iu kin Thng mi do ICC pht hnh mi nm 2010 phi xc nh r rng nhng yu t to thnh chuyn hng FOB cc nh vn chuyn hng ha ng bin khng th nh cc ph ph i vi ngi bn hng. Nhng loi ph ny in hnh l cc ph bao gm nh ph ph xp d container (Terminal handling charges - THC), ph chng t, hoc thm ch l ph tc nghn cng.

2. S kin khng b din ra ti Hoa k 11/9/2001:

2. S kin khng b din ra ti Hoa k 11/9/2001: + Ngha v thng tin v hng ha + T 1/07/2012:Tt c hng ha container vn chuyn vo Hoa K phi c soi chiu Nm 2008, Quc hi Hoa K thng qua mt o lut mi quy nh 100% container hng ha ch vo Hoa K phi c soi chiu. Bin php an ninh mi ny s l mt thch thc rt ln c v cng vic ln ti chnh i vi cc nh cung cp vn ti, cng bin v dch v Logistics.

T 1/7/2012 cc container ch hng n HOA K d l c chuyn ch trc tip hoc gin tip (chuyn ti qua mt cng bin th 3) u phi c soi chiu trc.

3. Quy tc iu chnh hot ng thng mi ca Hoa K c xy dng miNm 2004 Quy tc iu chnh hot ng thng mi ca Hoa k c xy dng mi. Nhiu chuyn gia lm lut TM ca Hoa k phi hp vi cc chuyn gia ca ICC hon thin v xy dng Incoterms 2010.

C th ni ni dung ca Incoterms 2010 c nhiu im tng ng nht vi B quy tc : The 2004 revision of the United States' Uniform Commercial Code so vi Incoterms 1990 hay Incoterms 2000.

4. Quy tc bo him hng ha

Quy tc bo him hng ha chuyn ch mi c hiu lc t 1/01/2009 c hon thin t Quy tc ban hnh nm 1982 .

5.Chng t in tS thay th nhanh chng cc chng t giy t bng chng t in t cng l nguyn nhn thc y Incoterms c iu chnh ng chu k l 10 nm/ln.

SO SNH INCOTERMS 2000 V 2010Kt cu incoterms 2000 v 2010im ging v khc nhau chung incoterms 2000 v 2010Nhng iu khon mi ca incoterms 2010 so vi 2000.

Kt cu Incoterms 2010Incoterms 2010 bt u c hiu lc t 1/1/2011: gm 11 iu kin TM chia thnh 2 nhm : Nhm I : C 7 iu kin thng mi p dng vi mi loi phng tin vn ti : EXW; FCA; CPT; CIP; DAT; DAP; DDP Nhm II : Nhm ch p dng cho phng tin vn ti thy( ng bin v ng sng ) quc t v ni a :Nhm ny c 4 iu kin thng mi : FAS; FOB; CFR; CIF

Kt cu Incoterms 2000

Kt cu theo nhm Nhm E: Gm 1 iu kin EXW. Nhm F: Gm 3 iu kin: FCA, FAS, FOB. Nhm C: Gm 4 iu kin: CFR, CIF, CPT, CIP. Nhm D: Gm 5 iu kin: DAF, DES, DEQ, DDU, DDP.

Kt cu theo loi hnh PTVT Cc iu kin FAS, FOB, CFR, CIF, DES, DEQ ch p dng i vi vn ti ng bin v thu ni a; Cc iu kin cn li p dng cho mi phng thc vn ti, k c vn ti a phng thc

im ging nhau gia Incoterms 2000 v 2010

im ging gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010FAS

FOB

CFR

CIFKHUYN CO P DNG PHNG TIN THYKHUYN CO P DNG PHNG TIN THY

im ging gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010CPT

CIP

DDPP DNG VI CC LOI PHNG TIN VN TI V VN TI A PHNG THCP DNG VI TT C CC PHNG TIN VN TI V VN TI A PHNG THC

im ging gia incoterms 2000 v 2010C 02 u khng phi lut; cc bn c th p dng hon ton; hoc c th p dng mt phn ,nhng khi p dng khi ghi r trong hp ng ngoi thng; nhng iu p dng khc i nht thit phi m t k trong hp ng ngoi thng.

im ging gia incoterms 2000 v 2010u c 7 iu kin thng mi:EXW, FAS, FOB, CFR, CIF, CPT, CIP.- Khuyn co p dng phng tin thy i vi cc iu kin: FAS, FOB, CFR, CIF.- p dng vi cc loi phng tin vn ti v vn ti a phng thc i vi cc iu kin: CPT, CIP, DDP.

im khc nhau gia incoterms 2000 v 2010

S cc iu kin thng miINCOTERMS 2000: C 13 TERMS

INCOTERMS 2010: C 11 TERMS

Cc iu kin ca Incoterms 2000Nhm E : EXW (Giao ti xng)Nhm F : FCA (giao cho ngi chuyn ch) FOB (giao trn tu) FAS: (giao dc mn tu)Nhm C: CFR (tin hng v cc ph) CIF (tin hng, bo him v cc ph) CPT (cc ph tr ti) CIP (cc ph v ph bo him tr ti)Nhm D: DAF (giao ti bin gii) DES (giao ti tu) DEQ (giao ti cu cng) DDU (giao hng cha np thu) DDP (giao hng np thu)

Cc iu kin incoterms 2010I. Cc iu kin p dng cho mi phng thc vn ti

1. EXW - Ex Works - Giao ti xng2. FCA - Free Carrier - Giao cho ngi chuyn ch3. CPT - Carriage Paid To - Cc ph tr ti4. CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To - Cc ph v bo him tr ti5. DAT - Delivered At Terminal - Giao ti bn6. DAP - Delivered At Place - Giao ti ni n7. DDP - Delivered Duty Paid - Giao hng np thu

II. Cc iu khon ch s dng cho vn ti bin v thy ni b

1. FAS - Free Alongside Ship Giao ti mn tu2. FOB - Free On Board Giao ln tu3.CFR - Cost and Freight Tin hng v cc ph4. CIF- Cost, Insurance and Freight Tin hng, bo him v cc ph

V sao c s thay i ny?

S thay i ny bt ngun t xu hng vn chuyn hng ha bng container ngy cng chim t trng quan trng trong giao thng

Dng nh cc nh son tho quy tc cng lo lng vi tnh trng cc bn giao dch thng chn nhm iu khon hoc ln ln cc iu khon, dn n cc hp ng c ni dung mu thun hoc khng r rng, gy kh khn cho qu trnh thc hin.

S NHM C PHN

INCOTERMS 2000: 4 NHM

INCOTERMS 2010: 2 NHM

4 NHM C BN CA INCOTERMS 20004 nhm: C, D, E, F. E : 1 k EXWF : 3 k FCA, FAS, FOBC : 4 k CFR, CIF, CPT, CIPD : 5 k DAF, DES, DEQ, DDU, DDP.

2 nhm ca incoterms 2010 Nhm I : C 7 iu kin thng mi p dng vi mi loi phng tin vn ti : EXW; FCA; CPT; CIP; DAT; DAP; DDP Nhm II : Nhm ch p dng cho phng tin vn ti thy( ng bin v ng sng ) quc t v ni a :Nhm ny c 4 iu kin thng mi : FAS; FOB; CFR; CIF

CCH THC PHN NHMINCOTERMS 2000 PHN THNH 4 NHM V: c phn theo chi ph giao nhn vn ti v a im chuyn ri ro.

INCOTERMS 2010: Theo hnh thc vn ti: ng thy v cc loi phng tin vn ti.

Phn 11 iu kin Incoterms 2010 theo 2 nhm m khng phn thnh 4 nhm nh 2000 v:

iu ny gip cho cc doanh nghip d dng hn khi la Incoterms ph hp vi loi phng tin vn ti s dng, vn ti thy v cc loi hnh phng tin vn ti.

im khc nhau gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010KHUYN CO NI P DNG INCOTERMSTHNG MI QUC TTHNG MI QUC T V NI AS DNG TRONG CC KHU NGOI QUAN

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im khc nhau gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010HNG DN S DNG TRC MI IU KHONKHNG C CTRAO I THNG TIN BNG IN TKHNG THT R QUY NH TIA1; B1

V sao li quy nh cht ch thm mc trao i thng tin bng in t?

Incoterms trc quy nh cc bn c php s dng trao i thng tin bng phng tin in t, cng nh cho php s dng chng t in t nu hai bn ng s dng. Nhng do nhn thc c tm quan trng cng nh tc truyn ti TT bng phng tin in t, Incoterms 2010 quy nh ngi mua v ngi bn c quyn s dng chng t in t hoc trao i bng phng tin in t nu hai bn ng hoc theo thng l hai bn c quyn s dng phng tin in t. Vic ny c ngha rt ln, bi v trong mt s trng hp mt bn khng c quyn t chi trao i thng tin bng phng tin in t, chng hn nh bng email.

im khc nhau gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010TH TUC AN NINH V CC THNG TIN CN THIT LM TH TCQUY NH KHNG R RNGC QUY NH TI A2/B2, A10/B10

Hin nay sau s kin 11/9 ti M, vn an ninh hng ha v phng tin vn ti c t ln hng u. Nhiu quc gia hin nay gia tng kim tra an ninh v hng ha, phng tin vn ti, cc nc quy nh cc bn c lin quan n hng ha phi c ngha v cung cp cc thng tin cn thit v an ninh hng ha c php xut khu, nhp khu. Nh vy c s khc bit gia cc th tc hi quan v cc chc nng lin quan n an ninh. Mt s quc gia c s phn bit v lut gia hai hot ng ny.

Tuy nhin trong cc phin bn Incoterms trc y khng cp r rng v trch nhim v s phi hp gia ngi mua v ngi bn lin quan n vic cung cp thng tin lin quan n hng ha. Do , Incoterms 2010 quy nh c hai bn (ngi mua v ngi bn) c ngha v phi cung cp cc thng tin v hng ha cho cc bn th ba c lin quan nu h yu cu c th thng quan v mt an ninh cho l hng.

Bo him

im khc nhau gia incoterms 2000 v 2010TIU CH SO SNHINCOTERMS 2000INCOTERMS 2010BO HIMQUY NH CHUNG CHUNG MC A10/B10QUY NH R MC A3/B3

Bo him ch lin quan n iu khon CIP v CIF, th