報告人 : 馬瑞琴. Reading Strategy Building a Powerful Vocabulary

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  • Reading Strategy

    Building a Powerful Vocabulary

  • vocabulary

  • How could Jennifer Nelson win a spelling contest without even hearing the (1) _____ pronounced? Jennifer, who had been deaf since she was one and half a years old, was clever enough to (2) _____ the lips of the teacher who was saying the words.

    1. (A) sticks (B) bells (C) smell (D) words 2. (A) color (B) listen (C) read (D) change 1. D2. C

  • Some of natures most beautiful animals cannot be seen with the naked eyes. Were it not for the microscope, a long parade of (1) _____ life would be completely (2) _____ from human sight. 1. (A) rock (B) animal (C) clowns (D) rocks 2. (A) hidden (B) most (C) space (D) tune

    1. B2. A

  • Coin collectors touch their coins only with care. If a collector (1) _____ a coin, he or she holds it by the edges, never flat on the palm. Moisture from the (2) _____ could stain the coin. 1. (A) throws (B) sells (C) handles (D) finds 2. (A) wallet (B) hand (C) rain (D) dust

    1. C2. B

  • Reading takes work.

  • Dave Willis Award-winning writer, speaker and consultant on English language teaching

  • How to help beginning-level students ( with a vocabulary of 300 words ) to become better readers?

  • So we have our students in Junior High memorize at least 2000 words to begin their reading in English. Thats the basic way -Bottom to Top

  • Collections

  • Why do We Read?

  • Reading for Pleasure Pleasure reading is very important for learning English. Dr. Stephen Krashen, a famous expert on learning language, says that pleasure reading helps you learn many important things about English. Students learn more grammar and vocabulary when they read for pleasure. They also learn more about good writing.

  • Building a VocabularyPowerful

  • Building a powerful vocabulary means more than learning new words. It means learning new ways to think about words. In this unit, youll learn thinking skills that will help build vocabulary. Youll learn to guess the meaning of unknown words. Youll learn how to use synonyms and pronouns to help you understand what you read.

  • The context is the sentence or sentences around a word. The context can tell you a lot about a new word. It can tell you what kind of word it is noun, verb, adjective, or adverb. It can also give you some idea of the meaning of the word. Then you dont have to stop reading and look in a dictionary. You can read much more quickly this way, and you can understand more.

  • You can think of context as the neighborhood in which the word lives.

  • unknown

  • Oprah Winfrey Oprah Winfrey is a successful actress, TV producer, and the first American-American billionaire in the United States. She was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, a small (1) _____ in Americas south. She lived with her (2) _____ until she was six years old. The (3) _____ was very poor. At a very young (4) _____, Oprah learned to read aloud (5) _____ her family. Her skill in reading and (6) _____ helped her all her life.

  • Oprah Winfrey Oprah Winfrey is a successful actress, TV producer, and the first American-American billionaire in the United States. She was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, a small (1) town in Americas south. She lived with her (2) grandmother until she was six years old. The (3) family was very poor. At a very young (4) age, Oprah learned to read aloud (5) to her family. Her skill in reading and (6) speaking helped her all her life.

  • Oprah Winfrey When she was six years old, Oprah was sent to live (1) _____ her mother in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her mother was (2) _____ poor and uneducated, and Oprah (3) _____ unhappy there. At age thirteen, she (4) _____ away from home. The police (5) _____ her to a special home for (6) _____ who run away. But she couldnt (7) _____ there because it was (8) _____ full. She had to (9) _____ to Nashville, Tennessee, to live with her (10) _____ , Vernon Winfrey.

  • Oprah Winfrey When she was six years old, Oprah was sent to live (1) with her mother in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her mother was (2) very poor and uneducated, and Oprah (3) was unhappy there. At age thirteen, she (4) ran away from home. The police (5) sent her to a special home for (6) children who run away. But she couldnt (7) stay there because it was (8) too full. She had to (9) go to Nashville, Tennessee, to live with her (10) father , Vernon Winfrey.

  • meaning

  • Sometimes writers use words that their readers may not know. Writers want their readers to understand their stories. So they help their readers. They give meanings, or definitions, of the word.

  • Sondra didnt understand everything that the man said. But she got the gist. She understood that she had better leave quickly because it was dangerous there.

    What does gist mean? point

  • Jimmys medicine had a nasty taste. He took it the first time, but he didnt want to take it again. His mother had to put some sugar in it. What does nasty mean?bad

  • Sahita always goes along with everything I say. I am sure she doesnt really agree with me all the time. But she always says yes! I dont understand. Is she afraid of me? What does goes along with mean? agree with

  • The Power of Wind You can not see the air. But when the wind blows, you can feel it. Whoosh! Wind helps a kite fly. It helps a sailboat move. It carries seeds to start new plants. It turns windmills to make power. But sometimes the wind isnt so helpful. A strong wind can turn a snow storm into a blizzard. A hurricane is a storm with fast-moving winds. Hurricanes can be very dangerous.

  • Words to know ( definition ) blizzard a snowstorm with winds moving at more than 32 miles per hour

    hurricane a storm with winds moving at more than 74 miles per hour

  • Ballooning The first kind of air transportation was not a plane. It was a balloon. People traveled by balloon a hundred years before there were planes or jet aircraft. Those early days of ballooning were exciting, but they were also dangerous. Sometimes the balloons fell suddenly. Sometimes they burned. However, the danger did not stop the balloonists.

  • Words to know ( definition ) transportation balloon aircraft balloonists 1. a machine for traveling by air 2. person who flies a plane or balloon 3. a bag full of air 4. way of traveling

  • Using Pronouns and Synonyms

  • Pronouns are small words, but they are very important when you are reading. These small words tie ideas to each other in a passage.

  • Sharon Yee lives in Taiwan. She has an apartment near the National Museum. She likes to walk to the museum. Sometimes two or three friends go with her. At the museum, she learns about her countrys past. All the underlined pronouns take the place of the noun Sharon Yee. The noun Sharon Yee is called the referent because the pronouns refer to it.

  • Figure Skating Figure skating is a special kind of ice skating. It is very popular sport in many countries. Every year, skating contests are shown on television. People around the world watch them and cheer for their favorite skates.

  • Figure Skating Figure skating is a special kind of ice skating. It is very popular sport in many countries. Every year, skating contests are shown on television. People around the world watch them and cheer for their favorite skates.

  • 1. Anita and Helena couldnt find their car in the parking lot at the mall. That is why they were so late for dinner. 2. Early photographers had to carry film and heavy equipment everywhere they went. And this did not stop them. 3. In a small town, a tornado can destroy an entire street of homes and stores. Many families lose their homes. The government tries to help them when this happens.

  • 1. Anita and Helena couldnt find their car in the parking lot at the mall. That is why they were so late for dinner. 2. Early photographers had to carry film and heavy equipment everywhere they went. And this did not stop them. 3. In a small town, a tornado can destroy an entire street of homes and stores. Many families lose their homes. The government tries to help them when this happens.

  • Synonyms are different words or phrases that refer to the same idea. A writer uses synonyms to tie ideas together. Synonyms: General and specific

  • Sam and Susan Diamond visited London, Edinburgh, and Glasgow last year. They enjoyed the many museums in those cities. It was their first visit to that part of the world. 1. Specific : London, Edinburgh, Glasgow 2. Less specific : those cities 3. General : that part of the world

  • Put the following synonyms in order from specific to general.

    1. plant flower rose 2. place Montreal city 323211

  • 1. Chris was born in London, but she lives in Glasgow now. She has learned to love Scotland. It is her home now. 2