จิตวิทยา

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(Plato. 427 347 ) T he Republic (Sir Francis Galton) ( James Mckeen Cattall ) ( Wilhelm Wundt ) (Perfor Mance Test) (Alferd binet) (Theodore simon) .. 1905 30

50 3 11 .. 1908 3 13 .. 1911 3 ( Termen ) - .. 1916 IQ ( Merrill )

1. (Heredity)

1. (Race

)

2. (Sex)

3. 4.

5. 8. 9. 2. (Environment) 6. 7.

10.

3.

9

9 Howard Gardner 9 7 1. (Linguistic intelligence) 2. (Logical-mathematic intelligence) 3. (Musical intelligence)

4. (Spatial intelligence)

5. (Bodilykinesthetic intelligence) 6. (Interpersonal intelligence) 7. (Intrapersonal intelligence) 2 8. (Naturalist intelligence) 9. (Existential intelligence)

(Linguistic Intelligence) -

(Logical - Mathmatical Intelligence) -

- - - - - (Visual - Spatial Intelligence)

-

- - - (Mind Mapping)- - (Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence) - -

(Musical Intelligence)

- -

(Interpersonal Intelligence) -

- (Intrapersonal Intelligence) - (self esteem) -

- -

(Individual Study) - (Naturalist Intelligence) - " 1

"

(Educational Psychology).....

.....Horace B. English and Ava C. English ..... - (Behavior) ..... - (Acts) ..... - (Mental process) ..... , , (Selfconcept)

.....1. .....2.

.....3. .....4. .....5. .....6. Good win and Klausmeier 2 .....1. (behavioral science) .....2.

.....1. (Psychology) .....2. (Developmental Psychology) .....3. (SocialPsychology)

(Sociology) .....4. (Abnormal Psychology) .....5. (AppliedPsychology) .....6. (Psychology of learning) .....7. (Psychology of Personality)

.....1. .....2. .....3. .....4.

.....5. .....6. .....7. .....8.

(Psychology of Learning)

Constructivism..... (active) Constructivism 2 Constructivism 2

.....1. Cognitive Constructivism (active) .....2. Social Constructivism ( ) (Social Context)

Constructivism .....1. .....2. .....3. .....4. ..... (Ausubel)

..... Discovery Approach ..... ..... (Congnitive Structure)

.....1. (Intellectual Empathy) .....2. (Self- Regulation) .....3.

..... ..... .....1. .....2. .....3.

.....4. ..... Acting, Imagine Symbolizing Enactive, Iconic Symbolic representation (Cognitive structure)

..... (Ausubel) 4 .....1. (Meaningful Reception Learning) .....2. (Rote Reception Learning) .....3. (Meaningful Discovery Learning) .....4. (Rote Discovery Learning) .....

..... (Meaningful Reception Learning) ..... (Cognitive learning) (Motor Skills learning) 3 ..... (Materials) (cognitive structure)

(Cognitive Strueture) ..... . .... (Social Cognitive Learning Theory) ..... (Stanford)

(interact) ..... ..... (Learning) Performance)

..... 3 .....1. .....2. .....3. ..... (Learning) (Performance) 3 .....1. .....2.

.....3. ..... ()

3 1. .....1.1 (Ivan Pavlov, 18491936) (Classical Conditioning Theory)

.....1.2 (John B Watson .1878 1958) .....1.3 (Burrhus Skinner) (Operant Conditioning theory) .....1.4 (Jean Piaget) .....1.5 ( Gagne ) 8 - ( Motivation Phase) ...........- (Apprehending Phase) ...........- ( Acquisition Phase) - (Retention Phase) ...........- (Recall Phase)

...........- (Generalization Phase) ...........- ( Performance Phase)

...........- ( Feedback Phase)

.....1.6 2. .....2.1 .....2.2 Gestalt Psychologist (CognitiveTheory)

.....2.3 (Kohler, 1925) (Insight Learning) .....2.4 Jero Brooner .....2.5 Piaget 3. .....3.1 (Stanford) (Observational Learning Modeling) .....3.2 Anthony Grasha Sheryl Riechmann .....3.3 (Lawin)

.....3.4 Robert Slavin .....3.5 David Johnson .....3.6 Shlomo Yael Sharan

, , E Learning