Environemntal Presentations

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


Contains all the important factors related to sustainability of the environment.It helps in recognizing how various steps taken by mankind affects the environment

Text of Environemntal Presentations

  • Sustainability Challenges in the Shrimp Industry

  • Shrimp Industry Issues:

    Challenging task ahead considering the diverse priorities and

    attitudes involved.

    At the same time, the Eco-System(consulting agency), to be viewed as a trustworthy partner and not biased toward any stakeholder

    Shrimp Farming driven by strong demand, grew from 0.6 million t in

    1988 to 2.6 million in 2005

    Shrimp farming accounts for 40% of shrimp produced globally

    Wild Shrimp fishing has been practiced for centuries in many parts of

    the world.

    Small scale fishing , surprisingly consist of 30% of the total shrimp


  • Wild Shrimp


    Shrimp Aquaculture



    Policy Groups

    Shrimp Industry

  • Shrimp Industry Overview:

    Most valuable fish product, over $10 billion of exports per year and

    more than 6 million metric tons

    Global shrimp production had more than doubled since 1986, following a strong demand.

    US, Japan and Europe contributed the bulk of global shrimp imports

    Two ways of catch main source of shrimp:

    Wild Catch- Catch of Shrimp in the sea

    Aquaculture- Practice of Rising aquatic species under controlled conditions

  • Concerns of the Shrimp Industry:

    Both the wild catch and aquaculture sectors had been accussed of the

    damaging the environment, affecting other industries and being


    Shrimp farming grown in mangroves in Indonesia

    Land was used to convert to water bodies and were doubled to shrimp


    Shrimp Industry concerned about the boom and bust cycles

    The boom of shrimp often crashed cause of diseases, self-pollution and

    environmental degredation

    Oscillation cycle has been more pronounced since 2000

  • Price of shrimp was determined by demand and supply

    Increase in demand= Increase in supply

    Increase in supply resulted in price lowering

    Cycle formed and falling prices

    Fisheries introduced means to control costs

    Shrimp Demand=f(Population, Per Capita Consumption, Shrimp


    Strong prices also boosted production- Exhibit 3

    ROI calculated on price level and harvesting rates

  • Thanks





    ISHAN GAUTAM (H15085)




  • Facts Of The Case

    Shrimp the most valuable fish product traded internationally

    Exports > $10 billion/year

    Production > 6 mn metric tons; more than doubled from 1986-2008

    Shrimp - 2 sources of production: Wild catch and Aquaculture

    Shrimp fishing substantial source of cash in tropical developing countries

    Shrimp farming - traditionally done in tambaks (brackish water

    ponds), rice paddies, coastal areas, river banks and mangroves

  • Increase in production

    Increase in supply

    Decrease in prices

    Utilization of cost

    effective methods

    Decrease in prices

    Increase in Demand

    (source of profits)

  • Prisoners Dilemma Situation

  • Environmental Impact of Shrimp


    Deforestation : Clearing of mangroves for the development of

    shrimp farms

    Effluent : Chemicals used in intensive shrimp culture can also contribute to pollution from prawn farms

    Salinization: Large amounts of fresh groundwater have been

    extracted, which have affected the local hydrology

    Expansion of shrimp culture into rice growing areas of Thailand has

    led to serious concerns about the impacts on rice productivity

  • Environmentalist

    Keen to raise awareness on the environmental and social impact

    Resorted to anti-shrimp marketing campaigns to raise awareness

    Global fishing fleet 2.5 times than oceans can support

    $1.5 billion worth of government subsidies

    30% of total catches are illegal/ unreported

    Aquaculture responsible for destruction



    Utilization of Resources

    Fully exploited Overexploited Under exploited

  • Regulatory Bodies

    Policies required for governing industry entry and amount of harvest

    Measures taken in Thailand

    Ban on shrimp farming within mangrove areas

    Prohibited loans for farms located in mangroves

    All shrimp farms need to be registered

    Limits on the amount of effluent discharge

    Dramatic production crashes in 1994 in Thailand and in 1998 in Equador

    Inherent delays in response to pricing signals thus imparity in demand supply

  • Thank You!

  • Clarke: Transformation

    for Environmental


    -Group 2 (HRM-A)

  • Company Analysis: Clarke

    Core Business: Manufacturing and distributing pesticides: Environmentally harmful

    by its nature

    Biggest player in the domestic mosquito abatement industry: 43 countries

    Sold directly to Government entities

    2010: Affected more than 330 million people

    Redefining core values as innovation, community, and sustainability

    Two-fold purpose: elevate position as an industry leader and leave behind a positive



    Natular: 15 times less toxic, yet just as effective

    DuraNets: durable, low-cost, reusable anti-malarial bed nets, lasted up to 5 times longer

  • 7 Specific Goals

    Reduce carbon footprint by 25%

    Utilize 20% of energy from renewable resources

    Reduce waste stream by 50%

    Attain LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification on

    all new buildings

    Generate 25% of revenues from NextGen products

    Donate 2080 employee hours to assist the communities in which they serve

    Incorporate a cradle-to-cradle philosophy in all product and service

    development efforts

  • 4 Strategic Themes

    Extend the Reach


    Sustainability One Clarke

  • 3 Unique Projects

    Utilize Bicycles in 95% of larvicide spraying applications -> slashing costs and

    reducing its carbon footprint

    Project Regeneration -> improve application efficiency by the implementation

    of field computers

    Handheld devices -> navigation, mapping, GPS, intelligent scheduling

    Swap traditional gas-powered pesticide sprayers with electrical units

  • Other Sustainability Measures

    Bringing employees in line with Clarkes sustainability mission

    Companys internal blog site that highlighted company-wide and individual footprints to reduce carbon footprints

    Encouraged employees to take action within the community

  • Natular

    15 times less toxic

    2 to 10 times lower than traditional synthetic chemistries

    Safe to store, ship and handle

    Only protective eyewear needed

    Limited by two factors:

    Price: approximately 18% higher than comparable traditional products

    Bureaucratic nature of target customers

  • Eco-Tier Index

    Tool to illustrate environmental impact of different Clarkes products





    Meant to emphasise Natulars advantage over other Clarke products

    Backfired as it suggested that older products were less safe

    Demonstrated that sustainability was not necessarily valued outside Clarke


  • Challenges Ahead

    Environmentally-unfriendly history creating suspicions

    Most pesticides dont meet Clarkes standards of do-no-harm or do-less-harm

    Sustainability culture -> doesnt exist in the industry or in its consumers

    Success tied to the success of Natular

    Internal resistance within the company towards sustainability drives

    Can green be effective and profitable?

  • Recommendations

    More education and awareness to employees to bring them in line with

    Clarkes sustainability mission

    Publicise the Eco-Tier index

    Making customers aware of the importance of sustainability in the long run

    More tie-ups with big corporations to increase finances and sell sustainability

    on a large scale

    Diversify the risk of Natular by focusing on other divisions

  • Thank You

  • Clarke

    Transformation for Environmental Sustainability

  • Situation Analysis

    Clarke, a mosquito abatement company seen as having a core business that is environmentally harmful by its very nature

    Core business manufacturing and distributing pesticides for public health market

    Faces unique challenges in transformation into a sustainable enterprise

    Most exciting innovation Natular a naturally derived and highly effective larvicide 15 times less toxic, yet just as effective

    President, Lyell Clarke, in a dilemma that how far could company push its sustainability agenda without damaging business or driving away customers?

  • Analysis

    Difficultly level involved in transforming a company from an environmentally unfriendly business into an environmentally sustainable services company

    Challenges involved in acquiring necessary buy-ins from employees and customers who are sceptical about sustainability as a potential driver of business strategy

    How industry leaders need to take into consideration a myriad of factors to shift paradigms regarding environmental performance

    Shift in mentality from a double bo