Research Career DevelopmentGovernmentGail P. TaylorFall 2010F 2010
ReferencesJump Start Your Career in Bioscience. Chandra B. Louise, Ph.D. Peer Productions, Durham NC, 1998
Opportunities in the Biological Sciences. Kathleen Belikoff. VGM Career Books, 2004
So..Youve gotten your Ph.D. Now What?
What Happens after Your Degree?PostdocAcadIndustryGovernmentGet a jobAcademiaGovernmentFederal/LocalResearch/Other pathsIndustryOther
Trends in Government ScienceTends to fewer layoffs than industry/Job securityFewer demands of obtaining funding and grantsCompetitive benefits and salaryGood retirement benefitsLearning opportunitiesDiverse working environments
Variable levels of GovernmentLocalStateFederal
What Happens in Government Science?Different agencies do different things!ResearchGrant AdministrationMake or enforce LawsScience PolicyTechnology TransferProvide information/services, etc., to the public.
Federal Facts (2007)The 1.6 million federal employees15 cabinet-level agencies20 large, independent agencies (>1,000 employees)Over 80 percent of government jobs are located outside of the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, BaltimorePhiladelphiaAtlantaSan DiegoNew York City)
Best Places to Work in Govthttp://www.bestplacestowork.org/BPTW/rankings/
What are the Mechanisms of Employment?Student jobs:http://www.studentjobs.gov/
Post-GraduationPostdoctoral (www.training.nih.gov)Permanent civilian employmentCivilian contract employmentEnlisted researchershttp://www.usajobs.gov
Job Grades - FederalThe following table shows the amount and level of education typically required for each grade for which education alone can be qualifying. At GS-13 and above, appropriate specialized experience is required for all positions.
GRADE QUALIFYING EDUCATIONGS-1 None GS-2 High school graduation or equivalent GS-3 1 academic year above high school GS-4 2 academic years above high school or Associate's degreeGS-5 4 academic years above high school leading to a bachelor's degree, or Bachelor's degree GS-7 Bachelor's degree with Superior Academic Achievement for two-grade interval positions, or 1 academic year of graduate education (or law school, as specified in qualification standards or individual occupational requirements) GS-9 Master's (or equivalent graduate degree such as LL.B. or J.D. as specified in qualification standards or individual occupational requirements), or 2 academic years of progressively higher level graduate education GS-11 Ph.D. or equivalent doctoral degree, or 3 academic years of progressively higher level graduate education, or For research positions only, completion of all requirements for a master's or equivalent degreeGS-12 For research positions only, completion of all requirements for a doctoral or equivalent degree
Jobs Vary GreatlyAgencies will determine the jobsAvailabilityResponsibilitiesTitles
About the JobsCan assess a position or institution before applying for a federal job.The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) ( www.opm.gov) information on federal benefits and salaries as well as the demographics of the federal work force. FedScope ( www.fedscope.opm.gov), statistics such as demographic breakdowns by state, department, and/or type of position.
Science and the Federal Governmenthttp://www.science.gov/
Department of Health and Human Services
National Institutes of Health (NIH)MedicareCenters for Disease Control (CDC)Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
National Institutes of Healthhttp://www.nih.gov/
Centers for Disease Controlhttp://www.cdc.gov/
Food and Drug Administrationhttp://www.fda.gov/
Department of Agriculturehttp://www.usda.gov
Agricultural Research Service
Department of the Interiorhttp://www.doi.gov/
Fish and Wildlife and Parks DivisionNational Parks ServiceEtc
Environmental Protection Agencyhttp://www.epa.gov/
Many research offices!http://www.epa.gov/epahome/program2.htm#research
National Science Foundationhttp://www.nsf.org
Independent federal agency Promote the progress of scienceGenerally funds basic research
NASAAll sorts of different fields!!
Department of Energyhttp://www.doe.gov
Major Research Areas:http://www.doe.gov/majorresearchareas.htm
Office of Science and Technology Policyhttp://www.ostp.gov/
Department of Defensehttp://www.defenselink.mil/
US Department of Commercehttp://www.commerce.gov/
Patents and Trademark OfficeNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationhttp://www.noaa.gov/
Federal Bureau of Investigationhttp://www.fbi.gov
What they research:http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/org/labchart.htm
Job SecurityDifficult to fire ANY federal employee.. ;)Much better than most Industry
PayGenerally a little better than academic, worse than Industry
Finally.What is the NAS?