- 1. SIMPLE PRESENTVS. PRESENT CONTINUOUS the battle begins.
2. H Irun (=) Do I run? No,I dont runYou runDo you run? No,You dont runHe runsDoes he run?No, He doesn t runShe runs Does she run? No, She doesnt run ItrunsDoes it run? No, It doesnt runWerunDo we run?We dont runYou run Do you run?You dont run Theyrun Do they run?They dont run 3. Use the Simple Present to express theidea that an action is repeated or usual.The action can be a habit, a hobby, adaily event, a scheduled event orsomething that often happens. It canalso be something a person often forgets orusually does not do.Examples: Does he play tennis? The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. She always forgets her purse. Every twelve months, the Earth circles theSun. 4. Facts or GeneralizationsThe Simple Present can also indicate the speakerbelieves that a fact was true before, is true now,and will be true in the future. It is also used tomake generalizations about people or things.Examples: Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? California is in America. California is not in the United Kingdom. Windows are made of glass. Windows are not made of wood. 5. Scheduled Events in the Near FutureSpeakers occasionally use Simple Present to talkabout scheduled events in the near future. This ismost commonly done when talking about publictransportation, but it can be used with otherscheduled events as well.Examples: The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at11 PM. When do we board the plane? The party starts at 8 oclock. When does class begin tomorrow? 6. ADVERB PLACEMENTThe examples below show the placement forgrammar adverbs such as: always,usually, often, sometimes, rarely, only,never, ever,every day/month/yearExamples: You often speak English. Do you often speak English? She never goes fishing. Does she ever go fishing? I rarely see him. She doesnt usually speak like thatSo, whats the rule? 7. ButIam always happy. Mary is usually curious . They are never at home. Are you always sad like that? Is Mike ever here?Now what happens to the rule?... 8. Some practice for you Why ... (you run)? Nick (drive) a Fiat. She . (work) in N.Ionia We (not/live) in England ..(they/live) in Athens? (you/speak) English? Where (you/go)? When ..(they/leave)? What time (he/come back)? 9. Present continuous Use the Present Continuous to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.Examples: You are learning English now. You are not swimming now. Are you sleeping? I am sitting. I am not standing. Is he sitting or standing? They are reading their books. They are not watching television. What are you doing? Why arent you doing your homework? 10. I am fixing Am I fixing ?Im not fixingYou are fixingAre you fixing ? You arent fixingHe is fixing Is he fixing ?He isnt fixingShe is fixingIs she fixing?She isnt fixingIt is fixing Is it fixing ?It isnt fixingWe are fixingAre we fixing?We arent fixingYou are fixingAre you fixing?You arent fixingThey are fixing Are they fixing? They arent fixing 11. Longer Actions in Progress Now In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.Examples: (Attention: all of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant) I am studying to become a doctor. I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. I am not reading any books right now. Are you working on any special projects at work? Arent you teaching at the university now? 12. Near FutureSometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous toindicate that something will or will not happen inthe near future.Examples: I am meeting some friends after work. I am not going to the party tonight. Is he visiting his parents next weekend? Isnt he coming with us tonight? 13. Repetition and Irritation with "Always"The Present Continuous with words such as"always" or "constantly" expresses theidea that something irritating or shockingoften happens. Notice that the meaning islike Simple Present, but with negativeemotion. Remember to put the words "always" or"constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."Examples: She is always coming to class late. He is constantly talking. I wish he wouldshut up. I dont like them because they arealways complaining. 14. Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed VerbsIt is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in anycontinuous tenses. Instead of usingPresent Continuous with these verbs, youmust use Simple Present.Examples: She is loving this chocolate ice cream. NotCorrect She loves this chocolate ice cream. Correct 15. ADVERB PLACEMENTThe examples below show theplacement for grammar adverbs suchas: always, constantly, only, still,just, etc.Examples: You are still watching TV. Are you still watching TV? She is only sleeping 16. Get some practice on Pr. Continuous Go! You (stand) in my way! Right now, I (write) a letter. What (you/do)? Why ..(she/leave)? Now, they(watch) T.V. Maria (come)! ..Mr. Smith (smoke)? Why (you/hit) the carpet? Right now, I ..(speak) on thephone! 17. Fill in the blanks with Simple Present or P. Continuous Today I .(go) to the dentist! Look! She ..(drive) her dads car Every day she (brush) her teeth. The police .(not/look) for the thief. Listen! They (announce) the delay. Women ..(not/wear) hats inSpain. In the evenings he .(watch) T.V. Tom ..(have) a bath right now. In winter all lakes in Canada ..(freeze). Ann ..(talk) on the phone at themoment. 18. STATIVE VERBS SomeEnglish verbs, which we call state, non-continuous or stative verbs, arent used in continuous tenses (like the present continuous, or the future continuous). These verbs often describe states that last for some time. 19. Like know belong love realise fithate suppose contain want meanconsist need understand seem preferbelieve depend agree remember mattermind recognise see own appear looksound taste smell hear astonish denydisagree please impress satisfy promisesurprise doubt think (=have anopinion)feel (=have an opinion)wishimagine concern dislike behave deserveinvolve include lack measure (=havelength etc) possess owe weigh (=haveweight) 20. Bebe is usually a stative verb, but whenit is used in the continuous it meansbehaving or acting you are stupid = its part of yourpersonality you are being stupid = only now, notusually 21. Think think (stative) = have an opinionI think that coffee is great think (dynamic) = consider, have inmy headwhat are you thinking about? Imthinking about my next holiday 22. Have have (stative) = ownI have a car have (dynamic) = part of anexpressionIm having a party / a picnic / a bath/ a good time / a break 23. See see (stative) = see with your eyes /understandI see what you meanI see her now, shes just comingalong the road see (dynamic) = meet / have arelationship withIve been seeing my boyfriend forthree yearsIm seeing Robert tomorrow 24. Taste taste (stative) = has a certain tasteThis soup tastes greatThe coffee tastes really bitter taste (dynamic) = the action oftastingThe chef is tasting the soup (taste is the same as other similar verbs such as smell) 25. Weigh Weigh (stative) = Has a certainweightIt weighs 3 kilos Weigh (dynamic)= I am doing theact of weighong I am weighing the flour 26. 1) She................ (have) a bath everyevening. 2) My husband .............(always/taste)the food while Im cooking! Its veryannoying. . 3) Luke ..............(see) the doctor now. . 4) He ..........(have) a party nextweekend. 5) This coffee .............(not/taste) right. 6) We ..........(see) John and Susie nextmonth. . 7) What ..............(you/think) about thewar ? . 8) She ..............(have) a headache. . 9) It .................... (be) cold today. . 27. 10) They ................(not/have) a car. 11) I ................(not/see) anything, I cant workthe telescope? 12) The waiter ...............(taste) the wine now. 13) She................ (not/be) a doctor. 14) (want)............. a sandwich?15) I ....................(have) fun today. .16) I .................(think) too much about my ex-boyfriend. .17) They often ...............(see) a film onFridays. .18) This cake .............(taste) funny. .19) ......................(have) a good time at themoment?? .20) The chef always ....................(tastes) thefood before he serves it. .