Речевые технологии

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  • 1. 3/2010 .., : .., , , .., , .., , : .., , .., , .., .., , , .., () .., , .., .., () .., , .., , () .., .., .., .., - .., .., () () ..,- .., .., , .., .., .., () XXII , .., .., .., .. .., .., () .., , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 .., .., .. - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 .., .. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 .., .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . 35 .., .., .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 .., .., .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

2. XXII , .., .., .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 .., .. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 .. : - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 .. : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 .., .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .. . . . . 103 .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .. : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 .. . . . . . . . . . . 114 .., .., .., .., .. - () ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 , : : 109341, , . , . 157, . 2.: 8 (495) 979-54-27 20.06.2011. 6090/8. . . . 16,0. 1308. 1. 428019, . , . , 15 2 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 3. XXII , .. .. .. ., 119034, , . , . 38.E-mail: RKPotapova@yandex.ru : - - , - . , , . - , . - , , - [, 1991]. ( /, 0 , 10 , 20 ), , - , , , , . . - , . : , , .. (2004). ... , ( - ). . - , . : - , . .. (1982) . , , . , , ( ). - 3 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 4. XXII , - , . , - . - , ( , , -). (, , , , ), - [ 2004]. - . , - , , . . , , - . - : , - , . - - , ( 1979: 6). : , -, , , -, , , . - (: , - , ). 431, 177 221 . /: 0 , 10 , 20 . 22 2 . 20 22 . . - . , - . . , - , . - . , ., , . . . - . , Microsoft Excel. - ; , ; , 4 ( - / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 5. .., .., .. ); ; - ; ( ); (n=12) ; ( ) . , . , , - / 0 ( ), - ( ). - ( ). , . : , , , , . - . . / 0 450 431400 350 300250221. 200 177150100 . 50 7 84 1 1 20 1 2 3. 1. / 0 / 0 . 2,5 2 2 2 2 22 2 2 1,5 1 11 1 1 11 1 0,50,25 0,25 0,25 0,250,250,25 00000 00 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3. 2. , / 0 ( ) / 0 500450 431 431431 400 350300250221221 221 . 200 17717717715010076 . 62 67 50 7 427 8 43 83781 2 1 24 2 300 10 20 010 20 01020 1 2 3 / /. 3. 5 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 6. XXII / 0 . 20 18 18 16 14 1313 12 1088 666655 7 444 44 3 3 3 22 22 111 1 1 1 0 0 0,25 0,25 00 0,25 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 . 4. , / 10 ( ) / 20 . 35 29 30 28 25 23 19 20 1513 9 99 10 99 108 8 7 65 6 64 4 4 5 3 0,5 11 0,5 0 1 1 0,5 0,25 0 000,250 0 1 2 3 . 5. , / 10 ( ) , / 10 , . . 10. , - : , . , : -, , . - : , , . . / 20 - . - ( ). . - . . - , , , . , , - , , . , - , ( ). , -6 / 0 10 . / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 7. .., .., .. 1. - : ( ); ; .2. . , / 10-20 - . - / 0 - .3. - , , , .1. .. . .: , 1982. 159 .2. .. // - . : , 1979.. 1830.3. .., .. . : - . -,1991. 172 .4. .. : . . . . , 2004. 23 . 7 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 8. XXII , - .. .. .. ., 119034, , . , . 38.E-mail: RKPotapova@yandex.ru - , ( - ) . - , . - , (), ( - 2 ) ( , (-) (- ). -, , - .. - , . . (n=4) . 1. 1 - ( ) 1 23 4 min-max 316 217325 222 225 828 619628 429 429 935 343533 750 350 2745 1521 2745 2032 1545 - . , , -8 - / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 9. .., .., .. - - . (350 1545). ( 15, - 2027). . , - , . , . - . ( ) , ( ). . . - , . . - 15 . , 20 , , , , , 38 45. , , ( ), - , ( , - ). . , , - . (n=4). - : , , . , . - . ( ). , - . , , -, - , -, ( ). , 17, 14. 21 40. , 25. , -, . . -, , 4- - . ( 4 ) , , , . , .9 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 10. XXII ( ) , - ( ): 2 (min-max) (min-max)(min-max)(min-max) 59/1819/3443/5010/32 67/1811/2137/4217/38 (20/45) 7 10/1714/1926/43 6/21 89/1617/2830/3540/45 , (), - ( , - ). -, - ( , - ). -, - ( , , ). , ( , , , , , , ). - () , - ; , (, ) . - -. () - - . , - ( / 10 12 ), -. () - . - : ; , - ; ; . - . , . -10 . / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 11. .., .., .. - , . , ( ), , , , - . , , , - . , . , , - , -. , , , . , . , , - . , , 3 : ; ( -); . ., 1 160 ( -). 43% 37% - . - 3% . , , (9 %). 7 % - . ( 1) 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 43% 20% 37% 15% 10%5% 9% 7% 3%0% . 1. ( 1)11 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 12. XXII (22%), (20%) (22%), 11%, - 14% ( ). , - , . (30%), [] [] (25% ); (17% ) 2 93 ( - ). 48%. 36% . 3% . , , , 5%. 8% . ( 1) 60% 50% 40% 30%48% 20%36% 10%5%8%3%0% . 2. ( 2) , 35%; 24%; - 22%; 13% 7%. - 14% ( ). - ; . , 12[] []. . / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 13. .., .., .. - , 10 12 , 12 , , . , , . 10 , , - , . , - . , . , , - , - , , , . 13 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 14. XXII , .. .. .. , . --, ., 51, . (863) 297-50-84, (863) 297-50-84, zulkarneev@mail.ru, ncam1977@yahoo.com, asni@asni.rsu.ru - , - . - , N - . . , . , . N . - , 1. , --. , , - . , - . [1]. - , - , . , , - . - (, - -) . ,14 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 15. .., .,., .. , . - . , - . , - . . - . - [2,3]. . -- - 40 , [4]. :[S]->[NP-VP][PP],[S]->[PP-NP][VP],[S]->[NP-VP][PP-PP], ..., S , [NP-VP], [PP], [VP], [PP-NP] , - ( -, , , - .) - . - , . , -- [4]. . - , - , . , . - , - 1. , , - 1 - . , ( - - , , S), . , , - , 2. - , . 15 / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 16. XXII . , . - 1 . - (), 4500 . - . . 1WAGNERCAMEFROMYOU AS AID OFINDIANA740.1657449.9958 134.9487 580.8 518.4 349.6 335.81190.7481 2WAGNERCAMEFROMYOU AS A OFINDIANA740.1657449.9958 134.9487 580.8 518.4 359.09 325.5 1190.7489 3WAGNERCAMEFROMYOU AS THEY OF INDIANA740.1657449.9958 134.9487 580.8 467.6 416.1 316.51190.7489 4WAGNERCAMEFROMYOU AS EIGHT OFINDIANA740.1657449.9958 134.9487 580.8 518.4 339.0 342.71190.7489 [S] -> [NP-VP][PP][NP-VP] - [NP][VP][PP] - [PREP][PP][PP] -> [NP-PP][PP] *NP -> {VAGNER}*VP -> {CAME}[NP-PP] -> [NP][PP][PP] -> [PREP][NP] *PREP -> {FROM} [PP] -> [PREP][NP]*NP -> {YOU} *PREP -> {AS} *NP -> {HELP} *PREP -> {OF}*NP -> {INDIANA} . , -- - . - . - -- , 1. 1. . - 1,2%. -16 6 10 . / SPEECH TECHNOLOGY 3/2010 17. .., .,., .. , - , . , , . -