Prepositional Phrases

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Bellwork 8/31

Prepositional Phrase Notes

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Parts of Speech Review

What are prepositional phrases?First, lets review the definition of a preposition: A preposition links a noun to another word by indicating the location or time.

We went to English class on Monday.

Whered you go?When did you go?

person, place, thing or idea

Does anyone know what a preposition is?Whats a noun?3

Compound Prepositions A compound preposition is a preposition made up of more than one word.

Examples:according to next toowing toApart fromas toaside fromIn addition to on top ofahead of

Prepositional phrases consist of a preposition and an object of preposition, usually a noun or a pronoun.

Replaces a noun: he, she, them, they, etc.Preposition:aroundObject of preposition:the bend+=Prepositional phrase:

Ms. Hargen teaches English. She is very short.

Ask them what a pronoun is.5

PracticePreposition:fromObject of preposition:the street+=Prepositional phrase:

before

the rain+=

during

the game+=

outside

the gate+=

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List of PrepositionsPrepositions:

Example prepositions: About, away from, beside, during, on, underneath, Above, apart from, besides, except, onto, until, according to, around, between, for, out (out of), up, Across, aside, from beyond, from outside, upon,after at by in (into) over with against because of by means of including past within along before by way of like through without along with behind concerning near to amid or amidst below despite of towards among beneath down off und

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Prepositional Phrases and PacingPrepositional phrases can add rhythm and interest to a piece of writing:

From Once Upon a Time, lines 49-50:In a house, in a suburb, in a city, there were a man and his wife who loved each other very much and were living happily ever after.

In a suburban house, there were a man and his wife who love each other very much and were living happily ever after.}Whats the difference?

Prepositional phrases can add pacing, but they can also be ponderous to read when overused:

In a town, on a street, in a house, in a room, under a bed, in a box, next to the ball of string8

PracticeWith a partner, take 5 minutes to identify the prepositional phrase in each sentence below:The boy threw the ball into the basket.I left my bookbag at school, so my mom grounded me.Tacos make great food, but dont put them on your head.Dinosaurs ruled the Earth before they went extinct.Have you ever had pickles in your ice cream?John fell asleep during the politicians big speech.When I get home from school, I am going to eat a big sandwich.

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AnswersThe boy threw the ball into the basket.I left my bookbag at school, so my mom grounded me.Tacos make great food, but dont put them on your head.Dinosaurs ruled the Earth before they went extinct.Have you ever had pickles in your ice cream?John fell asleep during the politicians big speech.When I get home from school, I am going to eat a big sandwich.

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What do prepositional phrases do in a sentence?A prepositional phrase will function as an adjective or an adverb

As an adjective, the prepositional phrase answers the question: which one?The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam.

describes a noun

describes a verb, adjective, or adverb

English is a lovely class.I run quickly to get to English because I love it so much.

What is an adjective?What is an adverb?11

As an adverb, a prepositional phrase answers the questions of: How? When? Where?

Freddy is stiff from yesterdays long football practice.

Before class, Josh begged his friend for a pencil.

Feeling brave, we tried the Dragon Breath Burritos at Taco Bus.

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HomeworkComplete the Prepositional Phrase Worksheet.