, . . , , , , , , , . . . There are two classes of poets - the
poets by education and practice, these we respect; and poets by
nature, these we love.Ralph Waldo EmersonThe great poet is always a
seer, seeing less with the eyes of the body than he does with the
eyes of the mind. Oscar Wilde
Ivan Yakovych Franko was aUkrainianpoet, writer, social and
literary critic, journalist, interpreter, economist, political
activist, doctor of philosophy,ethnographer, the author of the
first detectivenovelsand modern poetry in theUkrainian
Ivan Franko was born in the village of Nahuievychi (now
Drogobytskyy district, Lviv region). He wrote about his childhood
in the short stories:U kuzni(In the Smithy), Malyi Myron (Little
Myron), Pid Oborohom (Under the Haystack).
Ivan Franko "In the Smithy"
translated by Ivan Petryshyn In the valley, theres a country
side,above the village, the mists spreading wide,by the village, on
an elevation,there is a big smithy station.In that smithy, a
blacksmith is striking,and his heart is deeply a-liking,and hes
smithing singing in gracecalling up the people to his place.Come
out, people, from the huts, from the fields!heres the place, where
a better luck yields.come out, people, till its not late,get out
from the fog, do not wait!But the fogs are a-rocking,at the
village, they are mocking,over the fields, they are
spreading,blocking with darkness the peoples treadding,Every path
for them to block,not to let them upwards from the fog,to the
smithy, where they forgethe weapons, bright,instead of clogs,
fetters and ties.
House of gymnasium (Drogobych, Shevchenko str., 24), where in
1867 1875 Ivan Franko had been studied.
After finishing gymnasium in the town of Drogobych Ivan Franko
continued his education in Lviv and later in Chernivtsi. In 1891 he
graduated from the department of Philology of Chernivtsi
University. The National University in Lviv was named after Ivan
One of the innovators of all genres of literature was Ivan
Franko. He raised the post-Shevchenko Ukrainian poetry of the late
19th and early 20th century to new heights. He did the same in
prose. He devoted much attention to translations from foreign
languages. His merits as a thinker and scholar were great in many
fields: the history and theory of literature, folklore, political
economy, history, ethnography.
His greatest poem, "Moses" (1905), which in a biblical setting
deals with the conflict between a leader and his people and
the ideal of service to one's people, was based to a large
extent on autobiographical material.
"Zakhar Berkut" (1883), a historical novel based on ancient
Ukrainian chronicles, presents the heroic resistance
of Ukrainian highlanders to the Mongols in 1241.
In drama Franko proved himself a master of the
sociopsychological and historical play and of comedy. His best
plays are the sociopsychological drama "Stolen Happines" (1894) and
the historical drama in verse "The Dream of Prince Sviatoslav"
(1895). Special mention must be made of Franko's work as a
translator, which he carried on throughout his life. He translated
masterpieces from 14 languages by famous authors including Homer,
Dante, W. Shakespeare, J. Goethe, E. Zola, O. Pushkin, M.
IVAN FRANKO is so important for Ukrainian people that there are
many monuments to him all over Ukraine.
In 1962 the city of Stanyslaviv in western Ukraine
(formerlyStanisaww, Poland) was renamedIvano-Frankivskin the poet's
Monument to Ivan Franko in Ivano-Frankivsk
On the 28th of May (1916) Franko died in Lviv. He was burried at
the Lychakivsky Cemetery. His death was a great loss for Ukrainian
literatureIvan Franko is the favourite author of millions of
Ukrainians, a real peoples poet.I thought of the new human
brotherhoods birth,And wondered: how soon it will come to the
earth?I saw in a vision the vast, fertile fiedsWorked jointly,
providing magnificent yields,Supporting the people in freedom and
bounty.Can this the Ukraine be, my own native country,Which once
was forsaken the conquerors prey?Yes, that is indeed the Ukraine,
new and free!I gazed, and the ache in my heart ebbed away! IVAN