An Overview of Open Source & FOSS4G

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  • 25th, Nov, 2010 Special Lecture for Inha University OSGeo Korean Language Chapter Shin, Sanghee(
  • ContentsI. Why Open Source? I-1. Current Market Situation I-2. Open Innovation & Open Business ModelII. Introduction of Open Source SW II-1. What is Open Source SW? II-2. Open Source SW Licenses II-3. Benefits of Open Source SW II-4. Growth of Open Source SW II-5. Open Source Business ModelIII. Open Source GIS III-1. Open Source GIS? III-2. FOSS4G Based SDI III-3. FOSS4G Projects III-4. Open GeoData III-5. Korean CasesIV. Wrapping Up IV-1. Useful Sites
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  • I. Why Open Source? 3 Agonies of Current Market 1 Stalled Growth 2 Diminishing Profit 3 Difficult SustainabilityOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 5 Shin, Sanghee(
  • I. Why Open Source? 7 Challenges for High-Tech Company Economic Technology Recession Oversupply Doing More Market with Less Uncertainty Technology Global Paradox Competition Everybody InnovatesOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 6 Shin, Sanghee(
  • I. Why Open Source? Difficulties of In-House R&D Success Invested R&D 100% Failed R&D 60% Commercialized R&D 40% In spite of heavy R&D investment, only 40% of R&D investment commercialized. Non- Among commercialized R&D, only 60% make profit. Profitable 40% Profitable 60% Overall to say, only 24% of whole R&D investment make profit for the company.OSGeo Korean Language Chapter 7 Shin, Sanghee(
  • I. Why Open Source? Open Innovation Internal Resources New Value External ResourcesOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 8 Shin, Sanghee(
  • I. Why Open Source? Advent of Open Business ModelOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 9 Shin, Sanghee(
  • I. Why Open Source? Open Source Software Closed Open In-House Collaboration Development Development Leverage own knowledge Leverage others knowledge too Designed and developed by inside R&D lab Designed and developed with other outside partners Inside knowledge, intellectual property, experiences Inside knowledge + outside knowledge Idling knowledge, limited leveraging outside knowledge Cost reduction + increase innovation capabilitiesOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 10 Shin, Sanghee(
  • II. Introduction of Open Source SW Open source SW(OSS) is the computer SW that is available in source code form under certain licenses. Users of OSS are permitted to use, copy, study, change, improve and even redistribute those OSS freely. Free does not mean Free of Charge but FreedomOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 12 Shin, Sanghee(
  • II. Introduction of Open Source SW Open Source SW Criteria by OSI(Open Source Initiative) 1. Free Redistribution 2. Source Code 3. Derived Works 4. Integrity of The Authors Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10. License Must Be Technology-NeutralOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 13 Shin, Sanghee(
  • II. Introduction of Open Source SW Open Source SW vs. Freeware OSS Freeware Users have the right to access & modify Freeware is usually distributed in a form the source codes. of binary at Free of Charge, but does no t open source codes itself. In case original programmer disappeared , users & developer group of the S/W us Developer of freeware could abandon de ually keep its support to the S/W. velopment at any time and then final ver sion will be the last version of the freewa OSS usually has the strong users & devel re. No enhancements will be made by ot opers group that manage and maintain t hers. he project Possibility of changing its licensing policy OSS is different from Freeware Antonym of OSS would be Closed Source S/W or Proprietary S/W Recently OSS is also regarded as Commercial S/WOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 14 Shin, Sanghee(
  • II. Introduction of Open Source SW Copyright vs. Licenses Copyright License Set of exclusive rights granted to the au Permission to use the work under certain agreement. thor or creator of an original work, inclu ding the right to copy, distribute and ada A kind of contract agreement like EULA(End User Licens pt the work. e Agreements) Rights obtained just after create the wor If you buy Window7, it means you just buy a permissio k without any registration. n to install & use Windows7 S/W in your PC. Without any permissions, others could n License is different from products buying. ot use, copy, distribute, adapt the work. IPR Copyright Patent Trademark Trade SecretOSGeo Korean Language Chapter 15 Shin, Sanghee(
  • II. Introduction of Open Source SW Typical OSS Licenses Obligation Combining Re-Distribut Access to to with Free Modification able Source Code Open Proprietary Derived Works SW GPL O O O O O X LGPL O O O O O O MPL O O O O O O BSD Alike O O O O X O Apache Alike O O O O