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N.N.KazydubVALUE-BASED MOTIVES OF FOLK LANGUAGE CATEGORIZATION
The article deals with the value-based motives of folk language categorization. The principles of language categorization are channeled into the area of value-orientations and value systems; the value-based experience of Homo Loquens is revealed and the routes of cultural values into world mappings are studied and outlined.
Keywords: value systems; folk language categorization; cultural forms; language signs; cognitive resources; body experience; social interaction
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- - , - - -- . -- - . - ; - - - -, , . - - , - , - . - FREEDOM: FREEDOM SELF-GOVERNMENT SELF-DETERMINATION NONINTERFERENCE LIBERTY INDEPENDENCE LICENSE INDULGENCE IMMUNITY EMANCIPATION AUTONOMY.
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Love is a word which our society keeps de-liberately unclear, so that aninfinitenumberof
meanings canbepackedinitsfourletters: Eros; agape; caritas, adulterous love, marital love, vir-ginal love, religious devotion, lust [The Oxford Book; Sutherland, 2003, p. 14] ( ..).
- . , , -- CONTROL OVER ENVI-RONMENT - , - , , - . - - :
ACTION. ACHIEVEMENT. CAUSE-AND-EFFECT LOGIC. CONTROL OVER TIME. INDIVIDUALISM. INITIATIVE. SELF-HELP. MANAGEMENT. PLANNING. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY., -
, - , , [, 2004, . 84]. -, . , - , , , . , , - - . , - :
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Experience is the mother of wisdom. Experience keeps a dear school, but fools
learn in no other [, 1984, . 248]. -
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beach-head a strong position on a beach from which an army that had just landed prepares to go forward and attack;
bosomfrienda very close friend; intheblinkofaneye very quickly; in a
short time; dabhand a person who is very good at
doing sth or using sth; havesbsearorhavetheearofsb to be
able to give sb advice, influence them, etc. be-cause they trust you;
easyontheear/eye pleasant to listen to or look at;
get/have , etc.afreehandto get, have, etc. the opportunity to do what you want to do and to make your own decisions [OALD, 2010].
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DIY the abbreviation for do-it-yourself (the activity of making, repairing and decorating things in the home yourself, instead of paying sb to do it);
asycome,easygo used to mean that sb does not care very much about money or posses-sions especially if they spend it or lose sth;
firstcome,firstserved people will be dealt
with, seen etc. strictly in the order in which the arrive;
flyhigh to be successful; agoingconcerna business or an activity
that is making a profit and is expected to continue to do well;
goldrush situation in which lot of people suddenly go to a place where gold has recently been discovered;
hit the ground running to start doing sth and continue very quickly and successfully [OALD, 2010].
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brainstorminga way of making a group of people all think about sth at the same time, of-ten in order to solve a problem or to create good ideas;
have the right idea to have found a very good or successful way of living, doing sth, etc.
in the know having more information about sth than other people;
know-howknowledge of how to do sth and experience in doing it;
thinkoutofthebox to think about sth, or how to do sth, in a way that is new, different or shows imagination;
thinkstraight to think in a clear and logi-cal way;
thinktwiceaboutsth/aboutdoingsth to think carefully before deciding to do sth [OALD, 2010].
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FRUGALITY: Waste not; want not.INITIATIVE: God helps those who help
themselves.GOOD SPORTSMANSHIP: Its not wheth-
er you win or lose.PRACTICALITY: Dont cry over spilt milk.PRIVACY; PRIVATE PROPERTY: A mans
home is his castle.RESPONSIBILITY; PERSONAL
CHOICE: Youve made your bed; now lie on it.THRIFTINESS: A penny saved is a penny
earned [Kohls and Knight, 1994, p. 53].
, - . , - - FORMALITY FRIEND-SHIP:
She smiled broadly at him, and kissed his cheek. It was an uncharacteristically unprofes-sional gesture, but he was dearto her and she to him [Steele, 2007, p. 12]; ( ..).
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He had come to San-Francisco at sixteen, in 1924. He had been remarkably clever at finding jobs, making deals, working for the right people, seizing opportunities, and saving money. He had bought property, always in unusual circumstanc-es, sometimes preying on others misfortunes, he readily admitted, and making trades, and using whatever credit was available to him. He had managed to make money while others were los-ing it during Depression. Hewastheepitomeofaself-mademan [Steele, 2007, p. 12].
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TheAmericanDream the idea that the US is the place where anyone can become successful if they work hard enough.
TheBookerPrize the most important Brit-ish prize for a novel written in English given ev-ery year to a writer from the UK, Ireland, or the British Commonwealth.
TheEmeraldIsle a name for Ireland.The Lucky Country Australia, seen as a
rich, happy country.ParkAvenuea street in New York Cityknown
for being expensive and fashionable [Macmillan, 2007].
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1. , ..  /
.. . . : -; - , 2000. 616 .: .
2. , .. ,  / .. // : : .. . . : , 2010. . 2941.
3. , .. -  / .. ; . . .. . 4- ., . . . : . ., 1984. 944 .
4. , . , :  / . ; . .. . . : - , 2004. 792 .
5. , .. -  / .. // : . . : , 2008. C. 861.
6. Kohls, R.L. Developing intercultural aware-ness: a cross-cultural training book [Text] / R.L. Kohls, J.M. Knight. Yarmouth : Intercultural Press, Inc., 1994. 283 p.
7. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learn-ers (Macmillan) [Text] / Second edition. Oxford : Mac-millan, 2007. 1748 p.
8. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English (OALD) [Text] / Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2010. 1796 p.
9. Steel, D. The House [Text] / D. Steel. London : Corgi Books, 2007. 510 .
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