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AMIT KUMAR SINGHPGDM-31
INTRODUCTION :• The name Bihar is derived from
the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara (Devanagari: वि�हार), which means "abode“.
• The ancient name of Bihar is “Magadha”.• It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical
size at 98,940 km2 and 3rd largest by population• State bird : Sparrow • State flower: Kanchanar (Bauhinia acuminata)• State tree : Peepal
HISTORY :• The Mauryan empire, which originated from
Magadha in 325 BC, was started by Chandragupta Maurya and had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna).
• During the British India, Bihar was a part of the Presidency of Bengal, and was governed from Calcutta.
LOCATION:• It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its
west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south.
• The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east.
• Bihar has a diverse climate.• Its temperature is subtropical in general, with
hot summers and cool winters.• Avg. Number of Rainy Days:52.5 Days in a Year• Normal Rainfall:1,205 mm
Key Statistics - as per 2011 Census(Provisional)
• Population :10,38,04,637 • SEX Ratio (Females/Thousand Males): 916 • Highest Ratio(Gopalganj) : 1,015 • Lowest Ratio(Munger and Bhagalpur) : 879• Literacy Rate: 63.82%• Highest Literacy Rate-Rohtas: 75.59%• Lowest Literacy Rate-Purnia : 52.49%
Natural Resources of Bihar:
Mineral Production• Steatite – 945Tonnes • Pyrites - 9,539 Tonnes • Quartzite - 14,865 Tonnes • Crude Mica - 53 Tonnes • Limestone - 4,78,000 Tonnes
Economy of Bihar:• Gross state domestic product of Bihar for the
year 2011/2012 has been around 2622.30 billion INR.
• Agriculture = 22%• Industry = 5%• Services = 73%.• The industrial sector contributes about 5% to the
GDP of Bihar, while the share of industrial sector in India's GDP is around 20%
Tourism in Bihar:• Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited places in
the world, with a history spanning 3,000 years.• Bihar is visited by many tourists from around
the world, with about 24 milliontourists visiting the state each year.
• Remains of the ancient city of Vaishali.