Các biện pháp trừng phạt

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  • Cc bin php trng pht

    Hin nay, cc bin php trng pht ang ngy cng c mt s quc gia v cc c quan siu quc gia, c th

    l Lin Hp Quc, Lin minh Chu u v Hoa K s dng, nhm chi phi cc hnh vi chnh tr ca cc quc

    gia khc. V bn cht, cc bin php trng pht ny nh hng n vn ti v thng mi quc t v do nh

    hng n Hi P&I v cc Hi vin ca Hi. Mt s bin php trng pht nh hng trc tip n phm vi bo

    him ca cc Hi vin.

    Mc ny ca trang web l ngun thng tin ch yu ca Hi v cc bin php trng pht v cung cp cc trang lin kt n

    cc ti liu v thng tin lin h ti cc vn phng qun l ca Hi c hng dn v phm vi bo him ca Hi v cc

    bin php trng pht.

    Chng ti c bit khuyn ngh cc hi vin nn tham kho li trang web ny theo nh k v ng k nhn thng bo qua

    email v cc mc mi ca trang web.

    Cc khu vc chnh ca hot ng trng pht

    Cn c vo s lng cc thc mc m Hi nhn c t cc Hi vin v cn c vo gi tr giao dch thng mi v phm vi

    ca cc bin php trng pht c p t, Hi xc nh cc quc gia di y l nhng khu vc chnh ca hot ng

    trng pht hoc l nhng khu vc ni ri ro b trng pht cho cc Hi vin v Hi c th rt cao:

    Iran

    Nga v Ukraina

    Syria

    Bc Triu Tin

    Cuba

    Sudan

    Somalia

    i vi Iran, Syria v Nga v Ukraina, Hi hin lu tr lng thng tin ln nht, mt phn l v gi tr giao dch thng mi

    ti hoc t cc quc gia ny v mt phn v bin php trng pht lin quan n cc quc gia ny hin ang c nhiu din

    bin v trong qu trnh iu chnh.

    Hi cng b mt lng thng tin ng k v cc bin php trng pht nh hng n Iran v Nga v Ukraina (xem cc

    trang lin kt) tuy nhin cc Hi vin cn lin h vi Nh qun l c t vn trc khi b tr tu ca mnh giao dch vi

    bt k quc gia no trong s tm quc gia ny.

    Cc quc gia b trng pht khc

    Cc quc gia di y cng l i tng ca cc bin php trng pht, tuy nhin phm vi ca cc bin php trng pht

    thng hn ch hn v trong mt s trng hp cc bin php trng pht c th vn tn ti do mt bin ng chnh tr ti

    quc gia lin quan. Cc hi vin tm kim thng tin v cc ri ro v cc bin php trng pht lin quan n hot ng giao

    dch thng mi vi cc quc gia ny cn lin h vi cc Nh qun l:

    Afghanistan; B-la-rt; Burma/Myanmar; Cng ha Dn ch Cngo; Ai-Cp; Eritrea; Cng ha Lin bang Nam t & Serbia;

    Iraq; B Bin Ng; Li-bng; Liberia; Libya; Cng ha Guinea; Tunisia; Yemen; Zimbabwe.

    Phm vi Bo him ca Hi P&I

    Cc quy nh lin quan trong Quy tc ca Hi i vi cc bin php trng pht l Quy tc 19(2) Nhm 1 nu r:

    http://www.westpandi.com/Special/Sanctions/iran/http://www.westpandi.com/Special/Sanctions/russia-and-the-ukraine/http://www.westpandi.com/Special/Sanctions/syria/

  • Tr khi y ban c quy nh khc, Hi s khng bo him cho mt tu yu cu bo him ca Hi vin hin ang c hot

    ng vn chuyn, giao dch thng mi hoc trong mt hnh trnh m di bt k cch thc no khin cho Hi c nguy c

    chu ri ro hoc tr nn b bt k bin php trng pht, lnh cm hoc hnh ng bt li no khc p t di bt k hnh

    thc no ca bt k quc gia hoc t chc quc t no hoc c quan c thm quyn khc.

    Ngoi ra, Hi khng c trch nhim bi hon cho cc Hi vin v bt k khon tin no m Hi khng th thu i t Pool

    v/hoc cc nh ti bo him do chu nh hng ca cc bin php trng pht. Cc quy nh lin quan ca cc Quy tc ca

    Hi l Quy tc 8(4) Nhm 1 nu r:

    "Trong bt k trng hp no, Hi min trch i vi bt k Hi vin no v phn trch nhim, ph tn v chi ph m Hi

    khng th thu hi t cc bn trongTha thun Pool, v/hoc theo Hp ng Ti bo him Vt mc Bi thng hoc bt k

    nh ti bo him no khc do phn thiu ht trong thu i t cc bn hoc nh ti bo him ny l do b trng pht, b cm

    hoc chu nh hng ca hnh ng bt li m mt quc gia hoc t chc quc t hoc c quan c thm quyn khc p t

    hoc ri ro thiu ht nu cc bn hoc cc nh ti bo him s tin hnh thanh ton/ chi tr. V mc ch ca Quy tc 8

    ny, thiu ht bao gm nhng khng gii hn bt k s c hoc s chm tr trong qu trnh thu i ca Hi do cc bn

    hoc nh ti bo him thc hin thanh ton vo mt ti khon ch nh tun th cc yu cu ca bt k quc gia hoc t

    chc quc t hoc c quan c thm quyn no khc."

    Trong bt k trng hp no, Bo him Nhm 2 l bo him ty v vic xem xt quyt nh cung cp bo him s cn

    tnh n bt k nguy c chu ri ro trng pht no ca Hi.

    Cc trang lin kt hu ch

    https://sdnsearch.ofac.treas.gov/ l mt cng c tm kim ca chnh ph M v mt s (nhng khng phi l ton b) cc t

    chc b trng pht

    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/financial-sanctions-iran-nuclear-proliferation l trang web ca chnh ph Anh

    cp n cc bin php trng pht ca EU v Anh i vi Iran.

    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/financial-sanctions-consolidated-list-of-targets l danh sch cc i tng b

    Anh p t trng pht v bao gm cc c nhn v t chc c lit k l i tng ca Lin minh Chu u.

    Lin h

    Cc Hi vin hoc cc nh mi gii ca Hi vin tm kim thng tin t Hi v cc bin php trng pht trc ht cn lin

    h vi Tony Paulson (Tony.Paulson@westpandi.com) hoc Robert Searle (Robert.Searle@westpandi.com).

    Lu quan trng

    Nhng thng tin do Hi cung cp v c th thng qua trang web ca Hi vn cha y . Hi lun n lc nhm m bo

    tnh chnh xc ca cc thng tin c cung cp. Tuy nhin, Hi khng th m bo iu ny v cc bin php trng pht ph

    thuc vo nhng thay i ca cc t chc chnh ph bng thng bo trc thi gian ngn. Ngoi ra, qu v khng nn coi

    thng tin ti trang web ny nh mt kin t vn php l c lp.

    Cc thnh vin cn c bit tin hnh sot xt c bit trc khi thu xp bt k thng v no cho hoc t mt quc gia b

    trng pht nhm m bo rng c hng ha tim nng cng nh cc bn ca lin doanh d kin u khng b trng pht.

    Hi lun sn sng h tr cc Thnh vin trong kh nng c th tuy nhin cc Thnh vin c th mong mun xin kin t

    vn php l c lp.

    https://sdnsearch.ofac.treas.gov/https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/financial-sanctions-iran-nuclear-proliferationhttps://www.gov.uk/government/publications/financial-sanctions-consolidated-list-of-targetsmailto:Tony.Paulson@westpandi.commailto:Robert.Searle@westpandi.com