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Conversion of Poly(Vinyl Conversion of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) to Fuel Oil Using Chloride) to Fuel Oil Using NiMo Catalyst on Silica NiMo Catalyst on Silica Alumina and Acid Catalyst Alumina and Acid Catalyst Dr. Dr. Chanatip S Chanatip S amart amart Department of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Thammasat Thammasat University University Assoc. Prof. Apinya Duangchan Assoc. Prof. Apinya Duangchan epartment of epartment of Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering , , Kasetsart Univer Kasetsart Univer ปปปปปป ปปปปปปปปปปปป ปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปปป ปปปปปปปป 13-14 ปป

Conversion of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) to Fuel Oil Using NiMo Catalyst on Silica Alumina and Acid Catalyst NiMo Catalyst on Silica Alumina and Acid Catalyst

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  • Conversion of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) to Fuel Oil Using NiMo Catalyst on Silica Alumina and Acid Catalyst Dr. Chanatip SamartDepartment of Chemistry, Thammasat UniversityAssoc. Prof. Apinya DuangchanDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Kasetsart University 13-14 2549

  • IntroductionTable1 Percentage composition of simulated plastic waste.

  • Recycling Technology Primary Recycling Secondary Recycling Tertiary Recycling Quaternary Recycling

  • Tertiary Recycling Thermal Cracking Catalytic Cracking Hydrocracking

  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)Fig 1 Structure of polyvinyl chloride - High mechanical strength- High polar- Non flamable

  • Polypropylene (PP)Fig 2 Structure of polypropylene- Isotactic- Syndiotactic- Atactic

  • Experimental

  • Pyrolysis process diagramCarrier gas, N2PlasticsTube reactorCooling waterLiquid productGas productAbsorber

  • Product analysis- Gas productAnalyzed C1-C3 by gas chromatograph porapak q column equipped with FID detector- liquid productFractionation by distillation in 4 boiling temperature range IBP-2000C201-2500C251-3700C>3700C

  • Analysis of gasoline (IBP-2000C) product- Determination of Benzene Toluene and Xylene (BTX)Gas chromatograph OV101 column equipped with FID detector- Determination of Octane Number by NMR

    Proton type

    Chemical shift region

    Ring aromatic

    Olefin

    (-Methyl

    Methine (paraffins)

    Methelene (paraffins)

    Methyl (paraffins)

    6.6 to 8.0 ppm (A)

    4.5 to 6.0 ppm (B)

    2.0 to 3.0 ppm (C)

    1.5 to 2.0 ppm (D)

    1.0 to 1.5 ppm (E)

    0.6 to 1.0 ppm (F)

  • Octane number of gasoline fraction by NMRABCDEF

  • Aromatics, vol % = [(A+C/3) 0.97102] / [(A+C/3)0.97+ 2B+E/2+F/3)1.02+3.33B]

    Paraffins, vol% = [(D-2B+E/2+F/3)1.02102] / [(A+C/3)0.97+(D- 2B+E/2+F/3)1.02 +3.33B]

    Olefins, vol% = [3.33B102] / [(A+C/3)0.97+(D- 2B+E/2+F/3)1.02+3.33B]isoparaffin index (CH3:CH2)= 2F:3ERON = 80.2 + 8.9 (isoparaffin index) + 0.107 (aromatics)MON = 70.8 + 10 (isoparaffin index) + 0.101 (aromatics)

  • Result and Discussion

  • Study the decomposition of PVC by TGA

  • The yields of product at various pyrolysis temperature and carrier gas

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    5/7/45150.63460150.63461.3230.769230769240000

    5/8/45151.34370151.34371.225040000

    5/1/4599.956099.9561.8166.666666666750000

    5/3/45149.490149.491.225050000

    5/9/45150.60860150.60861.07280.373831775760000

    5/25/45121.6350121.6351.406000214.2857142857

    5/30/45119.70810119.70811.506000200

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/21/450100.039100.0394.2370.921985815645000

    6/20/4530.5434120.1382150.6816475450004:1

    7/3/4525.260175.1869100.447475450003:1

    7/4/4530.717660.126790.84433.2592.3076923077450002:1

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    9/29/4550.3844100.7659151.15036.2947.694753577145002:1

    10/2/4550.7962150.3853201.18156.9343.29004329450003:1

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/9/4550.712750.0944100.80716.25484500.50852401:1

    11/1/4550.9534100.8137151.76716.9543.16546762594500.7578175.432:1

    11/2/4550.4413150.3113200.75266.1249.01960784314501.1063993:1

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    28/7/45()50.75850.267101.0257.7138.91050583664500.507501:1

    10/1/4550.1121100.2565150.36866.4446.58385093174500.753802:1

    8/28/4550.4713150.235200.70637.2441.43646408844501.057203:1

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/4/4550.644650.0206100.66527.1941.72461752434500.512838.361:1

    10/12/4550.94100.0384150.97846.6345.24886877834500.767497.722:1

    10/15/4550.2957150.0364200.33215.6253.38078291814501.009871.263:1

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    5/7/459.2230.325111.08966.120771721820.131497013373.7477312649

    5/8/4510.389936.7284104.22546.865102412624.268205415968.86669217156.492937067222.199851214671.3072117182

    5/1/4513.7948.5577.61213.80007203178.55376365677.6461643123

    5/3/4521.38415.337112.76914.304635761610.259549133775.435815104714.05235389669.406656394976.5409897085

    5/9/4530.909427.791.999220.522998022718.392044013461.0849579639

    5/25/4514.45221.06186.12211.881448596217.314917581370.8036338225

    5/30/459.79624.69185.22118.183239062420.626006093271.190754844510.032343829318.970461837270.9971943335

    theory of oiltheory of gastheory of solid%syn oil%syn solid%syn gas%yield oil%yield solid%yield gas

    6/21/4565.0098035.029265.009835.029200064.98446035.01554

    6/20/45103.7114.940642.0379.9406475864.59210886.14884365929.735-19.6499-34.930168.827913.27883427.89325

    7/3/4566.7233.784829.939250.4059110544.95585275.08523627732.37138-25.5728-33.403166.426083.76795729.80597

    7/4/4552.84184.231433.771140.9531631243.70722426.18391272729.02984-31.5741-22.733458.167444.6578637.1747

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180135.6251575154.437422810.0705196715.36931-41.8848-2.3096741.045875.84472153.10941

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180141.045875.84472153.10941

    9/29/4591.5215.721553.907860.54966480383.785305090435.6650301058

    10/2/45137.42047.057256.703968.3066782983.507877215428.1854444867

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    10/9/4545.69793.973651.135645.33202522443.941785846450.7261889292

    11/1/4579.91964.846167.001452.65937083863.193116294644.1475128668

    11/2/45131.17926.709962.863565.34371161323.342372651731.3139157351

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    28/7/45()44.34725.810750.867143.89725315525.751744617750.3510022272

    10/1/4593.34346.009951.015362.07639094863.996778582833.9268304686

    8/28/45138.49684.975657.233969.00470986712.479045251728.5162448812

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    45.48734.988750.189245.18671795224.955734454449.8575475934

    97.51737.068846.392364.5902327754.681994245530.7277729794

    131.18127.545661.605365.48186735923.766545650930.7515869898

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    7-8/5/4518.7612200-2009.346210.449.816642858752

    18.761220>2005.357528.5562757180

    1-3/5/4535.178300-2006.869819.526408550826.6666666667

    35.17830200-2500.99671.22.83330490654

    35.17830250-3707.7459822.019159702126.6666666667

    35.17830>3709.536327.10870430380

    5/9/4524.0765250-2003.90264.616.209166614718.4

    24.076525200-2503.98664.516.558054534518

    24.076525250-3702.23212.59.27086578210

    24.076525>37011.75248.81108134490

    25-30/5/4524.2696240-2004.30775.417.749365461322.5

    24.269624200-2502.5591310.544467152312.5

    24.269624250-3705.47765.822.56979925524.1666666667

    24.269624>3708.062333.21974816230

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/21/4537.7679500-20014.18182037.54987701240

    200-2505.5467.214.684427781314.4

    250-37010.68981428.30393005728

    >3703.884210.28439494910

    6/20/4538.1791500-20014.73022138.581841897842

    200-2503.86275.110.117315494610.2

    250-37013.03571534.143549743230

    >3702.71247.10441052830

    7/3/4538.055500-20013.89322036.508211798740

    200-2507.94321120.872947050322

    250-3706.9685918.311654184718

    >3706.514117.11759295760

    7/4/4538.6498500-20014.34762137.122054965442

    200-2506.8806917.802420711118

    250-3709.95881425.766756878428

    >3705.708914.77083969390

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    9/29/4537.8731500-20017.28422445.637140873148

    200-2506.8661018.12896224520

    250-3701.27692.83.37152226785.6

    >37010.123926.73110994350

    10/2/4538.9555500-20016.351922.541.975844232545

    200-2505.24516.913.464337513313.8

    250-3706.77128.717.381884457917.4

    >3708.558821.97071016930

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/9/4539.2701500-20015.747421.540.100228927443

    200-2504.4595.811.354694793211.6

    250-37012.690616.532.31618967133

    >3704.371611.1321336080

    11/1/4538.5852500-20015.49462240.156847703344

    200-2509.25612.523.98847226425

    250-3709.529324.69677492920

    >37000

    11/2/4537.349500-20017.13412445.875659321548

    200-2504.24525.611.366301641311.2

    250-3705.0799613.601167367312

    >3705.996816.05611930710

    Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    28/7/45()39.1084500-20017.015323.543.508044307647

    200-2505.3846.913.766863384813.8

    250-3702.89773.97.4094056527.8

    >37012.10130.94220167530

    10/1/4538.7735500-20019.7732650.996170064652

    200-2508.386411.521.629205514123

    250-3707.82520.18130939950

    >37000

    8/28/4539.0717500-20012.70041832.505368335636

    200-2506.5501916.764307670318

    250-37012.77921732.707048835934

    >3705.19613.29862790720

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/4/4539.5294500-20015.91752240.267497103444

    200-2504.796.212.117563130212.4

    250-37011.494614.529.078609844829

    >3704.985412.61187875350

    10/12/4538.6112500-20016.3052342.228679761346

    200-2508.03321020.805362174720

    250-3702.9843.97.72832753197.8

    >3708.651222.40593402950

    10/15/4537.831500-20017.86422647.221062091952

    200-2507.24539.319.151753852718.6

    250-3702.71913.67.18749173967.2

    >3707.86820.79775845210

    BTX

    datetempgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    7-8/5/45400n307449340267468

    9545287590516

    35541241691325

    6849.33333333330.033397333362310.027924831030.3334120.3947333333

    1-3/5/45500n30155661253071629410

    4523200811800220

    10044.50.046178726940.293776171481.50.6869261.02688

    5/9/45600n3010455305182068400

    130352531253300530

    361431253353654240

    19877.66666666670.08551066671363260.548304300772.3333333331.20408933331.837904

    25-30/5/45600h3034802167510242950

    8640368632215080

    217210.092884102186.50.411746122901.50.4926060.997236

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    date%PPgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/21/45100N301580876078890

    14835673324441

    15321.50.06728671700.0316816665.50.0676620.166628

    6/20/4580N30231837616873810

    243147661859030

    23748.50.1009947638.50.033554866420.3475680.482116

    7/3/4575N30203846030289340

    213597027308780

    197526247284400

    20498.33333333330.08799333336434.66666666670.028738666729417.33333333330.11866933330.2354013333

    7/4/4566.6666666667N30270978499359890

    236807016300940

    25388.50.1075547757.50.0340333041.50.1331660.27475

    6/25/4550N30236649684534140

    229239175519600

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/25/451:1N3023664968453414

    22923917551960

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    9/29/452:1N30171605622651

    208662825351

    189.50.00675863420.028368240010.0970040.13213

    10/2/453:1N30255780543351

    262823752476

    258.50.00703480210.03508447913.50.1926540.234772

    NiMo on Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/9/451:1N30374913248611

    286907849936

    3300.0073291050.0394249273.50.1980940.244834

    11/1/452:1N3036716193103017

    25117068108284

    3090.00723616630.50.069522105650.50.4236020.50036

    11/2/453:1N3053814846175057

    59814915175473

    5680.00827214880.50.0625221752650.702060.772854

    Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    28/7/45()1:1N3027159799249710

    25818717943331

    26488.50.1119547585.50.03334246520.50.1870820.332378

    10/1/452:1N3023729953973458

    25031985777101

    243800.1035296980.04179275279.50.3021180.44743

    8/28/453:1N303842803647505

    3814833748395

    38280.0213128186.50.035746479500.19280.249858

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/4/451:1N303635812945127542

    3476211885120208

    355600.14824124150.052661238750.49650.6974

    10/12/452:1N3026057971388950

    261191011890158

    260880.1103529915.50.042662895540.3592160.51223

    10/15/453:1N30867510780101966

    8586999790846

    8630.50.04052210388.50.044554964060.3866240.4717

    gas

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    5/7/452403120626772249

    2085103523101943

    22440.00203961120.50.000580252493.50.0012867520960.0004392

    5/8/45151687611161074

    148584810811065

    1500.50.001370458620.0004511098.50.000589251069.50.0002339

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    5/1/458438180762535532

    8999194467166658

    8718.50.007866651875.50.000957756484.50.0032822560950.001239

    5/3/455165265032485119215

    3233641361599812546

    419940.03781465319.50.0026797520424.50.0102522515880.50.0031961

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    5/9/453679686102657222937

    2274854361654414441

    297720.026814870230.0035315215580.010819186890.0037578

    5/25/45314965620311460

    3362267913431896

    3255.50.002949951667.50.0008537516870.000883516780.0003556

    5/30/45191362515091335

    154150812181049

    17270.0015743566.50.000303251363.50.0007217511920.0002584

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/21/4559472427896154656

    6597401541075162147

    62720.005664821290.50.0106652598560.00496858401.50.0117003

    6/20/4525251094423621927

    25701093426221985

    2547.50.002312751093.50.0005667542490.0021645219560.0044112

    7/3/455850113894102614126

    395582183257214602

    4902.50.004432259803.50.00492175367990.0184395143640.0028928

    7/4/4532897120262387088

    349575542929010182

    33920.003072873370.0036885277640.01392286350.001747

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    9/29/459013135705638028910

    13838204548351941244

    11425.50.01030295170120.00852669949.50.03501475350770.0070354

    10/2/459447155436512325028

    9125152096287822789

    92860.0083774153760.00770864000.50.0320402523908.50.0048017

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/9/45414480861875418044

    485496502162010994

    44990.004069188680.004454201870.0101335145190.0029238

    11/1/459901158714891021439

    5960100863056321000

    7930.50.0071574512978.50.0065092539736.50.0199082521219.50.0042639

    11/2/4515361244667932437739

    16994271899115930839

    16177.50.0145797525827.50.0129337585241.50.04266075342890.0068778

    Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    28/7/45()30886850218737282

    31446615210428220

    31160.00282446732.50.0033862521457.50.0107687577510.0015702

    10/1/45619497244171817808

    6671104355976219402

    6432.50.0058092510079.50.00505975507400.02541186050.003741

    8/28/45512380943217912108

    6537101674150212768

    58300.0052679130.50.0045852536840.50.01846025124380.0025076

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/4/4512614179066249429797

    14927208637514029298

    13770.50.0124134519384.50.00971225688170.034448529547.50.0059295

    10/12/4510938142542586215086

    11747152122708715487

    11342.50.01022825147330.007386526474.50.0132772515286.50.0030773

    10/15/4514110199826695027436

    12270175146150030149

    131900.011891187480.009394642250.032152528792.50.0057785

    yield pure PVC

    22.19985121466.492937067271.3072117182

    9.406656394914.052353896676.5409897085

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    18.970461837210.032343829370.9971943335

    %solid

    %oil

    %gas

    Temperature (0C)

    percent yield

    distillation PVC

    49.816642858728.55627571800

    19.52640855082.833304906522.019159702127.1087043038

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    (0C)

    BTX PVC

    0.03339733330.0279240.3334120.3947333333

    0.0461780.2937760.6869261.02688

    0.08551066670.5483041.20408933331.837904

    0.0928840.4117460.4926060.997236

    (0C)

    (/)

    yield PPmixPVC

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    %

    %

    %

    PP:PVC

    syn

    15.36931-41.8848-2.30967

    29.02984-31.5741-22.7334

    32.37138-25.5728-33.4031

    PP:PVC

    distillation PPmixPVC

    30.922559042717.674418604726.516435610616.2399414777

    45.6371408731203.371522267826.7311099435

    41.975844232513.817.381884457921.9707101693

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    PP:PVC

    PP:PVC

    BTX PPmixPVC

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    PP:PVC

    yieldvary11

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.941785846445.332025224450.7261889292

    5.751744617743.897253155250.3510022272

    4.955734454445.186717952249.8575475934

    %

    %

    %

    1:1

    distillvarycat11

    30.922559042717.281329360526.516435610616.2399414777

    40.100228927411.354694793232.31618967111.132133608

    43.508044307613.76686338487.40940565230.9422016753

    40.267497103412.117563130229.078609844812.6118787535

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    1:1

    BTXvarycat11

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.007320.039420.1980940.244834

    0.1119540.0333420.1870820.332378

    0.148240.052660.49650.6974

    (/)

    1:1

    yieldvarycat21

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.193116294652.659370838644.1475128668

    3.996778582862.076390948633.9268304686

    4.681994245564.59023277530.7277729794

    %

    %

    %

    2:1

    distillvarycat21

    45.637140873118.1289622453.371522267826.7311099435

    40.156847703323.98847226424.69677492920

    50.996170064621.629205514120.18130939950

    42.228679761320.80536217477.728327531922.4059340295

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    2:1

    BTXvarycat21

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0072360.0695220.4236020.50036

    0.103520.0417920.3021180.44743

    0.1103520.0426620.3592160.51223

    (/)

    2:1

    yieldvarycat31

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    3.342372651765.343711613231.3139157351

    2.479045251769.004709867128.5162448812

    3.766545650965.481867359230.7515869898

    %

    %

    %

    3:1

    distillvarycat31

    41.975844232513.464337513317.381884457921.9707101693

    45.875659321511.366301641313.601167367316.0561193071

    32.505368335616.764307670332.707048835913.2986279072

    47.221062091919.15175385277.187491739620.7977584521

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    3:1

    BTXvarycat31

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    0.0082720.0625220.702060.772854

    0.0213120.0357460.19280.249858

    0.0405220.0445540.3866240.4717

    (/)

    3:1

    gaspurePVC

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    0.02681480.00353150.0108190.0037578

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    (0C)

    gas PPmixPVC

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC

    gasvarycat11

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.00406910.0044540.01013350.0029238

    0.00282440.003386250.010768750.0015702

    0.012413450.009712250.03444850.0059295

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 1:1

    gasvarycat21

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.007157450.006509250.019908250.0042639

    0.005809250.005059750.025410.003741

    0.010228250.00738650.013277250.0030773

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 2:1

    gasvarycat31

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    0.014579750.012933750.042660750.0068778

    0.0052670.004585250.018460250.0025076

    0.0118910.0093940.03215250.0057785

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 3:1

  • The gas composition at various pyrolysis temperature and carrier gas Pyrolysis temperature increaseMethane yield

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    5/7/45150.63460150.63461.3230.769230769240000

    5/8/45151.34370151.34371.225040000

    5/1/4599.956099.9561.8166.666666666750000

    5/3/45149.490149.491.225050000

    5/9/45150.60860150.60861.07280.373831775760000

    5/25/45121.6350121.6351.406000214.2857142857

    5/30/45119.70810119.70811.506000200

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/21/450100.039100.0394.2370.921985815645000

    6/20/4530.5434120.1382150.6816475450004:1

    7/3/4525.260175.1869100.447475450003:1

    7/4/4530.717660.126790.84433.2592.3076923077450002:1

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    9/29/4550.3844100.7659151.15036.2947.694753577145002:1

    10/2/4550.7962150.3853201.18156.9343.29004329450003:1

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/9/4550.712750.0944100.80716.25484500.50852401:1

    11/1/4550.9534100.8137151.76716.9543.16546762594500.7578175.432:1

    11/2/4550.4413150.3113200.75266.1249.01960784314501.1063993:1

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    28/7/45()50.75850.267101.0257.7138.91050583664500.507501:1

    10/1/4550.1121100.2565150.36866.4446.58385093174500.753802:1

    8/28/4550.4713150.235200.70637.2441.43646408844501.057203:1

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/4/4550.644650.0206100.66527.1941.72461752434500.512838.361:1

    10/12/4550.94100.0384150.97846.6345.24886877834500.767497.722:1

    10/15/4550.2957150.0364200.33215.6253.38078291814501.009871.263:1

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    5/7/459.2230.325111.08966.120771721820.131497013373.7477312649

    5/8/4510.389936.7284104.22546.865102412624.268205415968.86669217156.492937067222.199851214671.3072117182

    5/1/4513.7948.5577.61213.80007203178.55376365677.6461643123

    5/3/4521.38415.337112.76914.304635761610.259549133775.435815104714.05235389669.406656394976.5409897085

    5/9/4530.909427.791.999220.522998022718.392044013461.0849579639

    5/25/4514.45221.06186.12211.881448596217.314917581370.8036338225

    5/30/459.79624.69185.22118.183239062420.626006093271.190754844510.032343829318.970461837270.9971943335

    theory of oiltheory of gastheory of solid%syn oil%syn solid%syn gas%yield oil%yield solid%yield gas

    6/21/4565.0098035.029265.009835.029200064.98446035.01554

    6/20/45103.7114.940642.0379.9406475864.59210886.14884365929.735-19.6499-34.930168.827913.27883427.89325

    7/3/4566.7233.784829.939250.4059110544.95585275.08523627732.37138-25.5728-33.403166.426083.76795729.80597

    7/4/4552.84184.231433.771140.9531631243.70722426.18391272729.02984-31.5741-22.733458.167444.6578637.1747

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180135.6251575154.437422810.0705196715.36931-41.8848-2.3096741.045875.84472153.10941

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180141.045875.84472153.10941

    9/29/4591.5215.721553.907860.54966480383.785305090435.6650301058

    10/2/45137.42047.057256.703968.3066782983.507877215428.1854444867

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    10/9/4545.69793.973651.135645.33202522443.941785846450.7261889292

    11/1/4579.91964.846167.001452.65937083863.193116294644.1475128668

    11/2/45131.17926.709962.863565.34371161323.342372651731.3139157351

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    28/7/45()44.34725.810750.867143.89725315525.751744617750.3510022272

    10/1/4593.34346.009951.015362.07639094863.996778582833.9268304686

    8/28/45138.49684.975657.233969.00470986712.479045251728.5162448812

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    45.48734.988750.189245.18671795224.955734454449.8575475934

    97.51737.068846.392364.5902327754.681994245530.7277729794

    131.18127.545661.605365.48186735923.766545650930.7515869898

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    7-8/5/4518.7612200-2009.346210.449.816642858752

    18.761220>2005.357528.5562757180

    1-3/5/4535.178300-2006.869819.526408550826.6666666667

    35.17830200-2500.99671.22.83330490654

    35.17830250-3707.7459822.019159702126.6666666667

    35.17830>3709.536327.10870430380

    5/9/4524.0765250-2003.90264.616.209166614718.4

    24.076525200-2503.98664.516.558054534518

    24.076525250-3702.23212.59.27086578210

    24.076525>37011.75248.81108134490

    25-30/5/4524.2696240-2004.30775.417.749365461322.5

    24.269624200-2502.5591310.544467152312.5

    24.269624250-3705.47765.822.56979925524.1666666667

    24.269624>3708.062333.21974816230

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/21/4537.7679500-20014.18182037.54987701240

    200-2505.5467.214.684427781314.4

    250-37010.68981428.30393005728

    >3703.884210.28439494910

    6/20/4538.1791500-20014.73022138.581841897842

    200-2503.86275.110.117315494610.2

    250-37013.03571534.143549743230

    >3702.71247.10441052830

    7/3/4538.055500-20013.89322036.508211798740

    200-2507.94321120.872947050322

    250-3706.9685918.311654184718

    >3706.514117.11759295760

    7/4/4538.6498500-20014.34762137.122054965442

    200-2506.8806917.802420711118

    250-3709.95881425.766756878428

    >3705.708914.77083969390

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    9/29/4537.8731500-20017.28422445.637140873148

    200-2506.8661018.12896224520

    250-3701.27692.83.37152226785.6

    >37010.123926.73110994350

    10/2/4538.9555500-20016.351922.541.975844232545

    200-2505.24516.913.464337513313.8

    250-3706.77128.717.381884457917.4

    >3708.558821.97071016930

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/9/4539.2701500-20015.747421.540.100228927443

    200-2504.4595.811.354694793211.6

    250-37012.690616.532.31618967133

    >3704.371611.1321336080

    11/1/4538.5852500-20015.49462240.156847703344

    200-2509.25612.523.98847226425

    250-3709.529324.69677492920

    >37000

    11/2/4537.349500-20017.13412445.875659321548

    200-2504.24525.611.366301641311.2

    250-3705.0799613.601167367312

    >3705.996816.05611930710

    Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    28/7/45()39.1084500-20017.015323.543.508044307647

    200-2505.3846.913.766863384813.8

    250-3702.89773.97.4094056527.8

    >37012.10130.94220167530

    10/1/4538.7735500-20019.7732650.996170064652

    200-2508.386411.521.629205514123

    250-3707.82520.18130939950

    >37000

    8/28/4539.0717500-20012.70041832.505368335636

    200-2506.5501916.764307670318

    250-37012.77921732.707048835934

    >3705.19613.29862790720

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/4/4539.5294500-20015.91752240.267497103444

    200-2504.796.212.117563130212.4

    250-37011.494614.529.078609844829

    >3704.985412.61187875350

    10/12/4538.6112500-20016.3052342.228679761346

    200-2508.03321020.805362174720

    250-3702.9843.97.72832753197.8

    >3708.651222.40593402950

    10/15/4537.831500-20017.86422647.221062091952

    200-2507.24539.319.151753852718.6

    250-3702.71913.67.18749173967.2

    >3707.86820.79775845210

    BTX

    datetempgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    7-8/5/45400n307449340267468

    9545287590516

    35541241691325

    6849.33333333330.033397333362310.027924831030.3334120.3947333333

    1-3/5/45500n30155661253071629410

    4523200811800220

    10044.50.046178726940.293776171481.50.6869261.02688

    5/9/45600n3010455305182068400

    130352531253300530

    361431253353654240

    19877.66666666670.08551066671363260.548304300772.3333333331.20408933331.837904

    25-30/5/45600h3034802167510242950

    8640368632215080

    217210.092884102186.50.411746122901.50.4926060.997236

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    date%PPgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/21/45100N301580876078890

    14835673324441

    15321.50.06728671700.0316816665.50.0676620.166628

    6/20/4580N30231837616873810

    243147661859030

    23748.50.1009947638.50.033554866420.3475680.482116

    7/3/4575N30203846030289340

    213597027308780

    197526247284400

    20498.33333333330.08799333336434.66666666670.028738666729417.33333333330.11866933330.2354013333

    7/4/4566.6666666667N30270978499359890

    236807016300940

    25388.50.1075547757.50.0340333041.50.1331660.27475

    6/25/4550N30236649684534140

    229239175519600

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/25/451:1N3023664968453414

    22923917551960

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    9/29/452:1N30171605622651

    208662825351

    189.50.00675863420.028368240010.0970040.13213

    10/2/453:1N30255780543351

    262823752476

    258.50.00703480210.03508447913.50.1926540.234772

    NiMo on Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/9/451:1N30374913248611

    286907849936

    3300.0073291050.0394249273.50.1980940.244834

    11/1/452:1N3036716193103017

    25117068108284

    3090.00723616630.50.069522105650.50.4236020.50036

    11/2/453:1N3053814846175057

    59814915175473

    5680.00827214880.50.0625221752650.702060.772854

    Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    28/7/45()1:1N3027159799249710

    25818717943331

    26488.50.1119547585.50.03334246520.50.1870820.332378

    10/1/452:1N3023729953973458

    25031985777101

    243800.1035296980.04179275279.50.3021180.44743

    8/28/453:1N303842803647505

    3814833748395

    38280.0213128186.50.035746479500.19280.249858

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/4/451:1N303635812945127542

    3476211885120208

    355600.14824124150.052661238750.49650.6974

    10/12/452:1N3026057971388950

    261191011890158

    260880.1103529915.50.042662895540.3592160.51223

    10/15/453:1N30867510780101966

    8586999790846

    8630.50.04052210388.50.044554964060.3866240.4717

    gas

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    5/7/452403120626772249

    2085103523101943

    22440.00203961120.50.000580252493.50.0012867520960.0004392

    5/8/45151687611161074

    148584810811065

    1500.50.001370458620.0004511098.50.000589251069.50.0002339

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    5/1/458438180762535532

    8999194467166658

    8718.50.007866651875.50.000957756484.50.0032822560950.001239

    5/3/455165265032485119215

    3233641361599812546

    419940.03781465319.50.0026797520424.50.0102522515880.50.0031961

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    5/9/453679686102657222937

    2274854361654414441

    297720.026814870230.0035315215580.010819186890.0037578

    5/25/45314965620311460

    3362267913431896

    3255.50.002949951667.50.0008537516870.000883516780.0003556

    5/30/45191362515091335

    154150812181049

    17270.0015743566.50.000303251363.50.0007217511920.0002584

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/21/4559472427896154656

    6597401541075162147

    62720.005664821290.50.0106652598560.00496858401.50.0117003

    6/20/4525251094423621927

    25701093426221985

    2547.50.002312751093.50.0005667542490.0021645219560.0044112

    7/3/455850113894102614126

    395582183257214602

    4902.50.004432259803.50.00492175367990.0184395143640.0028928

    7/4/4532897120262387088

    349575542929010182

    33920.003072873370.0036885277640.01392286350.001747

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    9/29/459013135705638028910

    13838204548351941244

    11425.50.01030295170120.00852669949.50.03501475350770.0070354

    10/2/459447155436512325028

    9125152096287822789

    92860.0083774153760.00770864000.50.0320402523908.50.0048017

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/9/45414480861875418044

    485496502162010994

    44990.004069188680.004454201870.0101335145190.0029238

    11/1/459901158714891021439

    5960100863056321000

    7930.50.0071574512978.50.0065092539736.50.0199082521219.50.0042639

    11/2/4515361244667932437739

    16994271899115930839

    16177.50.0145797525827.50.0129337585241.50.04266075342890.0068778

    Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    28/7/45()30886850218737282

    31446615210428220

    31160.00282446732.50.0033862521457.50.0107687577510.0015702

    10/1/45619497244171817808

    6671104355976219402

    6432.50.0058092510079.50.00505975507400.02541186050.003741

    8/28/45512380943217912108

    6537101674150212768

    58300.0052679130.50.0045852536840.50.01846025124380.0025076

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/4/4512614179066249429797

    14927208637514029298

    13770.50.0124134519384.50.00971225688170.034448529547.50.0059295

    10/12/4510938142542586215086

    11747152122708715487

    11342.50.01022825147330.007386526474.50.0132772515286.50.0030773

    10/15/4514110199826695027436

    12270175146150030149

    131900.011891187480.009394642250.032152528792.50.0057785

    yield pure PVC

    22.19985121466.492937067271.3072117182

    9.406656394914.052353896676.5409897085

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    18.970461837210.032343829370.9971943335

    %

    %

    %

    (0C)

    distillation PVC

    49.816642858728.55627571800

    19.52640855082.833304906522.019159702127.1087043038

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    (0C)

    BTX PVC

    0.03339733330.0279240.3334120.3947333333

    0.0461780.2937760.6869261.02688

    0.08551066670.5483041.20408933331.837904

    0.0928840.4117460.4926060.997236

    (0C)

    (/)

    yield PPmixPVC

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    %

    %

    %

    PP:PVC

    syn

    15.36931-41.8848-2.30967

    29.02984-31.5741-22.7334

    32.37138-25.5728-33.4031

    PP:PVC

    distillation PPmixPVC

    30.922559042717.674418604726.516435610616.2399414777

    45.6371408731203.371522267826.7311099435

    41.975844232513.817.381884457921.9707101693

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    PP:PVC

    PP:PVC

    BTX PPmixPVC

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    PP:PVC

    yieldvary11

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.941785846445.332025224450.7261889292

    5.751744617743.897253155250.3510022272

    4.955734454445.186717952249.8575475934

    %

    %

    %

    1:1

    distillvarycat11

    30.922559042717.281329360526.516435610616.2399414777

    40.100228927411.354694793232.31618967111.132133608

    43.508044307613.76686338487.40940565230.9422016753

    40.267497103412.117563130229.078609844812.6118787535

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    1:1

    BTXvarycat11

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.007320.039420.1980940.244834

    0.1119540.0333420.1870820.332378

    0.148240.052660.49650.6974

    (/)

    1:1

    yieldvarycat21

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.193116294652.659370838644.1475128668

    3.996778582862.076390948633.9268304686

    4.681994245564.59023277530.7277729794

    %

    %

    %

    2:1

    distillvarycat21

    45.637140873118.1289622453.371522267826.7311099435

    40.156847703323.98847226424.69677492920

    50.996170064621.629205514120.18130939950

    42.228679761320.80536217477.728327531922.4059340295

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    2:1

    BTXvarycat21

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0072360.0695220.4236020.50036

    0.103520.0417920.3021180.44743

    0.1103520.0426620.3592160.51223

    (/)

    2:1

    yieldvarycat31

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    3.342372651765.343711613231.3139157351

    2.479045251769.004709867128.5162448812

    3.766545650965.481867359230.7515869898

    %

    %

    %

    3:1

    distillvarycat31

    41.975844232513.464337513317.381884457921.9707101693

    45.875659321511.366301641313.601167367316.0561193071

    32.505368335616.764307670332.707048835913.2986279072

    47.221062091919.15175385277.187491739620.7977584521

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    3:1

    BTXvarycat31

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    0.0082720.0625220.702060.772854

    0.0213120.0357460.19280.249858

    0.0405220.0445540.3866240.4717

    (/)

    3:1

    gaspurePVC

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    0.02681480.00353150.0108190.0037578

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    methane

    ethylene

    ethane

    propane and propylene

    Temperature (0C)

    Concentration (mol/l)

    gas PPmixPVC

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC

    gasvarycat11

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.00406910.0044540.01013350.0029238

    0.00282440.003386250.010768750.0015702

    0.012413450.009712250.03444850.0059295

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 1:1

    gasvarycat21

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.007157450.006509250.019908250.0042639

    0.005809250.005059750.025410.003741

    0.010228250.00738650.013277250.0030773

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 2:1

    gasvarycat31

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    0.014579750.012933750.042660750.0068778

    0.0052670.004585250.018460250.0025076

    0.0118910.0093940.03215250.0057785

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 3:1

  • Fraction of liquid products derived from pyrolysis of PVCPyrolysis temperature increase Gasoline yield

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    5/7/45150.63460150.63461.3230.769230769240000

    5/8/45151.34370151.34371.225040000

    5/1/4599.956099.9561.8166.666666666750000

    5/3/45149.490149.491.225050000

    5/9/45150.60860150.60861.07280.373831775760000

    5/25/45121.6350121.6351.406000214.2857142857

    5/30/45119.70810119.70811.506000200

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    5/7/459.2230.325111.08966.120771721820.131497013373.7477312649

    5/8/4510.389936.7284104.22546.865102412624.268205415968.86669217156.492937067222.199851214671.3072117182

    5/1/4513.7948.5577.61213.80007203178.55376365677.6461643123

    5/3/4521.38415.337112.76914.304635761610.259549133775.435815104714.05235389669.406656394976.5409897085

    5/9/4530.909427.791.999220.522998022718.392044013461.0849579639

    5/25/4514.45221.06186.12211.881448596217.314917581370.8036338225

    5/30/459.79624.69185.22118.183239062420.626006093271.190754844510.032343829318.970461837270.9971943335

    composition of oil

    datetempgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    7-8/5/45400n307449340267468

    9545287590516

    35541241691325

    6849.33333333330.033397333362310.027924831030.3334120.3947333333

    1-3/5/45500n30155661253071629410

    4523200811800220

    10044.50.046178726940.293776171481.50.6869261.02688

    5/9/45600n3010455305182068400

    130352531253300530

    361431253353654240

    19877.66666666670.08551066671363260.548304300772.3333333331.20408933331.837904

    25-30/5/45600h3034802167510242950

    8640368632215080

    217210.092884102186.50.411746122901.50.4926060.997236

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    7-8/5/4518.7612200-2009.346210.449.816642858752

    18.761220>2005.357528.5562757180

    1-3/5/4535.178300-2006.869819.526408550826.6666666667

    35.17830200-2500.99671.22.83330490654

    35.17830250-3707.7459822.019159702126.6666666667

    35.17830>3709.536327.10870430380

    5/9/4524.0765250-2003.90264.616.209166614718.4

    24.076525200-2503.98664.516.558054534518

    24.076525250-3702.23212.59.27086578210

    24.076525>37011.75248.81108134490

    25-30/5/4524.2696240-2004.30775.417.749365461322.5

    24.269624200-2502.5591310.544467152312.5

    24.269624250-3705.47765.822.56979925524.1666666667

    24.269624>3708.062333.21974816230

    1

    22.19985121466.492937067271.3072117182

    9.406656394914.052353896676.5409897085

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    %solid

    %oil

    %gas

    temperature ( 0C)

    Percent of product

    2

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    18.970461837210.032343829370.9971943335

    %

    %

    %

    49.816642858728.55627571800

    19.52640855082.833304906522.019159702127.1087043038

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    Temperature ( 0C)

    Percent of oil

    2

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    0-200

    200-250

    250-370

    >370

    600

    BTX

    0.03339733330.0279240.333412

    0.0461780.2937760.686926

    0.08551066670.5483041.2040893333

    benzene

    toluene

    xylene

    temperature 0C

    concentration (mol/l)

    BTX

  • BTX content of pyrolysed PVC at various temperaturesTemperatureBTX contentHydropyrolysis < PyrolysisBTX content

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    5/7/45150.63460150.63461.3230.769230769240000

    5/8/45151.34370151.34371.225040000

    5/1/4599.956099.9561.8166.666666666750000

    5/3/45149.490149.491.225050000

    5/9/45150.60860150.60861.07280.373831775760000

    5/25/45121.6350121.6351.406000214.2857142857

    5/30/45119.70810119.70811.506000200

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/21/450100.039100.0394.2370.921985815645000

    6/20/4530.5434120.1382150.6816475450004:1

    7/3/4525.260175.1869100.447475450003:1

    7/4/4530.717660.126790.84433.2592.3076923077450002:1

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    9/29/4550.3844100.7659151.15036.2947.694753577145002:1

    10/2/4550.7962150.3853201.18156.9343.29004329450003:1

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/9/4550.712750.0944100.80716.25484500.50852401:1

    11/1/4550.9534100.8137151.76716.9543.16546762594500.7578175.432:1

    11/2/4550.4413150.3113200.75266.1249.01960784314501.1063993:1

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    28/7/45()50.75850.267101.0257.7138.91050583664500.507501:1

    10/1/4550.1121100.2565150.36866.4446.58385093174500.753802:1

    8/28/4550.4713150.235200.70637.2441.43646408844501.057203:1

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/4/4550.644650.0206100.66527.1941.72461752434500.512838.361:1

    10/12/4550.94100.0384150.97846.6345.24886877834500.767497.722:1

    10/15/4550.2957150.0364200.33215.6253.38078291814501.009871.263:1

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    5/7/459.2230.325111.08966.120771721820.131497013373.7477312649

    5/8/4510.389936.7284104.22546.865102412624.268205415968.86669217156.492937067222.199851214671.3072117182

    5/1/4513.7948.5577.61213.80007203178.55376365677.6461643123

    5/3/4521.38415.337112.76914.304635761610.259549133775.435815104714.05235389669.406656394976.5409897085

    5/9/4530.909427.791.999220.522998022718.392044013461.0849579639

    5/25/4514.45221.06186.12211.881448596217.314917581370.8036338225

    5/30/459.79624.69185.22118.183239062420.626006093271.190754844510.032343829318.970461837270.9971943335

    theory of oiltheory of gastheory of solid%syn oil%syn solid%syn gas%yield oil%yield solid%yield gas

    6/21/4565.0098035.029265.009835.029200064.98446035.01554

    6/20/45103.7114.940642.0379.9406475864.59210886.14884365929.735-19.6499-34.930168.827913.27883427.89325

    7/3/4566.7233.784829.939250.4059110544.95585275.08523627732.37138-25.5728-33.403166.426083.76795729.80597

    7/4/4552.84184.231433.771140.9531631243.70722426.18391272729.02984-31.5741-22.733458.167444.6578637.1747

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180135.6251575154.437422810.0705196715.36931-41.8848-2.3096741.045875.84472153.10941

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180141.045875.84472153.10941

    9/29/4591.5215.721553.907860.54966480383.785305090435.6650301058

    10/2/45137.42047.057256.703968.3066782983.507877215428.1854444867

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    10/9/4545.69793.973651.135645.33202522443.941785846450.7261889292

    11/1/4579.91964.846167.001452.65937083863.193116294644.1475128668

    11/2/45131.17926.709962.863565.34371161323.342372651731.3139157351

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    28/7/45()44.34725.810750.867143.89725315525.751744617750.3510022272

    10/1/4593.34346.009951.015362.07639094863.996778582833.9268304686

    8/28/45138.49684.975657.233969.00470986712.479045251728.5162448812

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    45.48734.988750.189245.18671795224.955734454449.8575475934

    97.51737.068846.392364.5902327754.681994245530.7277729794

    131.18127.545661.605365.48186735923.766545650930.7515869898

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    7-8/5/4518.7612200-2009.346210.449.816642858752

    18.761220>2005.357528.5562757180

    1-3/5/4535.178300-2006.869819.526408550826.6666666667

    35.17830200-2500.99671.22.83330490654

    35.17830250-3707.7459822.019159702126.6666666667

    35.17830>3709.536327.10870430380

    5/9/4524.0765250-2003.90264.616.209166614718.4

    24.076525200-2503.98664.516.558054534518

    24.076525250-3702.23212.59.27086578210

    24.076525>37011.75248.81108134490

    25-30/5/4524.2696240-2004.30775.417.749365461322.5

    24.269624200-2502.5591310.544467152312.5

    24.269624250-3705.47765.822.56979925524.1666666667

    24.269624>3708.062333.21974816230

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/21/4537.7679500-20014.18182037.54987701240

    200-2505.5467.214.684427781314.4

    250-37010.68981428.30393005728

    >3703.884210.28439494910

    6/20/4538.1791500-20014.73022138.581841897842

    200-2503.86275.110.117315494610.2

    250-37013.03571534.143549743230

    >3702.71247.10441052830

    7/3/4538.055500-20013.89322036.508211798740

    200-2507.94321120.872947050322

    250-3706.9685918.311654184718

    >3706.514117.11759295760

    7/4/4538.6498500-20014.34762137.122054965442

    200-2506.8806917.802420711118

    250-3709.95881425.766756878428

    >3705.708914.77083969390

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    9/29/4537.8731500-20017.28422445.637140873148

    200-2506.8661018.12896224520

    250-3701.27692.83.37152226785.6

    >37010.123926.73110994350

    10/2/4538.9555500-20016.351922.541.975844232545

    200-2505.24516.913.464337513313.8

    250-3706.77128.717.381884457917.4

    >3708.558821.97071016930

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/9/4539.2701500-20015.747421.540.100228927443

    200-2504.4595.811.354694793211.6

    250-37012.690616.532.31618967133

    >3704.371611.1321336080

    11/1/4538.5852500-20015.49462240.156847703344

    200-2509.25612.523.98847226425

    250-3709.529324.69677492920

    >37000

    11/2/4537.349500-20017.13412445.875659321548

    200-2504.24525.611.366301641311.2

    250-3705.0799613.601167367312

    >3705.996816.05611930710

    Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    28/7/45()39.1084500-20017.015323.543.508044307647

    200-2505.3846.913.766863384813.8

    250-3702.89773.97.4094056527.8

    >37012.10130.94220167530

    10/1/4538.7735500-20019.7732650.996170064652

    200-2508.386411.521.629205514123

    250-3707.82520.18130939950

    >37000

    8/28/4539.0717500-20012.70041832.505368335636

    200-2506.5501916.764307670318

    250-37012.77921732.707048835934

    >3705.19613.29862790720

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/4/4539.5294500-20015.91752240.267497103444

    200-2504.796.212.117563130212.4

    250-37011.494614.529.078609844829

    >3704.985412.61187875350

    10/12/4538.6112500-20016.3052342.228679761346

    200-2508.03321020.805362174720

    250-3702.9843.97.72832753197.8

    >3708.651222.40593402950

    10/15/4537.831500-20017.86422647.221062091952

    200-2507.24539.319.151753852718.6

    250-3702.71913.67.18749173967.2

    >3707.86820.79775845210

    BTX

    datetempgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    7-8/5/45400n307449340267468

    9545287590516

    35541241691325

    6849.33333333330.033397333362310.027924831030.3334120.3947333333

    1-3/5/45500n30155661253071629410

    4523200811800220

    10044.50.046178726940.293776171481.50.6869261.02688

    5/9/45600n3010455305182068400

    130352531253300530

    361431253353654240

    19877.66666666670.08551066671363260.548304300772.3333333331.20408933331.837904

    25-30/5/45600h3034802167510242950

    8640368632215080

    217210.092884102186.50.411746122901.50.4926060.997236

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    date%PPgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/21/45100N301580876078890

    14835673324441

    15321.50.06728671700.0316816665.50.0676620.166628

    6/20/4580N30231837616873810

    243147661859030

    23748.50.1009947638.50.033554866420.3475680.482116

    7/3/4575N30203846030289340

    213597027308780

    197526247284400

    20498.33333333330.08799333336434.66666666670.028738666729417.33333333330.11866933330.2354013333

    7/4/4566.6666666667N30270978499359890

    236807016300940

    25388.50.1075547757.50.0340333041.50.1331660.27475

    6/25/4550N30236649684534140

    229239175519600

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/25/451:1N3023664968453414

    22923917551960

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    9/29/452:1N30171605622651

    208662825351

    189.50.00675863420.028368240010.0970040.13213

    10/2/453:1N30255780543351

    262823752476

    258.50.00703480210.03508447913.50.1926540.234772

    NiMo on Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/9/451:1N30374913248611

    286907849936

    3300.0073291050.0394249273.50.1980940.244834

    11/1/452:1N3036716193103017

    25117068108284

    3090.00723616630.50.069522105650.50.4236020.50036

    11/2/453:1N3053814846175057

    59814915175473

    5680.00827214880.50.0625221752650.702060.772854

    Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    28/7/45()1:1N3027159799249710

    25818717943331

    26488.50.1119547585.50.03334246520.50.1870820.332378

    10/1/452:1N3023729953973458

    25031985777101

    243800.1035296980.04179275279.50.3021180.44743

    8/28/453:1N303842803647505

    3814833748395

    38280.0213128186.50.035746479500.19280.249858

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/4/451:1N303635812945127542

    3476211885120208

    355600.14824124150.052661238750.49650.6974

    10/12/452:1N3026057971388950

    261191011890158

    260880.1103529915.50.042662895540.3592160.51223

    10/15/453:1N30867510780101966

    8586999790846

    8630.50.04052210388.50.044554964060.3866240.4717

    gas

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    5/7/452403120626772249

    2085103523101943

    22440.00203961120.50.000580252493.50.0012867520960.0004392

    5/8/45151687611161074

    148584810811065

    1500.50.001370458620.0004511098.50.000589251069.50.0002339

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    5/1/458438180762535532

    8999194467166658

    8718.50.007866651875.50.000957756484.50.0032822560950.001239

    5/3/455165265032485119215

    3233641361599812546

    419940.03781465319.50.0026797520424.50.0102522515880.50.0031961

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    5/9/453679686102657222937

    2274854361654414441

    297720.026814870230.0035315215580.010819186890.0037578

    5/25/45314965620311460

    3362267913431896

    3255.50.002949951667.50.0008537516870.000883516780.0003556

    5/30/45191362515091335

    154150812181049

    17270.0015743566.50.000303251363.50.0007217511920.0002584

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/21/4559472427896154656

    6597401541075162147

    62720.005664821290.50.0106652598560.00496858401.50.0117003

    6/20/4525251094423621927

    25701093426221985

    2547.50.002312751093.50.0005667542490.0021645219560.0044112

    7/3/455850113894102614126

    395582183257214602

    4902.50.004432259803.50.00492175367990.0184395143640.0028928

    7/4/4532897120262387088

    349575542929010182

    33920.003072873370.0036885277640.01392286350.001747

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    9/29/459013135705638028910

    13838204548351941244

    11425.50.01030295170120.00852669949.50.03501475350770.0070354

    10/2/459447155436512325028

    9125152096287822789

    92860.0083774153760.00770864000.50.0320402523908.50.0048017

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/9/45414480861875418044

    485496502162010994

    44990.004069188680.004454201870.0101335145190.0029238

    11/1/459901158714891021439

    5960100863056321000

    7930.50.0071574512978.50.0065092539736.50.0199082521219.50.0042639

    11/2/4515361244667932437739

    16994271899115930839

    16177.50.0145797525827.50.0129337585241.50.04266075342890.0068778

    Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    28/7/45()30886850218737282

    31446615210428220

    31160.00282446732.50.0033862521457.50.0107687577510.0015702

    10/1/45619497244171817808

    6671104355976219402

    6432.50.0058092510079.50.00505975507400.02541186050.003741

    8/28/45512380943217912108

    6537101674150212768

    58300.0052679130.50.0045852536840.50.01846025124380.0025076

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/4/4512614179066249429797

    14927208637514029298

    13770.50.0124134519384.50.00971225688170.034448529547.50.0059295

    10/12/4510938142542586215086

    11747152122708715487

    11342.50.01022825147330.007386526474.50.0132772515286.50.0030773

    10/15/4514110199826695027436

    12270175146150030149

    131900.011891187480.009394642250.032152528792.50.0057785

    yield pure PVC

    22.19985121466.492937067271.3072117182

    9.406656394914.052353896676.5409897085

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    18.970461837210.032343829370.9971943335

    %

    %

    %

    (0C)

    distillation PVC

    49.816642858728.55627571800

    19.52640855082.833304906522.019159702127.1087043038

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    (0C)

    BTX PVC

    0.03339733330.0279240.3334120.3947333333

    0.0461780.2937760.6869261.02688

    0.08551066670.5483041.20408933331.837904

    0.0928840.4117460.4926060.997236

    benzene

    toluene

    xylene

    total

    Temperature (0C)

    concentration (mol/l)

    yield PPmixPVC

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    %

    %

    %

    PP:PVC

    syn

    15.36931-41.8848-2.30967

    29.02984-31.5741-22.7334

    32.37138-25.5728-33.4031

    PP:PVC

    distillation PPmixPVC

    30.922559042717.674418604726.516435610616.2399414777

    45.6371408731203.371522267826.7311099435

    41.975844232513.817.381884457921.9707101693

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    PP:PVC

    PP:PVC

    BTX PPmixPVC

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    PP:PVC

    yieldvary11

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.941785846445.332025224450.7261889292

    5.751744617743.897253155250.3510022272

    4.955734454445.186717952249.8575475934

    %

    %

    %

    1:1

    distillvarycat11

    30.922559042717.281329360526.516435610616.2399414777

    40.100228927411.354694793232.31618967111.132133608

    43.508044307613.76686338487.40940565230.9422016753

    40.267497103412.117563130229.078609844812.6118787535

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    1:1

    BTXvarycat11

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.007320.039420.1980940.244834

    0.1119540.0333420.1870820.332378

    0.148240.052660.49650.6974

    (/)

    1:1

    yieldvarycat21

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.193116294652.659370838644.1475128668

    3.996778582862.076390948633.9268304686

    4.681994245564.59023277530.7277729794

    %

    %

    %

    2:1

    distillvarycat21

    45.637140873118.1289622453.371522267826.7311099435

    40.156847703323.98847226424.69677492920

    50.996170064621.629205514120.18130939950

    42.228679761320.80536217477.728327531922.4059340295

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    2:1

    BTXvarycat21

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0072360.0695220.4236020.50036

    0.103520.0417920.3021180.44743

    0.1103520.0426620.3592160.51223

    (/)

    2:1

    yieldvarycat31

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    3.342372651765.343711613231.3139157351

    2.479045251769.004709867128.5162448812

    3.766545650965.481867359230.7515869898

    %

    %

    %

    3:1

    distillvarycat31

    41.975844232513.464337513317.381884457921.9707101693

    45.875659321511.366301641313.601167367316.0561193071

    32.505368335616.764307670332.707048835913.2986279072

    47.221062091919.15175385277.187491739620.7977584521

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    3:1

    BTXvarycat31

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    0.0082720.0625220.702060.772854

    0.0213120.0357460.19280.249858

    0.0405220.0445540.3866240.4717

    (/)

    3:1

    gaspurePVC

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    0.02681480.00353150.0108190.0037578

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    (0C)

    gas PPmixPVC

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC

    gasvarycat11

    0.00146180.00043650.001316750.0025567

    0.00406910.0044540.01013350.0029238

    0.00282440.003386250.010768750.0015702

    0.012413450.009712250.03444850.0059295

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 1:1

    gasvarycat21

    0.010302950.0085260.035014750.0070354

    0.007157450.006509250.019908250.0042639

    0.005809250.005059750.025410.003741

    0.010228250.00738650.013277250.0030773

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 2:1

    gasvarycat31

    0.00837740.0077080.032040250.0048017

    0.014579750.012933750.042660750.0068778

    0.0052670.004585250.018460250.0025076

    0.0118910.0093940.03215250.0057785

    (/)

    4500C PP:PVC 3:1

  • Synergistic effect of PP:PVC for pyrolysis(oil:gas:solid = 65%:35%:0% for PP and 6.5%:71.3%:22.2% for PVC)

    synergistic

    29.7350010737-19.6499329925-34.9301318567

    32.371379877-25.5727798318-33.403109447

    29.0298379355-31.5740666613-22.7333681052

    15.3693144759-41.8848262956-2.3096663172

    oil

    solid

    gas

    PP:PVC

    %Synergystic

    37.54987701214.684427781328.30393005710.2843949491

    38.581841897810.117315494634.14354974327.1044105283

    36.508211798720.872947050318.311654184717.1175929576

    37.122054965417.802420711125.766756878414.7708396939

    30.922559042717.281329360526.516435610616.2399414777

    0-200

    200-250

    250-370

    >370

    %PP

    PP

    BTX

    0.0672860.031680.067662

    0.1009940.0335540.347568

    0.08799333330.02873866670.1186693333

    0.1075540.034030.133166

    0.0991740.0407180.211748

    concbz

    conc to

    concxy

    %PP

    BTX

    BTX

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/21/450100.039100.0394.2370.921985815645000

    6/20/4530.5434120.1382150.681647545000

    7/3/4525.260175.1869100.44747545000

    7/4/4530.717660.126790.84433.2592.307692307745000

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.947368421145000

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gastheory of oiltheory of gastheory of solid%syn oil%syn solid%syn gas

    6/21/4565.0098035.029265.009835.02920000

    6/20/45103.7114.940642.0379.940647582964.59210875836.148843658829.7350010737-19.6499329925-34.9301318567

    7/3/4566.7233.784829.939250.405911052744.95585267035.085236277132.371379877-25.5727798318-33.403109447

    7/4/4552.84184.231433.771140.953163117543.70722415596.183912726629.0298379355-31.5740666613-22.7333681052

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180135.625157509854.437422818810.070519671415.3693144759-41.8848262956-2.3096663172

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/21/4537.7679500-20014.18182037.54987701240

    200-2505.5467.214.684427781314.4

    250-37010.68981428.30393005728

    >3703.884210.28439494910

    6/20/4538.1791500-20014.73022138.581841897842

    200-2503.86275.110.117315494610.2

    250-37013.03571534.143549743230

    >3702.71247.10441052830

    7/3/4538.055500-20013.89322036.508211798740

    200-2507.94321120.872947050322

    250-3706.9685918.311654184718

    >3706.514117.11759295760

    7/4/4538.6498500-20014.34762137.122054965442

    200-2506.8806917.802420711118

    250-3709.95881425.766756878428

    >3705.708914.77083969390

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    composition of oil

    date%PPgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/21/45100N301580876078890

    14835673324441

    15321.50.06728671700.0316816665.50.0676620.166628

    6/20/4580N30231837616873810

    243147661859030

    23748.50.1009947638.50.033554866420.3475680.482116

    7/3/4575N30203846030289340

    213597027308780

    197526247284400

    20498.33333333330.08799333336434.66666666670.028738666729417.33333333330.11866933330.2354013333

    7/4/4566.6666666667N30270978499359890

    236807016300940

    25388.50.1075547757.50.0340333041.50.1331660.27475

    6/25/4550N30236649684534140

    229239175519600

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

  • The gas composition at various ratio of PP:PVC At ratio 2:1 and 3:1 give high ethane yield.

    condition

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    5/7/45150.63460150.63461.3230.769230769240000

    5/8/45151.34370151.34371.225040000

    5/1/4599.956099.9561.8166.666666666750000

    5/3/45149.490149.491.225050000

    5/9/45150.60860150.60861.07280.373831775760000

    5/25/45121.6350121.6351.406000214.2857142857

    5/30/45119.70810119.70811.506000200

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/21/450100.039100.0394.2370.921985815645000

    6/20/4530.5434120.1382150.6816475450004:1

    7/3/4525.260175.1869100.447475450003:1

    7/4/4530.717660.126790.84433.2592.3076923077450002:1

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    6/25/4550.023750.1094100.13313.878.9473684211450001:1

    9/29/4550.3844100.7659151.15036.2947.694753577145002:1

    10/2/4550.7962150.3853201.18156.9343.29004329450003:1

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/9/4550.712750.0944100.80716.25484500.50852401:1

    11/1/4550.9534100.8137151.76716.9543.16546762594500.7578175.432:1

    11/2/4550.4413150.3113200.75266.1249.01960784314501.1063993:1

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    28/7/45()50.75850.267101.0257.7138.91050583664500.507501:1

    10/1/4550.1121100.2565150.36866.4446.58385093174500.753802:1

    8/28/4550.4713150.235200.70637.2441.43646408844501.057203:1

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of PVCweight of PPtotalflow5mlN2 flowreaction tempweight of catalystH2flow

    10/4/4550.644650.0206100.66527.1941.72461752434500.512838.361:1

    10/12/4550.94100.0384150.97846.6345.24886877834500.767497.722:1

    10/15/4550.2957150.0364200.33215.6253.38078291814501.009871.263:1

    yield

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    5/7/459.2230.325111.08966.120771721820.131497013373.7477312649

    5/8/4510.389936.7284104.22546.865102412624.268205415968.86669217156.492937067222.199851214671.3072117182

    5/1/4513.7948.5577.61213.80007203178.55376365677.6461643123

    5/3/4521.38415.337112.76914.304635761610.259549133775.435815104714.05235389669.406656394976.5409897085

    5/9/4530.909427.791.999220.522998022718.392044013461.0849579639

    5/25/4514.45221.06186.12211.881448596217.314917581370.8036338225

    5/30/459.79624.69185.22118.183239062420.626006093271.190754844510.032343829318.970461837270.9971943335

    theory of oiltheory of gastheory of solid%syn oil%syn solid%syn gas%yield oil%yield solid%yield gas

    6/21/4565.0098035.029265.009835.029200064.98446035.01554

    6/20/45103.7114.940642.0379.9406475864.59210886.14884365929.735-19.6499-34.930168.827913.27883427.89325

    7/3/4566.7233.784829.939250.4059110544.95585275.08523627732.37138-25.5728-33.403166.426083.76795729.80597

    7/4/4552.84184.231433.771140.9531631243.70722426.18391272729.02984-31.5741-22.733458.167444.6578637.1747

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180135.6251575154.437422810.0705196715.36931-41.8848-2.3096741.045875.84472153.10941

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    6/25/4541.10055.852553.180141.045875.84472153.10941

    9/29/4591.5215.721553.907860.54966480383.785305090435.6650301058

    10/2/45137.42047.057256.703968.3066782983.507877215428.1854444867

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    10/9/4545.69793.973651.135645.33202522443.941785846450.7261889292

    11/1/4579.91964.846167.001452.65937083863.193116294644.1475128668

    11/2/45131.17926.709962.863565.34371161323.342372651731.3139157351

    Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    28/7/45()44.34725.810750.867143.89725315525.751744617750.3510022272

    10/1/4593.34346.009951.015362.07639094863.996778582833.9268304686

    8/28/45138.49684.975657.233969.00470986712.479045251728.5162448812

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateweight of oilweight ofsolidweight of gas%%%

    45.48734.988750.189245.18671795224.955734454449.8575475934

    97.51737.068846.392364.5902327754.681994245530.7277729794

    131.18127.545661.605365.48186735923.766545650930.7515869898

    distillation

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    7-8/5/4518.7612200-2009.346210.449.816642858752

    18.761220>2005.357528.5562757180

    1-3/5/4535.178300-2006.869819.526408550826.6666666667

    35.17830200-2500.99671.22.83330490654

    35.17830250-3707.7459822.019159702126.6666666667

    35.17830>3709.536327.10870430380

    5/9/4524.0765250-2003.90264.616.209166614718.4

    24.076525200-2503.98664.516.558054534518

    24.076525250-3702.23212.59.27086578210

    24.076525>37011.75248.81108134490

    25-30/5/4524.2696240-2004.30775.417.749365461322.5

    24.269624200-2502.5591310.544467152312.5

    24.269624250-3705.47765.822.56979925524.1666666667

    24.269624>3708.062333.21974816230

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/21/4537.7679500-20014.18182037.54987701240

    200-2505.5467.214.684427781314.4

    250-37010.68981428.30393005728

    >3703.884210.28439494910

    6/20/4538.1791500-20014.73022138.581841897842

    200-2503.86275.110.117315494610.2

    250-37013.03571534.143549743230

    >3702.71247.10441052830

    7/3/4538.055500-20013.89322036.508211798740

    200-2507.94321120.872947050322

    250-3706.9685918.311654184718

    >3706.514117.11759295760

    7/4/4538.6498500-20014.34762137.122054965442

    200-2506.8806917.802420711118

    250-3709.95881425.766756878428

    >3705.708914.77083969390

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    6/25/4533.6282430-20010.39871530.922559042734.8837209302

    200-2505.81147.617.281329360517.6744186047

    250-3708.9171226.516435610627.9069767442

    >3705.461216.23994147770

    9/29/4537.8731500-20017.28422445.637140873148

    200-2506.8661018.12896224520

    250-3701.27692.83.37152226785.6

    >37010.123926.73110994350

    10/2/4538.9555500-20016.351922.541.975844232545

    200-2505.24516.913.464337513313.8

    250-3706.77128.717.381884457917.4

    >3708.558821.97071016930

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/9/4539.2701500-20015.747421.540.100228927443

    200-2504.4595.811.354694793211.6

    250-37012.690616.532.31618967133

    >3704.371611.1321336080

    11/1/4538.5852500-20015.49462240.156847703344

    200-2509.25612.523.98847226425

    250-3709.529324.69677492920

    >37000

    11/2/4537.349500-20017.13412445.875659321548

    200-2504.24525.611.366301641311.2

    250-3705.0799613.601167367312

    >3705.996816.05611930710

    Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    28/7/45()39.1084500-20017.015323.543.508044307647

    200-2505.3846.913.766863384813.8

    250-3702.89773.97.4094056527.8

    >37012.10130.94220167530

    10/1/4538.7735500-20019.7732650.996170064652

    200-2508.386411.521.629205514123

    250-3707.82520.18130939950

    >37000

    8/28/4539.0717500-20012.70041832.505368335636

    200-2506.5501916.764307670318

    250-37012.77921732.707048835934

    >3705.19613.29862790720

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateinitial weightinitial volumetemp rangeweight of oilvolume of oil%by weight%by volume

    10/4/4539.5294500-20015.91752240.267497103444

    200-2504.796.212.117563130212.4

    250-37011.494614.529.078609844829

    >3704.985412.61187875350

    10/12/4538.6112500-20016.3052342.228679761346

    200-2508.03321020.805362174720

    250-3702.9843.97.72832753197.8

    >3708.651222.40593402950

    10/15/4537.831500-20017.86422647.221062091952

    200-2507.24539.319.151753852718.6

    250-3702.71913.67.18749173967.2

    >3707.86820.79775845210

    BTX

    datetempgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    7-8/5/45400n307449340267468

    9545287590516

    35541241691325

    6849.33333333330.033397333362310.027924831030.3334120.3947333333

    1-3/5/45500n30155661253071629410

    4523200811800220

    10044.50.046178726940.293776171481.50.6869261.02688

    5/9/45600n3010455305182068400

    130352531253300530

    361431253353654240

    19877.66666666670.08551066671363260.548304300772.3333333331.20408933331.837904

    25-30/5/45600h3034802167510242950

    8640368632215080

    217210.092884102186.50.411746122901.50.4926060.997236

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    date%PPgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/21/45100N301580876078890

    14835673324441

    15321.50.06728671700.0316816665.50.0676620.166628

    6/20/4580N30231837616873810

    243147661859030

    23748.50.1009947638.50.033554866420.3475680.482116

    7/3/4575N30203846030289340

    213597027308780

    197526247284400

    20498.33333333330.08799333336434.66666666670.028738666729417.33333333330.11866933330.2354013333

    7/4/4566.6666666667N30270978499359890

    236807016300940

    25388.50.1075547757.50.0340333041.50.1331660.27475

    6/25/4550N30236649684534140

    229239175519600

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    6/25/451:1N3023664968453414

    22923917551960

    23293.50.0991749429.50.040718526870.2117480.35164

    9/29/452:1N30171605622651

    208662825351

    189.50.00675863420.028368240010.0970040.13213

    10/2/453:1N30255780543351

    262823752476

    258.50.00703480210.03508447913.50.1926540.234772

    NiMo on Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/9/451:1N30374913248611

    286907849936

    3300.0073291050.0394249273.50.1980940.244834

    11/1/452:1N3036716193103017

    25117068108284

    3090.00723616630.50.069522105650.50.4236020.50036

    11/2/453:1N3053814846175057

    59814915175473

    5680.00827214880.50.0625221752650.702060.772854

    Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    28/7/45()1:1N3027159799249710

    25818717943331

    26488.50.1119547585.50.03334246520.50.1870820.332378

    10/1/452:1N3023729953973458

    25031985777101

    243800.1035296980.04179275279.50.3021180.44743

    8/28/453:1N303842803647505

    3814833748395

    38280.0213128186.50.035746479500.19280.249858

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    datePP:PVCgastimebzareaconcbztoareaconc toxyareaconcxytotal

    10/4/451:1N303635812945127542

    3476211885120208

    355600.14824124150.052661238750.49650.6974

    10/12/452:1N3026057971388950

    261191011890158

    260880.1103529915.50.042662895540.3592160.51223

    10/15/453:1N30867510780101966

    8586999790846

    8630.50.04052210388.50.044554964060.3866240.4717

    gas

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    5/7/452403120626772249

    2085103523101943

    22440.00203961120.50.000580252493.50.0012867520960.0004392

    5/8/45151687611161074

    148584810811065

    1500.50.001370458620.0004511098.50.000589251069.50.0002339

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    5/1/458438180762535532

    8999194467166658

    8718.50.007866651875.50.000957756484.50.0032822560950.001239

    5/3/455165265032485119215

    3233641361599812546

    419940.03781465319.50.0026797520424.50.0102522515880.50.0031961

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    5/9/453679686102657222937

    2274854361654414441

    297720.026814870230.0035315215580.010819186890.0037578

    5/25/45314965620311460

    3362267913431896

    3255.50.002949951667.50.0008537516870.000883516780.0003556

    5/30/45191362515091335

    154150812181049

    17270.0015743566.50.000303251363.50.0007217511920.0002584

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    PPMIXPVC (SYNERGYSTIC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/21/4559472427896154656

    6597401541075162147

    62720.005664821290.50.0106652598560.00496858401.50.0117003

    6/20/4525251094423621927

    25701093426221985

    2547.50.002312751093.50.0005667542490.0021645219560.0044112

    7/3/455850113894102614126

    395582183257214602

    4902.50.004432259803.50.00492175367990.0184395143640.0028928

    7/4/4532897120262387088

    349575542929010182

    33920.003072873370.0036885277640.01392286350.001747

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    PPMIXPVC(FIXPVC)

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    6/25/451865959294414676

    1339707216310691

    16020.00146188330.00043652553.50.0013167512683.50.0025567

    9/29/459013135705638028910

    13838204548351941244

    11425.50.01030295170120.00852669949.50.03501475350770.0070354

    10/2/459447155436512325028

    9125152096287822789

    92860.0083774153760.00770864000.50.0320402523908.50.0048017

    NiMo on Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/9/45414480861875418044

    485496502162010994

    44990.004069188680.004454201870.0101335145190.0029238

    11/1/459901158714891021439

    5960100863056321000

    7930.50.0071574512978.50.0065092539736.50.0199082521219.50.0042639

    11/2/4515361244667932437739

    16994271899115930839

    16177.50.0145797525827.50.0129337585241.50.04266075342890.0068778

    Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    28/7/45()30886850218737282

    31446615210428220

    31160.00282446732.50.0033862521457.50.0107687577510.0015702

    10/1/45619497244171817808

    6671104355976219402

    6432.50.0058092510079.50.00505975507400.02541186050.003741

    8/28/45512380943217912108

    6537101674150212768

    58300.0052679130.50.0045852536840.50.01846025124380.0025076

    NiMo on Silica Alumina

    dateCH4areaconcCH4C2H4areaconcC2H4C2H6areaconcC2H6C3areaconcC3

    10/4/4512614179066249429797

    14927208637514029298

    13770.50.0124134519384.50.00971225688170.034448529547.50.0059295

    10/12/4510938142542586215086

    11747152122708715487

    11342.50.01022825147330.007386526474.50.0132772515286.50.0030773

    10/15/4514110199826695027436

    12270175146150030149

    131900.011891187480.009394642250.032152528792.50.0057785

    yield pure PVC

    22.19985121466.492937067271.3072117182

    9.406656394914.052353896676.5409897085

    18.392044013420.522998022761.0849579639

    18.970461837210.032343829370.9971943335

    %

    %

    %

    (0C)

    distillation PVC

    49.816642858728.55627571800

    19.52640855082.833304906522.019159702127.1087043038

    16.209166614716.55805453459.27086578248.8110813449

    17.749365461310.544467152322.56979925533.2197481623

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    (0C)

    BTX PVC

    0.03339733330.0279240.3334120.3947333333

    0.0461780.2937760.6869261.02688

    0.08551066670.5483041.20408933331.837904

    0.0928840.4117460.4926060.997236

    (0C)

    (/)

    yield PPmixPVC

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    %

    %

    %

    PP:PVC

    syn

    15.36931-41.8848-2.30967

    29.02984-31.5741-22.7334

    32.37138-25.5728-33.4031

    PP:PVC

    distillation PPmixPVC

    30.922559042717.674418604726.516435610616.2399414777

    45.6371408731203.371522267826.7311099435

    41.975844232513.817.381884457921.9707101693

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    PP:PVC

    PP:PVC

    BTX PPmixPVC

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    PP:PVC

    (/)

    PP:PVC

    yieldvary11

    5.84472141.0458753.10941

    3.941785846445.332025224450.7261889292

    5.751744617743.897253155250.3510022272

    4.955734454445.186717952249.8575475934

    %

    %

    %

    1:1

    distillvarycat11

    30.922559042717.281329360526.516435610616.2399414777

    40.100228927411.354694793232.31618967111.132133608

    43.508044307613.76686338487.40940565230.9422016753

    40.267497103412.117563130229.078609844812.6118787535

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    1:1

    BTXvarycat11

    0.0991740.0407180.2117480.35164

    0.007320.039420.1980940.244834

    0.1119540.0333420.1870820.332378

    0.148240.052660.49650.6974

    (/)

    1:1

    yieldvarycat21

    3.785305090460.549664803835.6650301058

    3.193116294652.659370838644.1475128668

    3.996778582862.076390948633.9268304686

    4.681994245564.59023277530.7277729794

    %

    %

    %

    2:1

    distillvarycat21

    45.637140873118.1289622453.371522267826.7311099435

    40.156847703323.98847226424.69677492920

    50.996170064621.629205514120.18130939950

    42.228679761320.80536217477.728327531922.4059340295

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    2:1

    BTXvarycat21

    0.0067580.0283680.0970040.13213

    0.0072360.0695220.4236020.50036

    0.103520.0417920.3021180.44743

    0.1103520.0426620.3592160.51223

    (/)

    2:1

    yieldvarycat31

    3.507877215468.30667829828.1854444867

    3.342372651765.343711613231.3139157351

    2.479045251769.004709867128.5162448812

    3.766545650965.481867359230.7515869898

    %

    %

    %

    3:1

    distillvarycat31

    41.975844232513.464337513317.381884457921.9707101693

    45.875659321511.366301641313.601167367316.0561193071

    32.505368335616.764307670332.707048835913.2986279072

    47.221062091919.15175385277.187491739620.7977584521

    IBP-200

    201-250

    251-370

    >370

    3:1

    BTXvarycat31

    0.0070340.0350840.1926540.234772

    0.0082720.0625220.702060.772854

    0.0213120.0357460.19280.249858

    0.0405220.0445540.3866240.4717

    (/)

    3:1

    gaspurePVC

    0.0017050250.0005156250.0009380.00033655

    0.0228406250.001818750.006767250.00221755

    0.02681480.00353150.0108190.0037578

    0.0022621250.00057850.0008026250.000307

    (0C)

    gas PPmixPVC

    0.00146180.00