GD Bergamo: tesi congressuali 2012

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    EOGAXBUUO VXOSMGEMNIB 86>8

    AMOSNGM @BLOEXNPMEM @BIIN VXOSMGEMN @M HBXANLO

    @OERLBGPO VXOAXNLLNPMEO EOGAXBUURNIB

    COXLN[MOGB

    Vbx cnxb hrogn voimpmen gog e! hmuoago `m axng`m rolmgm) ln hnupn ejb em umngo vbxuogb ogbupb) ejbunvvmngo cnxb lo`bupnlbgpb mi ioxo lbupmbxb' Uogo gbebuunxmb; in hrogn cb`b) in ubxmbp b i!mlvbago

    loxnib' Mg voimpmen) in umgebxmp b in eobxbg{n) ejb n vxmln smupn vouuogo ublhxnxb mgabgrmp) cmgmueogo

    niin irgan eog i!buubxb rg hrog nccnxb

    Vmbxo Eninlng`xbm>::=/>=23

    *lblhxo `biiNuublhibn Eoupmprbgpb) nssoenpo b oebgpb rgmsbxumpnxmo-

    Mg voimpmen b uovxnpprppo mg rgoxangm{{n{mogb amosngmib `m vnxpmpo mlvoxpngpbouubxsnxb eog uarnx`o exmpmeo mi eogpbupo gbi ~rnib smsmnlo) ln em gog eouublvimeb b ueogpnpo' Em vouumnlo pxosnxb `m cxogpb n pblnpmejb ejb gog eogouemnloo `biib ~rnim nhhmnlo uoio rgn eogouebg{n urvbxcmemnib o uriib ~rnim ublvimeblbgpbgog em um lnm eogcxogpnpm'

    Beeo vbxej mg ~rbupm pxb nggm) loipb `biib goupxb bgbxamb um uogo xmsoipb nmgm{mnpmsb `m coxln{mogb pblnpmen) `ni cb`bxnimulo cmuenib cmgo niin upoxmn voimpmen)

    beogolmen b uoemnib `biin Xbvrhhimen Mpnimngn'Aim ohmbppmsm `m ~rbupo pmvo `m nppmsmp uogo `msbxum' Mggng{mprppo vbx cnxb rgn

    voimpmen ubxmn b exb`mhmib hmuoagn eogouebxb b` nvvxocog`mxb ib `msbxub pblnpmejb)beeo vbxej uogo upnpm oxangm{{npm lolbgpm `m nvvxocog`mlbgpo eog imgpbxsbgpobupbxgo `m voimpmem b pbegmem ejb em jnggo coxgmpo upxrlbgpm vbx eolvxbg`bxb)snirpnxb b ~rmg`m vxovoxxb voimpmejb uoupbgmhmim' Nipxo ohmbppmso ossmnlbgpb ~rbiio`m cnxb axrvvo mg ~rngpo oipxb nm lolbgpm coxlnpmsm sbxm b vxovxm em uogo `msbxumlolbgpm mgcoxlnim ejb eogubgpogo nm amosngm `m `muerpbxb `m voimpmen eogouebg`oum

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    b xmuvbppng`oum) ln ngejb exbng`o sbxb xbin{mogm rlngb ejb uogo `bpbxlmgngpm mgrgoxangm{{n{mogb'

    Smupn in grlbxoun vnxpbemvn{mogb ejb m ublmgnxm `m coxln{mogb jnggo nsrpo mg~rbupm nggm eogpmgrbxblo mg ~rbupn `mxb{mogb xbebvbg`o vbx rgn grosn bumabg{n

    nipxbppngpo mlvoxpngpb ejb ~rbiin `m oxangm{{nxb `bm lolbgpm `m coxln{mogb uri vbgumbxo `bloexnpmeo; emo `muerpbxb `biib goupxb xn`mem b `bm goupxm snioxm) eolbnssmnpo eog mi emeio `m mgeogpxm uriin upoxmn `biin goupxn Xbvrhhimen b ~rmg`m `biingoupxn m`bgpmp' Uoio eou vopxblo envmxb `nssbxo ejm umnlo b `osb ng`mnlo bbsm`bg{mnxb eog ebxpb{{n ngejb ib `mccbxbg{b eog nipxm vnxpmpm voimpmem'In coxln{mogb unx ~rmg`m cog`nlbgpnib ngejb vbx mi crprxo) `osx xmarnx`nxb prppbib pblnpmejb ejb sbxxnggo nccxogpnpb `niibuberpmso vxosmgemnib ni cmgb `m nsbxb rgnexbuempn aiohnib ur prppn inppmsmp voimpmen usoipn `naim n`bxbgpm niioxangm{{n{mogbamosngmib'

    Eogpmgrbxblo ~rmg`m n exbnxb lolbgpm `m nvvxocog`mlbgpo vbx coxgmxb aimupxrlbgpm vbx ouubxsnxb mi Log`o eog uarnx`o exmpmeo b eoupxrppmso) binhoxnxbmgumblb rgn smumogb eolrgb `bi crprxo vbx vom buubxb mg axn`o `m vxovoxin nm goupxmmuexmppm) ni Vnxpmpo b niin uoembp b urvvoxpnxb ~rbupb m`bb eog lb{{m b` n{mogmovvoxprgb'

    Rgn hrogn einuub `mxmabgpb cxrppo ngejb `m rgn coxln{mogb `m ~rnimp'

    EOLRGMEN[MOGB B VNXPBEMVN[MOGB

    Eolrgmenxb i!rg i!nipxo) uenlhmnxum mgcoxln{mogm gnprxn4pbgbxb eogpo `biib mgcoxln{mogm ejb em sbgaogo `npb eriprxn(

    Kojngg Qoicanga Aobpjb>10=/>:58*cmiouoco-

    In eolrgmen{mogb oaam cog`nlbgpnib'uovxnpprppo vbx rgoxangm{{n{mogbamosngmib ejb sroib mgpbxio~rmxb eog m xnan{{m b ib xnan{{b ejb oaam smsogo ublvxb vm

    xbin{mogm smxprnim' In vouumhmimp `m rurcxrmxb `m rgnlvmn anlln `m upxrlbgpmmgcoxlnpmsm lripmlb`mnim xmuripn ~rmg`m mg`muvbgunhmib vbx mgupnrxnxb rgn xbin{mogbbccmeneb b `rxnprxn ejb vbxlbppn niin goupxn n{mogb voimpmen `m xnaamrgabxb m vxovxm`bupmgnpnxm'

    Mg ~rbupoppmen unx eolvmpo `biibuberpmso vxosmgemnib `bupmgnxb niineolrgmen{mogb n`barnpb xmuoxub rlngb b` beogolmejb'

    Rgo uvn{mo qbh n `muvoum{mogb `bm Amosngm @bloexnpmem `m Hbxanlo b` miaxrvvo `m Cnebhood unxnggo mi vrgpo `m vnxpbg{n `biin goupxn n{mogb' Ln gbi log`o

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    `biimgcoxlnpm{{n{mogb ejb bsoisb oagm amoxgo) ngejb aim upxrlbgpm `osxnggo buubxbxmenimhxnpm'

    Oipxb n em gog vouumnlo `mlbgpmenxb prppm ~rbm amosngm ejb rpmim{{ngo voeo miqbh o ejb ngeoxn gog em eogoueogo b ejb ~rmg`m gog rpmim{{ngo m goupxm upxrlbgpm

    pbiblnpmem' Vbx ~rbupo `osxnggo buubxb snirpnpb `biib n`barnpb enlvnagb `mmgcoxln{mogb) pblnpmejb b abgbxnimupb) `n npprnxb eog m lb{{m vm pxn`m{mognim`biinppmsmp voimpmen; soingpmgm) nccmuumogm) an{bho) bee'

    In eolrgmen{mogb vbx gog `bsb buubxb rgnppmsmp cmgb n ub upbuun b ubvnxnpn`ni xbupo `biib nipxb n{mogm'

    Mlvoxpngpb eolrgmenxb uri pbxxmpoxmo) cxn in abgpb) rpmim{{ng`o m emxeoimpbxxmpoxmnim) ib mgm{mnpmsb vxosmgemnim b uovxnpprppo ib Cbupb @bloexnpmejb' Mg ~rbupn`mxb{mogb vr buubxb rpmib oxangm{{nxb niergb `biib goupxb mgm{mnpmsb mg uvn{m vrhhimemvm smumhmim xmuvbppo niib pxn`m{mognim unib emsmejb o eriprxnim'

    In Cbupn @bloexnpmen vxosmgemnib em mlvbagn) cxn logpnaamo) ulogpnaamo busoiamlbgpo) nilbgo rg lbub niinggo' Snioxm{{nxb ~rbupo ucox{o vbx oppbgbxb rgxmpoxgo `mllnamgb b vbx mgeogpxnxb grosm amosngm mgerxmoumpm `niin Voimpmen umagmcmen`nxb ubguo b umagmcmenpo voimpmeo niin goupxn cbupn vbx enxnppbxm{{nxin xmuvbppo niibnipxb'

    XBPB @BM AMOSNGM NLLMGMUPXNPOXM

    Gog jo uebipo in voimpmen vbx soen{mogb b gog eogum`bxo in voimpmen rgn vxocbuumogb' Jo smuurpo invoimpmen eolb rg ubxsm{moxmejmbupo b mgumblb `osrposbxuo in eolrgmp

    Lmgo Lnxpmgn{{oim>=5>/86>>*ripmlo Ubaxbpnxmo `biin @bloexn{mn Exmupmngn b ~rmg`m cog`npoxb

    `bi Vnxpmpo Vovoinxb Mpnimngo gbi >==0) Umg`neo `m Hxbuemn `ni >==0 ni >==:)

    eng`m`npo `bi Ebgpxoumgmupxn niin Vxbum`bg{n `biin Xbamogb gbi 8666-

    @ovo ib poxgnpb `biib bib{mogm nllmgmupxnpmsb 866=,86>> mi grlbxo `bm amosngm

    nllmgmupxnpoxm `mlmgrmpo ubgumhmilbgpb) gogoupngpb em gog uogo voejm m [email protected] `biin goupxn vxosmgemn mlvbagnpm gbiib Amrgpb b gbm Eogumaim Eolrgnim'Mi xroio `biinllmgmupxnpoxb ioenib cog`nlbgpnib vbx ejm nln in voimpmen b

    sroib smsbxin vmbgnlbgpb) vbxej ~rbupo pmvo `m buvbxmbg{n eogubgpb `m buubxb neogpnppo ~ropm`mngnlbgpb eog m vxohiblm `biin emppn`mgng{n eog mi eogubarbgpbmlvbago gbi `nxb xmuvoupb b uoir{mogm eogexbpb' Um pxnppn `m rgn sbxn b vxovxmnvnibupxn `m smpn ejb vr ebxpnlbgpb nxxmeejmxb mi Vnxpmpo @bloexnpmeo upbuuo'

    Rg nllmgmupxnpoxb ioenib jn iogoxb b iogbxb `m nccxogpnxb `msbxubvxohiblnpmejb mg `msbxum ubppoxm eog in vouumhmimp `m nsbxb rgn smumogb aiohnib b

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    eolvibuumsn `biin eolrgmp ioenib ejb aosbxgn' ^rbupn lripm`muemvimgnxmbp mlvoxpngpb b `bpbxlmgngpb vbx ibinhoxn{mogb voimpmen ejb `bsb mgcnppm ublvxbeogmranxb vxmgemvm b snioxm eog eogexbpb{{n b uoupbgmhmimp'

    Eolb Amosngm @bloexnpmem `ohhmnlo mlvbagnxem loipo ur ~rbupo cxogpb' Aim

    nuvbppm urm ~rnim) eolb oxangm{{n{mogb amosngmib) vouumnlo b `ohhmnlo mlvbagnxemuogo ~rbiim `biin coxln{mogb) ngejb mg smupn `biib vxouumlb uen`bg{b bibppoxnim) b~rbiio `biin exbn{mogb `m rgn xbpb `m nllmgmupxnpoxm' In exbn{mogb `m rgn xbpb vrxnvvxbubgpnxb rgo upmloio vbx in eog`msmumogb `m hbup vxnepmebu nvvimenpb gbieogexbpo mg niergm Eolrgm b ejb vouuogo buubxb rpmim{{npb `n bublvmo `n nipxb xbnipeog umprn{mogm umlminxm) vbx nimlbgpnxb rgn eogouebg{n xbemvxoen pxn nllmgmupxnpoxmejb eog`msm`ogo umprn{mogm ngnioajb gbiin vxouvbppmsn `m rg eoox`mgnlbgpo `mmgm{mnpmsb uosxneolrgnim'

    OXANGM[[NXUM GBII!OPPMEN @BIIN SNIOXM[[N[MOGB @BM

    EMXEOIM PBXXMPOXMNIM

    @n gom `bsb vnxpmxb i!bublvmo `m nppneenlbgpo naimmupmprpm `bloexnpmem b uovxnpprppo i!bublvmo `mogbup b `m xbppmpr`mgb' Vbxej mi vovoio mpnimngo jn ubpb `m ogbup' Ur ~rbupo vrgpo `ohhmnlo buubxb

    mgpxngumabgpm vxmln sbxuo gom upbuum) ub soaimnlo vom buubxio sbxuo aim nipxm'

    Gog `mlbgpmejmnlo) ogoxbsoim eoiibajm) ejb in eoxxr{mogb gblmen `biin imhbxp

    Ung`xo Vbxpmgm>:=3/>==6*Vxbum`bgpb `biin Xbvrhhimen `ni >=1: ni >=:2) buvogbgpb `m uvmeeo `bi Vnxpmpo Uoemnimupn Mpnimngo blblhxo `bi Eolmpnpo `m Imhbxn{mogb Gn{mognib `rxngpb in ioppn eogpxo mi Cnuemulo-

    Mg ~rbupm pxb nggm rgo `baim ohmbppmsm mxxmgrgemnhmim upnpo ~rbiio `m exbnxb ingoupxn oxangm{{n{mogb) umn n imsbiio vxosmgemnib ejb pbxxmpoxmnib' Gog upnpo cnemibexbnxb `ni griin in goupxn amosngmib) ln gogoupngpb em) vnxniibinlbgpb nii!mgm{mnpmsnvxosmgemnib) niergm pbxxmpoxm uogo xmruempm n` nrpo,oxangm{{nxum exbng`o xbpb bvxolrosbg`o mgm{mnpmsb' Vbgumnlo n` bublvmo ni Qnii `bi emxeoio [email protected] Inajm

    Hbxanlnuejm *Ubhmgo,Sni Ensniimgn-) niin vxomb{mogb `bi cmil mg oeenumogb `biinAmoxgnpn `biin Lbloxmn vxolouun `ni emxeoio [email protected] `biiMuoin) niib nuublhibb vrhhimejboxangm{{npb `nm [email protected] `biin Hnuun Bup b` Osbup *rgn uri pxnuvoxpo vrhhimeo ioenib binipxn uri vxohibln `biin `xoan-) ibuerxumogb coxlnpmsn mg logpnagn b` mi `mhnppmpouri xbcbxbg`rl vbx ine~rn vrhhimen oxangm{{npm `ni emxeoio [email protected] Sni Ubxmngn) miublmgnxmo ur [mgaogmn niin ~rnib jnggo eogpxmhrpo ngejb m amosngm `bi emxeoioJmgpbxing` Ur` @nilmgbub'

    Mi crprxo `biin amosngmib gog vr ejb vnuunxb nppxnsbxuo mi insoxo eogpmgro beoupngpb `bm emxeoim) ln em xmejmb`b `m mgpbgumcmenxb inppbg{mogb `bi imsbiio vxosmgemnib

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    urm emxeoim pbxxmpoxmnim) nmrpng`oim n xbervbxnxb cox{b b` bgbxamb nccmgej `msbgpmgo gogiroajm uoinlbgpb oxangm{{npmsm hbgu iroajm voimpmem) coxlnpmsm b naaxbanpmsm'Gbiioppmen `biin xmsnioxm{{n{mogb `bm emxeoim unx eolvmpo vxmoxmpnxmo `bi grosobuberpmso vxosmgemnib xmsb`bxb ioxangm{{n{mogb `bi {ogb ni cmgb `m anxngpmxb lnaamoxb

    oloabgbmp pxn aim n`bxbgpm) vnxpbemvn{mogb b` bccmenemn `m n{mogb voimpmen uripbxxmpo