Питер Друкер. Энциклопедия менеджмента

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  • 1. THE ESSENTIAL DRUERSELECTIONS FROM THE MANAGEMENT WORKS OFPETER F. DRUCKERHARPERBUSINESS An Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers . - 2004 339.138 76 88.5 "" . .. . . "" :info@williamspublishing.com, http://www.williamspublishing.com , , . 76 .: . . .: "", 2004. 432 .: . . . . ISBN 5-8459-0588-5 (.) ; , : " ? ?" , 60 . , "... , , , . , . , , , , , ". . 88.5 , , , Peter F. Drucker.All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced inany manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articlesand reviews. For information address HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022.Authorized translation from English language edition published by HarperCollins Publishers Inc. Copyright2001.Russian language edition published by Williams Publishing House according to the Agreement with R&IEnterprises International. Copyright 2004.ISBN 5-8459-0588-5 (.) ISBN 0-0662-1087-9 (.) "", 2004 Peter F. Drucker, 2001 1

2. 2 3. . , 60 , Future of Industrial Man (1939) ( , ) ManagementChallenges for the 21st Century ( .., XXI .: . . .: . "", 2000. - 272 .), 1999 . . -, , , . -, , : ? ? (Atsuo Ueda), . 60 , , . 30 : , . , ( , ). . : ? ( , .) , , , , , . , 57. , , . 2000 . , , , , . , . "", (, 26 , ), . -. (Cass Canfield, Jr.), ( HarperCollins, .), , , 60 . , (, ) , . , , , , ; , , , . , , . . , ( ), , " " . ( ,, ) . , , ( ) , . , , . . , , , . , . , , , , , . , , . , , , . , 26 . 1 26 New Realities (1988). 2, 3, 5 18 Management, Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices (1974). 4 19 Managing for the Future (1992), Harvard Business Review (1989) Wall StreetJournal (1988). 6,15 21 Management Challenges for the 21 Century (1999). 7 23 Management in a Time of Great Change (1995) Harvard Business Review (1994) Atlantic Monthly (1996). 8 Practice of Management (1954) ( .., :. . .: . "", 2000.-398 .). 3 4. 9 Frontiers of Management (1986) HarvardBusiness Review (1985). 10, 11, 12, 20 24 Innovation and Entrepreneurship (1985). 13,14,16 17 Effective Executive (1966). 22 25 Post-Capitalist Society (1993). , . , , : Future of Industrial Man (1942); Concept of the Corporation (1946); Managingfor Results (1964; , "" , 40 ); Managing in Turbulent Times (1980); Managing the Non-Profit Organization (1990). , - . , . , . . , 2001 I. 1. , "" (Das Kapital) ( , " ", 1867 , (" ") (" ") "" , , 1884 1894 . . .), . , . " " (, ) 300 , . "", "", "". . 150 , . , . . . , " ", , " ". , ( ) . , . . . . , , , , . , , , : , . , . , . ( 30% ) , ," ". . , , . "". , 4 5. . , , . XVIII , , : 20 . , , , . ., , . . , , 10 , 60 . ,, , , , , ,, . . , , 100 , , , , . " ", . : , , . " " " " . 1870 , . , . XIX . , , , , , , . " ", , , . , , . , , . 1867 , , Siemens () . - ( - (Friedrich von Hefher-Alteneck), . 1878 , . , , . -- . . .). . . : , , , , . , ( ), , . . , , , 50 . : ( - ) . ( . ," ", 1776 . , . " ..." . . . .) , , ( ), . , "" . , . ( . (Frederick W. Taylor), " ", . " 5 6. ". 1912 "" , . , . . .) . , , , . , , , 20 . . 1920-1930- ., , , , . " " . " " ( , . , . , , , , . . .), 1917-1918 , . , , . . , 1920- 1930- , -. (Thomas Watson, Sr.) IBM, ; . (Robert . Wood) Sears, Roebuck; (George Elton Mayo) Harvard Business School, . , () , . , , . , , , "" . , , , " " . ; . , , "", "". . , . , , . , , . , , , . , , . , , , , . , . , , . , . , . , , , . " ", , ,, , , . , , : , , , . . 6 7. , . - , . , "" " " : , . , , , . , , . "" . . , , . , ( ) , . , 30 50 . . , . , , , , . , "" ( Innovation andEntrepreneurship, 1985 ). "", , , , . , , , ( ). , , . . . , , ,, . ? ? ? ? . . , , . . , , . , . , "", "", "". , . , , , . , . , " ", " " , . . " "? ? ? ? , , . , , . , , . , . ""? , ? , , ? ,, , -. , , , . .7 8. , . , . , , . , . . , , , . , . ,, , , , . . , , , , , , . " " , "" , . , . , . , , . . , , . , , , ; , . ( ) , , ( , ). , . , . . . . . . , , , . , , , . , , , , . , - () . , ,, , , , . " " , . , , " " . . . , : . . . , - . . , , .8 9. (Charles P. Snow) "" "". . , . , . , , , . , . , , ( ) , , , . , , "". "" , ; "", "" . , , : , ,, , .. , : , , , . , , "" , . 2. , , . , . , . , , , , , . , , . " ?1 , , . , , , . , , . , , . . - ; . , . , . , . . ; . , , , . . , . , . , . , , , , . 9 10. , , . , , . . ( ) . , . , . , . , , , , , . , . . . , , , . , . , , " ". . . . . , ; . , , , , , . ; , . , , . , , . (, ), , . , "", ( ). , , , (.. ), .., . 3. , , : ", ". "" . . , (, , , , : , ), , c ( (Richard Sears) , , . Sears , " " . 1905 Sears , . Sears .., : . . :. . "",2000. 398 . . .). , (, , ) Sears, Roebuck . . , . 10 11. , , , . , , , . , . , , , . , . , " "? ! , , . . , . , , . , , , , . , . , , , . -, , . , , . , . , . . , , , . - , . , . , , , . , . , , . : . , . . , , , () . , , , , , . . : , , . , , , . , . , , . , . , , . , - . , ( ) . , , - , . , "" ( ). - , , .. . , , ; ; . , 20 , , 11 12. . , , " ". . . , , . , , . : " ", " " " ". , Sears , , , , . : " ?" : " ?"