This is a PPT I designed for my friend Rini Tochhawng who is currently doing her Thesis on this same topic. Here's me wishing her all the best, and hope this well researched thesis will earn her a well deserved doctorate degree.
Text of A Study of the Oral Folk Tales in Mizo
1.TELL ME YOUR STORY: A STUDY OF THE ORAL FOLK TALES IN MIZO LALRINMAWII TOCHHAWNG Dept. of English School of Humanities, IGNOU
2. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context Grimm Brothers: Credited with making folk tales worthy of academic and literary attention. Mythological School: Max Muller traced stories to broken down myths created due to semantic changes in language Malady of language. Diffusionistic School: Theodor Benfey and his belief migration of tales from India. Different School of Thoughts 3. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context Historic-Geographic School: Idea of the Ur form and existence of variants spread through wave diffusion. Finnish School. Anthropological School: Folklore was built up, not broken down from primitive cultures Different School of Thoughts 4. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context Psychological Approach: Study folk lore behaviouristically and interpret symbolically in terms of sexual image Structural Approach: Looks for generalised patterns and interpret to reveal a shared focus. Sociohistorical Approach: Attempt to connect tales to value systems and cultures of communities Different Approaches 5. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context Oral Formulaic Theory: Concept of formula or stock mnemonic devices Feminist Theory: Establishing gender as a fundamental category for analysis of experiences and expressions Performance Theory: Shift to the teller and his social group, a reflection of culture and world view Different Theories 6. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context The first appearance of oral tales in writing in T.H.Lewins Hill Proverbs of the Inhabitants of the Chittagong Hill Tracts1873 The first collection of tales by a native writer: Serkawn Graded Reader by Nuchhungi1938 P.S. Dahrawka : Mizo Thawnthu1964 C.Vanlallawma: Hmanlai Hian Mawm1991 Laltluangliana Khiangte: Folktales of Mizoram1997 Lalhmachhuana Zofa : Mizo Thawnthu in 5 Vols.2006 - 2011 R.L.Thanmawia : Mizo Hnahthlak Thawnthu in 3 Vols.2009 - 2012 7. Chapter 2: Academic Approaches to Folktales and the Mizo Context Mizo Thawnthu Zirzauna by Dr. Lalruanga published in 2000. Classification into six categories Historical perspective on the development of interest in folktales and folktale study in Mizoram: pre and post Independence. Issues: Questions of authenticity Re-acquainting younger generations with traditions Preservation of dying oral narratives Integration of ethnically allied groups 8. One can therefore, only make an attempt to class similar tales together keeping in mind that the true definition of any folktale depends on its function in a society and the way the audience and the narrator think of it at the time of performance-their relevance to contemporary society. Chapter 3: Classifying Mizo Folktales Type of Folktales Animal Tales Tales of Wonder Realistic Tales Noodle head Stories Romantic Tales Cumulative Tales Legendary Tales 9. Chapter 3: Classifying Mizo Folktales Animal Tales Non-mythological Personalised Anthropomorphosis Trickster Fables Common animals include monkeys, tortoise, bear, snake and tiger Competition/trial; animal-human relations; etiological Tales of Wonder Tales that contain supernatural, magical or wonder elements. Triumph of the underdog hero, Magical Assistance and Magical Objects, Transformation Realistic Tales Novelle in Aarne- Thompsons Types of the Folktale, no explicitly magical or supernatural element, the human wit and intelligence wins the day for the hero or the heroine. Clever Peasant girl tale Faithful Wife tale Orphans tale etc 10. Chapter 3: Classifying Mizo Folktales Romantic Tales Largest group of tales Are named after the protagonists Conflict centers around social differences, in-law relations and inter- village or inter-clan hostilities. Cumulative Tales Only one known Mizo Cumulative tale- Chemtatrawta Is named after the human protagonist Formula, logical pattern, cyclic repetition Legendary Tales Etiomological- how the earth was formed; how man and animals got separated Human Legends- Hrangkhupa, Mualz avata 11. Chapter 3: Classifying Mizo Folktales Noodlehead Stories Dumb character who makes unbelievable mistakes. provides an uncomplicated means of entertainment. Is found a kind of twisted logic and they reveal a kind of silliness that resides in all of In this way, they enable us to laugh at ourselves and the tales are told, not to ridicule, but rather as an objective way of looking at life. Chhura/Chhurbura : According to one view, he was the silliest of all the simpletons. According to the other view, he was the cleverest of all the wise men and all his actions and behaviours by which he was called foolish were in fact all due to his abiding love and affection for his elder brother, Nahaia. 12. Chapter 4: Content Analysis of Select Mizo Folktales Based on Tale-Type and Motif Indices The texts assigned to similar tale types are bound to have smaller units that are identical, similar or closely related. Aim to identify factors that make these tales uniquely Mizo, while acknowledging such similarities with a view to arriving at a holistic understanding of Mizo folktales. The detailed analysis of the selected tales would be based on the following: Tale Types and Story Patterns Popular Incidents and Motifs Variations in the Oral Tradition As Carriers of Tradition 13. Thlanrawkpa Khuangchawi: Legendary Tale Kungawrhi: Wonder Tale Chawngvungi leh Sawngkhara: Romantic Tale Satel leh Zawng: Animal Tale Chapter 4: Content Analysis of Select Mizo Folktales Based on Tale-Type and Motif Indices 14. Kawrdumbela: Wonder Tale Samdala: Noodlehead Story Chhurbura: Noodlehead Story Thailungi: Realistic Tale Chapter 4: Content Analysis of Select Mizo Folktales Based on Tale-Type and Motif Indices 15. Values or Functions of the Tales in Context Identity Formation of the Self and of Society Relationships between Problems and Solutions Characters Behaviour & Attitude Content Effect Content & Perceived Outcome Chapter 5: World View of Mizo Folk Tales 16. Values&Functions Validate Culture Group Cohesion Education Entertainment IdentityFormation Ethnic vrs. Racial Groups Identification with Major Characters for Self-Identity Formation Conflict&Resolution Character vrs. Character Character vrs. Society Character vrs. Self Chapter 5: World View of Mizo Folk Tales 17. World of Adults Community Oriented Personalised/ Humanised Animals Presence of worldly beings Tradition of Heroism Ethnocentric Lack of Individualism World View of Mizo Folk Tales 18. THANK YOU