Early africanhistory

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  1. 1. Pre-Historic Africa
  2. 2. Kingdom of Kush [295 BCE 320 CE] Nubia [modern-day Sudan]
  3. 3. Pyramids of Kush at Mero
  4. 4. Pyramids of Kush at Mero
  5. 5. Kushite in Egypt, 23 BCE
  6. 6. Kingdom of Axum [300-700]
  7. 7. Stele, Ezanas Royal Tomb, Aksum (4c)
  8. 8. Christian Church, Lalibela [Ethiopia]
  9. 9. Christian Church, Lalibela [Ethiopia] Coptic Christian Priest
  10. 10. AXUMS ACHIEVEMENTS AXUMS ACHIEVEMENTSControlled NE African Trade Controlled NE African Trade Written Language Written Language Spread Christianity in No. & E. Africa Spread Christianity in No. & E. Africa Terrace Farming Terrace Farming Built Stelae Built Stelae
  11. 11. Berbers GOLDGOLD SALTSALT Gold-Salt Trade
  12. 12. Gold Money, Ghana/Ivory Coast Ghana Empire [4c-11c]
  13. 13. Salt
  14. 14. Mali Empire [13c-15c] GOLDGOLD SALTSALT
  15. 15. Timbuktu-Heavenly Clay
  16. 16. Timbuktu Rooftop, Mosque
  17. 17. Tuaregs
  18. 18. Marketplace near the Niger River
  19. 19. Mosque in Gao
  20. 20. Great Mosque at Djenne, Mali
  21. 21. Distant Mosque at Djenne, Mali
  22. 22. Sundiata [1210-1260] Lion Prince
  23. 23. Mansa Musa [r. 1312-1337]
  24. 24. European Map
  25. 25. Songhai Empire [15c-16c] GOLDGOLD SALTSALT
  26. 26. Sunni Ali [r.1464-1492]
  27. 27. Askia Mohammed [r.1493-1529]
  28. 28. Askia Mohammeds Tomb [1443-1538] Gao, Mali
  29. 29. Benin Empire [15c-19c]
  30. 30. Bronze Heads from Benin (16c)
  31. 31. Benin Bronze Leopard
  32. 32. Bantu Migrations: 1000 BCE To 500 CE
  33. 33. Islamic Invasions
  34. 34. African Trade Routes
  35. 35. Swahili-Speaking Areas of E. Africa SWAHILI [the coast] = Bantu + some Arabic
  36. 36. Arab Dow off the coast of Zanzibar
  37. 37. Great Zimbabwe [1200-1450] Zimbabwe = stone enclosure
  38. 38. Great Zimbabwe Street
  39. 39. Great Enclosure, Zimbabwe
  40. 40. Manamotopa Empire [1450-1630]
  41. 41. Overland & Sea Trade Routes by 16c
  42. 42. African Trade [15c-17c]