М.И. Гладышев, Н.Н.Сущик, М.Т.Артс

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  • 22:636 - 6 :1. , , -, , , , . 2. . 3. . - , , - , - , - , , - , - - , - , - , - - ( ) - 3

  • D15D12D4D6D5D6D9D9D15 (w3)D12(w6) D5D4

  • () 3

  • , -2C12D?-2C6D4D7E5E17D5D8D5D6E6E9E6D3D3D6D9DACP-synt22:6324:6324:5322:5320:5318:5320:4320:4620:3320:3618:4318:3318:3618:2618:018:19 ,

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  • (), (20:53, ) (22:63, )

  • , 3-: 1) (, , ); 2) , ; 3) , ; 4) ; 5) ; 6) ; 7) ; 8) .

  • ?

  • ( 1 ) : n . + 10.6 0.8 1

  • ( 1 ), : n .

    + 9.8 1.6 1

  • ( 1 ) : n .

    + 8.1 0.9 1

  • 10.6 0.8 1 9.8 1.6 1 8.1 0.9 1

  • ( 1 ) : n .

    : 0.25 1 30.5 1 .

  • (), (20:53, ) (22:63, )

  • (N, . 103 2) (C, 2 1) . ~0.4 0.1 . 103 2 7.8 2.1 2 1 + 9.2 1 , ~7.8 9.2 72 2 1 ( 19 167 2 1)

  • (), (20:53, ) (22:63, )

  • , Doppler radar images of mayfly emergence from the upper headwaters of the Mississippi River. Provided by Dan Baumgardt (Science and Operations Officer, National Weather Service, La Crosse, Wisconsin)

  • ( 2 1 ) 4.1 1.9 2 1 40 2 1 ( 0.1 672.2 2 1)

  • 72+40 = 112 2 1 , . <

  • .. . .: , 1989. 152 . , ( 3.4106 2)PP 14.5109 2 1 PZP = 0.042 PP0.887 0.45109 2 1 PZB = 0.131 PP0.575 0.61109 2 1 PF = 0.009 PP 0.13109 2 1 RF = 4 PF 0.5109 2 1

  • .. . .: , 1989. 152 . PZ = P R PZ = (0.45 + 0.61) 0.5 0.56109 2 1

    , , 1 = 23 PZ 24 2 1 9.2 1 P = 221 2 1 > = 112 2 1

  • .. . .: , 1989. 152 .PZB = 0.61109 2 1 = 26 2 1 IE = 4.1 2 1 0.19 PZB IE 0.24 PZB (Huryn A.D. & Wallace J.B. // Annu. Rev. Entomol. 2000. 45:83110)IE = 0.16 PZB

  • (), (20:53, ) (22:63, )

  • (N, . 2) (C, .1 1) 79 2 1 . 79 2 = 158 2 1 16.2 1 (Gladyshev et al., 2006) 2.5 2 1

  • 555 000 1, 60%(Beamish et al. // Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1999 56:516-526) ~47% 434 000 1 126 000 1 2 106 1 925 000 1

  • (1106 1) , (+) 106 -1

  • 2106 2 .. . .: , 1989.

    Raven J.A. and Maberly S.C. Plant productivity of inland waters // Advances in photosynthesis and respiration, 2004. vol. 19 pp. 779-793. Dordrecht: Springer. Downing J.A., Prairie Y.T., Cole J.J. et al. // Limnol. Oceanogr. 2006 51: 2388-2397. 4.6106 2

  • Wetzel R.G. // Hydrobiologia 1992, 229: 181-198. 20106 2

  • (, 1989; Raven & Maberly, 2004) (Downing et al., 2006)4.6106 2+ 1.4106 2 = 6.0106 2 ( ) ~ 120106 2 120106 2 / 6106 2 = 20

  • (1106 1) , (+)

  • (Polis and Hurd 1996): +: 0.3 1 1 41 1 1 24 106 1 594 000 (Polis and Hurd 1996) 27.6 1 1 1.3 1 (Fleurence et al. 1994) 15.4 1 ( )

  • (1106 1) , (+) 672106 1 26106 1

  • 672106 1 26106 1 594 000 ~1108 0.01 2 = 2r 0.35 0.35 1108 = 35 000 000

  • : ~ 8 1 .1 (Garg et al. // J. Food Sci. 2006, 71: R66-R71) ~ 22 1 .1 (Abba et al. // J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 2005, 89: 203207) ~ 600 1 .1 (Green K.H. et al. // Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids 2004, 71: 121130)

  • (Peromyscus maniculatus): http://www.cedarcreek.umn.edu/mammals/midsize/peromyscus-maniculatus.jpg ~17 (Merritt et al., 2001; Stapp & Polis, 2003); 1.7 2 - 29.9 2 (Stapp & Van Horne, 1997; Sullivan et al., 1999; Millar & McAdam, 2001); 0.37 2 1 2 1 6.5 2.52 1 11.8 2 1 .

  • 1998-2003 . ~92.2 106 1 (FAO, 2004) 180 106 1

  • + ~ 1 .1 ( , , , ) ~0.1 .1 ( ) 16 1 1 (FAO, 2004)

  • -3 ( ) , , . (Hibbeln et al. // Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2006. 83(suppl):1483S1493S)

  • , : , , 2. , .. . // - 2003. - 50, 3. - . 420-427.

  • : 1. , . , , . 2. , . 4. ; , . 3. , .

  • Michael T. Arts..

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