CQTCBCNTP_CHÂN GIÒ HEO ĐÓNG HỘP

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

LI M U Trong nn kinh t hin nay, thi gian i vi con ngi dng nh qu ngn v phn ln qu thi gian l dnh cho cng vic, hc tp, Nhng thc hin c nhng vic th chng ta cn mt ngun nng lng tt v vy ba n y dinh dng l mt iu rt quan trng. Ngi tiu dung u tin la chn cho mnh nhng sn phm thc phm ngon v ch bin nhanh gn. V vy mt hng hp ngy cng a dng, phong ph nh: c hp, tht hp, v gi heo cng l mt sn phm giu dinh dng v p ng c nhng yu cu . Cc sn phm hp ang ngy cng c a chung trn th trng do s a dng v sn phm, ngon, r v c gi tr dinh dng cao Gi heo giu dinh dng cha nhiu st v vitamin A, B. C nhiu tc dng nh: b huyt, lm gim suy nhc thn kinh, thc y qu trnh to mu, Nu n mc thch hp rt c li cho sc khe. Trong phm vi bi tiu lun nhm s trnh by tng quan v hp chn gi heo gm cc phn: nguyn liu v qu trnh bin i ca nguyn liu trong ch bin, qui trnh cng ngh,

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

LI CM NBi tiu lun c hon thnh nh s hp tc hiu qu ca cc thnh vin trong nhm, s gip ca cc ging vin trong vin Cng Ngh Sinh Hc V Thc Phm Trng H Cng Nghip Thnh Ph H Ch Minh, c bit s ch dn nhit tnh ca GV b mn Cc qu trnh c bn trong cng ngh thc phm: Dng Vn Trng - Vin Cng Ngh Sinh Hc V Thc Phm, ng thi cng c s gp ca cc bn lp HTP6C, cc anh ch kha trc t trng H Cng Nghip. Chng em xin chn thnh cm n: Tp th ging vin Vin Cng Ngh Sinh Hc V Thc Phm Trng H Cng Nghip TP.HCM Tp th lp DHTP6C - Trng H Cng Nghip TP.HCM Thy Dng Vn Trng Ging vin b mn: Cc qu trnh c bn trong cng ngh thc phm, vin Cng Ngh Sinh Hc V Thc Phm Trng H Cng Nghip TP.HCM Cc anh ch trong vin Cng Ngh Sinh Hc V Thc Phm Trng H Cng Nghip TP.HCM. Cc thnh vin trong nhm

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

MC LC1 PHN TNG QUAN .................................................................................................. 4 1.1 1.2 2 hp .................................................................................................................... 4 Sn phm chn gi heo ng hp .......................................................................... 4

QU TRNH CH BIN ............................................................................................ 4 2.1 2.2 2.3 Nguyn liu ............................................................................................................ 4 Qui trnh ch bin ................................................................................................. 11 Thuyt minh qui trnh .......................................................................................... 13 Gii ng .............................................................................................................. 17 S ch v ct nh ................................................................................................. 18 p gia v ............................................................................................................ 18 Chn ..................................................................................................................... 19 Thanh trng .......................................................................................................... 20

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CC BIN I TRONG QU TRNH CH BIN ............................................... 17 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

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CH TIU CHT LNG ....................................................................................... 21 4.1 4.2 Ch tiu sn phm................................................................................................. 21 Cc yu t nh hng n cht lng sn phm ................................................. 23

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

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PHN TNG QUAN

1.1 hp hp l nhng sn phm thc phm qua ch bin thnh phm hoc bn thnh phm v c bo qun bng cch ng hp Phn loi hp gm: hp ch bin t rau: hp rau t nhin, hp rau mui chua, hp rau ngm gim, hp ch bin t qu: hp nc qu ng, hp nc qu hp ch bin t tht: hp tht t nhin, hp tht gia v, hp tht p, tht hun khi, hp ch bin t thy sn: hp thy sn khng gia v, hp thy sn c gia v, hp c ngm du, hp ch bin t sa: hp sa c c ng, hp sa bt, hp sa ti, 1.2 Sn phm chn gi heo ng hp hp chn gi heo (chn gi heo hm ng hp) l loi hp ch bin t chn gi heo qua x l v ch bin bng phng php hm c bo qun bng cch ng hp. Sn phm c gi tr dinh dng cao v hng v thm ngon, tt cho sc khe con ngi

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QU TRNH CH BIN

2.1 Nguyn liu 1. Nguyn liu chnh:GI HEO Phn loi: Gi heo thng chia thnh nhiu loi nh gm:

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

Gi mng l phn chn gi gn vi mng heo, phn gi ny thng t tht, nhiu da Gi gn l phn gi ni tip mng gi, phn tht ny c cha nhiu gn v da. Gi khoanh l phn trn gia n mp trn ca chn gi heo v thng chia thnh nhiu khoanh, phn gi ny c nhiu da. Gi nc l phn gi trn cng st vi bp v b vai tht heo, ni tp trung nhiu nc nht. Thnh phn dinh dng Thnh phn: thnh phn ch yu trong gi heo gm bn ngoi l lp da,tip theo l tht c mt t m v cui cng l xng Thnh phn tht heo

Trong 100g chn gi heo c cha khong 17,7g protid 12,9g lipid 14 mg Ca, 288 mg Photpho 2,5 mg Fe 0,53 mg Vitamin B1

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

0,22 mg Vitamin B2 5,2 mg Vitamin B3 Trong 100g mng gi cha: 21g protid 21,6g lipid 33 mg Ca 28 mg Photpho 0,7 mg Fe 4 mg Mg 0,01 mg Mn 0,78 mg Zn 0,1 mg Cu V nhiu sinh t cc loi. Ngoi ra cn c systine, myoglobin v rt giu collagen. Cht lng gi heo a vo ch bin c nh hng quyt nh n cht lng hp v vy ngi ta ch s dng nguyn liu ti, v c kch thc thch hp ch bin. Nguyn liu chn gi heo dng trong ch bin phi m bo yu cu cht lng, khng dng t heo b bnh, phi chn loi heo bo tt khe mnh. Phi c kim duyt k cng. Nu nguyn liu lnh ng phi r ng hon ton. Kim tra cht lng phn loi v nh gi phm cht ca nguyn liu x l v ch bin da vo cc yu t: ln b ca nguyn liu: mc ln b quyt nh thnh phn cu to, thnh phn khi lng, gi tr dinh dng ca nguyn liu v sn phm Mc nguyn vn: nguyn liu cng nguyn vn thi gian gi cng lu v bo qun cng c tt nn cht lng cao. Nu nguyn liu b xay xt, bm dp nhiu th cht lng b gim

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

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ti: y l ch tiu quan trng nht v nguyn liu cng ti th gi tr dinh dng cng cao. Nu nguyn liu c ti thp th cht dinh dng gim v b bin i, c th to ra cc cht khng mong mun

Ch tiu cht lng nguyn liu. i vi nguyn liu ti, phng php nh gi cm quan thng s dng v nhanh, chnh xc tng i cao nu ngi thc hin c kinh nghim. Xc nh trng thi bn ngoi, rn, n hi, ty, nh gi cm quan nguyn liu ti Tht ti - Mng ngoi kh - M c mu sc, rn, mi v bnh thng - Gn trong, n hi bnh thng. - Mt khp lng v trong. - Dch hot trong. Mu sc bnh thng, sng, kh. Rn chc, n hi cao Ty tht ti, bm cht vo thnh ng ty, n hi, trong.

Trng thi bn ngoi

Ch vt ct rn v n hi Ty

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Nguyn liu ph: hnh, ng, mui, tiu bt, m chnh (bt ngt), cc cht ph gia

HNH Gp phn to hng v lm tng tnh cm quan cho sn phm.

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

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Trong c hnh ta c lng tinh du trn 0.015%. Trong tinh du hnh thnh phn ch yu l allin disulfur, cc cht inulin, manic-manose maltose, mt s enzim, vitamin B v C, c bit trong hnh c phintoxit. Hnh ty c tc dng lm thm cho sn phm v cng c tc dng chng nm mc, nm men, ng thi c tc dng bo qun thc phm v cung cp nng lng cho c th

MUI To v mn cho sn phm, tng cht lng, cu trc cho sn phm Tng kh nng bo qun cho sn phm L cht c nh mu gin tip Gim t l oxy ha tan trong mi trng lm c ch cc vi sinh vt hiu kh pht trin. Xc tin qu trnh oxy ha lm tht thay i mu. Mui cn gip trung ha m lm cho n c kh nng gi nc lien kt, to p sut thm thu v to m cho sn phm, c tnh st khun lm gim s pht trin ca vi sinh vt gy hi, gim t l oxi ha tan c ch hot ng ca vi sinh vt hiu kh. Ion Cl- ca mui kt hp vi protein ch ni peptid lm cho protease khng th hot ng phn hy protein. NG ng s dng trong ch bin thc phm l ng saccharose. ng s dng phi kh, tinh th ng nht v phi tan hon ton trong nc. ng c chc nng: Lm mm v tng v cho tht Gi cho nitrit khng b oxy ha thnh nitrat Tng p sut thm thu khi kt hp vi mui

TIU BT

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

Tiu l loi gia v thng dng. C v cay nng, mi thm c bit. Tiu c tc dng lm tng hng v v to s hp dn cho sn phm. ng thi tiu cn c nhiu tc dng tt cho sc khe con ngi nh: gim au, li tiu, khng khun, Tuy nhin phi s dng liu lng thch hp. Thnh phn ha hc ca tiu Thnh phn Cht khong Cht m Cellulose Cht ng bt Cht bo Tinh du Piperlin Nha Hm lng(%) 1,62 11,72 6,35 62,3 9,21 1,86 8,59 1,19

Ch tiu cht lng Ch tiu kim tra Tiu chun Ch tiu cm quan Mu sc Trng thi Mi Vng xanh Bt mn Mi c trng ca tiu, nng v cay V Khng c tp cht l, khng c mi v l Ch tiu ha l Tham kho

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

m Antimon (Sb) Asen (As) Ch (Pb) Thy ngn

12.5% 1 mg/kg 5 mg/kg 2mg/kg 0.05mg/kg Ch tiu vi sinh 102 MPN/g Khng c Khng c Ti a 105 cfu/g 2x103 cfu/g

TCVN B Y T B Y T B Y T B Y T

Coliform E.Coli Salmonella Total Plate Count-TPC Yeast & Mold M CHNH (BT NGT) Ch tiu kim tra

TCVN TCVN TCVN RFV RFV

Tiu chun Ch tiu cm quan

Tham kho

Mu sc Ngoi hnh

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Tinh th trng Bt mn Khng ng cc Khng c tp cht Ha tan hon ton v khng c cn Ch tiu ha l TCVN

tinh khit Gim khi lng khi sy kh Ph quay c trng

99% 0.5% 6.7 7.2 24.8o 25.3o TCVN

TCVN TCVN

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

Clorua Asen Ch

2ppm 1ppm 10ppm Ch tiu vi sinh 10cfu/g 3MPN/g Khng c 1.102 cfu/g

TCVN TCVN TCVN

TPC Coliform E.Coli Nm men v nm mc

RFV RFV RFV

2.2 Qui trnh ch bin

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Tiu lun: Cc qu trnh CNTP

GVHD: Dng Vn Trng

Chn gi heo

R ng, ra sch

S ch

Ct khc Hnh ty

Chn

p - masage

Ct, nh hnh

Vo hp

Chn

Rt nc hm

Nc hm