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. ..

06.02.01 ,

,

:

,

,

..

2015

C

............................................................................................................. 3

1. ..................................................................... 9

1.1.

....................................................................................................... 9

1.2. .............................................................................................. 23

1.3. . ........................................................................ 30

2. ...................... 37

2.1. .................................................................................. 37

2.2 ..................................................... 38

2.3 .............................................................. 39

2.4

................................................................................................................ 39

2.5 . ........................................ 40

3.

................................................................................................... 41

3.1 . ............................................ 41

3.2 . ....... 51

3.3 ,

. .......................... 67

3.4 -

.............................................................................................................. 77

........................................................................................................... 87

.................................................................................................................. 91

.................................. 95

.............................. 96

............................................................................................ 97

........................................................................................................ 120

3

.

.

[1, 2,

99, 109, 118].

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articulatio genus.

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[2, 35, 50, 89, 97].

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articulatio genus .

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Canidae ,

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Canidae (, ,

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(, 2009),

XVIII (, 2010),

X (, 2010), XI

(, 2012),

XII VII

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(, 2014).

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120

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220 , 120 100 .

9

1.

1.1

[1, 2, 4, 5, 99, 109, 163, 170]. ,

,

(-, - ),

, ,

, [2,

7, 12, 99].

, Canidae ,

, , : -,

-, - ( ,

), (

) [2, 5, 7, 99].

- .

: ,

( ) [99].

,

, .

[2, 6, 54, 57, 67, 114, 116, 149, 150].

- (art. femoro-tibialis)

,

(meniscus lateralis et medialis),

10

.

(os femoris)

(condylus lateralis et medialis).

(epicondylus lateralis et medialis),

.

(fossa intercondylaris),

.

(fossa extensoria)

(fossa m. poplitei),

(m. externsor digitorium longus)

(m. popliteus).

(fovea articularis)

() (ossa sesamoideum m.

gastrocnemii), ,

, , 10% [2, 7, 12,

23, 70, 99, 108, 109].

() [68, 112, 204].

,

(eminentia intercondylaris),

,

.

,

[7, 67, 70, 94, 99, 103,

109].

(ligg. collaterale laterale et mediale),

.

.

11

,

,

.

(ligg. cruciatum craniale

et caudale)

.

.

(incisure

poplitae os tibiae).

[2, 5, 12, 99,

164].

,

.

,

.

- ,

[2, 5, 12, 99, 120].

.

.

, .

,

(os sesamoideum m. poplitei) [12,

109, 171].

- (ligg.

meniscotibiale craniale et caudale)

.

(lig. meniscofemorale),

12

,

(lig.

transversus genus), [2, 5, 49, 55, 57, 60, 67, 90].

- (art. femoropatellaris)

(trochlea ossis femoris) .

.

[3, 54, 57]. ,

( )

,

( ) [1,

5, 74, 165, 166].

(patella)

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[29, 70, 99, 191]. Patella

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[5, 99, 109, 151, 152].

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13

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[4, 54,

57]. (1964) ,

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[54, 96, 99, 109].

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(m. quadriceps femoris), - (ligg.

femoropatellare laterale et mediale). , -

(m. capsularis).

,

.

()

(adiposum infrapatellare).

,

14

.

[29, 94, 99].

(art. tibiofibularis proximalis)

,

.

.

,

(ligg. capitis fibulae craniale et caudale) [51, 52, 96, 106].

,

[12].

(art. femorosesamoideum)

. ()

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( 1 ) [99,

109].

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[15, 21, 23, 24, 26]. ,

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15

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[20, 67, 70, 76, 189].

90 105.

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, [99].

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[78, 99, 106, 109].

[2, 3, 7, 12].

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[13, 18, 79, 106].

16

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[1, 3, 55].

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[3].

12,

30.

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- [7, 20, 52, 55, 145, 176].

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- ( ) [52, 55,

17

99].

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[99, 109, 115].

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[13, 29, 31, 56, 60, 72, 146,

181]. ,

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, ,

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, [2, 60, 167,

182].

. ,

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[3, 5, 55].

,

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18

[7, 109, 115].

,

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,

[99, 106, 1

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