Research Methodology Project

  • View
    60

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Research Methodology Project

We the Urban People: An empirical Analysis of Cities

Submitted By Gaurav BhatiRoll No. 13101B.M.S 2 BShaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies

Content1. Acknowledgement...032. Introduction.......043. Research Methodology.......054. Research Objective...065. Questionnaire.......076. Data.107. Observation From The table.....148. Exploratory Data Analysis.........................................................................................159. Descriptive analysis....1810. Factor Analysis...2111. Conclusion.2612. Reference...27

AcknowledgementThis research paper is made possible through the help and support from everyone, including: parents, teachers, family, friends, and in essence, all sentient beings. Especially, please allow me to dedicate my acknowledgment of gratitude toward the following significant advisors and contributors:First and foremost, I would like to thank my teacher Dr. Mona Verma for her exemplary guidance, monitoring and constant encouragement throughout the course of this project. I am extremely grateful to her for providing me such a great project and guidance though she had busy schedule. Second, I would like to thank our principal Dr. Poonam Verma who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic We the Urban People: An empirical Analysis of Cities. Finally, I sincerely thank to my parents, family and friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time. The product of this research paper would not be possible without all of them.I am really thankful to them.

Name - Gaurav BhatiClass - B.M.S. 2BRoll no 13101

IntroductionIts plain that the health of cities drives the wellbeing of businesses, people and nations.What makes a city thrive?This is one thing that fascinates many of us. A lot many people individuals, societies and organizations, institutions - government and private are performing studies on the same. This becomes more important from the point of view that more than half of our population resides in cities and by 2050 it will reach approx 70% of the total.

This project is a small effort from me to carry out study on the various factors that are at play behind a vibrant and resurgent city.

Although this study was not carried out through rigorous methods and there is scope for the facts not being perfect, as the sample for the project is very small. But we can expect to bring some light on the topic.

Research MethodologyThis research is descriptive in nature as this tries to indicate the existing symptoms of the present situation instead of trying to establish the causality of relationship.A small questionnaire was filled by 25 respondents, about their perceptions that where the 10 cities in our survey stands on a 10 point scale on 10 different parameters.The analysis was done through descriptive, inferential, exploratory, and factor analysis methods. Different tools have been used to analyse the results ranging from graphical to various arithmetical tools.Questionnaire was filled using Google Docs whereas Analysis was done through Ms Excel & SPSS (software by IBM).

Research ObjectiveThis research aims to achieve following objectives:1) To find out and compare the 10 cities on various performance parameters;2) To find out how the two Indian cities Delhi and Mumbai performs in comparison to other foreign cities in question;3) To compare Delhi and Mumbai on with each other;4) To find out which are the parameters most respondents are more bullish and bearish about;5) To observe how different respondents perceive the cities overall, based on the scores they provided.6) To compare the economic and demographic profile of the cities.7) To find out the co-relation in the parameters, if any.

The Questionnaire

DataOnly some important extracts of data are presented here:Table 1: How different nations performed on various parametersParametersNew YorkLondonHong KongSing aporeSydneyDubaiTokyoBeijingMumbaiDelhiTotal

Ease of Doing Business1991891881951721901911821781721856

Economic Clout2112002051941951892042041811861969

Entrepreneurial Environment2272212011962041972091841911882018

Sustainability and Natural Environment1902021802021951921951821721701880

Political Environment2122081891981831801961911781731908

Cultural Vibrancy2162091972031881941941942112162022

Literacy and Enrolment2312232062132121952072001701742031

Technological Readiness and Digital Knowhow2272272102212172172252181881892139

Health, Safety and Security2142222052152142092082131951772072

Transportation and Infrastructure2322352202212052192182091841932136

Total215921362001205819851982204719771848183820031

Table 2: How different parameters scored -NameEase of Doing BusinessEconomic CloutEntrepreneurial EnvironmentSustainability & Natural EnvironmentPolitical EnvironmentCultural VibrancyLiteracy & EnrolmentTechnological Readiness and Digital KnowhowHealth, Safety & SecurityTransportation & InfrastructureTotal

A71768380868383857781805

B 82849078767785938994848

C80858892929292969664877

D87908881737486867887830

E76766768798286919085800

F78849488809095918996885

G79708070827675808682780

H51687750617484806793705

I10010010010092100100100100100992

J53696750697078817081688

K1001009090848990868497910

L86939193879697989295928

M55555555555558555555553

N91959072817982827988839

O83868283849180888486847

P92817677697390928977816

Q57688073707687858383762

R75817678738682868483804

S55628266627068907782714

T55555555555555545555549

U93929391959394969094931

V7987895175869091100100848

W85888489837786939198874

X15365555528621717989559

Y78888695939287898891887

Total185619692018188019082022203121392072213620031

Table 3: Cumulative Scores

Table 3(a) : Parameters (score of 2,500)ParametersTotal

Ease of Doing Business1856

Economic Clout1969

Entrepreneurial Environment2018

Sustainability and Natural Environment1880

Political Environment1908

Cultural Vibrancy2022

Literacy and Enrolment2031

Technological Readiness and Digital Knowhow2139

Health, Safety and Security2072

Transportation and Infrastructure2136

Total20031

Table 3(b): Countries (score of 2,500)RankCountriesTotal

1New York2159

2London2136

3Singapore2058

4Tokyo2047

5Hong Kong2001

6Sydney1985

7Dubai1982

8Beijing1977

9Mumbai1848

10Delhi1838

Total20031

Table 3(c): Respondents (total score they gave of 1000)NameTotal

A805

B848

C877

D830

E800

F885

G780

H705

I992

J688

K910

L928

M553

N839

O847

P816

Q762

R804

S714

T549

U931

V848

W874

X559

Y887

Total20031

Observations from Table1. New York and London emerges as clear winners leading in 7 and 4 parameters respectively.2. Singapore (202) leads with London (202) in terms of sustainability and natural environment.Delhi (216) and New York (216) have good repo with respondents in terms of cultural vibrancy. Mumbai (211) is not far behind.3. New York (227) and London (227) are head to head in terms of technological readiness and digital knowhow.4. These 10 cities perform best in terms of technological readiness & digital know how (2139) and transport & Infrastructure (2136).5. But they perform badly in terms of ease of doing business (1856) and sustainability and natural environment (1880).6. Overall New York (2159) leads the list, with London (2136) not much behind. Singapore (2058) is at 3rd.7. Mumbai (1848) and Delhi (1838) needs to work more on their policies as they are far behind their competitors.8. Respondents have different perceptions about the cities; their scoring varies from 55% (549/1000) to 99% (992/1000).

Most importantly,

9. Ranking of cities also depends upon their national economy. As the cities which belong to developed nations are on the top of chart.Or one may say,Performance of cities is directly proportional to performance of their nations.

Exploratory Data Analysis1) How different Indicators of PerformedRespondents are more bullish to technological readiness & digital know how (2139) and transport & Infrastructure (2136).But they are bearish about ease of doing business (1856) and sustainability and natural environment (1880).

2) How the nations score on Different parameters collectively:Overall New York (2159) leads the list, with London (2136) not much behind. Singapore (2058) is at 3rd. Mumbai (1848) and Delhi (1838) needs to work more on their policies as they are far behind their competitors.

3) How respondents perceives the performance of these 10 cities overall:Respondents vary in their perception as it is clear from the below scatter diagram that there is huge difference between the scoring provided by them.Scores ranges from 992 to 549.

4) Comparison between Delhi and Mumbai: Both are head to head, although Mumbai has some advantage in terms of Health, Safety and Security.

5) How Delhi and Mumbai scores compare to rest of the world:The two Indian cities are far behind the average of the rest of the world, in almost every parameter.Although, they performs well in terms of cultural vibrancy.Table 4:ParametersRest of the world (avg.)Mumbai and Delhi (avg.)

Ease of Doing Business188.25175

Economic Clout200.25183.5

Entrepreneurial Environment204.875189.5