Suport de Curs Comunicare Limba Engleza

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COMUNICARE LIMBA ENGLEZA INITIERE SUPORT DE CURS

1

THE ALPHABET

1.The English alphabet (Aa,Bb,Cc...) + Names

The English alphabet has 26 letters:Aa Ii Qq Yy Bb Jj Rr Zz Cc Kk Ss Dd Ll Tt Ee Mm Uu Ff Nn Vv Gg Oo Ww Hh Pp Xx

2

The alphabet is made up of: Vowels A and Consonants B L V C M W D N X F P Y G Q Z H R J S K T E I O U

The Rhyming Alphabet may help your pronunciation:-

The following letters rhyme with each other sound A H J K sound B C D E G P T V e sound F L M N S X sound I Y O y sound Q U W R Z

The Phonetic Alphabet may help you with your spelling:When spelling (especially over the phone) use the phonetic alphabet to avoid confusion.

3

A C E G I K M O Q S U W Y Names

Alpha Charlie Echo Golf India Kilo Mike Oscar Quebec Sierra Uniform Whisky Yankee

B D F H J L N P R T V X Z

Bravo Delta Foxtrot Hotel Juliet Lima November Papa Romeo Tango Victor X-Ray Zulu

First Name/Christian Name Elizabeth John

Middle Name Mary Wesley

or

(Middle Initial) M W

Last Name/Surname Windsor Sinclair

Naturally speaking

When two letters appear next to each other we say "double __" Follow the dialogue.

4

o

What's your full name please. Sorry , what was your last name again? I'm sorry I don't understand. Could you repeat that more slowly please. How do you write that? Could you spell it please? And your first name please? Pardon? And what is your telephone number please? Thank you.

My first name is Sonja and my last name Pascalli Pascalli. Pasc-all-i.

o o

o

P-a-s-c-a-double l-i Sonja Sonja - S-o-n-j-a. 2-3-8-7-1-8 You're welcome.

o o o

o

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II. GREETINGSEveryday Greetings

"Good morning."

"Good afternoon."

"Good evening."

"Goodbye."

+

"Good night."

+

"Good night."

Special Greetings 6

"Happy Christmas." or "Merry Christmas."

00.01 - 1st January

"Happy New Year!"

"Happy Easter."

"Good Luck!" or etc....

"Congratulations!" or "Well done!"

or

etc...

"Get well soon."

Shaking Hands

7

When meeting someone formally for the first time, we shake their hand and say "How do you do?" or "Pleased to meet you." "How do you do?" isn't really a question, it just means "Hello".

When young people meet informally they sometimes say "Give me five!" and slap their hands together (high five).

Generally we do not shake hands with people we know well.

Naturally speaking

You say hello, and I say goodbye! Follow the dialogue. Mr Bean meets Mrs Breuer, one of his students, and her husband in the street.Mr Bean: Mrs Breuer: Mr Bean: Mrs Breuer: Mr Breuer: Mr Bean: Mr Breuer:

Good morning, Mrs Breuer. Good morning, Mr Bean. How are you? I'm fine thanks, and you? Not too bad. Mr Bean, this is my husband Michael, Michael this is Mr Bean my English teacher. Pleased to meet you. Pleased to meet you too. Are you from Germany, Mr Breuer? Yes, East Germany, from Dresden. And you, are you from London?8

Mr Bean: Mrs Breuer: Mr Bean:

No, I'm from Derby, but I live in London now.Well, goodbye Mr Bean, it was nice to see you. Yes, goodbye.

Formal to Informal Greetings and Introductions First meetings Formal Introducing yourself

Introducing others

Responding to an introduction

How do you do? My name is Mrs Hand.

Mrs Hand, may I introduce my boss, Mr Smith.

Pleased to meet you Mrs Hand.

Hello, Lynne Hand. I'm the owner of this web site.

Lynne, I'd like you to meet John Smith, our salesman. John, this is Lynne Hand.

Pleased to meet you Lynne.

Lynne Hand, the owner.

Lynne, meet John, my husband. John, this is my friend Lynne.

Hi, Lynne. How are you?

Informal Subsequent meetings Formal

Greeting Hello, Mrs Hand. It's nice to see you again.

Responding What a pleasant surprise! How are you? It's been a while.

Good morning Mrs Hand. How are you today?

I'm very well thank you. And you?

9

Good afternoon, Mr Reed. It's good to see you.

Thank you. It's nice seeing you too. How are things going?

Hello Petra. How are you doing?

Fine thanks. What's new with you?

Hi, Dieter! How's it going?

Not too bad, busy as ever.

Informal

!Note - on first meetings say, "It's nice to meet you". For future meetings say, "It's nice to see you again".

3.Am/is/are + what? + who?Full form (written) I am you are he is she is it is are not is not = = = = = = = I'm you're he's she's it's aren't isn't Short form (spoken)

Questions - What/Who is it?

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What ....? = things Who .....? = people Full form (written) What is Who is It is = = = Short form (spoken) What's Who's It's

Who's your teacher?

"Hello. I'm Lynne. I'm your teacher."

"What's this?"

"It's an apple."

"Who's it for?"

"It's for the teacher."

+ a or an? a = b, c, d ... an = a, e, i, o, u

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an apple, an elephant, an a banana, a car, a dog... igloo, an orange, an umbrella This / these a / an

"What's this?"

"It's an apple."

"And this?"

"It's a pear."

"And what's this?"

"It's a car."

"And what are these?"

"They're biscuits."

"And these?"

"They're eggs."

"Who's this?"

"It's Mr. Bean."

12

English numbers (1,2,3...10)Numbers Whole numbers 1 to 10 Symbol 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Word Nought One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten

More numbers (10, 11, 12 ...20)Whole numbers 10 to 20Symbol 10 11 12 13 14 15 Word Ten Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Pronounce It

13

16 17 18 19 20

Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty

More numbers (21 - 1000)Whole numbers 21 to 1000In figures 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 In words twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty fourty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety a hundred a hundred and one two hundred three hundred four hundred five hundred six hundred seven hundred eight hundred nine hundred a thousand

14

Ordinal numbers (1 - 1000)Ordinal NumbersCardinal numbers express quantity: two eggs (2 eggs), thirty-five people (35 people) etc... Ordinal numbers indicate order or rank: first (1st), second (2nd), third (3rd) etc... The definite article"the" normally goes in front of any ordinal number: e.g. "Queen Elizabeth the second." For most ordinal numbers, the ending '-th' is used, with one or two exceptions for those inevitable irregular numbers:CARDINAL NUMERAL 1 2 3 5 9 12 IN WORDS one two three five nine twelve ORDINAL NUMERAL 1st 2nd 3rd 5th 9th 12th IN WORDS the first the second the third the fifth the ninth the twelfth

Ordinal numbers 1 to 19In figures 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th In words the first the second the third the fourth the fifth the sixth the seventh the eighth the ninth the tenth the eleventh the twelfth

15

13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th

the thirteenth the fourteenth the fifteenth the sixteenth the seventeenth the eighteenth the nineteenth

Ordinal numbers such as 21st, 33rd etc are formed by combining a CARDINAL ten with an ORDINAL unit. The "y" of "twenty", "thirty", "forty", etc. is changed to "ieth":In figures 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th 101st 1000th In words the twentieth the twenty-first the twenty-second the twenty-third the twenty-fourth the twenty-fifth the twenty-sixth the twenty-seventh the twenty-eighth the twenty-ninth the thirtieth the fortieth the fiftieth the sixtieth the seventieth the eightieth the ninetieth the hundredth the hundred and first the thousandth

16

4. ColoursBlack White Red Blue Yellow Orange Green Purple Pink For example:The Union Jack is red, white and blue.

The German flag is black, red and yellow.

Penguins are black and white.

Aubergines are purple.

17

Lettuces are green.

Lemons are yellow.

Oranges are orange!

A rainbow is multi-coloured

5. Days of the weekThe days of the week:The working week Monday Mon Tuesday Tue Wednesday Wed Thursday Thu Friday Fri The weekend Sunday Saturday (the Sabbath) Sat Sun

18

6. TimeTwelve o'clock Six o'clock

One o'clock

Seven o'clock

Two o'clock

Eight o'clock

Three o'clock

Nine o'clock

Four o'clock

Ten o'clock

Five o'clock

Eleven o'clock

The times of the day:Morning Afternoon Evening s Night

00.01 - 12.00

12.01 to 18.00

18.01 to 22.00

22.01 - 24.00

19

Twelve fifteen Twelve o'clock Quarter past twelve or

Twelve thirty or

Twelve fortyfive or

Half past twelve Quarter to one

Naturally speaking Exactly or aboutExactly 14.00 It's exactly 2.00pm. How to ask the time

About 14.28 It's about 2.30pm.

It's exactly eight o'clock.

Excuse me. What time is it please? or

It's eight.

It's half past twelve.

Excuse me. Do you have the time please? or

It's twelve thirty.

20

It's about half past eleven.

Excuse me. Could you tell me the time please? or

It's about eleven thirty.

7. SeasonsIn the UK we have four seasons:Winter Spring Summer Autumn

December January February March Ap