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© Ramesh Jain Pragyan, February 27, 2010 1 Ramesh Jain [email protected] Regaining Intellectual Leadership

Pragyan Talk 100227

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2. ANewStar Who is on Left?Who is on Right?Where is K R Sridhar from?REC, Trichy. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 2 3. DiscussionToday Personalnote India:ThenandNow Somefacts SharinganddisseminaAngExperiences RoleofTechnology AnOpportunityPragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 3 4. PersonalNote:Apassage Spentrst12yearsoflifereadingincandlelight. NowreadonKindleamongotherthings. AsaRegionalCollegeofEngineering(Nagpur) student,wasagainstleavingIndia.But,ended up(withtheprivilegeof)experiencingtheEast andtheWestandmore. Wouldlovetocontributemybit. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 4 5. Ajourneyinlifebeginswithunderstanding: Whereyouare, Whereyouwanttobe,and Whatareconstraintsandtechniquesavailable. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 5 6. AndThen BePassionateaboutthegoal, Thinkoutofthebox, Beirreverent,and ThinktheUnthinkableandjustdoit. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 6 7. Einstein Learnfromyesterday,livefortoday,hopefor tomorrow.Theimportantthingisnottostop quesAoning. Onceweacceptourlimits,wegobeyond them.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 7 8. LeadershipofIndia:Wellrecognized Indiahadthestartofthewholeworldinthebeginningof things.Shehadtherstciviliza8on;shehadtherst accumula8onofmaterialwealth;shewaspopulouswith deepthinkersandsubtleintellects;shehadmines,and woods,andafrui?ulsoul.Mark Twain Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 8 9. Nalanda Therstgreatuniversityinrecordedhistory. Startedin5thCentury. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 9 10. TodaythecountrythatcreatedNalanda: Literacyrate61%147thoutof177Countries NoIndianUniversityintop100intheWorld EvenamongAsianuniversiAestherstname appearsat30thplace. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 10 11. MohenjodaroandHarappa2600BC TopciAesintheworld. BeberplannedthanmostciAesinIndiatoday. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 11 12. Mohenjodaro Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 12 13. Harappa Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 13 14. IndiaToday InPerCapitaincome:165th($3,100)outof 212countries. 1.5PersonalComputersper100people UShas76.2 Switzerlandhas86.2(Source:hbp://www.naAonmaster.com/red/graph/med_pc_percapmedianumberpcspercapita&b_map=1) Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 14 15. ThousandsofEntrepreneurs ournaAon,thoughithasnodrinkingwater, electricity,sewagesystem,public transportaAon,senseofhygiene,discipline, courtesy,orpunctuality,doeshave entrepreneurs.ThousandsandThousandsof them. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 15 16. InnovaAonsinIndia (VikasBajajinNewYorkTimesAr4cle) Mr.RaghavanandotherssayIndiaisheldbackbya nancialsystemthatisreluctanttoinvestin unprovenideas,aneduca4onsystemthat emphasizesrotelearningoverproblemsolving,and aculturethatlooksdownonfailureand unconven4onalcareerchoices. DidyouseeThreeIdiots? Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 16 17. WhatisthemostimportantinvenAoninthelast1000years? Einstein:TheoryofrelaAvity. Turing:DigitalComputer. Curie:Xrays Gutenberg:Moveableprint Edison:ElectricBulb . . . Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 17 18. Itisallabout ExperienAalCommunicaAonamongHumans Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 18 19. Events Life = +Experiences Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 19 20. RecordingExperiences Modes Visual Aural Text LogofacAviAes TacAle TechnologyandSharingExperiencesPragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 20 21. Shareexperiences : Languages Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 21 22. AcrossTime : Writing Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 22 23. Makingitportable : Paper Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 23 24. DemocraAzaAon : Gutenbergs Movable Press Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 24 25. Telegraph:InstantaneousRemote Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 25 26. Telephone:RemoteSpeech Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 26 27. Photography:RecordingVisualExperience Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 27 28. AudioRecording:ElectricalSignals enterrecordingspace Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 28 29. Radio:LiveBroadcast Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 29 30. Television:LiveBroadcastcombines twoMedia Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 30 31. DigitalProcessing Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 31 32. Internet:TheGameChanger Medium is the message. McLuhan was right THEN. Medium is just that Medium. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 NOW Ramesh Jain 32 33. CommunicaAngExperiences:SpaAalandTemporalInventionsApplication ImpactLanguages Communicate symbolic experiences Written Languages Record Symbolic experiences (time) Paper Portability (space)Most influentialPrint Invention in history distribution (time and space) Mass Telegraph Remote narrow communication (space) Telephone Remote analog communication (space) Radio Analog broadcasting of sound (space) TelevisionCombining two senses media (space) Recording media Photos, audio, video (time) Digital processingMachine enhancement and processingFuture ofInternetCommunicationInteractive Multimedia communication Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 33 34. Theonlysourceofknowledgeis experience. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 34 35. KnowledgeSocieAes Theempiresofthefuturearetheempiresofthemind. WinstonChurchill Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 35 36. DigitalWorld:Knowledge RevoluAon Limitedtolessthan15%populaAonofthe world. Toucheslessthan2%ofpopulaAonin developingcountries. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 36 37. DigitalDividend:AnOpportunity Technologyisliberalinrewardsand ruthlessinpunishment Richgetricherandpoorstaypoor AteachtechnologyinecAonpoint,new leadersemerge. WeareinamajortechnologyinecAon period.Someaggressivecountrieshavea greatopportunity.Can that country be India? Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 37 38. WideningGap IncomedisparityraAointhe18thCentury betweentherichestandthepoorest countrieswasamere2:1,todayitismore than100:1. In1988,medianincomeintherichest10 percentofcountrieswas77Amesthatin thepoorest10percent;by1999thegap hadgrownto122Ames. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 38 39. SomeInteresAngFacts:Thenandnow IndiaandChina Accountedfor40%ofworldtradein1840 Accountedfor3.4%ofworldtradein1998 IndiaestablishedtherstUniversityinthe worldinNalandaTaxilla Indiapublishedlessthan2%ofworlds scienAcresearchpapers(includesIndian journals)Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 39 40. TurningTime:Almost600YearAgo Columbuswassearchingforfameandfortune wasgoingtoIndiafor Spices Wealth Technology Sourceofknowledge GutenberginventedtheprinAngtechnology thatstarted Growthofwealthinwest DominaAonofwesterntechnology InuenceofwesternknowledgePragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 40 41. WhyisGutenbergsMoveablePrintsoinuenAal? BroughtknowledgecreaAonandaccessto masses. ResultedinincreasedawarenessofscienAc approaches. ReducedmisinformaAonandinuenceof religions.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 41 42. IndiamissedthelastdisrupAve knowledgerevoluAon. HowcanitparAcipateandleadthecurrentdisrupAvewavebroughtonbyrecentinnovaAons? Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 42 43. DisrupAveStagesinCompuAng:1DataData:Numbers, Text,(Computation) Statistics, Sensors (Video) Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 43 44. CompuAng1:Data Device:MainframeandworkstaAons MainapplicaAons: ScienAcandengineering Business Users: Sophis8cated Expectedtobetrained Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 44 45. DisrupAveStagesinCompuAng:2InformationInformation:Search, Specialized sources (Communication) DataData:Numbers, Text,(Computation) Statistics, Sensors (Video) Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 45 46. CompuAng2:InformaAonand CommunicaAon Device:PCandInternet MainapplicaAons: InformaAon CommunicaAon Users: Commonpeopleindevelopedworld Easyaccessusingkeyboards Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 46 47. DisrupAveStagesinCompuAng:3Experience Experience:What Next? Direct observation or (Insights)participationInformationInformation:Search, Specialized sources (Communication) DataData:Numbers, Text,(Computation) Statistics, Sensors (Video) Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 47 48. CompuAng3:Experience Device:Mobilephones MainapplicaAons: Experiencemanagement ExperienAalcommunicaAon Users: Humans Nolanguageissues Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 48 49. MobileseverywherePragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 49 50. DistribuAonofMobilePhonesRank Country or region Number of mobile phones Population % of population Last updated World4,100,000,000 6,797,100,000[1] 60.6 Dec 2008[2] 1 China747,380,000 1,335,330,00055.97Dec 2009[3] 2 India525,147,922 1,174,040,00044.73Dec 2009[4] 3 United States276,610,580 308,505,000[1] 89.0 June. 2009[5]4 Russia 207,900,000 141,915,979143.2Feb. 2009[6] 5 Brazil 173,960,000 191,480,63090.84Dec. 2009[7][8] [9]6 Indonesia140,200,000 231,369,50060.53Dec. 2008[10] 7 Japan107,490,000 127,530,00084.11Mar. 2009[11] 8 Germany107,000,00081,882,342130.15 2009[12] 9 Pakistan97,579,940 168,500,50059.60Dec 2009[13]10Italy 88,580,00060,090,400147.41 Dec.2008[14] 11Mexico79,400,000 109,610,00072.44Mar.2009[15]12United Kingdom75,750,00061,612,300122.95 Dec. 2008[16] 13Vietnam 70,000,00087,375,00080.112009[17] 14Philippines 67,900,00092,226,60073.62Dec. 2008[18]15Turkey66,000,00071,517,10092.292009[19] 16Nigeria 64,000,000 154,729,00041.36Dec. 2009[20]17France58,730,00065,073,84290.25Dec. 2008[21] 18Ukraine 55,170,90846,143,700119.56 April. 2009[22] 19Thailand51,377,00065,000,00079.0 200820Spain 50,890,00045,828,172111.05 Dec. 2008[23] Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 50 51. WhatisaMobilePhone?Mobile phone used to be a phone. It is : Phone Camera and an album Music system Video Game console Communication device Personal BUTLER Computer Information source much more Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 51 52. AMobilePhoneis Everybodys loyal personal multimedia communication and experience associate.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 52 53. AGreatOpportunity LeadingtheWorldinbringingnext genera4oncompu4ng:theFolk Compu4ng. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 53 54. Opportunity:FolkCompuAngTakingCompuAngtoMassesfocusonpeopleinremotepartsofevenunderdevelopedpartsoftheworld. SocialNetworkingasadrivingapplicaAon. MaysolvemanyinteresAngproblems. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 54 55. Challenges InteracAonenvironment, ContentCreaAon, ContentManagement,and ContentAccess.Key: Content created by culturallysimilar people is more useful.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 55 56. InteracAonEnvironment KeyboardistheBIGGESTproblem. UsenaturalcommunicaAon: Audio,Visual,TacAle. GoodrststeptowardsFolk CompuAng.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 56 57. ContentCreaAon Literacy=Knowledge Alltheworldsknowledgeisprimarilyintext. Camerasandmicrophonesareeasiertouse thankeyboardandevenpen. Develop interactive content creation tools for masses using phones. Can we develop Word like Photoshop and Director?Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 57 58. ContentManagement:Challenges MulAmedia DierentLanguages EventObjectbasedIndexing FastaccessonMobiledevices Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 58 59. Access:MustbeNatural OnMobilephonelikedevices Mymothershouldbeabletoask Naturallanguagenotonlykeywords Voice/Image/Touchinterfaces CulturallysensiAve Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 59 60. InformaAonandCommunicaAonTechnologyforDevelopment Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 60 61. GlobalProjectsinICTforDevelopment Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 61 62. LimitedSuccessofmostsuch approaches.Why? PCBased. VeryfewPCs(lessthan0.5per100people) PCarediculttolearnforusers Approacheswerenotverynaturalforusers Triedtopushapproachessuccessfulindevelopedworld Failedtounderstandneedsofpeopleand developappropriateapplicaAons.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 62 63. mKrishiapproach AninnovaAveapproachbyTCS. Iamworkingwiththeminthis.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 63 64. TakingthePROBLEMtoanEXPERT UsingModernTechnology PaAenttoDoctor FieldtoAgricultureExpert ConstrucAontoEngineers Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 64 65. mKrishiArchitecture Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 65 66. Sensorsintheeld Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 66 67. QueryNo.1519In Text: Grapes have turned pink in color. Please suggest the reason and medicine to be applied. Experts Response Meaning: Causes of Pink berry: (1) Haphazard use of fertilizer (2) Deficiency in Sulphur or access Potash (3) Pest on flowers (4) Excess use of Gibberellic acid. Pragyan, February 27,5Gm/Litre of Calcium Nitrate. Remedy: Use 2010 Ramesh Jain 67 68. QueryNo.1519 Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 68 69. ExpertConsoleInfo specific From public to crop websiteSensor data ifapplicableVoicequery Ready references for expert PicturePragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain69 70. Commercial Launch SummaryState of UttarPradesh- 70 - Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 70 71. Name4mostpopularcompaniesthatemerged inthelast4years. Flickr YouTube Facebook Twiber Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 71 72. Name3mostpopularInternet conceptsinthelast3years. SocialNetworks Microblogging(AmbientAwareness) TagsInterestingly, they did not come fromGoogle Yahoo Microsoft or Academia.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 72 73. InteresAng!!! Flickr SocialNetworks YouTube Microblogging Facebook Tags TwiberWhat does this tell us?Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 73 74. Messagesareclear People want: Newmedia:Textbasedmediaisnotenough. Experiences:Peoplewanttoexperienceand shareexperienceswithminimallatency. Socialize:Familyandfriendsremainastrong inuenceinallfacetsoflife. Familyandfriendsareclosertoeachothertodaythanever!!!Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 74 75. I have a dream NextGeneraAonofSocial NetworksForMassesindevelopingcountries usingFolkCompuAngonMobile Phones. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 75 76. KnowledgeandInnovaAonSharingNetworks InnovaAonSystemsPerspecAve. SocialNetworking,B2B,Wiki,Twiber Putpeopleinthecentre Systembecomesintelligentfacilitatorof learning,interacAons,communicaAons,and collaboraAons. Organicdevelopmenttosuitlocalcontext Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 76 77. KISAN:KnowledgeandInnovaAon SharingAgricultureNetwork Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 77 78. CreateKISNfor Agriculture Health EducaAon Societalproblems ... Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 78 79. SelecAngRaAonaloverMysAcal Jawaharlal Nehru Thefuturebelongstoscienceandthosewhomakefriendswithscience. NocountryorpeoplewhoareslavestodogmaandthedogmaAcmentalitycanprogress,andunhappilyourcountryandpeoplehavebecomeextraordinarilydogmaAcandliblemindedMore true today than when he said this about 60 years ago. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 79 80. TimeisRight WeareatamajorTechnologyInecAonpoint. Indiamaybethebestplacetodoresearchinthe newwave. ThismaybethebestAmetoseedprocesses leadingtorevoluAonaryresults. ProductsdevelopedforIndiaarerelevantto80% oftheworldalldevelopingcountries.Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 80 81. YouareinIndiaattheRightTime.BeambiAous,driven,andboldandyou willbringbacktheIntellectual LeadershiptoIndia. Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 81 82. I invite you to join me in this Dream. Please join me! Thanks.Formoreinforma4on,comments,cri4cismscontact:Mail:[email protected] Facebook:jain49 TwiTer:jain49 Pragyan, February 27, 2010 Ramesh Jain 82