Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    1/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 001

    Reprezentarea grafic alturat se refer lasubiectul IIIA -B i prezint evoluiatemperaturilor i precipitaiilor medii lunare.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea minim a cantitii de precipitaii,precum i luna n care se nregistreaz;2. valoarea maxim a temperaturii medii dinluna ianuarie.

    4 puncte

    B. Scriei pe foaia de examen, literacorespunztoarerspunsului corect, pentrufiecare dintre afirmaiile de mai jos:1. Tipul de clim n care se nregistreaz valorile menionate n diagrama climatic de mai suseste:

    a. ecuatorial b. mediteranean (subtropical)c. temperat - oceanic d. subpolar

    2. Cea mai mare cantitate de precipitaii se nregistreaz n intervalul:a. aprilie - iunie b. noiembrie - ianuariec. iulie august d. septembrie - noiembrie

    3. Temperaturile au valori ridicate n anotimpul de var datorit ptrunderii maselor de aer:a. ecuatorial b. polar maritimc. polar continental d. tropical

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Italia, precizai:1. aezarea geografic;2. trei uniti de relief;3. un tip de climat;4. dou insule care aparin acestui stat;5. trei ramuri industriale.

    10 puncte

    D. Comparai economia Ungariei cu economia Republicii Moldova, preciznd trei deosebiri.Nota 1:Deosebirile se pot referi la oricare din urmtoarele elemente: agricultur, industrie, turismi comerexterior.Nota 2:Punctajul complet va fi acordat numai dac cele trei deosebiri vor fi prezentate comparativi nu separat.

    6 puncteE. Precizai:

    1. dou state ale UE cu ieire la Marea Baltic;2. cele dou state care au aderat la UE n 2007.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    2/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 002

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer la subiectul IIIA -Bi prezint valorile densitiipopulaiei n cteva state europene n anul 2005.

    A.Precizai:1. valoarea maxim a densitii populaiei inumele statului n care se nregistreazaceasta;2. valoarea minim a densitii populaiei inumele statului n care se nregistreaz

    aceasta. 4 puncte

    B. Alegei un argument, dintre cele de mai jos,care explic cel mai bine valorile densitaiipopulaiei, pentru fiecare dintre urmtoareleri: Olanda, Finlanda, Malta:1. climat rece, suprafee mari ocupate depduri i lacuri;2. relief jos, climat temperat-oceanic gradridicat de urbanizare, suprafa relativ mic;3. relief predominant muntos i clim tropical.

    4. suprafa extrem de mic. 6 puncte

    C. Pentru Regatul Unit alMarii Britanii i Irlandei de Nord, precizai:1. dou uniti de relief;2. un ru sau fluviu;3. dou resurse ale subsolului;4. dou orae mari, altele dect capitala;5. trei ramuri industriale.

    10 puncte

    D. Comparai cadrul natural al Serbiei cu cel al Ungariei, preciznd dou asemnri i o

    deosebire.Nota 1: Asemnrile i deosebirea se pot referi la caracteristici ale: reliefului, climei, reeleihidrografice, vegetaieii solurilor.Nota 2: Punctajul complet va fi acordat numai dac asemnrilei desebirea vor fi prezentatecomparativi nu separat.

    6 puncte

    E. Precizai patru surse de energie nepoluant utilizat de rile dezvoltate ale Uniunii Europene nscopul proteciei mediului.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    3/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 003

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer la subiectul III A - B i prezint evoluiatemperaturilor medii lunare i a cantitii de precipitaii lao staie meteorologic din Europa.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea maxim a temperaturii medii lunare, precumi luna n care se nregistreaz.2. cantitatea minim de precipitaii nregistrat, precumi luna n care se nregistreaz;

    4 puncte

    B. Scriei, pe foaia de examen, litera corespunztoarerspunsului corect pentru fiecare dintre afirmaiile de maijos:1. Tipul de clim n care se nregistreaz valorilemenionate n diagrama climatic alturat este:

    a. ecuatorial b. subpolarc. mediteranean (subtropical) d. temperat - oceanic

    2. Valoarea maxim a temperaturii medii lunare se nregistreaz n lunile:a. august si mai b. august si iuliec. iulie si iunie d. iulie si mai

    3. Cantitile mari de precipitaii medii anuale sunt o consecin a:a. altitudinii reduse c. regimului temperaturii aeruluib. regimului radiaiei solare d. circulaiei vestice a maselor de aer

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Spania, precizai:1. peninsula n care este situat statul;2. dou uniti montane;3. dou tipuri de clim;4. trei orae mari, altele dect capitala;5. dou regiuni turistice.

    10 puncte

    D. Comparai cadrul natural al Ucrainei cu cel al Bulgariei preciznd dou asemnri i odeosebire.Nota 1: Asemnrile i deosebirea se pot referi la caracteristicile reliefului, climei, reeleihidrografice, vegetaieii solurilor.Nota 2:Punctajul complet va fi acordat numai dac asemnrilei deosebirea vor fi prezentatecomparativi nu separat.

    6 puncte

    E. Prezentai doi factori care favorizeaz producia mare de cereale n Frana.4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    4/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 004

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer la subiectul IIIA -B i prezint populaia unor stateeuropene n anul 2005.

    A. Precizai:1. numele statului cu populaia cea mainumeroasi valoarea acesteia;2. diferena ntre numrul de locuitoridin Germania i Spania.

    4 puncte

    B. Precizai:1. statul a crui populaie este de 60mil.loc.;2. statul cu cel mai mic numr de locuitoridin Europa Vestic;3. statul din Europa Central care nu areieire la mare.

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Frana, precizai:1. aezarea geografic;2. o insul care aparine acestui stat;

    3. dou caracteristici ale reliefului;4. dou caracteristici ale climei;5. trei orae, cu excepia capitalei;6. o regiune turistic.

    10 puncteD. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    araLungimea

    cilor ferate(km)

    Germania 38.126Romnia 11.376Ucraina 22.510

    Calculai ponderea lungimii cilor ferate ale fiecrei ri, raportate la nivelul Europei tiind clungimea total a reelei feroviare pe continent este, n prezent, de 369.000 Km.

    6 puncte

    E. Prezentai dou argumente pentrua susine afirmaia: Problema energeticii i a industrieienergiei electrice este o problem prioritar pentru statele Uniunii Europene.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    5/100

  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    6/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 006

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer la subiectul III A - B i prezint evoluiaprecipitaiilor medii lunare nregistrate la ostaie meteorologic din Europa.

    A. Precizai:1.valoarea maxim aprecipitaiilor mediilunare i luna n care se nregistreaz;2. valoarea minim a precipitaiilor mediilunare i luna n care se nregistreaz;

    4 puncte

    B. Scriei pe foaia de examenrspunsurile corecte la cerinele de maijos:1. anotimpul cu cele mai ridicate cantitimedii lunare de precipitaii este:

    a. iarna b. primvara c. toamna d. vara2. Regimul anual al precipitaiilor se ncadreaz n tipul de regim pluviometric:

    a. ecuatorial b. musonic c. subpolar d. temperat-oceanic3. Factorul care determin cantiti mari de precipitaii medii anuale este:

    a. altitudinea reliefului b. circulaia vestic a maselor de aerc. regimul radiaiei solare d. regimul temperaturii aerului6 puncte

    C. Pentru Frana, precizai:1. dou state vecine, membre ale UE;2. dou uniti majore de relief;3. trei resurse de subsol;4. dou orae-port maritime;5. o regiune turistic.

    10 puncteD. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    Statul Suprafaa(km2)Populaia

    (nr.loc)Suedia 449 964 9 016 596Olanda 41 526 16 491 461

    Sursa: The World Factbook, estimri la nivelul anului 2006

    1. Scriei, pe foaia de examen, valoarea densitiimedii a populaiei, calculat pentrufiecare stat din tabel.

    2. Precizai o cauz care s explice diferenele care apar ntre cele dou state, referitor ladensitatea medie a populaiei.

    6 puncte

    E. Prezentai dou argumente care susin afirmaia: Parisul este un important nod decomunicaie.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    7/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 007

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer lasubiectul IIIA- B i prezint evoluia debitelorDunrii la intrarea n Delt.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea maxim a debitului mediu lunar iluna n care se nregistreaz;2. dou luni n care debitul mediu lunardepete 4 000 m3/s.

    4 puncte

    B. Analizai valorile debitelor medii nscrise ngraficul alturat i scriei rspunsul corect:1. valoarea debitului mediu n luna ianuarie;2. luna n care se nregistreaz valoarea cea maimic a debitului mediu lunar;3. dou luni n care se nregistreaz valori aledebitului mediu lunar de 7 000 m3/s.

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Spania,precizai:1. dou insule sau arhipelaguri care aparin acestui stat;

    2. dou state vecine, membre ale UE;3. dou uniti de relief;4. dou tipuri de clim;5. dou orae, cu excepia capitalei.

    10 puncte

    D. Comparai cadrul natural al Franei cu cel al Regatului Unit al Marii Britanii i Irlandei de Nordpreciznd o asemnare i dou deosebiri.Nota 1: Asemnarea i deosebirile se pot referi la caracteristicile reliefului, climei, reeleihidrografice, vegetaieii solurilor.Nota 2:Punctajul complet va fi acordat numai dac asemnareai deosebirile vor fi prezentatecomparativi nu separat.

    6 puncte

    E. Precizai doi factori care determin prezena pe suprafee extinse a vegetaiei de step isilvostep n Republica Moldova i Ucraina.

    4 puncte

    0

    2000

    4000

    6000

    8000

    10000

    12000

    I F M A M I I A S O N D

    lunile anului

    mc/s

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    8/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 008

    Analizai diagrama n coloane de mai jos care prezint evoluia valorilor medii lunare aleprecipitaiilor atmosferice la o staie meteorologic din Europa.Diagrama se refer la subiectul IIIA-B.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea maxim a precipitaiilor mediilunare i luna n care se nregistreaz;2. valoarea minim a precipitaiilor mediilunare i luna n care se nregistreaz.

    4 puncte

    B. 1. Calculai diferena dintre cantitateamaximi cantitatea minim lunar aprecipitaiilor;2. Precizai modul de calcul al cantitiimedii de precipitaii anuale;3. Precizai dou luni cu valori aproximativegale ale cantitilor medii de precipitaiilunare.

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Austria, precizai:1. dou state vecine, memebre ale UE;2. dou uniti de relief;3. dou caracteristici climatice;4. un ru sau fluviu;5. o resurs natural;6. dou orae.

    10 puncte

    D. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    ara

    Suprafaa

    (km2)Populaia

    (nr.loc.)Grecia 131 940 10 688058Suedia 449 964 9 016 596

    Sursa: The World Factbook, estimri la nivelul anului 2006

    1. Calculai densitatea medie pentru fiecare stat.2. Precizai o cauz care determin diferena de densitate a populaiei din cele dou state.

    6 puncte

    E. Precizai numele strmtorii situate n sudul Peninsulei Iberice i importana economic aacesteia pentru rile din sudul Europei.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    9/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 009

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos se refer la subiectul IIIA - Bi prezint evoluia valorilormedii lunare ale temperaturii aerului la staia meteorologic Sinaia.

    A. Precizai:1. dou luni n care se nregistreaztemperaturi medii lunare maxime;2. dou luni n care se nregistreaztemperaturi medii lunare negative;

    4 puncte

    B. Precizai:1. modul de calcul al temperaturii mediianuale;2. valoarea amplitudinii termice anuale;3. un factor care determin valrile sczute aletemperaturii medii anuale n lunile decembriei ianuarie.

    6 puncte

    C. Pentru Frana, precizai:1. dou state vecine, membre ale UE;

    2. numele unitii de relief cu altitudinea maxim;3. o insul care aparine acestui stat;4. dou resurse de subsol;5. dou ruri sau fluvii care se vars n Oceanul Atlantic;6. dou orae, cu excepia capitalei;

    10 puncte

    D. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    StatulSuprafaa

    ( km2 )Populaia(nr. loc.)

    Suedia 449.964 9.016.596Portugalia 92.391 10.605.870

    Sursa: The World Factbook, estimri la nivelul anului 2006

    Precizai:1. valoarea densitiimedii a populaiei, calculat pentru fiecare stat din tabel;2. o cauz care s explice valorile diferite ale densitii medii a populaiei n cele dou state.

    6 puncte

    E. Precizai doi factori care au determinat dezvoltarea agriculturii de mare randament n Germaniai Italia.

    4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    10/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 010

    Reprezentarea grafic alturat se referla subiectul III A - B i prezint evoluiadebitului mediu lunar al fluviului Vistula.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea debitului maxim i luna n care senregistreaz;2. valoarea debitului minim i luna n care senregistreaz.

    4 puncteB. Scriei pe foaia de examen, literacorespunztoare rspunsului corect pentrufiecare dintre afirmaiile de mai jos:1. Fluviul Vistula strbate oraul-capital:

    a. Bratislava b. Minsk c. Praga d. Varovia 2 puncte2. Debitele mai bogate ale fluviului Vistula n perioada martie iulie sunt o consecin a:

    a. alimentarii subterane b. pantelor linec. ploilor bogate i topirii zpezilor d. temperaturilor ridicate 2 puncte

    3. Fluviul Vistula se vars n Marea:a. Alb b. Baltic c. Nordului d. Norvegiei 2 puncte

    C. Pentru Serbia, precizai:1. dou state vecine, membre ale UE;2. dou uniti de relief;3. o resurs natural;4. tipul de clim;5. dou zone de vegetaie;6. un ru sau fluviu;7. un ora.

    10 puncteD. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    Statul

    Populaia

    total(nr. loc.)

    Producia de energie

    electrica (mld. kwh)Frana 62 752 136 71.6Norvegia 4 516 000 120.0Suedia 9 016 596 69.3

    Sursa: The World Factbook, estimri, pentru populaie, la nivelul anului 2006

    1. Calculai producia de energie electric pe cap de locuitor pentru rile scandinave;2. Precizai dou forme de energie alternativ folosite n Frana.

    6 puncte

    E. Precizai dou efecte negative produse de dezvoltarea accentuat a transporturilor terestre

    asupra mediului din statele UE. 4 puncte

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  • 7/22/2019 Geografie Uniunea Europeana Romania Partea III

    11/100

    Ministerul Educaiei, Cercetrii i InovriiCentrul Naional pentru Curriculum i Evaluare n nvmntul Preuniversitar

    Prob scris la Geografie clasa a XII-a Subiectul III

    Examenul de bacalaureat 2009Proba D, E, F

    Proba scris la GeografieEuropa Romnia Uniunea European

    SUBIECTUL III (30 p) Varianta 011

    Reprezentarea grafic de mai jos serefer la subiectul IIIA-Bi prezint evoluiadebitului mediu lunar al fluviului Pad.

    A. Precizai:1. valoarea debitului maxim i luna n care senregistreaz;2. valoarea debitului minim i luna n care senregistreaz.

    4 puncte

    B. Scriei pe foaia de examen, litera corespunztoare rspunsului corect pentru fiecare dintreafirmaiile de mai jos:1. Regimul hidrografic al fluviului Pad este unul de tip:

    a. atlantic b. complex c. mediteranean d. nordic 2 puncte2. Debitele reduse ale fluviului Pad n perioada iunie august sunt datorate:

    a. alimentrii subterane b. precipitaiilor bogatec. temperaturilor ridicate d. topirii zpezilor 2 puncte

    3. Pe fluviul Pad se produc iarna:a. curgeri de sloiuri b. inundaii c. nghe la mal d. pod de ghea 2 puncte

    C. Pentru Bulgaria, precizai:1. marea la care are ieire;2. o unitate de relief montan;3. un tip de clim;4. un ru sau fluviu;5. dou resurse naturale;6. o cultur agricol tradiional;7. dou orae cu funcie portuar;8. o regiune turistic.

    10 puncteD. Se d urmtorul tabel:

    Continent /

    stat

    Populaia

    (nr.loc)

    Producia de vin

    (hectolitri/an)Europa 706 000 000 179 000 000Italia 58 133 509 58 000 000Frana 62 752 136 57 000 000Spania 40 397 842 37 000 000

    1. Calculai producia de vin pe cap de locuitor pentru continentul Europa i cele trei ri.2. Precizai doi factori naturali care favorizeaz producia de vin n rile Europei Sudice.

    6 puncte

    E. Enumerai doi factori pentru a susine afirmaia: Lipsa de combustibili clasici a impus n Suediaconstruirea a numeroase hidrocentrale (peste 1.000) i de atomocentrale, fiecare categorie

    contribuind cu cca. 40% la producerea de energie electric. 4 puncte

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