אנטומיה דר צבי נאמן

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  • 1. quot; .CD Baromir ,Public ,Laboratory . 60.01.22 .1. - Cell , , . .Organelle 01 41 03-01 . 1.0 2.0 ) (. , .Differentiation .2. - Tissue . .Intra cellular matrix . -. - Epithelium . . Connective . . .Muscular. .Nerve3. - Organ ), ( .4. System . , . . Integumentary . , ' . , . , .D Support and movement . - .Skeletal System . .Muscular System - Communication Control and Integration . .Nerve System

2. . Endocrine . Transportation and Defense . - Cardiovascular . - lymphatic System Processing and Maintenance. .Digestive System. .Respiratory System . - .Urinary System . .Reproductive System . .Body Cavities , . :1. Dorsal , : . Cranial . . Spinal . 2. Ventral , :. Thoracic . : Pleura . .Mediastinum. Apdominuopelvic : , , , , , . Cytology . ,Cell Membrane .Cytoplasm ) (. - Selective , . . 2 - 6002/01/92 Hydrophilic . -Hydrophobic . 3. , , , . . quot; : . . . : ) 1. (. - 2. .3. .4. . 5. . 6. 1. Endoplasmic Reticulum , quot; , :. Rough RER ) (. - DNA. . Smooth SER . 4. 2. ' . .Vesicle , 2 . . , ) ( , . : . Phagocytosis )( .Pinocytosis , . ' . 3. Lysosome '. , , . !.4. Mitochondria , . . .Matrix )( . 5. .Anabolism .Catabolism .ATP ATP . , .ATP 1. Cytoskeleton , , .Cell Fibers. Microfilaments . Intermediate filaments . . Microtubule - 2 . . . . 3 - 6002/11/50 . ) (, ) (Nucleus Nucleolus . 6. DNA . - Deoxyribonucleic Acid ) (. . - .DNA , , ) (. DNA ).(Gene- DNA 32 . . - DNA - 4 :. A T C G , , quot; 02 . DNA - DNA. DNA .RNA- RNA )RNA ( . - RNA . ) (. - .Translation - DNA , . . , - DNA, - .RNA- RNA T .U 7. RNA1. .Messenger RNA2. RRNA.3. TRNA .Transfer :1. - DNA .2. - mRNA ) ( .3. - mRNA -tRNA quot;quot; ) (Anticodon .DNA 4. - tRNA - DNA )02 - 02 .(tRNA - tRNA . 5. quot;quot; - DNA. , . quot;quot; . . 8. , - 2. .S , Mitosis , Meiosis 32 , 32 . Haploid .Diploid :22-1 .Autosomes32 X sexchromosoms- .Y )( XX )( ,XY . 9. , , . .Endothelium . , . 1. .2. 3. . 4. . 5. . 3 : 1. .2. , Basement.Membrane 3. . . 011 411 .Cell reproductionMitosisMeiosis 4 - 6002/11/21 : :1. . 2. 3. Simple 1. Stratified 2. ) (.3. 10. : .1. )2.(. , 3. . , , 4. . ) (. : Exocrine ) 1. (. -Endocrine : 2.. . : Merocrine ' - ,Exotisosic .1. - Apocrine , 2. , . . - Holocine 3. . 11. 1. Keratinize . , . . .Keratin 2. - None Keratinize )(Mucosa . . Inter Cellular Junction 1. Gap junctions2. .Demosomes 3. Tight Junctions Connective Tissue ), , ( : 1. .2. '.3. : ,Collagan , . . 12. 1. - . 2. . 3. . , . 13. Skeletal System , Bone & Joint .Articulation 1. . 2. .3. . 4. -Hematopoiesis . 5. , '. - 4 : , , , . . , . , . . 5 - 6002/11/91 . . . - Periost , . Osteoblast . Endosteum , .Osteoclasts 02 .1. EPIPHYSIS 2. DIAPHYSIS 3. - .MARROW CAVITY 14. .1. - .2. .Epiphysis Osteon .Haversian System . . , . Lacuna Osteocyte . , Canaliculum . 15. )( ,Spongy , . . quot; , . 21 , , . - Ossification ) (. . . , . , . - Osteoblast Osteoclast / )(Remodeling , , . 16. 602 - 2 :1. 80 Axial: . 82 :. - 8 . . 41. . 6. . 42. . 42.. 2 .. .. .Hyloid2. 126 Appendiculum . 1. , 2. , 3. )'(. - Articulations , : Immovable , :1. . Suture )( ) (, : . . -Gomophosis -.. Syndesmosis )( , . Slightly Movable , . 2. . Syncondrosis , )(. . - Symphisis , , . Freely Movable , Synovial 3. - . , ,Capsule ) (. 17. . 6 - 6002/11/62 , , . . , . , quot; quot;. , '. 1. .2. , . 3. . ) ( , . , . Patella . 31 Bursa . 18. : , . : 1. .uniaxial - Hinge .i Pivot .ii, .2. Biaxial Saddle .i, . Condyloid .ii Atlas- .Axis 3. .Multiaxial Ball and Socket .i , , . Gilding .ii , . 19. Muscular , , , . : 1. .Smooth2. .Striated3. .Cardiac , .Myofibrils , . . : 1. : , , .2. . 3. , .4. . . . . - , : 1. .2. , .3. . , )(Fascicle ) (Fiber . . . 20. 01 -001 . 004:1 , . ) ,(Sarcolemma )(Sarcoplasm Myofibrils )( . Myofibrils .Sarcoplasmic reticulum Myofibrils . Tubular System Myofibrils- ) Sarcoplasmic reticulum Triad T (. 21. Sarcomere - Myofibrils Myofibrils , .Sarcomere : 1. Thickfilament 2. Thinfilament . , - Sarcommere 22. 7 6002/21/30 : , . , , , , . Sarcomere Troponin . 1. Tropomyosin , 2.. , , . - .Sacroplasm T Sacroplasm . ,Troponin , - Tropomyosin . , , . . ATP , . 23. .1. .2. Tonic .a . , . )( Isotonic .b , ) ( Isometric .c ) , (. Twitch .d . : (.3. ) All or none (. . : .a . .b . .c ,ATP . - .ATP .d .4. , quot; , . .5. quot; . Prime Mover .Antagonist .Synergist Digestive System . . . , , . , . . .1. . 2. .3. . 4. .5. . . ,Gastrointestinal Tract .Alimentary Canal . 24. 1. Mouth. 2. . .Oropharynx3. Esophagus. 4. Stomach. 5. Small Intestine . Duodenum .a. Gegumum .b . Ileum .c .6. Large Intestine -Cecum .a . Colon .b, . Rectum .c. 7. Anus . Accessory Organs Teeth. 1. Tongue.2. Salivary Glandas 3. Parotid .a . - Sub Mandibula .b . Sub Lingual .c . Liver.4. Gallbladder 5. - pancreas 6. - appendix 7. 25. 8 - 6002/21/01 )( 1. , quot; quot; .Mucosa .2. Sub Mucosa . 3. Muscularis . quot; .a Circularis. .b . 4. Serosa, . . 26. - 59 , - 5 . . -Parotid . 1. Sub Mandibular .2. Sub Lingual .3. ) ( . . - +Parotid++Sub Mandibular+-Sub Lingual . Parotid . Sub Mandibula 2 Sub Lingual , . 27. - Esophagus , . . , . , , . ) (. , , . 3/2 , , - 3/2 ) (. 52 . 28. Stomach .Fundus ,Pylorus . , quot;quot; . , . sphincter . quot;quot;, , . , quot; .: 1. , . , . 2. , , . . - , . 1. . 2. . 3. 4. .Serosa , . 29. : 1. .Chief Cells 2. Parietal HCL, - PH . 3. .4. . 3 , . . 5.2 6 . 52 . . - . . . . 30. , Folds ,Plica Villus ) (. . Microvilli .Brush Boarder 061 . 58 . , . 31. 6 , 8.1-5.1 , : Cecum 1. Culum 2. .a .Ascending Colon .b .Transverse colon .c .Descending colon .d - ~ .Sigmoid02 .Anal canal3. 1. . 2. , -3 / . . , . . 32. 9 - 6002/21/42 Physiology of digestive system 367 177. Control . . Cardiovascular system , . , . : 1. .a , . Megakaryocytes .b . . 2. , . .a. .b. .c. - Pleura . , , . , . ) (. , )03/1( 003/1. 522 , - 013 . Pericard .1. .2. ) ( :1. Epicard . ) (. 2. Myocard . 3. Endocard , Endothelium , ) (. . 33. , : 1. .2. . , Ventricle .Atrium . . , . ) ( . 34. :1. . 2. .3. , .4. . 5. - . 6. , 7. . : 1. ,Arteries .2. Veins . 3. Capillaries , '. . )( - 2) CO( - .