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אנטומיה פיזיולוגיה מבוא

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אנטומיה פיזיולוגיה בסיעוד אקדמי

Text of אנטומיה פיזיולוגיה מבוא

( ) " - - (/) , () 22 2 - 4

/- 4.5% : : +1 1- ADEK BCF CELL ()-150 - ( )- - - - - - - -- :- - - / - - - - - -- - - - -" "- - 46 - 23 ( ) ( )- - - - -- "(RNA) " " -- () /- - - CO2 ADP ( ) ADP ATP - - ( )(microvilli)- - -, , - - 4 +2 2- 120 - -- - - ()-- -/

tissue- - () 4 - - - - 200 4 - - Epithelium 9 /- -

- - - - - - - - - -Glands (,,,) -Connective tissue ' , 3 - - ( , ) nerve tissue- () organs- -system - / - co2 ( ) ( ) 20% P3 p4 () (tsh) ( ) - - - - - - - () - - - - - /- - - /- ( ) " - ,- ,-,-,- - , ,,,,, - - / - - - - -- --- -- -- -/-- - --- - - -- (20%) - -Axial skeleton - Appendicular skeleton - - - - - - - 200 3 - fibrous joint - -synovial joint - '-Cartilaginous joint 2 3 3 - - - " - - " (sesamoid)- - - -- -- - - - -

-- 12- - - , ; .- . . - - -- - - - ( )- . , . . - - - - - () ( )- - - - 3 sarcomer)) - - /- (deep facia)- (EPYMIZYUIM)- - - - - - - - - 2 -- -- 6 - - - * - - - ()- / ()

3 - - - - - - . - - - - '- - - - - 80% 20% - 3 -= = - - - - - - - -- - - () - - - - - - - - Extensor of wrist and fingers- - - Hamstring group- - - - - - - - -- -- -

6 - - 10

7 9 --esophagus-stomach- -small intestine -large intestine -colon - 1. -duodenum -12 " 3 2. ''-jejunum 3. -ileum 1. - -ileu-cecal valve 2. -appendix 3. ascending colon- 4. transverse colon-5. descending colon- 6. -sigmoid colon7. -rectum- - 8. - -anus Liver-- - -gall bladder -pancreas -- 1. -parotid gland2. -submandibonal gland3. -sublingual gland -pharynx- - 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5% tongue gingivae gums-tonsils uvula- -palate soft -hard palate 200 Pharynx- 2 Nasopharynx- Oropharynx- Masseter - - 2/3 - - -cardiaUpper sphincter- -pylorus Lower sphincter- " - -fundus - Body- - body3 1. -serosa- 2. : 3. - - -

HCL -parietal cells '-chief- G-G cells- 1. 6 , 4 , 2. 3 3. 4. , , 5. -

5 3 1. -- 25 " 2. ''3. - - -goblet- - - 3000

- - " -- - - 75% 25%

- 20% AEDK -BC 80% B12 - " 1. hepatic artery- 2. - hepatic vain 3. - inferior vena cava- 4. hepatic portal vain- - 5. Common hepatic duct- - -lobules - 1. - - - - 2. - 3. - CO2 , -4. 5. - 1. 2. 3. common hepatic duct- common bile duct-

8 pancreas -head of pancreas pancreatic duct common bial duct vater - - 2 2 1. 2. -/

- - - -- / , , , , , - - ( ) / / 13

9 Cardio vascular system aorta- ( - ) - Co2 - 1. " Co2 2. - 3. -( )4. - " " septum-ventricle -atrium / 4 1. 2 2. 2 (3 ) ( ) - - - 120 30 20 " 15 10 0 25 10-15 co2 10-15 5-8 2 120 9 1:2 1:1 - mediastinum- - 4 2 2 - auricle-

1. . - . - - 2. - 3. - - - CX LAD- right coronary artery-RCA- 90% left main coronary artey- 2-3 CX LAD1. LAD- 2. CX- RCA-right coronary artery -APEX - Left common carotid artery- Left subclavian artery- 4 1. - 2. leaflet 3. - - 4. papillary muscle

- - - - SA - () () - - Av node antrium ventricular node AV Bundle of his-

Av node

- - 90 -

10..12 6 4 3 1. - P - PQ interval- P Av node QRS- - ST SEGMENT- 0 T- 10 12 - - - -- - Stroke volume- -sv HR-heart rateCo-cardiac output- Sv x HR=co 5-6 60 90 "-5400 70 80 =5600 3 6

- 1. -- 2. - - 3. /- - 1. - 2. - 3. - - Common carotid- external carotid Internal carotid- Decending aortaHepatic-Renal-

11gonadal artey - common iliac- - -capillaries - 8 95 ( ) - , - -