khmer history

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  • 1

    critExr rbs'

    buNcn-mu"l

    bFanBuTiksmaKmmCmNlsaFarNrdExr tMNagras mNldUneBj

    bFanKN:kmkarvbFm nigFmkar nsPaCati

    payecjBI

    eKhdanelx 75 v^f Ehm ecov

    -P~MeBj-

    eVHBumelIkTI 1 Bs 2517 Ks 1973

    -

    rkasiTi

  • 2

    Garmkfa

    enHCas~adTI 2 rbs'xMbnab'BIerOg KukneyaVy(R) . KMnitnkarniBnerOgKukneya- Vy y"agNaenaH Gs'elakG~kswgVnCabsBKb'ehIy enAk~gesovePAenaH.

    critExr s~adfenH k*manKMnitBuMxusqaybu"nan GMBIKukneyaVyEdr. xMmanbMNgFM cg'[exmrCn mansartIPak'rlwkPWfa[kan'Etcas'eLIg yl'bJasgmCati, yl'pl beyaCn_rYm, yl'cMeNaTksagCati Tan'eBlevla.

    critExr sab'eTAdUcCaG~kniBnmanKMnitriHKn' bnHbgab'EtExrK~ag bu"EntamkarBit

    KWniyay[eXIjnUvTid^manH erIseGIgrbs'ExrmYyEp~k EdlbNal[ekItplGakk'dl' sgmnigbk. eyIgtvEtby&t~nigGb'rMkuM[manTid^rebobenaHeTot. eJlmYyEbbeTot KWfa eqIHykKngGakk'mklattdagedmI[eyIgsb'exIm ehIyecosvagBIKngenaH rYcbkan' yknUvKngNaEdllbesIrmkv^j. niyay[xIeTAKWfa critExr CarUbmn smab'bgaj KuNv^btiEdlbNaleLIgedaymnusmYyCBUk EdlKanlkN:citCamnusesaH. KWBYk TSgenaHgehIy EdlnS[bkBYknigsgmCatiGs'famBl ehIydl'nUvPaBhinehac exacpaenaH.

    xMKanbMNgesaH k~gkarriHKn' Gs'elakvrCnbuBbursCatiExr EdlelakVnbMeBj ehIynUvBlikmedmICati xHdl'eTAhanlHbg'Cv^tenaH. cMeJHGs'elakTSgenaH xMVn eKarBnamnigskmPaBrbs'elakCabktI ehIyEtgykCabTeronsmab'Cv^teTotpg.

    xMsuMriHKn' cMeJHEtBYkmnusNaEdlmanxndUcCast KantmKti Kanv^carN-JaNesaHenaHEtbu"eNaH, ehIyedayKit karriHKn'enaHgtvEtsresrTuk tvEtniyay[ dg eJHxnxMVnsegtpal' BmTSgVneFIskmPaBCamYypg dUcCaGMeBIrbs'BYksr:Ca edm EdleFI[xMxUccitGs'mYyCv^t bnab'BIVnemIleXIjskmPaBBpnBYkenaHk~gKa EdlxMrs'enACamYy.

    dUec~HehIy xMVTsUmGP&yeTasCamunGMBIsMNak'Gs'mitG~kGan EkgelamanJk tg'NaBuMsmrm b"HJl'dl'rUbnamGs'elak sUmGs'elakemtaxnIGP&yeTas BIeJHkar BiBNnaenAk~genH manPaBTUeTAeBk.

    bMNgrbs'xM KWcg'Et[manKMnitriHKn'sabnaekIteLIg payCaesovePACalay lkN_GkredmICYyrMlwkK~a[yl' nUvmaKalGakk'Kb'y"ag mincUlcitniyayEcb"Eb lblak'bUjmat'bt'dud G~kenHGuIecH G~kenaHGIucuHesaHeLIy. xMVnKiteXIjdl'cas'@brm (R) elakG~kcg'GanerOg KukneyaVy enH sUmemtacUleTA amekhmer.free.fr rYccuctg' Khmerbooks

  • 3

    buraNrbs'eyIg EdlelakmanKMnitbEdbedAkUnecA[Vnsal'esckIsuxcMerInk~gCv^t m~ak'@ rhUtdl'sgmCati edayelakBayamcgkgJkTUnanCaecIn ekIteTACabTsika GkrsasExrsBfenH dUcCacab'ekrkal, Jkcas', Caedm. eyIgcas'sm&yenH yl' ehtuply"agNak~gdeNIrCv^t EdleyIgVnluyqgkat'mkehIy KYrEtnSdeNIrenaHmkd-Nalpg [ekgskrekayK~adg K~abugsartIecosvagGMeBIGakk'Camun kuM[tamKng cas'. enATIbJb' xMsUmbkasebCaCaLarikfa: KMnitxM suMekItCaExr rs'CaExr sab'CaExr xMsUmbUCaCv^tcMeJHEtbuKlNaEdlesaHnwgCatiExr, xMsMuebCacitfaBuMBmbMerIbuKlNa EdlKancitesaHtg'nwgCati, bkan'Gataniym bkBYkniym pac'karniym nigmanKMnitjH jg'bMEbkbMVk'samKICati edmIBYkkumtttaenaHesaHeLIy.

    bkarmYyeTot tamCenOBHBuTsasna zansYK zanBHniJn manEmnsMrab'buKl G~ksagkuslVrmIGs'GEggkbkl manBHBuTCaedm CaTIEdlKYrCHfa Vf~aeTAekIt Nas' bu"EnxMBuMmansMNUmsmVf~afanwgeTAekItTIenaHesaH eTaHbIbmafa xMmankuslfanwg VneTAekItTIenaHdUcVf~akI. drabNa beTsExrenAEtmanlMVkevTnaEhlk~gfkQam EdlekItmkGMBIkarkab'cak'K~adUcsBf xMsab'eTA sUmkuslplbuNbJnxM[mkekItCa ExrenHeTotelITwkdenH Gs'kbklGEggCati kuM[xMXatxat'Jt'veggeTAekItTINaepg eLIy edmICYyCatiExr CYybeTsExr CalMdab'CatierograbdrabeTA! enHCascvaTrbs'xM!

    - sUm[beTsExr sitenAEtCarbs'ExrCanic! - sUmBiPBelak manyutiFmcMeJHmnusCatiTUeTA!

    - sUmbCaBlelak VncMerInk~gpvsniPaB!

    eFIenAP~MeBjfTI 28 emsa 2517/1973

    buNcn-mu"l

  • 4

    esckIepm

    eyIgTSgGs'K~a EdlmaneQaHfaCaG~ktsU ehIyEdleTIbEtrYcecjmkGMBIKuk cvak' k*VnmkenACYbCuK~aenAnwgP~MeBjenH. Cb"unEdlCaG~kbtmnUvneyaVy eyIgk*enAEt CYuypl'nUvKMnitdl'kumbd^vtn_eyIgdEdl. Cbu"nBuMTan'caj'kmSgkumsmnmitenAeLIyeT f titEtkugP~MeBjtvrgKab'Ebkrbs'kgT&Bsmnmit (kalBIfTI 5 kum: 1945) k*eday. minEtbu"eNaH enAfTI 9 mIna 1945 Cbu"n EfmTSgVneLamB&Tcab'VrSgenAP~MeBjTSgGs' eTotpg. elak sWg g"ukfaj' Edlrt'eTAkan'beTsCbu"n tSgBIVrSgcab'elakGacar Ehm ecov enaH k*VntvCbu"nCYy[mkv^j enAExsPa1945. BIratITI 8 eTATI 9 ExsIha 1945 yuvCnExr nigTahan k*eFIbd^vtn_rMlMrdaPiVlelak Gwug GIu EdlenAekamGaNaBaVl VrSg rYcenAfTI 14 ExsIha q~SdEdl elak sWg gu"kfaj' k*tvVncat'tSgCanaykrdaPi VleLIg. k~gsanPaBenH eyIgral'K~aCaG~kneyaVy ehIyEdlmanCbu"nCYybtmenaH KYr Nas'EtVnsbayePItePInk~gcit bu"EnpuyeTAv^j eyIgBuMVnnwkKitdUec~aHeLIy eyIgral' K~anwkeXIjfa kmSgBYksmnmitbEhlCanwgbEnmeLIg edmIpllMnwgeyIgenHeTAv^jVn enAfNamYy eJHeKkMBugerobcMsMebImNas' edmIbnc'GanuPaBCbu"n faeKtvkarttta Ncindac'mux. kalebIKiteXIjdUec~aH eyIgral'K~ak*KitrkpvCaescfa nwgeKc[putBIkNab'd VrSg ebIVrSgQ~HCbu"nv^jenaH eyIgtvecj[puteTAekA edmIriHrkmeFaVyrMedaHsuk teTAeTot. fmYyCYbCuMK~a k*BieKaHBmeBogK~afa ebIVrSgQ~HCbu"n eyIgtvecjeTAsukesom nigsukyYn. dUcEdleyIgVnpgByenaHEmn fTI 16 tula 1945 BYkVrSgk*lgcab'elak nayk sWg gu"kfaj' eTA ehIyBmTSgrkcab'CnCadeCgeTot (manBYkeyIgG~ktsUenHg). dUcEdlVnJgTuk BYkG~ktsUEckbMEbkK~aecjCaBIrkum. mYykummanelak V"c QWn, elak ecA EsnkuslQuM (kaleNaHCaecAhayextkMBg'cam), elaksI sWg gu"k faj' namedm LS FIGuk nigCnCaecIneTot VneTAenAVsak' (kmCaekam). cMENkxM

  • 5

    buNcn-mu"l xMmanmam~ak'eQaH bu"k KuN ehA tLac enAextVt'dbg EdlkaleNaH esomtttaCarbs'esom. BMbTl'Exr-esomkaleNaHenAtg'saydUnEkv. teTAmux Gs'elakG~knwgVnCabGMBIdeNIrrbs'xMpal'eTAkan'extVt'dbg nigGMBI kMeNItExrsr:BmTSgskmPaBGIxHnkumenaH. skmPaBBYkenaH eXIjfapyBIeKal bMNgrbs'eyIgG~kneyaVyrMedaHCati, pyBIKMnitrbs'eyIgEdlCaG~kbegtBYkenaH. skmPaBBYkenaH KWCaKuNv^btima"gEdlpl'[xMkMhkcity"agFMdrabsBf. ehtuenaHehIy eTIbxMniyayriHKn'GI@ xMcUlcitfa enHehIycritExr ral'dgdUec~H g. v&ycas'bu"eNHehIy xMsUmcgdGnuCnCnan'ekaynUvs~adenH edmICabTBicarNa riHrkplbeyaCn_CUnbgbnrYmCatik~gsaFarNrdExrteTAeTotpg edayecosvagnUvGMeBI eXareXA kab'smab'K~agedayBpenaHteTAeTot. sUm[manyutiFmk~gsgm edmIvDnPaBnigsuPmglrbs'saFarNrdExr.

    P~MeBjfTI 20 kum: 1973

    buNcn-mu"l

  • 6

    karePosxnrbs'xM

    enAfTI 16 tula 1945 evlaem"ag 11 knHf BYksmnmitVnmkbeLamcab' elaknayk sWg gu"kfaj' enAv^manrdaPiVlykeTA. VndNwgenHPam xMCaG~kmanxnsab' k*tvEtePoscensxnecjeTAekAdUcVnJgTuk. xMCnuMnwgKsareXIjfatvePoseTAenA nwgmatLacrbs'xMVt'dbg EdlkaleNaH extVt'dbgesomenAtttaCarbs'esom. karEdleFIdeNIr KWtvBgagpvkuM[eKtamcab'Vn. KWfamintvecjeTAtampvxageCgP~M-eBjtg'eTAEtmgeT eJHBYkb"UlIsnigKijVrSgetobtaenApvenH cScab'BYkG~kePosxn ecjeTAesom. xMtvbEggpv eTAxagTenFMkMBg'cam rYcswmbkmkEBkkamv^j vagBYkKij enAmMKILelx 6 P~MeBjpg nigbMVt'danpg. ma"geTot karecjdeNIrtamdgTenFMenH xMk* nwgGacVnCYbnwgmitPkiG~kbd^vtn_ecInK~aeTot enAtamdgTenFM xMnwgVnCmabmitTSgenaH [CabBIBwtikarN_f@ rYcnwglaeKeTAekAsukpg. KsarxMVnBmeBogtamenH eday Nat'K~aeTotfa xMeTAdl'TenbiT[sMNak'enAnwgpHbgbusxMeQaH buNcn-fat' eFIkarenA hagsSgEslTenbiT eKenAP~MeBjeNH nwgykLanmYyecjeTAkMBg'cam cSTTYlxM EdlmkBITenbiT nSykmkEBkkamv^j rYcswmbndeNIreTAVt'dbg. VnNat'K~aescVc'dUec~aHehIy lacenaHxMykmasBIrduCarbs'pal'xn mUrnwgcegH exaTuksMrab'dUrcayenAsukeKeBlNaKanVk' rYcykkSePIgxItUcmYyesotcegH rYceLIg

  • 7

    kg'bNSg (course)(1) rbs'xMbjab'bjal'eTAkan'cMkarcarGMeBA xMBYnenATIenaHeTA. sUm Crabfa mayBukxMmancMkarFMmYyenAcarGMeBAenH. xMsMrakenATIenaHmYyyb' BwkeLIgm~Im~a Fak'kg'tampvP~MeBjBnKr kat'valsvEBkgeTAdl'sukKKIr eTIbcuHBIpvCati kat'eTA eCg rYcqgTUkeTAeLIgetIylam. mkdl'etIyenH xMeLIgkg'eFIdeNIrtammat'Ten eqaH eTAkan'EBkhg. dl'EBkhgem"ag 13 Cag xMk*Qb'sMrakrkGaharTTYlTan. bnab'mkxM k*eTArkpHmitm~ak'eQaHxan' mitxan'bjab'bjal'sYrxMGMBIBwtikarN_enAP~MeBj Edlfa VrSgcab'elak sWg-gu"kfaj'. KiteTAmitxan' CamnustamdanerOgsukeTsxSgNas'Edr KYrsresIr. xMeqIyVb'hUrEheTAv^jfa: BitEmnehIy, elak sWg-g"ukfaj' tvVrSgcab' ehIy, ehIyG~keTotCabkBYkk*tvVrSgrkcab'Edr, xMenHk*tvePosxn edmIrkpvtsU eTAmuxeTot xMtveTAkan'Vt'dbg EttvbEggmktampvenH rYceTAsMNak'enAnwgTenbiT eTIb bkmkEBkkamv^j. mitxan'yl'erOgKat'gk'kal rYcXat'xMfa: LvbngeTAtamkV"l' vijeTAsYlCag eJHC^Hkg'tampveKakBiVkNas', yb'enHsMrakenApHxMehIy, BwkEsk em"ag 6 knHswmcuHkV"l'! xMk*yl'Bm. yb'enaHxMsMNak'enAnwgpHmitxan'edaysuxsl. BlwmeLIgmitxan'CUnxMmkkan'EpkV"l' rg'cSkV"l'eLIg(2). kV"l'mkdl' mitxan'Vn[Br xMy"agecInsuM[eTAenAsukeKVnsuxsbay edmIeFIkarrMedaHbeTsCatiteTAeTot. xMelIk dTTYlBrmitxan'edayesaH rYck*elIkkg'dak'elIsa lamitxan'cuHkV"l'TSgGal&y. kV"l'ecjBIEp XatqaymkeTIbxMGgycuH EtxMenAEtsmwgmitxan'Tal'EtqayemIlElg eXIj.

    kV"l'dutsEm"t rlak'xntic@ dUceKGgn emIleTAekayEKmrlkxayrt'eTA ekay, yUr@ mg va[sIuepcUlEpBHbsb' rkaekag EBkeJFi_, JmCkg .l. rYcem"ag bmaNCa 13 eTIbVnmkdl'TenbiT. xMelIkkg'cuHBIkV"l' rYcrUtrHbjab'eLIgeKak xMC^H kg'eTArkpHbg buNcn-fat' rbs'xM. xMniyayrayrab'Vb'bgxMtamdeNIrerOg. bg buNcn-fat' k*TTYl[xMs~ak'enAedaybugby&t~. xMs~ak'enAnwgpHbgxMVnmYyyb' Bwk eLIg k*tvbgenHCUndeNIrqgmkkugkMBg'cam edmICYbnwgbgbnEdlNat'K~aBIP~MeBj. eBlmkdl'kugkMBg'cam xMk*VnCYbnwgbgbnBmTSgky@ xMCaecInnak'EdlmkBIP~MeBj KWbn b"ugga" (sI), bn lU (bus) ky CYn-eCOn, CYn-mu"m, CYn-bsiT EdlykrfynsIut eGn 15 esHrbs'bgsIxMenAP~MeBjmkTTYlxMtamNat'. xMykkg'eTATuknwgkitLan. xMnig G~kTSgGs'K~alabg buNcn-fat' eLIgLanbt'kalmkTisxaglicv^j. enAk~gLan TSg Gs'K~aniyayVb'xMfa: lacmijBYkksYgsmat' 3-4 nak' VneTArkxMenApHmuxvt Na (1)- kg'EdlxMebIVs'k~geBlenaH xMrkaTukrhUtsBfCaGnusavrIy_[kUnxMVneXIjekri_dMENlBuktsUk~g sm&yenaH. (2)- JkebIsMrab'deNIrtamTenemKg kV"l'eLIg KWkV"l'EdlebIkeLIgBIP~MeBjeTAkMBg'cam kecH, kV"l'cuH KW kV"l'EdlebIkcuHBIenaHeTAP~MeBjv^j. niyaytamdeNIrTwkhUr EdlhUrBIkecHeTAkMBg'camcuHeTAP~MeBj.

  • 8

    elam EtbgbnxMeqIyfa minVneXIjxMmkpHeT enaHBYkenaHk*tLb'eTAv^jeTA. xMnwkeXIj faEmn BYkVrSgtamrUbxMEmn ebIminVneKcmkeT bEhlCaxMmaneKaHFM Cab'eTaseTAekaH tLacy"agNa@ eTotBuMxan. xMnwkeXIjeTot JkG~kes~h_s~iTVrSgEdlfa [EtVrSg Q~HCbu"nnwgGalVb'VrSg[cab'BYkxM BYkGacar Ehm ecov dak'KukCafeTot. JkenHeK VneJleBlEdlxMrt'rYcBIekaHtLacmkenAP~MeBjv^jenaH. {! ExreGIy ebIrvl'EtykKab' KYrnwgCatieK ehIysuxcitsmab'ExrK~agy"agh~wg etInwg[sukeTsedreTAmuxem"cnwgrYc? en