ทฤษฎีความรับผิดทางอาญา มสธ

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ทฤษฎีความรับผิดทางอาญา มสธรองศาสตราจารย์ณัฐฐ์วัฒน์ สุทธิโยธิน

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  • | 1

    2

  • | 2

    2

    2.1

    2.2

    2.2.1

    2.2.2

    2.1.1

    2.1.2

    2.1.3

    2.3

    2.3.1

    2.3.2

    2.2.3

  • | 3

    2

    2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3

    2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3

    2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2

    1. (harm to others) 2 (1) (mala in se) (2) (mala prohibita)

    2. 3 (1) (2) (Rechtswidrigkeit) (3)

  • | 4

    (Schuld)

    3. 2 (Actus Reus) (Mens Rea)

    2 1. 2. 3.

    1.

    1) 2 2) 2 3) 2 4)

    4.1) 2 4.2)

    5) 6) 7) 2

    2. 1) 2)

    1.

    1) 2 2)

    (1) (2538)

  • | 5

    (2) (2549) 1 9 3

    (3 (2550)

    (4 (2535)

    (5) (2546) 1

    (6) (2548) 2 1

    (7) (2545) 2 2

    (8) (2551) 5

    (9) (2548) .. 127

    (10) (2552)

    (11) Beccaria, Cesare. (1764) On Crimes and Punishments, with notes and introduction by David Young (Indianapolis. IN: Hackett, 1985)

    (12) Hart L.A., H. (1965) Law, Liberty and Morality. California: Stanford University Press.

    (13) Packer, Herbert L. (1968) The Limits of the Criminal Sanction. California: Stanford University Press.

    (14) Tibbetts, Stephen G. and Hemmens, Craig, (2010) Criminological Theory. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, Inc.

    2.

    1. 2.

  • | 6

    30

    1.

    2.

    3.

  • | 7

    2.1

    2.1

    2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3

    1. (harm to others)

    2. 2 (1) (mala in se) (2) (mala prohibita) (1) (2) (3) 2 (1) (2)

    3. (Herbert L. Packer) 6 (1) (2) (3)

  • | 8

    (4) (5) (6)

    2.1

    1. 2. 3.

  • | 9

    2.1.1

    1. 1)

    (Cesare Beccaria) 18 (Social Contract) ( 5 6 )

    (Social contract)

    (1)

    (2) (Laws)

    2)

  • | 10

    (1)

    (2) (social contract)

    (common utility)

    2.

  • | 11

    2.1

    (H.L.A. Hart) (John Stuart Mill) On Liberty Law, Liberty and Morality

    ... ... ... ... 1

    (harm to others)

    (harm to others)

    2.2

    (Nigel Walker) 6

    1 H.L.A. Hart, Law, Liberty and Morality. (California: Stanford University

    Press, reprinted 1965 p4 (2549) 1 9 3

  • | 12

    1)

    2) ( )

    3)

    4)

    5)

    6) 2

    2.3

    6 (Limiting Principles) 3

    1) 2 Walker Nigel thw scope of Criminal Law Sentencing in a Rational Society. Plican Books, 1972

    2 2 49-50 3 2 2 51-56

  • | 13

    2)

    3)

    4)

    5)

    (1859)

  • | 14

    (

    (1) (2549) 1 9

    (2) (2552)

    (3) Beccaria, Cesare. (1764) On Crimes and Punishments, with notes and introduction by David Young (Indianapolis. IN: Hackett, 1985)

    2.1.1

    2.1.1

    ( 2 2.1 2.1.1)

  • | 15

    2.1.2

    4

    1.

    2 (mala in se) (mala prohibita)

    1.1 (mala in se) (mala in se) (evil in itself)

    1.2 (mala prohibita) (mala prohibita) (evil because prohibited)

    2.

    2

    2.1

  • | 16

    2

    1) ( 59 )

    2) ( 374)

    2.2

    1) 288

    2) 137

    2.3

    1)

    2)

    (1)

    (2)

    (3)

    9

  • | 17

    3) 214

    4

    (1)

    (2) 1

    (3) 4

    (4)

    3.

    1) 288

    2) 291

    3) 380

    4) 290

    5) 224

    4.

    1) 288

    2) 333

    4

  • | 18

    (

    (1) (2549) 1 9 3

    (2) (2546) 1

    (3) (2548) 2 1

    (4) (2545) 2 2

    (5) (2548) .. 127

    2.1.2

    mala in se mala prohibita

    2.1.2

    ( 2 2.1 2.1.2)

  • | 19

    2.1.3

    1.

    (Herbert L. Packer) The Limits of the Criminal Sanction 6 4

    1)

    2)

    3)

    4)

    5)

    6)

    (mala in se) 6

    4 Herbert L. Packer The Limits of the Criminal Sanction. California: Stanford

    University Press, 1968 p296 (2549) 1 9 3

  • | 20

    2.

    1)

    Nullum crimen nulla poena sine lege No crime no punishment without law 2

    2) 2

    3)

    (1) (Analogy)

    (2) (3)

    4) 326 333 348

    5)

    6)

    7)

    8) 3

    9) (Strict Liability)

  • | 21

    10) (Vicarious Liability)

    11) 12)

    (

    (2549) 1 9 3

    Tibbetts, Stephen G. and Hemmens, Craig, (2010) Criminological Theory. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, Inc.

    2.1.3

    2.1.3

    ( 2 2.1 2.1.3)

  • | 22

    2.2

    2.2

    2.2.1 (Tatbestandmassigkeit) 2.2.2 (Rechtswidrigkeit) 2.2.3 (Shuld)

    1. 3 (Rechtswidrigkeit) (Schuld)

    2. 4 1) 2) 3) 4)

    3.

    4.

    2.2 1.

  • | 23

    2.

    3.

    4.

  • | 24

    (Rechtswidrigkeit) (Schuld)

    1)

    2) (Rechtswidrigkeit)

    3) (Schuld)

  • | 25

    2.2.1

    1. 4 5

    334

    (1) -

    (2) -

    (3) -

    (4) - () ()

    6

    5 2551 45

    6 46

  • | 26

    (The theory of adequate causation) (Reasonable connection)

    (The condition theory) (Condition sine qua non)

    2.

    (1) ( )

    (2)

    59

    59

    59

    7 . . . . . 7 57

  • | 27

    . 8

    9

    Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie

    2 Einwilligungstheorie

    (frivole Gleichgultigkeit)

    potential knowledge actual knowledge potential knowledge

    8 5 2497 356-357

    57 9 59

  • | 28

    . . 10

    ?

    Actus non actus reus

    mens rea . . 11

    10

    54 11

    60-61

  • | 29

    () ()

    Finalitat

    Kausaliat (Will) (Schuld)

    (

    (2550)

    2 (2535)

    (3) (2551) 5

    (4) (2548) .. 127

    2.2.1

    2.2.1

  • | 30

    ( 2 2.2 2.2.1)

  • | 31

    2.2.2

    3

    1.

    2. 334

  • | 32

    3.

    68

    329

    (1)

    (2) (3)

    (4)

    1567 (1) (2) (3) (4)

    (

    (2550)

    2 (2535)

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